JANUARY 8, 1865
Future of Mexico.
yet see statements in our Northern exchanges of great disaffection in
those parts of Mexico under imperial rule, yet they always come from
American writers and from beyond the region where the disaffection is
supposed to exist. Our own advices, derived from native sources, assure
us that the people of Mexico are averse to the restoration of the
so-called Liberal rule, which has been found to be less liberal than
that of the Empire.
before Maximilian accepted the throne a Liberal gentleman of great
intelligence, and whose intercourse with the world, as well as his
education, well fitted him to judge, told us that no better man could be
selected for their ruler, from a foreign country, than the Austrian
Archduke. In the first place he was a Catholic, of a pious family. In
the next place he was a German, and the Germans who might follow him
were the best of colonists and brought less distrust with them than any
other class of people. In the last place, he was personally a most
was suggested that his being a foreigner was no doubt the chief
objection to him. To this our Mexican friend replied that, while this
was no doubt a great difficulty, yet no Mexican could take his place
more acceptably. The Liberal leaders were hated by the Conservatives,
and the latter the former. In fact, there was no Mexican who could unite
all parties upon himself.
gentleman also said that among his own friends, the chief objection to
Maximilian would be the association of the latter with Marquez, Miramon
and other extreme and cruel chiefs of the Mexican Conservatives. If
Maximilian could show himself superior to their influence and be as
liberal in his action in Mexico, as he had been in Italy, he would
certainly reconcile the greater portion of the people of the former
country to his rule.
then Maximilian has reached the country, and is reigning as Emperor. He
has adopted the advice [in] medio
tutissimus ibis in his practice.1
He is moderate in all his measures. He may have offended some extreme
churchmen in this, but he has won upon the hearts of the people; and the
adhesion to him of men such as Uraga, Angel Trias, Juan de la Garza,
Vidaurri, Hinojoea and other chiefs of the Liberal party, and of the
whole population of all the States of the North, means that they accept
the Empire as the only solution of their difficulties.
the mean time the French are leaving Mexico, and the Emperor is trusting
himself wholly to the care of the Mexican people. Is not this
significant? All Northern Mexico is now held for him by Mexican troops,
and Juarez is a fugitive, not from French, but from Mexican pursuit. The
troops of Mejia, which drove him out of San Luis to Saltillo, thence to
Monterey, and from there to his “last ditch” at Chihuahua, are not
French but Mexican. ->
fact is that the people of Mexico have taken a retrospective view of
their own condition, and of republicanism as it has existed among
themselves, and their judgment is that a more stable, and less elective
and mutable form of government, will make them more prosperous and
happy. Perhaps our own example has not contributed, of late, to give
them a more favorable view of republican institutions or of liberty, so
latest news we have from that country shows that everywhere, unless in
Guerrero, a State inhabited mostly by Indians quite uncivilized, and in
parts of Oajaca, the imperial forces take possession of the country,
without opposition and to the joy of the inhabitants. The latter find
that the Emperor neither draws upon them for enforced loans, nor
imprisons them for differences of opinion. They find the monarchy
therefore less despotic than the republic, and they prefer it. We
neither wonder at nor blame their decision.
future of Mexico, when released from the anarchy which has kept her idle
for nearly a century, and set to work under good and wholesome laws, may
readily be foreseen. The mines of lead, iron and silver in the north
will be developed and worked to her profit, while the rich agricultural
regions in the south and on the Pacific slope will be made to bear
plentifully by German industry and thrift. No doubt from other nations,
the Irish and Americans especially, there will be large additions to
their population. We are already told that Dr. Gwin, formerly of
Mississippi, and lately of California, is there, and designs to open up
Sonora to an English speaking colony.
North of Mexico, especially that which adjoins the United States, is
exceedingly sterile on both sides of the line, and forms a national
boundary more marked, definite and desirable, than would the greatest of
rivers, or even the Northern lakes. That region is only valuable for its
mines, and these are far in the interior of Mexico. But the Pacific
Slope, and the country south of Tampico, is rich in soil, in woods, and
in the perpetually vivifying influence of its climate. Give it an
industrious population, for which the German emigrants will form an
excellent base, and no country can afford greater promise of a
prosperous future than the Empire, once of Montezuma and now of
Maximilian. If the “gentle Carlota” could only furnish them with a
native heir to the throne, the permanence of the existing order of
things would be unquestionable. The whole world is interested in the
CHARLESTON MERCURY (SC)
Confederacy at this moment is in much the condition of a man who, having
more than once got his enemy under him, with his knee upon his breast
and his hand upon his throat, is, while in the act of dealing him his
death blow, assailed from behind by one whom he had supposed to be his
best friend, whilst the enemy is released from his grasp for the third
or fourth time. Staggering upon his legs from repeated blows from
behind, confronting his released and enraged antagonist–weakened in
strength, shaken in nerve, sick at heart–his efforts all vain, his
skill all vain, his success all vain, exhausted by his long struggle,
stunned by the foul blows, reeling, he still bears up and endeavors to
summon back his ebbing energies. If conquered, he falls not by the force
of the enemy in front, but by the unlooked for blows from behind. Yet,
had he expected this foul play, could he at any time by one effort have
felled this puny creature in his rear. Even yet he might free himself of
his presence, and, retreating slowly before his antagonist in front,
gradually collect his strength and hurl him back to the ground.
he do it? Or will he suffer himself to perish by this foul play?
Monday, January 2.
was New Year’s Day, but to-day is generally celebrated. People greet
each other with “happy new year,” an there is a lively reaction from
the late depression. The immortal fizzle of Butler
and Porter at Wilmington has much to do with it, and it is a
relief to hear that Hood
has crossed the Tennessee River safely.
have now some four months of rest and recuperation before us. Enough
strength and enough spirit are left in the country to ensure our
independence, if that strength be not wasted and the spirit be kept
alive. All good men are willing, nay anxious, to co-operate with the
government in reviving and sustaining the spirits of the people. Will
the government co-operate with all good men by placing the strength of
the country in hands which will not waste it?
am disposed to answer in the affirmative. It is certain that, so far as
department is concerned, the government has done and is doing its whole
duty. At least, we have this assurance from the highest source.
thing is to be feared. Our elastic temper may do us more harm than good.
In moments of dejection, the whole country sees where the evil lies, and
clamors for the removal of that evil. A few days pass, our hopes revive,
the evil ceases to be felt, and we return to the same old rut. Thinking
men know that times of despondency are auspicious times, for then the
unseen cankers are exposed, and indispensable reforms are instituted. On
the other hand, the unthinking love to see the people jolly and
sanguine, without regard to the insidious evils which are working the
public ruin. Croakers are hateful, but if there were no croaking the
universal smash would come unheralded.
our papers this morning contain cheerful editorials. It is well, for a
collection of doleful New Year’s salutations would be out of place and
intolerable. But it cannot be forgotten that the cause is in peril.
Remedies are needed, but there is no change as yet in the old practice.
Butler is defeated, but Sherman
is at Savannah, and it is not at all certain that he will await even the
early Southern Spring before his march upon Branchville begins.
authorities are not altogether insensible to the impending dangers. If
the capital and the cause are to be defended in South Carolina, the
defenders will be there. Richmond will not be prematurely abandoned, but
General Lee is well aware
that the cause is paramount to the safety of any city, of all cities. Be
of good cheer.
has fallen somewhat, and a better feeling prevails in business
More Blockade Runners.–The
Cork Herald reports that
within the last week there have been four steamers at Queenstown bound
out, to run the South American blockade. The Secret, 850 tons, Captain Berkly,
which had put in through stress of weather, proceeded on her voyage to
Nassau, on Sunday. The Susan
Birnie, 455 tons, Capt. Groundlow,
which had put in for repairs, awaits favorable weather to proceed. The
handsome steamer Emilie, 763
tons, from Glasgow, arrived at Queenstown on Monday morning to fill up
coals. When she has coaled and the weather suits, she will start for
An American Cardinal.–It
is stated that Pope Pius IX, intends to make a Cardinal of the new
Archbishop McCloskey, on
the ground that as there are more American than English Roman Catholics,
their clergy are entitled to that distinction.
Cotton in Savannah.–The
Southern Confederacy learns from a high official source that there were
about 150,000 bales of cotton in Savannah at the time Sherman
entered it. Near 120,000 bales of this amount belonged to foreign
merchants and cannot be interfered with. The remaining 30,000 belonged
to American merchants.
To Cure Camp Itch.–Take
a pound of fresh poke root, mash it, and boil a quarter of an hour with
water; add four pounds lard, and stew till the fibers of the root feel
dry, (i.e., till all the water is evaporated), then strain. Rub at night
on the affected parts very thinly. Sure cure.
The Provost Guard.–The
fact that a few prowling stragglers in the garb of soldiers have been
unwarrantably assuming the functions of a provost guard, stopping and
robbing Negroes and, in some cases, white men, has thrown discredit upon
many of the patrols of the bona
fide provost guard. In order therefore to prevent mistakes, we would
mention that there is a genuine provost guard, relief parties from which
perform the onerous duty of patrolling the streets at all hours, night
and day, and the best plan for citizens and others, when challenged,
will be to show their papers without delay.
From General Hood.–On
official information, the Montgomery Appeal
is enabled to state that General Hood,
with his army, is once more on this side of the Tennessee River, which
he crossed at Bainbridge Ferry on Monday and Tuesday, 26th and 27th. No
particulars whatever are given, though we are inclined to think, from
the tenor of recent Yankee dispatches, that he was not very closely
pressed by Thomas, and
infer that, with the exception of some stragglers and the severely
wounded, he has brought his army out entire. There is little reason to
doubt also that he has lost a considerable portion of his artillery,
though this can easily be replaced. A few days, however, we hope, will
place us in possession of all the particulars. Altogether, we can but
regard this is an ill-starred campaign, though we feel great relief from
the knowledge that he has succeeded in again putting the broad Tennessee
between himself and the enemy.
JANUARY 10, 1865
DAILY COURANT (CT)
English Officer on the Battle of Gettysburg.
December number if Blackwood’s
contains a long article, headed “A visit to the cities and camps of
the Confederate States, 1863-64.” The writer, a cavalry officer on the
English service, spent nearly a year in the Southern States, having been
present at Gettysburg, Chickamauga, the bombardment of Charleston, and
other important occasions, leaving in April, 1864. He writes in thorough
sympathy with the rebels, and his accounts if not distorted are
discolored by violent partizanship. He joined the army under Lee, June
3d, when starting on the invasion that culminated in the rebel rout at
Gettysburg. All the preliminary movements were attended with great
success. In the Shenandoah large captures of men and material were made,
the columns moving on almost unopposed into Maryland.
writer gives quite a graphic account of the battle of Gettysburg, and
describes the desperate assaults and bloody repulses of the
Confederates, a portion of whom were seized with panic at a very
important juncture, and driven back with such slaughter that the day was
alluding to the charges brought against Gen. Meade for not attacking
Lee’s right, with a view to follow up the victory and make large
captures, he commends the prudence of the federal commander, and argues
that such a movement must have resulted disastrously, as ample
preparations had been made to meet it.
speaks of a personal interview with Gen. Lee a short time after the
battle, when the latter spoke very freely on the subject of the
campaign. Had he known that Meade had succeeded in concentrating his
whole army, “for which he deserved great credit,” the attack would
not have been made. Indeed it was not Lee’s purpose to bring on a
general engagement at all, but, carried away by the victory of the first
day, deceived in reference to the extent of Meade’s preparations, and
encouraged by the enthusiasm of his army, he thought a successful battle
would prove so decisive in results that he determined to risk it. He
attributed his lack of correct information to the absence of Stuart’s
cavalry, which had advanced to the vicinity of Washington, and was then
obliged to make a long detour to reach the main army.
Boston, Jan. 9.–A large number of merchants and leading business
men of this city met in Faneuil Hall to-day to inaugurate measures for
sending food and other necessary supplies to the sufferers of Savannah.
Resolutions were adopted appropriate to the subject, and a committee
appointed to receive contributions. Addresses were made by Mayor
Lincoln, Col. Julian Allen, Edward Everett, and others, and hearty
sympathy with the object of the meeting was manifested throughout. At
the adjournment three cheers were given for Savannah and Gen. Sherman.
government has placed at the disposal of Col. Allen a transport to
convey to Savannah the provisions which he may procure for the
inhabitants of that city.
A Wail About Taxation.–The
Richmond Sentinel contains the following: “Will you publish through your
columns the wail of the widow and orphan? Surely when their cry comes up
before our countrymen their grievances will be redressed. I belong to
the class of widows who have invested their little property in stocks
before the war. My income is $1,200, my tax $1,364. I am old; to dig, I
cannot; to beg, I am ashamed, yet I must live out my allotted days. I
have to board at an enormous price; I must be clothed, and with what?
Will our legislators who make our laws depriving us of every means of
subsistence yet sit and vote themselves additional pay, enlighten us
upon this vital subject.–A Widow.”
from Lee’s army number about three hundred weekly. They all repeat the
story of disgust of the war and all belonging to it, and a readiness to
come back to the Union or anything to escape the grinding despotism of
Davis and his satellites.
have been made which show that a tax of twenty-five cents per pound on
all leaf tobacco used in this country, with a duty of two cents per
pound on all leaf tobacco exported, will produce an annual revenue of
upwards of twenty millions of dollars.
export of petroleum the past year amounted to 21,288,499 gallons. This
new product fills the void in our cotton exportations.
discovery of oil is quietly revolutionizing western Pennsylvania. In ten
years the population of certain counties will be more than doubled, and
the development of this interest will wonderfully increase the
agricultural and manufacturing prosperity of the State.
Maine a hay press has been used for the pressing of pine shavings for
kindling. They make very neat packages, and can be sawed into blocks
like timber. About a hundred bushels of shavings can be put in the space
of an ordinary hogshead, and when once pressed the spring is all taken
letter from Nashville says: “The man who raised the first rebel flag
in this city–M. L. Brooks, a well known journalist–arrived here
yesterday disgusted with the service. He says that every member of his
company has deserted, and he would not remain longer. He says that no
man in the South now expects to gain their independence.”
adventurous lad belonging in Springfield, and only thirteen years of
age, left home with his Bible for Sunday school one day last September,
and his parents first heard from him in Baltimore a few days ago by a
letter, in which he said he as to set sail at once for Hong Kong, going
“before the mast.” When the boy left home he had only 25 cents in
the past year 1864, four thousand eight hundred and nine vessels arrived
at the port of New York from foreign ports a decrease of two hundred and
seventy-three from 1863. This decrease is very slight when the natural
effects of the war are taken into consideration. But few of these
vessels carried the American flag. One hundred and ninety-eight thousand
three hundred and forty-two passenger arrived, the most of them
emigrants who have settled in this country.
number of Boston clerks have formed a temperance alliance and signed a
pledge not to drink any of the ardent between eight o’clock a.m.
and five o’clock p.m.,
under penalty of $10 fine. It would be a good thing for all clerks to go
and do likewise. It would be still better to have the pledge cover the
whole twenty-four hours.
JANUARY 11, 1865
Indian Troubles in Colorado Territory.
Colorado, Jan. 9.–A party of sixty Indians attacked the overland mail
express coach, 8 miles east of here, and robbed the mail and express.
They also attacked a mule train close by, killing one man and wounding
another. The troops at the military post here, numbering from fifty to
eighty men, immediately started in pursuit, and drove the Indians to the
bluffs, a mile back, where the Indians were reinforced to the number of
1500, who drove our troops back to the fort.
Indians then entered the stage station in large numbers and, after
destroying all the furniture, breaking the windows, &c., set the
buildings on fire. They also destroyed a large amount of telegraph
material. A well directed fire of musketry from the troops at the post
soon drove the Indians from the station.
a running fight on their retreat our troops killed thirty-five Indians,
including the principal chief. Nineteen of our soldiers and citizens
were killed. A general massacre of whites was only prevented by the
perseverance and bravery of our troops and the efficient artillery fire.
The Indians retreated in a southerly direction.
was the most determined incursion made by the Indians this season.
One of the Hotel Burners Caught
in Detroit.–One of the persons concerned in the hotel
burning in New York has been arrested in Detroit. The Tribune
of that city of Friday says:
few days since a commotion was visible among the detectives in this
city, which gave rise to a suspicion that something unusual was going
on. What the commotion was we had some difficulty in ascertaining, but
after careful inquiry we learned that several New York detectives had
traced one of the hotel incendiaries of that city to Detroit, which, as
may naturally be supposed, was taking a feather out of the cap of one of
our own officers. The individual was living at one of our first-class
hotels, at which place it was thought he had been maturing plans for a
repetition of the New York affair.
was taken into custody, and evidence found upon his person that it is
thought will be sufficient to ensure his conviction. He gave his name as
Cobb. Although it was previously ascertained that he had registered
himself as Sidney Staunton, he is, we believe, a Southerner, and is bold
enough to attempt no disguise. He will probably claim to be a
belligerent, and as such entitled to all the benefits of a prisoner of
Contributions of Savannah for the
Poor of Boston.–The meeting of yesterday recalls the memory
of another “general meeting” held now nearly a century ago, when the
people of Savannah showed their interest in our common country by their
contributions to the necessities of Boston. When the “Port Bill”
reduced Boston to the state almost of a besieged town, so that her
mechanics and seamen had no means of earning bread, the people of
Savannah, with those of all the rest of the country, came to her relief.
the 16th of August, 1774, at a general meeting of the inhabitants of
Georgia at Savannah, a committee was appointed “to receive
subscriptions for the suffering poor of Boston.” A letter dated
Savannah, Dec. 9, 1774, says: “There are large donations of rice for
the sufferers in Boston, and had we means of sending it to them, with
very little trouble much more would be collected and sent. Few have
subscribed less than ten tierces of rice.”2
rice was sent to New York, sold there, and the proceeds, £216 0s. 5d.,
were remitted to the Boston committee, and by them applied to the relief
of the poor here.
oligarchy at Richmond which has held Savannah out in the cold for four
years is a government as oppressive to her and as foreign as was that of
Lord North, which tried to starve the Boston of 1774. It would be easy
to follow along the parallel between the condition of Boston then and
that of Savannah before she was relieved by Sherman.–Advertiser.
The Rebel Galvanized Yankee
Battalion.–It will be remembered that many of the soldiers
confined at Columbia, S. C. endeavored to escape the horrors of the
“rebel pen” by joining the rebel army. A man named Brooks organized
a battalion of them, who took the rebel oath, doubtless with mental
reservation, and entered the service regularly. We published a few days
ago the statement that the former prisoners had reached Savannah, but
that is now said to be a mistake. The Columbia South
Carolinian gives the following account of their conduct, and
recommends it as a lesson for the future:
some time after going to the front, the conduct of the command was
generally good. They were several times under the fire of sharpshooters,
and one was wounded. They were generally steady on duty. On or about the
15th inst., when encamped within about seven hundred yards of the
enemy’s outposts, Sherman sent a secret emissary, promising amnesty if
they immediately joined him, and great severity if they did not, should
they fall into his hands. The battalion, with a few exceptions,
immediately decided upon going over to the enemy, upon capturing or, if
necessary, killing their officers. This,
which was to be done at a concerted signal, was discovered in time.
Seven of their number were shot on the spot, and the remainder have been
remanded to the federal prison.”3
are upwards of ten thousand enlisted men on detached service in
sloop-of-war Constellation, now riding at anchor in Hampton Roads, having but
lately arrived from a a
three years’ cruise in the Mediterranean, is one of the few relics
left us of the days of sailing vessels. The Constellation
was launched in 1798. She is a sister ship of the Constitution, the “Old Ironsides,” and is still seaworthy.
Smith, of Rhode Island, recently paid out of his own pocket for a
breakfast for about three hundred soldiers, mostly from Maine, who were
detained on the steamer in the Sound, and hadn’t any money to buy
& Williams very generously offer to take free all supplies
contributed in Boston for the suffering people of Savannah, in their
steamship, the Greyhound,
which sails next Saturday, the 14th inst.
PITTSFIELD SUN (MA)
Confirmation of the Story–The
Facts Endorsed by an Administration Organ.
Dispatch to the N. Y. Times.]
Jan. 6.–It is rumored that General Sherman has communicated to the
President that the Georgia state authorities have applied to come back
into the Union, and that Secretary Stanton’s visit to Savannah has
doubtless some connection with this subject. It is also believed that
Secretary Stanton’s visit to Sherman will
result in the inauguration of a new policy in Sherman’s command in
reference to treatment of Negroes who may come into his lines hereafter.
Such Negroes will be armed and allowed to do effective service in the
Tilton was not very gallant to the Chicago ladies in his address there
lately. He said that there were more ways of recruiting our army than
one. There were two soldiers once in Grant’s army, lying beneath their
blankets looking up at the stars in a Virginian sky. Says Jack: “What
made you go into the army, Tom?” “Well,” replied Tom, “I had no
wife and I love war. What made you go into the army, Jack?”
“Well,” he replied, I had a wife and I loved peace, so I went to
war.” He doubted not that among the fair faces he saw before him, many
had contributed to swell the ranks of the army in both ways.
The Wealthiest Man in America: An
Annual Income of $5,000,000.–Alexander T. Stewart, the dry
goods nabob of New York, has the largest income of any man in America,
or (probably) the world. He has lately paid an income tax of $250,000 on
a net income of five million
would be the interest at 6 per cent of over eighty millions. We know of
no case among the wealthy men of England that surpasses or equals this;
and we suppose A. T. Stewart is the “richest man” living.
Stewart’s annual business is thirty millions, and his profits–as
appears by his tax–are five millions a year. He owns fourteen millions
in real estate. Moses Taylor, who pays taxes on an income of $500,000,
can scarcely be called a wealthy man in comparison with Mr. Stewart.
What a vast amount of good might be done with such an income as
Stewart’s!–N. H. Register.
A Singular Case.–A
gentleman in one of our suburban cities raised a company two or three
years since for one of our regiments, and departed for the battle-field,
leaving behind him a young wife. A few months afterwards the lady gave
birth to a child, and subsequently the name of her husband appeared
among those killed in one of the battles fought by the Potomac army. A
body, said to be that of her husband, was sent to her, and the remains
were interred, she believing all the time that she was burying her
husband. The lady remained single about a year, then removed her
mourning, was married again, and now has a child by the second husband.
A few weeks ago the wife was somewhat surprised by reading the name of
her husband in a list of Massachusetts soldiers who had recently been
released from a rebel prison, he having arrived at Annapolis, Md. She
now has two living husbands and children by both.–Boston Traveller.
firm in Pittsburg, who for several months have been sinking a well on Duck
Run, not far from Zanesville, Ohio, are now obtaining 160 barrels of oil a
day. Its specific gravity is said to be thirty, and is selling for $24 per
barrel at the head. This is one of the most remarkable strikes in the
history of oil.
the present month, there have been organized in Philadelphia thirteen oil or
petroleum companies, with an aggregate capital of $9,750,000. Boston, too,
is going largely into this business. Somebody will “strike ile” through
Gen. Hurlburt, commanding the District of New Orleans, is entitled to the
credit of discovering a new field for the exercise of military authority. He
has issued an order to the effect that no publisher or newsboy shall sell a
paper for more than ten cents per copy in that city. The heavy hand of
military power, says the La Crosse Democrat,
may next be laid upon pop corn and peanuts.
gatherers never were popular persons; but a friend of the Boston Post
calls a New York Collector of Internal Revenue an income-poop. Isn’t that
writer on natural history gives the following definition of a ram: “A ram
is an animal whose butt is on the wrong end of him.”
may be a consoling fact to know that the debts of European nations increases
as well as ours. (Misery loves company.) That of England, which is now
$3,957,000,000, is greater by $115,000,000 than it was in 1853. In 1851,
France owed only about half our present debt. She now owes, floating bills
and all, $2,068,000,000. Our debt, according to the last report, was
something over $1,700,000,000.
ridiculous stories come from Paris. They tell of a Russian there who wears
the remains of his wife in a ring on his finger. After she died, he had her
body reduced by dissolvents, compressed into a hard paste, like jet, and set
as a souvenir. And so the poor woman, in the form of an essence, is doomed
forever to remain above ground.
of the latest inventions is a spoon with a cover, for the especial use of
those who still wear the moustache.
million gallons of petroleum oil have been exported during the past eleven
section of the Pacific Railroad between Lawrence and Kansas City is finished
and trains will soon be running over it.
New Orleans letter says the great heart of that city is still thoroughly
secesh. A fair for the children of rebel soldiers is in successful operation
in New Orleans.
new way of dressing hair is called the flower-pot style.
while the Americans at Honolulu, Sandwich Islands, were anxiously looking
out for news from the United States, a large clipper arrived from San
Francisco, and on being boarded by the newsboat, the only reply of the
captain was, “that there had been a great row in the United States, but he
didn’t learn the particulars.”
FARMERS’ CABINET (NH)
Review of War News.
accounts from Savannah show a most gratifying disposition on the part of
the people to return to their allegiance to the old flag, most of the
citizens manifesting pleasure at their release from Confederate tyranny.
The Mayor and many influential citizens held a public meeting, in which
they resolved not only to cheerfully acquiesce in the United States
government in that city, but to submit themselves permanently to the
Constitution and laws of the Union, leaving all specific questions that
may need further settlement to the disposal of Congress and the courts.
They do not submit as conquered to conquerors, but simply as citizens of
the United States, debarred hitherto from their just position by
irresistible military control. This strikes the true key-note of
reconstruction for all the people
of the South, as distinguished from the deliberate traitors who
originated and have sustained the armed rebellion. What a glorious
position is this to be taken by the fourth great city of the rebellious
States! The same meeting also calls upon the Governor of Georgia to make
provision for deciding whether the war shall longer continue in that
States. This course of the citizens of Savannah has created great
indignation at Richmond.
suffering from the want of food was the result consequent upon the city
being cut off from its ordinary source of supply, which our officers
were aiding the authorities in alleviating.
appearing of the Yankees at Savannah was the signal for the revival of
business. Adams’ Express was already doing a heavy business, mail
facilities are being arranged, and vast amounts of money are being sent
North. Re-construction was the order of the day.
appears that the destruction of the Gulf Railroad by Gen. Sherman struck
a staggering blow to Lee and Davis at Richmond. The Post
has a private letter from a citizen at Savannah, which states on the
authority of an officer of that road, that it supplied Lee’s army, up
to the time it was broken, with 11,500 head of cattle per week; the
cattle coming from Florida and Southern Alabama. Indeed, six weeks
before Sherman left Atlanta, Lee wrote the President of the road that
its facilities must be enlarged or he would be obliged to fall back with
his army from Virginia nearer his base of supplies. There was reason to
believe from information furnished by residents of Savannah that Lee had
not 30 days’ provisions on hand.
dispatch from Memphis, of the 6th inst. says that Gen. Dana had received
information from the cavalry force sent out from there on the 21st ult.
They had struck the Mobile and Ohio Railroad 5 miles below Corinth, and
had on the 27th utterly destroyed it to Okolona. 29 bridges, a great
deal of trestle-work, 32 railroad cars, 300 army wagons, and 4000
carbines were also destroyed. Forrest’s camp of dismounted men at
Verona was dispersed. Six officers and twenty men were captured. The
expedition did not lose a man. Grierson was ordered to destroy the road
as far as Meridian and release our prisoners at Catawba, if possible.
Times’ Huntsville, Ala.
dispatch of the 31 inst says that Tennessee campaign is ended. The last
f Hood’s army crossed the Tennessee on the 29th ult., with 8 pieces of
artillery and about 18,000 men. He left Macon, Ga., with 35,000 men and
was reinforced by 5000 more. He had 100 pieces of artillery. It is
believed he has thrown into the river at least 30 guns. He has abandoned
a large number of wagons and ambulances. Our official list of prisoners
numbers 9,700. Over 900 deserters have also reported. It is said Hood is
going to Meridian to re-organize.
rebel papers show that Jeff Davis has now on his hands quarrels with the
Governors of Mississippi, Georgia and Alabama.
Richmond papers contain the most distinct and unmistakable confession of
failure that has yet come from rebeldom. They tell us in so many words
that the Confederacy has sustained so many reverses of late that it is
no longer able to defend itself effectively, and that it is time to seek
foreign assistance. How deep this conviction of its impotence is, is
shown by the fact that these writers are willing to purchase foreign aid
by the sacrifice of everything distinctive Southern life. Says the Examiner:
we are asked whether or not colonial vassalage be preferable to
subjugation by the Yankees, we say yes. Infinitely preferable. Better
for us and ours not only that we sink back into colonists, but that we
should all die where we stand, than be reduced to the ignominious
condition of vassals to the Yankee nation. But it happens that neither
the question nor the answer is anything to our present purpose, and if
we are asked whether we would or would not purchase the material aid of
England or France in our present struggle by abandoning slavery
instantly and on the spot, we say again, “Yes, without one moment’s
hesitation or consideration.’ That is to say, we would sacrifice the
Negro race to insure our own independence.”
the Examiner admits its
preference for “colonial vassalage” rather than a return of the
Confederate States into the Union, at the same time it doubts whether
England or France would accept them as colonial relations, as such a
proceeding would involve them in wars, and the proposal itself would be
a full admission that the Confederates are on the point of subjugation
and no longer capable of maintaining themselves.
Working Oxen.–I have
long found that in all heavy farming operations oxen are most useful,
and am convinced that every farmer with one hundred or more acres of
land can work one or two pairs to greater advantage than he can do the
work with horses. For deep plowing, oxen will draw greater weights and
are as quick as horses. In lighter operations the horse surpasses them
in speed, but every improvement in agriculture now tends to deep,
consequently slow work, and until stream is adapted to drawing our
implements, oxen will be most useful. They cost much less to keep, and
improve daily in value; they are easily broken in, may be worked through
the busy season of the year and then fed off. The application of steam
to our threshing machines, and the railways lessening the distance at
which many deliver their grain, has diminished the winter work of many
farmers’ horses. Oxen would in these cases prove very beneficial in
summer. I know one large occupier who commonly buys every spring three
or four pairs of working oxen, uses them till all his turnips are sown
and cleaned, and then feeds them off in his stalls; and by this course
has his work done at two-thirds less cost than by keeping a large number
of horses. As a practical farmer I should be very sorry to be without
oxen as auxiliaries to horse teams.–E.
W. Wilmott, in the Gardeners’ Chronicle.
JANUARY 14, 1865
City Point correspondent of the N. Y. Herald
says that Butler’s removal caused some comment, but no censure; that
he has been, for months, losing the confidence of the army, but his
recent fiasco before
Wilmington was probably the immediate case of his dismissal. The writer
says “a mountain of dissatisfaction has been accumulating against him
for months on account of alleged illegal and arbitrary arrests,
imprisonments and punishments. It is said that many cases of glaring
injustice have come to light, and many others are expected to be
developed by his supercedure. Thus ends the military career if a
distinguished civilian general. It is a singular, but instructive fact,
that no general officer has succeeded in this war who did not possess a
previous military training and education, excepting a few who entered
the service with only regimental rank, and studied, worked and fought
their way from thence upward. Without this previous knowledge or
training–of one kind or the other–all have been expensive
failures.” As if he President did not desire to open up a discussion
with Gen. B. personally, he is not permitted to repair to Washington,
but is ordered to hand over his Department to Gen. Ord, a worthy
officer, and write from Lowell if he has anything to say. Gen. B. had it
in his power to have made New Orleans a Union city–but he preferred to
play the tyrant, and make the Union cause under his administration
peculiarly obnoxious to that section of the country. The mischief
that he, and some others like him, have done to the cause of the Union
is almost irreparable.
of Southern Sentiment.
from late Richmond papers are conclusive that the leading men of the
South are preparing the minds of their people for greater sacrifices.
The Sentinel, the recognized
organ of Davis, proposes to offer to Europe the abolition of slavery as
the price for recognition and the guarantee of the independence of the
South. It goes so far as to propose a union with some European monarchy,
rather than submit to the United States. The Enquirer says:
it be necessary to convince the world that we are fighting for the
self-government of the whites, that we should liberate the Negro, and if
that liberation should secure our recognition, and the guaranty of
England and France to our independence, we believe that the people of
these States would not hesitate to make the sacrifice. The consequence
of emancipation would fall upon the Negro. The act would be one of
necessity, not of choice–taken against our judgments and convictions,
but to save us from the horrors of prolonged war, and the disgrace, ruin
and destruction involved in the success of the enemy.”
These indications of changes of sentiment at the South–the ardent
longing for peace–show that a wise policy at this juncture might
secure the return of the seceded States on fair terms; for when such
desperate measures are proposed by the leaders, we may be sure that the
mass of people must be desirous to escape from the perils that surround
them. The men at Washington will not permit any modification of the
policy of war, until it will be too late. We have always believed that
France and England would interfere in this struggle, just so soon as
they become convinced that such intervention is necessary to prevent a
re-union of these States. So long as the South is able to maintain the
struggle, they are willing to stand aside and witness the
self-destruction of the great American Republic. Let it be shown that
the South is likely to be overwhelmed this Summer, and the allies will
find it easy to make the offer of emancipation a pretext for throwing
their swords into the scale against the North.->
effect of such a step on the part of the South would be to array the
radical abolitionists of the North against the further prosecution of
the war. They have hounded on this contest for the purpose of destroying
slavery; that accomplished, they will be ready to make peace instanter,
by cutting loose from the South. The Administration seems to be shaping
matters to give England ample grounds for war, under the cover of which
an escape from our domestic troubles may be made.
Glimpse of Peace.
will be seen by reference to our telegraph columns that Mr. Lincoln has
taken important steps toward the conclusion of peace. He has suffered
Mr. Francis P. Blair to proceed to Richmond and ascertain what the
Confederate leaders are willing to do, and he has deprived Butler of his
command and sent him back to Lowell. We have before said Mr. Blair,
among the men f his party, is peculiarly qualified for the important
service he has undertaken, and every true friend of the country will
wish him complete success. We believe it possible to arrange the whole
matter at this time, if a reasonable course is taken. Such an
opportunity may never again occur. True, it appears on the surface that
the South will be forced to succumb under the pressure of the next
campaign, but the same appearances have have proved deceptive before,
and may prove so now. There is no such thing as calculating what a
people, driven to desperation, may accomplish if pushed to the wall. It
is now reported on the authority of Mr. George D. Prentice, that they
have resolved to arm two hundred thousand Negroes, and it is not
unlikely that, if given time, they will succeed in forming a European
alliance, which may turn the scale. The addition of a French army and
the French fleet to the strength of the South would put the finishing
touch upon the struggle. If Mr. Blair can arrange for the return of the
seceded States, under the Constitution, he will earn the gratitude of
the present and future generations.
Rule in Savannah.
manner in which Gen. Sherman is treating the people of Savannah is in
happy contrast with the reign of terror established by Butler in New
Orleans. Gen. S., in “general orders,” informs the people that they
will be protected in their peaceful pursuits–families disturbed as
little as possible–schools and churches be continued as
usual–amusements and recreations encouraged–the roads and walks made
safe to all–and that no passes will be required within the line of
outer pickets, unless his confidence shall be abused; that the Mayor and
City Council will continue in the exercise of their functions, and act
in concert with the military power in preserving order, cleanliness and
quiet. Persons who desire to leave can do so. By such a course,
confidence will be encouraged, and a Union sentiment fostered, that must
yield good fruits. It is the most important conquest of the war, and
fortunate for the country that so sensible a military captain has it in
“In the middle of things you will go most safe,” meaning to follow
the middle of the road.
tierce is a unit of liquid
measure, so it is interesting that it is used here for a dry good such
as rice. It can, however, be used to refer to the barrel which held the
liquid, and that container was able to hold 42 gallons. Modern readers
will not be far off to picture a cut-down 55-gallong drum.
in this passage does not refer to the Northern Federals, but to a national
prison of the Confederacy.
Having trouble with a word or phrase?
Email the USNLP . . .