JANUARY 1, 1865
Summary of News.
have, before we expected it, the glorious news of the capture of
Savannah. A dispatch from Gen. Sherman at that city announcing the event
to have occurred on the 21st. He begs the President to accept as a
Christmas gift the city of Savannah, 110 guns and plenty of ammunition,
and about 25,000 bales of cotton. Gen. Foster reports to Gen. Grant the
capture of 800 prisoners, 190 cars, 13 locomotives, 3 steamers and
38,000 bales of cotton. He also reports that Hardee, anticipating an
assault by Sherman, escaped on the morning of the 20th with the main
body of his infantry and light artillery, by crossing the river to Union
Causeway, opposite the city. His “tactics” will probably direct him
to proceed to Wilmington and aid in defending that menaced city.
Nashville dispatch of the 24th reports the Tennessee river so high as to
prevent the crossing by Hood. Thomas’s headquarters were at Columbia.
seems to still live, but the reports concerning his operations in
Kentucky are rather vague and uncertain.
report kills Mosby again. Some cavalry skirmishing in the Valley is
in New York on the 24th closed at 221 and cotton at 123. It will be
observed that this was before the promulgation of the news from
Balls.–A grand dance
and Fireman’s Ball for the benefit of the Pioneer Fire Company No. 1,
came off at their new hall on Magazine street last night. It was, as we
understand, a very successful and happy reunion. We are glad to
chronicle their enjoyment in dancing the New Year in accordance with the
practice off the Vaterland, and wish the company all happiness.
grand ball will be given to-night–also in accordance with the good old
German custom–by the Turner Association of New Orleans, at the
Verandah Hotel on Conti street between Chartres and New Levee streets.
We wish our friends, who have favored us with an invitation, all
next Saturday evening, the Hebrew Congregation Gates of Prayers will
give a grand, fancy and masquerade ball for the benefit of the Masonic
Hall, and will be, we have no doubt, a splendid affair. We are indebted
to the managers for an invitation.
great Circus still unfolds itself, day by day, a wonder. Wonderful feats
of strength are performed by the cannon ball thrower, who, strange to
say, never knocks his brains out tossing up and catching these
uncomfortable things on the back of his neck, gyrating them as a juggler
plays with billiard balls, and playing with what an ordinary man finds
it difficult to manage, and what often places a man beyond earthly cares
when they are sent from the cannon’s mouth. The great horseback rider,
Robinson, is wonderful in the dexterity by which he sticks on that
horse, either end up, feet pointing up in the direction of the circus
valve, head somewhere down in the horse’s epigastric region, turning
over ad circumbending all around the ring. Wonderful is the charming
Miss Lucie, who plays, skips and jumps upon the back of a horse as much
at ease as some little girls would be in the nursery, on the hearth-rug,
under the immediate eye of mamma or nurse. If the histrionico-equestrian
feats of Master Watson are not wonderful, as he stands on horseback,
either as Falstaff, Shylock or Richard III, it is certainly entertaining
to see Richard on that horse which he is famous for wanting, but is
never supposed to get; to see Shylock weigh out a pound of flesh when
shaky about the knees on a swift horse; and to see old Falstaff getting
out of Shrewsbury fight on an actual and bona
fide piece of horse flesh–not imaginary. It is also entertaining
to see Madame De berg in her great feats. The above actions are all
interspersed with first class fun by Dan Costello and his clever
compatriots, while the famed steed, who understands English as the horse
of Charles V understood High Dutch, by giving it to him in his ear, are
all of the wonderful kind with the others. Last, but not least, the
lions are terribly wonderful. Like Tilly Stowboy’s opinion of
fortune-telling, “they frighten one so nice” with that low monotone
of a roar, in which they believe themselves to be musical, and try to
keep time with the orchestra in their howl, which were it not grotesque,
would be horrible. A short expedition to Tivoli Circle will reveal to
the eye all these wonders that have not been faithfully represented in
this paragraph. Remember there is no circus to-night. Try Monday.
Academy of Music.–The
Academy is crowding amusements on the boards, and no one visiting that
place can complain of a lack of opportunity for enjoyment. “The House
that Jack Built” goes off nightly with shouts of laughter and
applause. A noon-day exhibition for families will be given to-morrow.
DAILY RICHMOND ENQUIRER (VA)
FROM THE UNITED STATES.
The Attack on Wilmington–A
Wrangle About it.
Porter gives his official report of the attack on Wilmington, in which
he furnishes, with minute precision, the details of the event–the
arrival of the fleet, the detention of the transports by the storm, the
explosion of a boat laden with two hundred and fifteen tons of powder
within five hundred yards of Fort Fisher, for the purpose of blowing
down that concern, but which only blew out some of the lights and broke
some of the glasses of the fleet; the attack by the fleet, done in
splendid style, on its own hook, Butler not yet having come up; the next
day’s combined attack by the fleet and Butler’s troops, in which the
latter, under Weitzel, after landing and capturing one or two subposts
and two hundred prisoners in rear of Fort Fisher, came to the conclusion
that Confederate grape and canister was too much for them, and fled
again to the fleet; the “conspicuous daring” of two or three men
while the land attack was going on, in penetrating to the rebel
parapets, wounding eight rebels with a solitary musket shot, killing an
orderly inside of a sally port, and capturing dispatches from General
Whiting asking a light battery be sent him and the regret of Admiral
Porter at the failure of Weitzel, who declared Fort Fisher impregnable
to assault, from personal inspection within six hundred yards of the
fort, &c., &c.
Tribune gives the following
review of the affair:
is unpleasantly plain that the great Wilmington expedition has ended up
in a wrangle. General Butler and Admiral Porter did not find themselves
able to agree on the conduct of the enterprise, which depended for its
success on their cordial co-operation. The dispatch of Admiral Porter,
which is confused on many other points, is clear in this: that the land
and naval forces could not be effectually combined.
is remarkable that Admiral Porter began his attack on Fort Fisher
without waiting for the arrival of the troops. The fort has been
repeatedly declared on the highest authority impregnable by naval force
alone. It would seem that Admiral Porter did not share the opinion of
his official superior. There appeared to him to be an opportunity not to
be lost; as he himself expressed it, the weather was too fine to be
wasted. Accordingly the attack began at 2 o’clock on Saturday morning
by the explosion of the torpedo boat Louisiana within five hundred yards
of Fort Fisher. We had understood that this torpedo was intended
especially to destroy the morale
of the garrison, and that immediately upon their confusion, an assault
should follow by the troops. We do not know how otherwise it was
expected to take advantage of the explosion. But Admiral Porter chose to
try the experiment when no troops had been landed or were even near the
coast. Unless, therefore, he hoped that the walls of the fort should be
actually blown down and the men within it destroyed by the torpedo, it
is difficult to understand why the attempt was made at all; and even if
these consequences had followed, it is equally difficult to see how they
could have been taken advantage of. If no land force on our side was at
hand to occupy and hold the demolished fort, the enemy could of course
renew possession of the ruins at his leisure, and could cover them by
the adjacent batteries.
the explosion of the torpedo produced no visible effect. Admiral Porter
says the shock was slight, and it appears from his reports that Fort
Fisher, which remained unmolested from two till half past eleven, was
subsequently able to continue an engagement of five hours’ duration
with his powerful fleet. At the end of that time–about 5 o’clock on
Saturday afternoon–the guns of the fort were silenced, and the fleet
the following day–Sunday, the 25th–Gen. Butler’s troops arrived.
Under cover of the fire of the fleet, they, or a portion of them, were
landed between 12 and 3 o’clock on Sunday afternoon. Admiral Porter
puts the number on shore at 3,000. The account which follows is
unintelligible. From one sentence it appears that their re-embarkation
began immediately, and without a demonstration against the fort. ->
another, it appears that Maj. Gen. Weitzel and a party of skirmishers
reconnoitered the fort; that a few of the soldiers actually entered the
work; that one officer brought away the flag which had been shot from
its staff; that a soldier fired a shot into the bomb-proof where the
garrison were concealed, wounding eight or ten concealed rebels; that a
rebel orderly arriving at the fort was killed and his dispatches
captured; and that while all this was going on, the fleet was still
shelling the fort, and succeeded in wounding a number of our own
it is nowhere indicated that anything like an assault took place. On the
contrary, Gen. Weitzel reported an assault impracticable–an opinion in
which Admiral Porter, though properly professing to under value his
judgment in comparison with that of an able and experienced officer who
had examine the ground in person, does not concur. But notwithstanding
General Weitzel’s report, Admiral Porter proceeds to remark: “We
drew off at sunset, leaving the iron-clads to fire through the night,
expecting the troops would attack in the morning.” The reasons why
they did not attack are set forth in the letter of Gen. Butler.
readers, if they have been able to follow us thus far, will probably
agree that the whole business on which we have hesitatingly commented,
is in great need of elucidation. For our part we have only to suggest
again that there are two sides to the story, and that but one has been
heard. We deplore the failure which has occurred, and still more keenly
do we regret that any feelings of hostility should exist between the two
branches of the military service of the United States, or between the
leaders of the forces which were meant to co-operate against Wilmington.
We care not to take sides in such a controversy. We care only that the
whole truth should be known; and that blame should lie where, on the
merits of the case, it properly belongs. Meanwhile, Wilmington remains
and is likely to remain in possession of the rebels.
Butler’s letter states in substance that the strength of Fort Fisher
had not been materially impaired by the fire from the fleet, and that
its guns still swept the narrow strip of land by which alone it was
possible for an assaulting column to approach. A portion of Lee’s
forces had been sent from Richmond to strengthen the garrison, and Gen.
Weitzel, who advanced his skirmish line within fifty yards of the fort,
pronounced an attempt impracticable, except by the operation of a
regular siege, which was not contemplated in the orders under which Gen.
Butler was acting. The troops, therefore, we re-embarked and returned to
The Hiring Season.–The
hiring of servants for the present year commenced yesterday, and
continued pretty briskly during the entire day. An ordinary cook, washer
and ironer, without encumbrance, commanded from $400 to $600 and
victuals and clothing. The government was in the market at an early
hour, hiring at from $1,000 to $1,200 for blacksmiths and $900 for
drivers. Housekeepers would [improve] their interests by holding off
for a few days, and thus enable agents and masters to learn how much
Confederate money it takes to feed a Negro. After learning this fact
they will doubtless be content to let them go for “victuals and
German, named William Wiiks, belonging to the Tredegar Battalion, was
shot and killed on Friday night last while endeavoring to run the
blockade. The fatal shot, we are informed, was fired by a member of his
battalion. This was the second time that Wiiks had attempted to make his
escape to Yankeedom. Wiiks resided on Oregon Hill, and leaves a wife and
several small children.
JANUARY 3, 1865
THE ARMY OF THE POTOMAC.
Dashing Charge of 300 Rebels on
Washington, Jan. 2.–Information
from the Army of the Potomac to the evening of Saturday is as follows:
daylight this morning our pickets on that portion of the front line
between Forts Howard and Wadsworth, now occupied by the 1st and 3d
brigades of the 1st corps, were surprised by about 300 rebels, who
charged upon them without any previous warning, drove them back within
their entrenchments, killing 2, wounding 3, and capturing 35. The rebels
then gathered the blankets, knapsacks, etc., our men left at the picket
posts, and retired to their own lines without losing a man.
attack was so entirely unexpected and the affair over so quickly, that
the officers of our picket guard had not time to even give orders to the
men with a view to resistance until they had fallen back upon the
entrenchments. The assault was most furious, the enemy charging with
yells and firing furiously as they advanced, very naturally inducing the
belief that it was an attack in force. The scattering fire maintained by
our pickets during their retreat was ineffective, and the enemy did not
remain long enough for those behind the entrenchments to be aroused.
Nothing further of interest has occurred here for the past few days. The
weather continues extremely disagreeable. To-night we are having a fall
of snow, which melts as fast as it descends.”
The Demonstration Against
Wilmington.–A Washington dispatch to the New York Sunday
Herald says much mortification is felt in official circles at the
ridiculous fizzle of the military part of the Wilmington expedition. The
naval officers claim that Fort Fisher could have been taken without
difficulty, and that it only required that the enemy’s works should be
moved on to deliver them into our hands. Commodore Rodgers, who has
arrived in Washington, says that in his opinion the fort was already
taken, and it only required that somebody should go in and occupy it.
The fact that seven hundred of Butler’s force remained two days on the
beach without being attacked, or even a shot being fired towards them,
is cited as sufficient evidence that the enemy were not in force to
resist a determined and persistent advance of even the comparatively
small number of troops employed, which, there is reason to believe,
exceeded the number available for the defence of the point.
the past year over 100,000 foreigners arrived in the United States to
become American citizens.
were more people killed and wounded by railroad accidents last year than
in any year since 1854. One hundred and forty accidents occurred; four
hundred and four lives were lost, and one thousand eight hundred and
forty-six persons were wounded.
the past year the enormous sum of twenty-eight million five hundred and
twenty-two thousand dollars was lost by fires in the loyal States,
without counting losses under twenty thousand or losses by the war, as
at Chambersburg. This amount exceeds the losses for any previous year
within the last decade.
of the twelve Revolutionary patriots living on the 1st of January, 1863,
but five survive to welcome this New Year.
letter from Richmond states that the rigors of winter are being severely
felt in the rebel capital among all classes. Wood at any price is
scarce, and the poorer people are suffering far beyond the common
measure for the scantiest necessaries of life. Their soup houses and
other public establishments of charity
for relieving the wants of the needy are not possessed of the
material wherewith to supply, in either proper quantity or quality, what
their supervisors advertise in the journals to supply. It is further
stated that the coming New Year’s dinner to Lee’s army is likely to
fall very short of what it should be in point of nutritious elements,
and that it will be far more of a feast on paper than in the yarning
stomachs of the deluded rebel soldiery. In all respects, the public
suffering is great, not only in Richmond, but everywhere within the
rebel boundaries, save, perhaps, in some sections of Georgia.
from Lee’s army say that great efforts were made to conceal from them
the loss of Savannah, and when this was no longer possible, equally
great efforts were made to convince the soldiers that its loss was
rather beneficial to the rebel cause than otherwise. “That’s always
the way,” said a sturdy, dirty-looking rebel, “when Yank captures
anything they tell us we would have been better off if we had let it go
long ago.” They state that large numbers of Georgia troops are
deserting and returning to their homes, not exactly seeing how it is
necessary for them to remain and defend Richmond at the sacrifice of
their own State.
Washington dispatch to the New York Tribune
says that parties fresh from the cotton districts represent the rebel
armies to number 100,000 veterans, 50,000 militia, not equivalent to
5000 veterans, and 100,000 exempts ready under the law to be ranked into
the service and available as soldiers at the end of six months. They say
that this force will gradually be backed up by the progress of the war
in Virginia, and probably compacted at Richmond. They declare that there
will be no planting in the South this year, none whatever except in
gardens and patches about the houses. Sherman’s march, and Hood’s
defeat, and the uncertainty of Negro labor having utterly discouraged
agriculture on a large scale, they predict the speedy disappearance by
emigration of the white population of the cotton, rice and sugar States,
and the population of the whole of them by b lacks, who they aver will
be a model population for industry, thrift and social order. The trade
of the Rebel States, after the close of the war, these well-informed
parties declare, will be wholly in the hands of Jews. Yankees will have
the secession correspondent of the New York World,
says: “If it be true, that the darkest hour is just before dawn, then
the hour when Confederate independence will dawn must be close at hand,
for the present moment is certainly the darkest, in a military point of
view, that the South has ever experienced. I have some news from the
South this morning, which is of a gloomier nature than I have ever
received. The fall of Savannah is really a great blow to the South, and
so it is felt at Richmond.”
Druid talks this way, the South must indeed be badly off.
JANUARY 4, 1865
HAMPSHIRE PATRIOT & STATE GAZETTE
European Interference in American Affairs.
have uniformly expressed the opinion that there was no danger of
European intervention in this contest between North and South, as long
as each section of the Union was doing its utmost to destroy the
prosperity of the other, and so long as the depredation of property and
credit, and the loss of power, or the other result, a division of the
country, was destined to destroy our National prestige. Our worst enemy
could not do more than to waste four millions of our wealth a day,
dilute our currency to its present worthlessness, impose such debts as
ours upon posterity, and waste two million of human lives! The most
insidious and malignant enemy of liberal institutions could do nothing
more to degrade them than has been done in the destruction of rights and
the capricious exhibition of despotic power that we have endured. No
scare-crow effigies of warning against representative government could
have been got up by the most skillful caricaturist more complete in is
distortion, than the President and his Secretary Seward! For four years
we have been doing the work of the despotisms, and the aristocracies,
and of all enemies of free government, more effectually than they could
long, then, as the contest was an even one, and promised to be
indefinitely prolonged, they have been willing to see it go on. When the
preponderance of one side threatens to overthrow the other, and to
terminate the contest by leaving the government and the country a unit,
the case will be altered. Their interests will prompt them to interfere,
and seek to relieve the balance; or so control the result as to leave
two inimical and rival governments to neutralize each other’s power
upon the Continent, instead of one great consolidated democracy!
believe that at all times France has been ready to intervene so soon as
England would join in the alliance. France will undertake no great war
without her! Earl Russell, so long as he remains at the head of a
ministry, will not take sides with a slaveholding confederacy in order
to prolong the life of its peculiar institution. His family antecedents
and his own forbid it. But if intervention is the policy decided on, a
change of ministry can be managed without a crisis, and even without a
contest. The political leaders in Parliament are like old members of a
club, and they adjust a new ministry as they would a whist party, and
“cut in” and “cut out,” still keeping the choice players within
the circle of a score of men. Slavery, too, may be abolished, at least
“in name,” at the South, and so relieving the “conscience” of
shall have intervention then in one moment of apparent triumph, unless
we are more fortunate and wise, and our adversaries abroad more
forbearing and tolerant than the history of dynasties and of nations
gives us much reason to hope for.
question of European interference already presents itself. Spain, at
this moment, threatens to attempt the re-conquest of Peru, of which
indeed she has never yet recognized the independence. Forty years of
actual independence has been lost upon her; and the diplomatist she
recently sent to Lima was not delegated as an Envoy to a foreign power,
but as “Commissioner Extraordinary,” the title which she originally
gave to her delegates to the Colonies! ->
Peruvian Minister, justly indignant at this, demanded explanations, but
the Courier des Etats Unis, from which we gather the facts, says the
Representative of Spain disdained all explanations, left in a vessel of
war, and on the same day the order to seize the Chinchas Islands, was
executed. The pretense was that Peru had refused justice in a case where
Spanish subjects had been outraged, and one of them murdered. The delay
of the Courts was all Spain could rightfully complain of. The seizure of
the Chinchas, the principal source of revenue to Peru, was no proper
retaliation for such an offence.
is a false pretense upon which this conspiracy has been got up, and the
real motive behind it is the overthrow of the Republican systems upon
this Continent. They are willing to challenge war; and it is in fact
already commenced by the seizure of the islands, which Peru threatens to
re-establishment of monarchy in Mexico was but the first act in a grand
drama, which has for its object to subvert the popular system of this
country, whose influence is felt to be fatal to the dynasties of the Old
World. The game is well played; but it would have been fatal to the
players had not folly and fanaticism, and the tricks of base politicians
laid us open to these machinations! In our divisions we have done half
the work of our enemies.
hope lies in our persistence in our madness. Already they see in the
Latin races of Mexico and the Southern continent organized into
monarchies; the Anglo-Saxon race of the North, organized under a
Vice-Royalty, ending perhaps in an hereditary monarchy. Between them is
a torn and divided republic which, when all its cohesion is destroyed in
the flames of war will fall asunder, and the several parts obeying the
attraction of their position, will gravitate to one side or the other of
this monarchical system.
is the cloud that lowers on our horizon, as we look beyond the closing
year into that which is about to dawn
upon us.–Albany Argus.
Cotton in India.–The
Calcutta Englishman says that
from a report of the Board of Revenue it appears that, after making
allowance for the effects of drought and other drawbacks, the out-turn
of cotton this year in the northwestern provinces of India is estimated
at 2,000,000 of maunds, against 1,135,688 maunds in the previous season.1
Of this amount it is supposed about one-fourth will be retained for
domestic consumption, and the remainder exported. The area under
cultivation has increased upwards of fifty per cent. Owing to the high
price of English cotton fabrics, their importation has largely
diminished and the home manufacture of the natives has greatly
SALEM REGISTER (MA)
of the Register.
S. S. Santiago de Cuba,
At Norfolk, Va., December 28, 1864.
have just cast anchor here after a very pleasant and flying trip from
New Inlet, N. C., in 24 hours, bearing dispatches for the Department.
bombardment of “Fisher” commenced on the 24th inst., about noon,
when the fleet, after some three hours devoted to obtaining their proper
position in line, opened the fight at 5 minutes to one, by a shot from
the Ironsides, which was quickly succeeded by a 15-inch shell from a
Monitor, which lodged in one of the bomb-proofs of the Fort. However,
the “Rebs” maintained a sullen silence until the wooden frigate Minnesota
came up and took her position directly in front of the fortifications
and at the head of our line of battle, when, on the instant she turned
her broadside to them, they opened fire from all the guns they could
possibly bring to bear upon her, to which she immediately replied with a
full broadside, which made the sand fly around the old fort in the most
approved style imaginable. And now the bombardment was really commenced,
and from the moment the Minnesota
first fired, the engagement became general, our vessels keeping up a
continual fire of every description of projectiles upon the Rebel
stronghold, from the ponderous 15-inch shell of the Monitors to the
small 12 lb. shot from the guns of former blockade runners. Among the
latter was our old friend, the Advance.
After three hours of unceasing fire from both sides, the firing from the
fort became gradually and beautifully less, until, at 4 o’clock, the
“Rebs” ceased firing entirely, and at dark the fleet became quiet
also, with the exception of now and then a shot from one of the
the next morning, which was Christmas, the fight was renewed, and kept
up during the day with more fury than ever, whilst the old Santiago,
together with some dozen other vessels, was sent about three miles up
the coast to silence a battery and cover the landing of the land forces.
Here we remained during the entire day, shelling a small mound in which
the “Rebs” had 68-pounder
and 65 men. The men we took on board, and last night landed them at
little incident and I close. On the night of the 23d, 6 men from the Agawam,
commanded by Capt. Ryan of that vessel, rain in under the guns of Fort
Fisher with a powder-boat containing about 300 tons of gunpowder,
intended to be exploded near the fort, and expected to dismount the guns
by the tremendous concussion. But, owing to some unforeseen
circumstance, the affair was not so successful as the sanguine hopes of
its planners had led them to anticipate, although undoubtedly the
machine was some annoyance to the “Rebs,” as it was remarked that
they fired no guns from the side on which the boat was blown up.–W. A.
Hood’s Invasion of Tennessee
developed the following facts, according to a correspondent of the
and most noticeable, is the gradual decadence of martial spirit among
the rebels, and a growing disgust of the rank and file for the war.
fact is declared by more than one circumstance. The astonishing and
disproportionate loss of commissioned officers, occupies a prominent
place among these. Hood himself notices
and deplores it in his official report of the battle of Franklin. There
he lost six general officers killed, six wounded, and one captured, by
his own showing, besides one hundred and thirteen captured. Of one
hundred and ninety-seven prisoners taken at Murfreesboro, twenty one
were officers and four Generals, and four hundred and fifty one other
officers have been taken here, exclusive of the sick and wounded at
Franklin. What is the meaning of this?
the rebels were raw troops, as at the beginning of the war, this might
explain it, for in that case officers always must expose themselves more
than afterward, in order to keep their men steady under fire. ->
is not accounted for except on the supposition that their officers find it
necessary to expose themselves in front in order to bring their men forward.
The observation of every one who has witnessed this campaign confirms this.
Their officers can often be seen riding conspicuously in front, and
passionately exhorting their men to hold firm.
poor fighting done by the rebels shows it. This has been remarked again and
again in this campaign. At Franklin they made some desperate charges, but it
was under the stimulus of the delusion that they would easily drive us back
into the river. Since that time they have been spiritless, as compared with
their former selves. The immense capture of artillery and small arms shows
it. It is a capital disgrace to a soldier to throw away his piece, and none
but disgusted or panic stricken men will do it. That it was the former is
shown by the facts that a large part of the muskets were left standing
against the works.
One of the Pictures of War.–A
correspondent of the Chicago Journal
relates the following interview of a Federal foraging party with a Tennessee
another place we called on the owner, a man of over sixty years, well saved,
but evidently much cast-down and disheartened. He was polite, and answered
all questions studiously. On being asked what he had to spare, he answered,
“Not much; indeed, nothing.” His wife and four children, standing beside
him, said not a word, but the countenances of the whole group showed that
the old man told the truth. “Indeed, I have nothing,” said he; “with
one army and another campaigning through this part of Tennessee, they have
stripped me of all I could spare and more, too.”
you no horses or mules,” asked the officer. “Yes,” answered the man,
“I have one more mule, which is entirely broken down; it was left by a
trooper who took my last horse instead.” “No beef cattle?” was the
next question. “No, not one,” was the answer. “Any hogs?” “Yes,
sir, I have four pigs, which I had intended for my winter’s supply of
meat.” “Any Negroes?” asked the officer. “No, not one; my servants
all left me two or three months ago. I have not one on the place. I have to
chop all my wood, and my wife and daughters do the in-doors, what they
can.” “Any corn or wheat?” “No wheat, and only two or three barrels
of corn,” was the reply. “Let’s see your mule,” said the officers.
It was brought up, and was as the old man said.
me those pigs,” was the next demand. When the old man heard this he could
barely speak–his hopes were almost at an end. He showed the pigs, however;
they were no more than such a family would need, nor as much. The officer
then kindly said, “You may keep all these things; they will help you and
can be of little good to us,” and gave the old man a safe-guard,” which
might save his property from our troops. Three years ago this man owned a
large, well-stocked plantation, had cattle and hogs in plenty, with servants
to come at his call, and corn to sell or keep. Now he was sincerely
thankful, and much moved, that we spared him his four little shoats, his
pittance of corn, and his old mare mule, with which he hoped to make a small
crop next spring. The war has been at his very door; he had seen it in all
relations, and knew that it was vigorously prosecuted.
Deserting the Sinking Ship.–The
Washington correspondent of the New York Express
says the exodus from Gen. Lee’s army is almost incredible. Daily numbers
reach Washington, having abandoned the rebel cause. At the existing rate of
desertion, one month will deplete the rebel army confronting Gen. Grant
fully as much as the average casualty of a general battle.
Raiders Captured at Concord.
Concord (N. H.) Monitor of
Wednesday gives the following account of the circumstances under which
six persons were arrested at Camp Gilmore the previous day, on the
alleged charge, favored by the confession of some of their number, that
they belonged to the St. Albans raiders recently discharged by Judge
Coursol at Montreal in the singular manner already known to our readers:
a late hour on Saturday evening last, five persons, enlisted that day in
the provost marshal general’s office at West Lebanon, arrived at Camp
Gilmore and were turned over to a clerk at the headquarters, by the name
of Charles Kraft, belonging to the 5th New Hampshire regiment, whose
business it is to receive all new comers into camp, look them over,
obtain their pictures, &c. The names of the persons were Frank True,
Elias Atwaters, Wm. H. Cook, alias Wm. H. Brown, Henry C. Scott, alias Smith, and Henry Bowne.
Monday morning Kraft took Cook into a salon to have his picture taken,
and while there Cook dropped a remark which aroused Kraft’s
suspicions, and he immediately ingratiated himself into Cook’s
confidence to such an extent that he admitted that he was one of the St.
Albans raiders, and had just been discharged from jail in Canada.
was the next man called in to have his picture taken, and when he was
accosted by Kraft with, ‘Here, you St. Albans raider, come and have
your picture taken,’ True seemed to be somewhat surprised, and
replied, ‘Who said I was a St. Albans raider?’ On being informed
that Cook had divulged something, he admitted he was one of the party,
and had recently been released from jail. The pictures of the rest of
the party were taken during the day, Kraft managing to keep on good
terms with them all.
night the whole party, with Kraft and others, went to the sutlers’
quarters and indulged pretty freely in beer, and had a merry time
generally. Kraft succeeded in gaining their confidence so entirely that
they became quite communicative.
said that he was one of the party, and saw the jeweller shot at St.
Albans; that he went there armed with pistols; and that he stole a horse
and rode off with it to Canada.
said he lived in London, Canada, and that his wife was in this city and
was coming to see him in the morning. In short, the whole party, with
the exception of Bowne, boasted their participation in the affair, and
were quite jubilant concerning it. They also disclosed their plans for
the future sufficient to indicate their intention to desert. Atwaters
did not want to desert here, but desired to go to the front, where he
intended to desert to the rebel lines the first opportunity he could
obtain. Cook and Scott were anxious to desert here, and offered Kraft
$700 to get them out of camp, get drunk, and lose them, all of which he
was ready to promise, of course.
Whittlesey was informed on Monday of Kraft’s suspicions, and desired a
strict surveillance of their movements by him.
(Tuesday) morning the woman purporting to be Cook’s wife made her
appearance in camp, and was admitted, and held conversation with Cook,
Scott and others. Cook called Kraft aside and, reminding him of their
conversation of the night before, asked him if things had been got in
readiness for them to carry out their design, and said further that his
wife would leave camp immediately and aid them in getting out. He was
told that everything would be ready as soon as Kraft could get his coat.
after, the whole party were placed under arrest by order of Major
Whittlesey, and the woman was searched, but no money excepting
greenbacks or current bills on state banks were found in her possession.
She was subjected to a close examination by several officers, and to
several parties she substantially admitted that she was Cook’s wife;
that they lived in London, Canada; and that Cook was an engineer, and
had been employed on several boats on the St. Lawrence river. She
recognized all of the party as having been at the house in London where
she and Cook boarded, both before and after the raid; that Cook came
home with a horse which he stole in Vermont, and with plenty of money;
then she came to West Lebanon with Cook, Scott and True, and accompanied
them to this city on Saturday evening–she going to a hotel and they to
camp. She is a French Canadian, and can neither read or write.”
Union Soldier Killed by
Bloodhounds.–A Federal officer who has reached Louisville
after a stealthy and weary flight from prison in South Carolina says he
was hunted by bloodhounds, and only escaped their fangs by the most
incessant vigilance. At one time he threw the dogs off his scent by
putting turpentine on the soles of his boots. Just previous to his
escape from Columbia he saw a fellow officer, who had made an
unsuccessful attempt at escape, brought in so horribly torn by
bloodhounds that he died in a very few hours. This method of capturing
fugitives from military prisons has become the main reliance of the
rebels in all parts of the south. The flying parties, whatever their
number at the start, of course break up into very small squads, and
hounds are the surest agents for their capture.
The Rebel Generals on Arming the
Slaves.–A Richmond correspondent of the Liverpool Courier,
in a letter to that journal on the 5th of November, says he had been
spending a day with Gen. Lee, who, in conversation upon the subject,
wish you to understand my views on this subject. I am favorable to the
use of servants in our army. I think we can make better soldiers of them
than Lincoln can. He claims to have two hundred thousand of them in his
service. We can destroy the value of all such soldiers to him by using
ours against them. I do not see why we should not have the use of such
available material as well as he. I would hold out to them the certainty
of freedom and a home when they shall have rendered efficient service.
He has not given them a home, nor can he give them offices who can
understand and manage them so well as we can.”
writer further says that on the next day he had a conversation with the
rebel Adjutant and Inspector General Cooper, who agreed with Gen. Lee in
his views, and said:
would not wait the slow action of the legislature on the subject. We
have already used them (Negroes) in the place of soldiers as teamsters
and in engineer service. We can use them in other ways. There is no
reason for delay. Let them be placed in the field, and give them freedom
for faithful service to the state.”
the guerrilla, is killed. He was shot by some Union scouts near
Middlebury, Va. Thus ends the career of another great ruffian.
plan is now generally adopted in Grant’s army, when burying the dead,
to place in the grave with the body a sealed bottle, containing a paper
on which is written the name and other particulars respecting the dead.
great “Sanitary [Fair] Cheese” weighed 3930 pounds. It was made by
eh Steel brothers, who selected 600 of the best of their 1400 cows, and
detailed 30 men to make the cheese. The cows yielded 120 barrels of milk
in three and a half days, and from this the curd was prepared.
Dr. Samuel Johnson was courting his intended wife, in order to try her
he said that he had no property, and once had an uncle that was hanged.
To which the lady replied that she had no more property, and, although
she never had a relative that was hanged, she had a number that deserved
Leave Alone the Candy.–Adulterated
confectionary is more plenty than ever now, in consequence of the high
price of sugar. The most common substitute for sugar is a dry chalky
substance originally imported from England. It costs the manufacturers a
cent and a half a pound, and is used very freely by them. The poisonous
substance enters most largely into almonds, sugar plums, lozenges, and
such things. Better give them a wide berth.
They Give it Up.–A
citizen of Chicago, who has all along been a secessionist, and who has
just returned from Havana, Cuba, says the rebels and their sympathizers
there and in Europe are in despair. Slidell says that the southern cause
is beyond hope, and he gives it up. Nearly all the rebels abroad are
equally despondent. They consider the rebellion a failure.
JANUARY 7, 1865
Assault on Fort Fisher–Heavy Loss of Colored Troops.
Dec. 28.–A special to the Tribune
received at the Navy Department to-day present the picture of the
disembarkation of 5,000 colored troops from the transports of Gen.
Butler’s expedition. Their taking up a strong position, and holding it
against a vigorous attack of Bragg’s troops, their then assuming then
the offensive, and carrying, at the point of the bayonet, an earthwork
in front of Fort Fisher, and from this advantage their dashing into Fort
Fisher itself, which they entered, and whose flag they hauled down, are
worthy of the highest commendation; but the handful of heroes being
inexplicably small in numbers, could not hold their victory.
expelled garrison, largely re-enforced, returned and retook the
fort, and drove out our black troops, with heavy loss.
remnant of them were re-embarked, but the fleet remained at anchor, and
the men-of-war opened their fire again upon the fort and the rebel
was known in the fleet that Lee had sent two divisions of his best
troops to Bragg. It was also known that Hardee was hurrying up from
Savannah, under orders to save Wilmington.
Little of Everything.
Augusta Register has learned
through a gentleman just from Atlanta, that dwelling houses in that city
are left in much better condition than was anticipated. It is only the
business portion of the town that was demolished. The City Park has not
been converted into a cemetery, as has been reported, nor were the
vaults in the cemetery desecrated. The Yankees erected a monument in the
cemetery, bearing an inscription to the memory of the gallant Twelfth
Corps. They shot down their worn out horses in the streets. As reported,
the enemy burned all the unoccupied houses between Atlanta and Decatur.
Decatur was not much injured. The Court House and other public buildings
were left standing, with the exception of the depot.
who do everything in a “flurry” are seldom of much use to themselves
or to those dependent on them or to the world at large. They are too
much like the drone bees, which, though they make a great deal of noise,
and seem more busy than the other bees, make no honey! The work which is
done in a “flurry” is seldom done perfectly. A quaint writer pithily
said that “we do our business soon enough, when we do it well.” Let
the young avoid flurries.
losing themselves in the forest or in a snow storm manifest invariably a
tendency to turn round gradually to the left, to the extent even of
eventually moving in a circle. The explanation is probably that the
limbs and muscles of the right side are generally better developed than
those of the left side; and under the excitement felt when one is lost,
and in the absence of any guiding line, the superior energy of the right
limbs throws the pedestrian round on the left.
has just been discovered that some reckless tobacco dealer has taken to
adulterating army tobacco by the addition of sumac. It is very injurious
to those who use it, but lucrative to the speculator.
would like to be a Steuerweigerangverfassungsmussigberechtigt. In
Germany it’s a chap who isn’t obliged to pay taxes. Such a class is
rapidly getting a foothold in this country. ->
is determined to break up the business of publishing news for the
information of the enemy, as was done in the case of the expedition
under Admiral Porter. The Times
and Commercial Advertiser of New York have received a warning from the
War Department, and if again guilty of a like transgression, will be
suspended. The parties who sent the information from Washington are
under arrest, and, it is reported, have already been sent to Fort
manner of advertising for a husband in Java is by placing an empty
flower pot on the portico roof, which is as much to say, “A young lady
is in the house. Husband wanted.”
a distinguished gentleman heard that somebody had died worth a million
of dollars, he observed, “Well, that’s quite a pretty sum to begin
the next world with.”
Francisco supports forty-five periodicals, viz: ten dailies, twenty-five
weeklies, eight monthlies, one semi-weekly, one tri-weekly and two
annuals. Three are German, three Spanish, two French, and one is owned,
edited and supported principally by American gentlemen of African
debt of Vermont amounts to $1,640,845, or $521 for each inhabitant of
is an old woodsman in the Windsor Forest, England, who has spent a
century in the forest. He has planted over 5000 oaks with his own hands,
which are now huge trees. He regards them all as his children.
intelligence office has been established in New York, to which all women
out of work, or in need of assistance or counsel, are requested to
apply. One important part of its business is to assist poor women in
securing their meagre earnings from the rapacious employer, who, after
cheating them down to starvation rates, often refuses to pay even that
trivial amount. The Society proposes to befriend all such, and Judge
Daly declared that he would spend $100 to vindicate a just claim of 25
How Pat Got A Board.–“What
are you doing with that lumber?” cried a steamboat captain to an
Irishman who was staggering towards the boat beneath the weight of a
huge plank, just as the bell was ringing for the last time. “What am I
doing! Sure, wasn’t it yerself as said, ‘All ye’s going, get a
board,’ and isn’t this an illegant one entirely?” said the
Hibernian triumphantly, amid the laughter of the spectators. The captain
gave him his board and passage that trip.
Reverse in Mexico.
28.–Mexican advices by the Constitution
say, since the defeat of the French at Chilapa, Nov. 15th, they arrived
at Cirnarac, about 60 miles from the City of Mexico, in a completely
demoralized condition. General Alvarez, with the patriot army, entered
Acapulco on the 14th of December. The States of Guerrero and Oaxaca are
now perfectly free from the Imperialist forces.
Indian maund weighs 82 pounds or 37.3 kilograms.
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