DECEMBER 18, 1864
TRUE DELTA (LA)
The Sinking of the Florida.
[From the Richmond Sentinel, Dec. 2.]
Lincoln may resolve in the case of the Florida,
he has already disgraced the Government. The outcry against the late
detestable proceeding in the Bay of Bahia is universal in Europe. Even
the hired apologists of the Washington usurpation have quailed before
the general indignation, and united in the hope that a cordial disavowal
and full reparation would be promptly made. The hope of the friends of
the Washington Government has failed. The prophecies of its enemies have
been verified. Lincoln has suffered the weeks to pass by, and no sign of
reparation has appeared. The prisoners treacherously taken on the Florida have been meanwhile paraded around the country. They were
carried to Fortress Monroe. They were taken to Point Lookout. From the
latter place they were afterwards removed to the old Capitol Prison,
where the dignitaries of the metropolis might feast their eyes with a
sight of them. Duly exhibited there, they were next returned to Point
Lookout, where they were placed again o the Wachusett
to be conveyed to Boston, for confinement in Fort Warren. The exhibition
ended, to the vessel and crew that committed the outrage of their
capture was assigned the honor of bearing them to their final prison.
the captives have been thus chased around the country, their noble
vessel, the Florida, has been
sunk. Accidentally, we are told, and of course the innocent men who did
it did not know, perhaps, that it would sink a steamer to run into it
under favorable circumstances. Besides, if it would sink under that
delicate operation, the answer would be so ready, if Brazil should
demand its restoration. Hence it was a master stroke to get rid of the
already crippled Florida by
accidental design, executed unwittingly by non-official agents, acting
under instructions. The Florida
has been sunk forever, and the voracious jaws of Fort Warren have closed
upon the brave tars that manned her. The exhibition is now over, but
amid it all there has not been displayed a single evidence of honest
purpose or of virtuous sensibility. There has not been a single
intimation that the crime of Capt. Collins and the violated pledge of
honor of the United States Consul are not to be the crimes and the
perfidy of the United States Government, by endorsement and adoption. If
endorsement be not intended, the delay of a disavowal is itself a deep
disgrace, but the reason of the delay is more disgraceful still, because
both base and cowardly.
world is given to know, through the official intimation of the Secretary
of the Navy, that the Washington Cabinet has not so much as discussed
what it ought to do in the case of the Florida.
It is informed of the facts through the report of its own subordinates,
and through public fame. It sees the world indignant, and perceives that
its honor among the nations is compromised and imperiled. It has found
time for the final sinking of the Florida,
and the triumphal exhibitions of her crew, but it has not decided–nay,
has not considered–its duty to Brazil and to civilization. Why this
delay? It is because Mr. Lincoln and Mr. Seward have not yet learned
what they will be forced to do in the matter. Duty, honor, right, these
are sickly sentimentalities which Washington holds in derision. Lincoln
is waiting to hear with what voice he may be commanded to be honest, and
how much he may retain of the fruits of knavery with security. There is
not the honorable haste which virtue exhibits to renounce an unlawful
advantage. On the contrary, there is the reserve and the calculating
knavery with which the conscious receiver of stolen goods awaits the
quest of the search officer, and the executions of the law morally, and
in the eye of honor Lincoln and Seward are the criminals of Bahia. ->
they may yield hereafter to their fears will be as a tribute to prudence
that may save them from punishment, but cannot relieve their shame.
is not yet known what form the world will give to its indignation. If
Brazil is left to her unsupported protestations and demands, Seward will
laugh at her and Lincoln will tell a little joke. It is rumored,
however, in the foreign papers, that England will call upon the maritime
powers to unite with her in a joint representation. The careful silence
of her Ministers means something, and may mean that. In the presence of
such a demand, Seward will submit as cheerfully as he did in the mason
and Slidell case; Lincoln will dance to the music with the grin of
gaiety of the man at the end of a wagon-whip–he will remember “the
Copperhead Civilian on Sherman’s March.
we have laid before our readers the speculations of military heads on
the probabilities which surround Sherman’s march to the Georgia
seaboard, it is but fair that a civilian’s notions should be put
forward by way of contrast. The civilian availed himself of the New York
World, in the first instance,
for conveying his opinions to the public. His letter we find copied in
the Western papers, and transcribe two paragraphs. Our man of wisdom
is retreating out of Georgia, and hopes
are entertained that he will be able to get out. But his troubles are
now only commencing. The rebels have been acting on a plan, and re
carrying it out. They fortified Macon and Augusta, their two important
points for supplies, machinery, &c. They defended them while Sherman
was advancing. Hence, the rebels could not combine to oppose him. When
Sherman passes Macon, then the Macon troops are free. When Sherman
leaves Augusta in his rear, or far on his left flank, then the Augusta
troops are free to move off. In front of Sherman no serious resistance
was made. He was only felt as he advanced. But all the preparations to
meet him are made beyond the Augusta and Millen Railroad. Here are the
pine barrens along the road, and the marshes near the rivers. Here you
will find that his difficulties commence. I never thought he would be
vigorously opposed until he was east or southeast of the Augusta-Millen
stream of rebels is pouring through Augusta to the southeast, and each
day supplying Augusta with a new garrison. From Macon another stream is
passing south in a similar manner. Look out for the swamps and the
rebels in them as Sherman approaches the sea. Going to Brunswick is out
of the question. The longer the route the greater the obstacles. Please
do not view Sherman’s march couleur
de rose, but couleur de mud.
The rain have made a bog of the Oconee. A bog always flourishes lower
down in Georgia. Here the rebels will make a stand; and now comes the
tug, without any steam-tugs. Depend upon it, Sherman is in a critical
position. The rebel papers do not understand what Beauregard is
preparing, nor where. Until Sherman joins his forces, the rebels could
not throw themselves across his route. Sherman had to decide upon his
“objective point” when he reached Waynesboro, and then the rebels
would know where were his front and flanks. In Tennessee it is the
intention of Breckinridge to cross Cumberland Gap and form a junction
with Hood near Gallatin. Tennessee is now a rebel State and Kentucky
almost the same.
DAILY RICHMOND EXAMINER (VA)
The News from Savannah.
our Southern papers we gather some meagre information concerning the
movements in the vicinity of Savannah, now threatened by Sherman’s
army. Any later news, if received, will be found elsewhere or in the
telegraphic column. Our latest advices by mail from Savannah are to the
12th instant. The Republican of that date says:
and Sunday artillery firing on both sides was actively kept up, with
more or less skirmishing.
is no change in the aspect of affairs at either of our points since our
last issue. Everything goes on well, and all are in the best of spirits.
The brightest prospects continue to present themselves.
the casualties we are pained to learn that Major Cook, of Cook’s
Athens battalion, received a mortal wound in the head. He was brought to
the city in the afternoon still alive, though in a perfectly unconscious
the artillery duel yesterday a horse which was tied to a tree became
frightened at the noise of a passing shell from one of the enemy’s
guns, broke loose and ran over Assistant Surgeons C. P. Brown and A. F.
Dickinson, causing a contusion of the brain of the former and the
fracture of the collar bone of the latter.
present difficulties which surround us cannot last long, and everything
indicates a propitious future. The citizens of Savannah have only to
discharge their duty, and acting in concert with the brave and gallant
veterans in defending our homes and firesides from the pollution of a
hostile foe, the enemy will be driven back in dismay and confusion, and
our city rendered secure from future trouble.
see nothing in the present situation of affairs to discourage us.
Everything works well, and with the strong arms of our able commanders
enlisted in our defence, we have every reason to believe that the enemy
will be driven back and signally defeated.”
disabled soldier, who was on a visit to Savannah and has reached
Charleston, communicates the following statements to the Courier:
Saturday, 10th instant, three severe charges were made against our lines
between the Central and Gulf railroads, and about five miles from the
city, beginning at 1 p.m.
These assaults were repulsed in good style and with good spirit and
determination on our side.
Friday there was something of a panic in portions of Savannah, and some
croakers were ready and willing to give up. Some of the warehouses and
depositories of provisions were opened and all persons were told to help
themselves–a very questionable mode of defending a city, but a good
example to be followed in good time and in good order by any who prefer
to give or sell provisions to Confederate soldiers and their families,
rather than to hoard them up for raiders and Yankee invaders and
to the fact or extent of the destruction of the railroad bridge and
trestling over and near the Savannah river, accounts are variant and
shelling of the railroad at certain points on the passing of cars is
continued, but so far without notable results.”
Charleston Mercury says:
have no very full budget of intelligence from Savannah. Sherman seems,
for the present, to have abandoned the direct attack on the city, and
appears to be turning his attention to the reduction of the outworks.
regret to announce the fall of Fort McAlister. That post was carried
early yesterday morning by assault, in which a heavy column of
Sherman’s best troops participated. It is believed that the enemy will
next make a desperate effort to gain possession of Genesis Point.
news above is perfectly authentic, but we have heard no details of the
assault or of the casualties.
the line of the Charleston and Savannah railroad all continued quiet.”
Escaped Prisoner.—J. M. Womack, company D, Fifth South
Carolina cavalry, captured at White House in June last, escaped from the
Elmira (New York) prison on the 26th of October, arriving in Richmond on
Saturday. The manner of his escape is as novel as it is rare. He had
borrowed a book from one of the officers of the prison, and looking over
it found the blank form of the pass. One of the prisoners who had been
practicing the signature of the commanding officer until he had it
almost perfect, filled out a pass for Womack, and with it he passed the
guard at the entrance. He remained in New York city several weeks,
receiving much “aid and comfort” from Southern sympathizers, and
came South via Baltimore and Cumberland, Maryland. Five miles from
Cumberland he pressed a Yankee horse, which he found saddled and
bridled, and crossed the river, bringing the animal with him.
Negroes.—An unusual number of Negroes absconded in the
direction of the Yankee lines on Saturday night. Yesterday over a dozen
cases were reported to the police. In one instance a whole family of
Negroes left, taking with them their owner’s horse and wagon.
is not improbable that some undue influence has been brought to bear
upon the Negroes, and that their running away may be the result of the
machinations of secret Yankee agents in our midst.
to Blockade Runners.—Blockade runners and all importers of
merchandise into Richmond will find in another column a notice issued by
the Collector of customs, compliance with the directions of which will
be necessary to insure the safety of their goods, wares and chattels,
and all connected therewith.
Collector designs important changes in the operations of the Department,
and hereafter all who seek to evade the requirements of law affixed to
the introduction of blockade goods will be brought up suddenly when they
least expect it. The profits on blockade goods are certainly great
enough to justify the payment by blockade runners of the small tithe
required of them in the way of duty.
DECEMBER 20, 1864
SPRINGFIELD REPUBLICAN (MA)
Rebels Give up Savannah.
from Admiral Dahlgren.
papers of Saturday concede that Savannah must be taken by Sherman.
Telegraph communication with Savannah was cut off, which indicates the
complete investment of the city.
Sound, December 14,
Gideon Welles: I write this in the same cabin with Gen. Sherman. He came
around here with Gen. Foster to meet me. I was engaged in buoying
Savannah river to push up an iron-clad to assist in attacking Savannah
by water, and left this morning to visit this place, where I have the Passaic
and Pawnee, then to Ossabaw,
where is the flagship and Sonoma,
in the hope of communicating with Gen. Sherman. Meanwhile he had just
walked over the fort, McAlister, that guards the Ogeechee, and descended
to the flagship. Gen. Foster came in afterwards, and brought him here.
of our offices recently released from rebel prisons have called on the
president to urge him to adopt retaliatory measures for the cruel
treatment of our men by the rebels. They say that the rebels do not
starve the prisoners on account of any scarcity of supplies, but that it
is done systematically, in order to kill them off or force them into the
rebel army, and in both objects they have had large success. They urge
the president to give Davis notice that unless our prisoners are
properly fed, sheltered and treated with humanity, rebel prisoners in
our hands will be dealt with precisely as our prisoners are. They think
that retaliation will bring the rebel leaders to decent behavior. The
course suggested is just, and might possibly be effective; but before it
is tried let us exchange man for man till we get back all we can of our
men now in rebel hands. They have already suffered too much to wait
patiently for any doubtful experiments to be tried upon the
sensibilities of the rebel leaders.
and Forage Scarce.
Thomas sends the following copies of a general order and circular which
were found in John C. Breckinridge’s camp, and show that the rebels
have to practice some economy in ammunition and forage:
Department of West Virginia ad East Tennessee,
Wytheville, Va., December 2.
accordance with instructions received from the ordnance department at
Richmond, that it has become of vital importance to husband small arms,
ammunition and lead, the following order is published: All lead which
can be gleaned from the battle fields, or otherwise obtained, will be
collected by the brigade ordnance officers and sent to the nearest
arsenal. All arms are to be relieved of their loads for cleaning. The
balls should be drawn if practicable, otherwise the loads should be
discharged into boxes of sand or dust, so that the lead may be
recovered, and turned into the ordnance department. The attention of the
commanding officers is called to the necessity giving rise to this order
and the rigid enforcement is strictly enforced by commanding officers.
Department of West Virginia and East Tennessee,
Wytheville, Va., December 2.
attention of commanding officers is called to the scarcity of forage in
this department and the absolute necessity of economy in its
consumption. Evidences of waste have been observed heretofore. The
proper officers must in all cases superintend the issue of forage, and
commanding officers and every company officer must give immediate
H. Mykes, Assistant
Soldiers Wanted in the Field.
Order from the War Department.
general order was issued by the war department on Monday, stating that
every officer and soldier capable of duty is wanted in the field, and,
if not on duty, they are ordered to report to their respective
organizations. All provost marshals and boards of enrollment are
instructed to employ most diligent exertions in forwarding soldiers to
the front, and in arresting deserters, shirkers and all soldiers fit for
duty who are absent without proper authority. Surgeons in charge of
hospitals are directed to send forward all who are fit for service,
taking care, however, not to expose any who are unfit. Recruiting
officers are enjoined to diligence, and those who are found guilty of
neglect or useless the adjutant general is directed to recall
immediately and send to their commands. Every effort must be put forth
to fill up the ranks and strengthen our armies and aid our patriotic and
gallant troops now smiting the receding enemy with victorious blows.
quiet on the James river was slightly disturbed on Friday evening by a
picket skirmish. On the same evening five rebel gunboats and two rams
were observed lying under the guns of Fort Darling. The Petersburg Express
says Grant has nearly four corps south of the Appomattox, besides
cavalry, but the roads are too bad to use them.
the attempt of the rebel prisoners at Johnson’s Island to get away, on
Wednesday last, Lieut. John R. Bowles, son of the president of the
Louisville bank, was killed, and four men who escaped were all
Grant recently informed Senator Wilson that, for a change, he regarded
Negro troops as unsurpassed, and Gen. Meade has also expressed himself
warmly in their praise.
Rosecrans has been provoked by the attacks of some newspaper
correspondents into a denial that he uses opium, that his campaign
against Price was a failure, and that he was removed from command in
Missouri on account of any fault found by the president with his
military management. Gen. Rosecrans says he does not feel at liberty to
submit to detraction in silence, because our country has a double
interest in taking care of the good name of its generals. Their honor is
a part of its glory; their capacity for usefulness a part of its wealth;
and he who detracts from either filches a portion of the nation’s
New York committee of the Union league club, to send a Thanksgiving
dinner to the soldiers, collected over $50,000 in money, and had an
immense amount of contributions in kind besides. Most of the provisions
reached the soldiers in time to be eaten on Thanksgiving day, and the
men who had to wait a day or two said it tasted just as good when it did
come. But of all the letters of acknowledgment written by the soldiers,
only one finds any fault. He says the stuffing of his turkey was not
seasoned right. We know how to pity him. The stuffing that most people
put into turkeys is a trial.
DECEMBER 21, 1864
HAMPSHIRE PATRIOT & STATE GAZETTE
latest official reports of the Agricultural Bureau in the Department of
the Interior at Washington show an alarming decrease in the supply of
staple articles of food throughout the country. During the last two
years the wheat crop has fallen off about one-eighth, corn and hay
one-tenth, barley one-seventh, beef more than one-fifth, and pork more
than one-fourth. The present high prices of food are not due solely to
the depreciation of the currency, but also to the growing scarcity of
the commodities themselves. The material resources of the country are
now, in fact, undergoing a rapid process of exhaustion, whose future
progress will be measured by the steady enhancement of the prices of all
the necessaries of life. The pressure of the war has hardly been felt in
the North until within the last year; henceforth we are to feel it
growing every day closer and heavier.–Newark
to the report of the Postmaster General, three million five hundred and
eight thousand three hundred and twenty-five dead letters were received
during the past year–over nine thousand a day. Many of these letters
contained money, deeds, bills of exchange, drafts, checks, jewelry and
other valuables. Some of them were misdirected, others not directed at
all, others unstamped and others only partially directed. Thousands of
these dead letters were returned to the writers, but the great majority
had to be destroyed. This statement, says the N. Y. Times,
ought to teach the public to be more careful in their correspondence,
for the amount of suffering caused by these lost letters is
is stated that William E. Chandler, Esq., of this city, Speaker of our
House of Representatives, has been appointed by the Secretary of the
Navy to investigate the enormous frauds and thefts at the Philadelphia
Navy Yard. The amount of public property of various kinds
“appropriated” by the officials and employees there, is stated to be
reckoned by hundreds of thousands, and some even estimate it at two
millions; and this stealing has been going on for three years. Splendid
residences have been built out of the proceeds, and the thieves are
stated to have lived in the most sumptuous style therefrom. The
Springfield, Mass., Republican
very truly remarks that “there could have been no such constant
stealing of such large amounts without either the connivance of the
officials or a criminal lack of vigilance on their part. There should be
a most searching investigation of the matter, and prompt and severe
punishment of the offenders. The Navy Department will not be held
guiltless by the people if it allows dishonest officials and employees
to go unpunished.” We hope Mr. Chandler has not been chosen to cover
up these nefarious transactions–to whitewash these official plunderers
and screen them from deserved punishment. On the contrary, we hope he
will act upon the questionable morality of the paper above quoted, if he
cannot adopt a sounder policy, viz, “that, now
the election is over, it is sound policy as well as duty to expose
and denounce the public thieves, and drive them away from the
treasury.” We suppose it would be too much to hope even from Mr.
Chandler that he would labor to do this before an election, as the
services of these thieves were too highly appreciated in the election to
warrant such just treatment of them.
is the Second Corps?—The
following significant remark was recently made by the gallant Gen.
Hancock: “I have left the Second Corps dead on the fields between the
Rapidan and Petersburg.”
there be any more crushing commentary on the overland route policy?
Second Corps numbered 29,000 men on the 1st day of May last. A few weeks
ago it had lost over 30 brigade commanders, over 2,000 commissioned
officers, and within a fraction of 29,000 men! What survive of this
gallant corps are but a few hundreds more than the recruits which from
time to time joined it while on its bloody march. When Gen. Hancock
said, “I have left the Second Corps dead on the fields between the
Rapidan and Petersburg,” he did not exaggerate. It was extinguished in
that dreadful campaign, and is no more! It was sacrificed to the Moloch
of fantastic egotism that presides over the White House. It is dead and
gone, and the men who are now called upon to fill up the vacant ranks,
will not recruit but replace its veteran soldiers.
is as happy in the choice of means to amuse his visitors as in anything
else. He recently had a number of English visitors, and to gratify them
he caused several of his soldiers to be killed and wounded! This is
literally true. There had been great quiet for many days along the
lines, and it was very monotonous for visitors, who went there to
witness the dread havoc of war. So to gratify them Butler ordered the
enemy to be “stirred up,” and thereupon Fort Hell (by order of the
Devil) opened upon them. The enemy replied with spirit, and the result
was a number of our men were killed and more wounded–all to amuse
Butler’s visitors! The Army and
Navy Journal very properly rebukes this wicked and reckless
disregard of the lives and comfort of the soldiers, and says:
us hope that these English visitors, for whose entertainment our
gallant, battle-worn men left a little well-earned repose for
constrained positions, hard duty, danger and death, were sufficiently
amused to pay for the powder. If the wives and mothers at the
hearthstones of those patriotic soldiers who “unfortunately just at
that moment were being relieved,” do not derive as much entertainment
therefrom as the English visitors, let us hope that this failure to
appreciate the merits of firing will not interfere with any pleasant
remembrances which the visitors may hereafter have. How long the firing
continued before the visitors felt bored and sought out other
entertainments is not stated; but, unfortunately for our men, the
cannonading went on till night, and the musketry till next morning.
800 substitutes from Columbus, Ohio, on their way to the front, one
hundred deserted before reaching Louisville, Ky.
PITTSFIELD SUN (MA)
of Using Tobacco.
of our most distinguished city physicians, (says the N. Y. Observer,) a calm, judicious and very candid discerning man,
speaking of the death of two great men among the clergy of New York
city, said that he considered them both victims to the use of tobacco.
The London Lancet says that a
summary by Dr. B. W. Richardson of his researches into the physiological
effects of tobacco, in a paper read by him at the British Association,
enables it to lay before its readers, at an opportune moment for many of
the younger amongst them, the conclusions arrived at by the author:
Richardson is anything but a confirmed or violent opponent of the habit
of smoking, but these are amongst the effects of smoking which he
affirms. He states that all the evils of smoking are functional in
character, and no confirmed smoker can ever be said, so long as he
indulges in the habit, to be well. It does not follow, however, that he
is becoming the subject of organic and fatal disease because he smokes.
Smoking produces disturbances—(a) in the blood, causing undue
fluidity, and change in the red corpuscles; (b) on the stomach, giving
rise to debility, nausea, and, in extreme cases, sickness; (c) on the
heart, producing debility of that organ, and irregular action; ((1) on
the organs of sense, causing in the extreme degree dilatation of the
pupils of the eye, confusion of vision, bright lines, luminous or cobweb
specks, and long retention of images on the retina; with other and
analogous symptoms affecting the ear-viz" inability clearly to
define sounds, and the annoyance of a sharp ringing sound, like a
whistle or a bell; (e) on the brain, suspending the waste of that organ,
and oppressing it if it be duly nourished, but soothing it if it be
exhausted; (f) on the nervous filaments and sympathetic or organic
nerves, leading to deficient power in them, and to over-secretion in
those surfaces—glands—over which the nerves exert a controlling
force; (g) on the mucous membrane of the mouth, causing enlargement and
soreness of the tonsils-smoker’s sore-throatedness, dryness, and
occasional peeling 0d‘ of the membrane, and either unnatural firmness
and contraction, or sponginess of the gums; (h) on the bronchial surface
of the lungs when that is already irritable, sustaining the irritation,
and increasing the cough. Dr. Richardson further points out, that as the
human body is maintained alive and in full vigor by its capacity, within
well-defined limits, to absorb and apply oxygen; as the process of
oxidation is most active and most required in those periods of life when
the structures of the body are attaining their full development, and as
tobacco-smoke possesses the power of arresting such oxidation, the habit
of smoking is most deleterious in youth, producing impairment of growth,
deficient development, and premature aging.
bill is before the “reconstructed” Legislature of Louisiana to
“permit the marrying of white and colored persons.”
administration and its more thoughtful supporters are evidently becoming
frightened in regard to the enormous expenses of the war. And well they may
be. Thus far they have gone on as if there was no limit to the financial
resources of the country; but they begin to see the bottom. The N. Y. Times,
the leading administration organ in New York, says “it is certain that the
time has arrived for a strict national retrenchment. We are spending at a
frightful rate. Our taxes are stretched almost to the extremity. The
gold-bearing loans will soon come to an end, from the limit fixed by the
gold returned in duties. New loans will be placed and readily taken, but
they cannot meet probably one half of our daily expenditure. Production
itself–the measure of our wealth–is already feeling the effect of the
loss of labor, and has diminished in the most important cereals about seven
per cent during the last year, instead of increasing, as we had hoped it
would do. It is true that the most remarkable and fortunate development of
our mineral resources during the last three years, in the produce of the
mines of Colorado and Nevada, and the sudden discovery of petroleum in
immense quantities, give us much hope for the future. Still we are spending
on a gigantic scale. There is a limit even to the power of this nation in
bearing a public debt. It should always be borne in mind that national
bankruptcy is among the things possible. Of the crushing of the rebellion
there can be no doubt, but it may be gained through the destruction of the
public credit. Bankruptcy in the Free States would be a calamity, of which
all the material evils of this war we have never yet experienced even the
the Ladies.—At a Paris
theatre all ladies are required to take off their bonnets. This proviso has
been found necessary since, owing to the present fashion prevailing in that
article of female attire, it is almost impossible for a person sitting
behind a lady with her bonnet on to see what is going forward on the stage.
The end has been attained by placing printed bills about the theatre
containing the following announcement: “All young and handsome ladies are
politely requested to take off their bonnets. All others may keep them
Chicago Post suggests the
abolition of the present system of collecting United States taxes, and says:
“The best, plainest, wisest and most economical mode for the collection of
this revenue, is for the State to pay it. Let each State this winter add to
its own tax levy the sum required to meet this federal tax. The repayment of
this direct tax by the States would save to the General Government an
expenditure of at least two millions of dollars, and would save to the
people perhaps an equal sum in the shape of penalties, expenses,
Sherman at Savannah–Defeat of Hood’s Army!
York, Dec. 20.–The Herald’s
Fort McAllister correspondence says when Gen. Sherman arrived in front
of Savannah, he had a drove of 1200 head of cattle, though he started
with only 200, and had fed his army on full rations on a march of over
200 miles. He also gathered on the way over 7000 able-bodied Negroes,
and so many horses, mules and wagons as to embarrass him. His army,
during a considerable portion of the march, extended over a breadth of
country 60 miles wide–40 miles at times intervening between the right
and left wings. The whole loss of men from wounds, sickness, captures,
straggling and all other causes came up to the time of arriving in front
of Savannah was only about 1000. The average daily march was 12 miles.
Savannah was invested, the city was unprepared for a siege, and could
not hold out more than a few days. Gen. Slocum’s corps hold all the
approaches on the north side of the city, including all the railroads
leading out of the town. Gen. Howard’s corps connect with his right,
and swings around to the Ogeechee River at Fort McAllister.
total number of rebel officers captured yesterday was 3 colonels, 1
lieutenant-colonel, 7 majors, 46 captains, 157 lieutenants, and 2
surgeons; also 3 brigadier generals, viz, Johnson, Smith, and Buckner.
All the prisoners were corralled in a stone quarry some few hundred
yards from the capital; the Penitentiary and all the public buildings
are full. Half of the prisoners are barefooted.
York, Dec. 20.–The Time’s
Nashville dispatch says Gen. Thomas is pursuing the enemy to Duck River.
We have nearly all of Hood’s artillery. All the rivers are high, and
the bridges in front of Hood are destroyed. We have captured 9000
prisoners, including 3000 wounded at Franklin. We have also taken four
Major Generals. Hood had 65 guns, 54 of which we have. The rebel killed
and wounded is a little less than our own. Our loss is not much less
than 3500. Forrest gave Murfreesboro another trial, and was repulsed by
Rousseau and Mulroy.
rebel Gen. Johnston says their loss at the battle of Franklin was 5000,
while ours was 1900.
Stoneman has given Breckinridge a clearing out in East Tennessee near
the Virginia line, killing, wounding and capturing a large number, and
capturing most of his artillery.
New York Herald says,
“Hood’s army has been crushed as a pyramid of confectionary might be
by the blow of a sledge hammer.”
would think that Uncle Sam had about as much fighting on his hands as he
could take care of, and pay all the expenses of, but it is evident that
certain politicians desire to get up a war with England. It is very true
that Her Majesty’s Ministers have behaved very badly since the
rebellion commenced, and that our Canadian cousins are not doing what
they should do to prevent piratical raids across the border. But that is
no reason why the two great nations should be involved in a third war. I
remember a beautiful incident narrated by Daniel Webster:
Lord Ashburton and myself,” said the Farmer of Marshfield, “sat down
at opposite sides of the table, entirely alone, as both had desired to
consider the Northwestern boundary difficulty, I said to his lordship at
the outset, ‘My lord, I wish to propose to you at the commencement of
this discussion this simple resolution, to be adopted before we go any
further, namely, that the question at issue between your country and
mine shall be settled amicably, and that the enemies of the institutions
and religion of both shall not be allowed the delight of seeing both
doing their utmost to destroy each other.’ With the deepest emotion,
Lord Ashburton replied, ‘I heartily accept the resolution,’ and at
the same time grasped my hand across the table.”
could we have a Secretary of State again who would act as Daniel Webster
then acted, and could such a spirit pervade the hearts of those in
authority on both sides of the Atlantic and of the Lakes, we should not
hear of another war with Great Britain.–Washington
Corr. of Boston Journal.
was twenty four times as valuable as Confederacy currency in Richmond at
the beginning of November. It is now forty times as valuable. Gen.
McClellan’s defeat is the cause of the fall in that currency. When the
General was defeated by the rebels in the field, it improved their
prospects; when by the federals at the polls, it obscures their
Augusta (Ga.) papers assert that with the exception of the Richmond Enquirer and Sentinel, the
press and people of the rebel States are unanimously opposed to putting
arms in the hands of the slaves to fight against the North.
total amount paid by the city of New York on account of claims arising
out of the riot in June, 1863, up to Nov. 29th ultimo, was
$1,444,788.22. The outstanding claims will probably amount to $400,000.
raised one hundred million of dollars worth of cotton last year.
documents on file at Washington, it is said, show that during the
rebellion 40,000 more Southern whites than blacks have received
assistance from the Government.
population of Boston, according to the census just taken, is 164,788,
exclusive of the persons in the army and navy. This falls short of the
Pierpont of Virginia, says a Washington dispatch, in his message
delivered at Alexandria on Tuesday, took high ground in favor of
emancipation, and advised that Negro testimony be received in Courts.
resolutions in the South Carolina Legislature, objecting to the
usurpations of Jeff Davis, were presented by Mr. R. Barnwell Rhett,
whose extreme State’s Rights doctrine received no more honor in the
Confederacy than in the Union he has labored so hard to destroy.
DECEMBER 24, 1864
THE NEWPORT MERCURY
Admiral Porter’s and Gen.
Butler’s Expedition.–On the 13th inst., an expedition
numbering one hundred and fifty vessels of all grades–sixty-five of
which are naval–left Hampton Roads, destined South. Wilmington Harbor
is the supposed destination of the fleet. The vessels doubtless arrived
there on Friday of last week, and it was intended that operations should
be immediately commenced.
plan of Admiral Porter will probably be to effect first the reduction of
Fort Fisher by bombardment. For this purpose the heavy frigates and
those vessels of too great draft of water to permit their crossing the
bar will lay off and shell at long range. As soon as the fire of the
fort slackens, so as to admit it, the remainder of the naval fleet–the
light draft gun boats and monitors–will run in, pass the fort, and
encounter the obstructions in the river above.
aid in the reduction of Fort Fisher he will probably have recourse to
quite a novel means of offence. It has been fully demonstrated by
experiment that powder exploded close under a wall will almost as
effectually demolish it by concussion as if the powder had been placed
beneath the foundation of the wall. The naval and military officers on
this expedition have doubtless ere this had a brilliant demonstration of
the effect of powder exploded under the walls of Fort Fisher, even at
the loss of the old transport which conveyed it to its destination.
obstructions removed to the navigation of Cape Fear River, the fleet can
pass up to Wilmington and assist Gen. Butler in the capture of that
place. If success is achieved, Wilmington will undoubtedly be made a
base for future operations.
this connection we cannot refrain from mapping out what is plainly
apparent respecting the plans of the Government in its conduct of the
Winter campaign. There are to be no Winter quarters for any of the
armies except that portion of Grant’s which will continue the siege of
Petersburg and Richmond. Before the first of May the armies and navies
of the United States will hold and possess every portion of the Atlantic
coast from the mouth of the Chesapeake to the Keys of Florida, and every
strategic point upon the line of railroad communication in the
South–including Augusta, Branchville, Columbia, Florence, Wilmington,
Goldsboro’, Raleigh and Weldon.
will be powerless to prevent this. He will be sufficiently employed in
defending the capital of the South, and when the first of May arrives,
will find Gen. Grant ready to dispute with him the possession of
Richmond.–N. Y. Com. Adv.
A Succession of Victories.–The
grand military combinations, planned by the Lieutenant General weeks
since, are now maturing, and the standards of the Republic are borne
victoriously forward upon land and sea. Sherman, Thomas, Canby,
Stoneman, Foster, Porter, Dahlgren and Lee are moving in unison upon the
foe, while subordinate commanders fill up the intervening gaps in the
huge military cordon which Gen. Grant is drawing around the expiring
Beauregard and Hardee have waited behind the Savannah fortifications for
an assault, Sherman has pushed a column rapidly coastward, and taking
Fort McAllister by storm, established a secure base of supplies on
Ossabaw Sound. This success likewise opens up a water communication by
the Ogeechee River to the immediate rear of Savannah, and only sixteen
miles from the city.
the Ogeechee, Sherman can use the canal running to the city for the
purpose of conveying supplies to his troops as they move forward upon
the enemy’s works. Porter and Butler are, in the meanwhile, indirectly
reinforcing him by proceeding either to Wilmington or to the support of
Foster and Dahlgren. Other expeditions are also moving inland from the
coast to distract the enemy’s attention. ->
Thomas has fulfilled his promise by again assailing the enemy and
“pressing him with great vigor, frequently capturing guns and men.”
Stoneman and Burbridge, uniting their forces in East Tennessee, have at
the same time advanced along the line of the Lynchburg railroad,
capturing Bristol, Abingdon and several places of importance. This
movement will undoubtedly draw back Breckinridge if he has, as reported,
pushed Westward to join forces with Hood.
cavalry expedition against Hood’s communications has met with success,
and while the Mississippi Road has been thoroughly destroyed for some
distance, the Mobile and Ohio is doubtless now controlled by
Davidson’s troopers and Mobile is thus completely isolated. A few more
such sturdy blows and the rebellion will be ended.
Relatives of Rebels.–The
Registration of Southerners in this Department has developed the fact,
previously well understood, however, that there are many relatives of
rebels in the field residing in New York. Among these are the wives of
Generals Gustavus W. Smith and Mansfield Lovell, three sisters of
General Cheatham, and many others. Steps are being taken to place them
under due surveillance.
letter from Vicksburg says that the appropriation of Jeff Davis’s farm
for the use of freedmen will relieve the government of the support of
some ten thousand Negroes.
are now only five revolutionary pensioners alive, three of whom enlisted
in New England, and one of whom still lives in Maine. His name is
man by the name of Merritt, yeoman on the ship Macedonian, stabbed Capt. Joshua
Billings, of the schooner Juliet,
of Maine, on Sunday night last at a house on Caleb Earl st., where they
got into a political discussion. The Captain was very seriously cut in
the arm, and Merritt is in
jail to take his trial at the February term of the Supreme Court.
President has called for three hundred thousand more men, to make up the
deficiency of the call of July last. The number desired was five hundred
thousand, but in consequence of the allowance made for those previously
furnished, the number actually received was about two hundred and forty
thousand. Until the 15th of February is allowed for filling the quotas,
after that all deficiencies must be made up by the draft. We are not
aware how much is required of this State, allowing for those already
furnished, but we should think that by a little effort we might escape a
draft. This is probably the last call that will be made, providing the
number asked for is actually furnished. And previous to that time all
should interest themselves in regard to the enrollment, that no
difficulty may be experienced in case we are obliged to submit to a
draft. This city, Middletown and Portsmouth have moved in the matter,
but the Town Councils of the other towns in the county seem to have
forgotten the subject. It is a duty they owe the people, and the people
should assist in making the enrollment correct.
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