NOVEMBER 15, 1863
THE DAILY PICAYUNE
Great Virginia Express Line.”—We find the following
“advertisement” in a recent number of the Springfield (Mass.) Republican:
Potomac and Rapidan Through Line!
Promptness and Dispatch!
and Lee’s Through Express, weekly line, between Alexandria and
Culpepper; connections with the principal points North and South
(especially Old Capitol and the Libby Prison).
subscribers, having completed their arrangements and gotten their line
into running order, will hereafter, until further notice, run their
machines (“The Army of the Potomac” and “Army of Northern
Virginia”), every week through from Culpepper, Va., to Alexandria,
Va., and vice versa, giving their personal attention to the running of
each train, Lee preceding Meade at a proper interval on the out-trains,
and Meade preceding Lee with similar regularity on the in-trains.
perfect familiarity of the old stagers with the whole route in question,
and the frequency with which they have traversed it, enable them to
calculate with perfect accuracy the time of arrival at the indicated
points. Having gotten up all their locomotives and rolling stock,
regardless of expense, and putting them through night and day alike,
they are enabled to disregard the ordinary drawbacks of weather, state
of roads, etc., as those who do a smaller business cannot.
R. E. Lee.
line through Pennsylvania has been discontinued in consequence of a
painful collision which occurred there in July last, but as such things
have been carefully avoided ever since, and every precaution taken for
the future, it is hope that an indulgent public will not remember that
unfortunate occurrence to the president of the company.
of Two Sailors of the Florida at Brest.—Assault
on Two Officers of the Kearsarge.–The
Correctional Tribunal of Brest last week tried two American sailors,
named Woods and Hawthorne, belonging to the Confederate vessel Florida, on a charge of assaulting Messrs. Veaton and Prebble,
officers of the federal frigate Kearsarge,
both of which vessels have (as is already known) lately put into that
port for repairs. It was proved by the evidence that as the complainants
were on their way to the theatre, on the evening of the 6th inst., they
were violently assaulted from behind and knocked down by four sailors,
one of whom threatened them with a poniard. The two prisoners were soon
afterwards arrested in consequence of information given by the landlady
of a public house, who heard them boasting of their feat. The prisoners
expressed regret for having, when excited by drink, given way to the
irritation caused by an attack on one of their comrades, who was lying
in the hospital in consequence of wounds inflicted by Federal sailors.
The Tribunal, taking into consideration the repentance of the prisoners,
sentenced them to only two days’ imprisonment and to pay the expenses
of the prosecution.–Paris (Oct.
11) Correspondence of the London Times.
sailor named Sam Lester, belonging to the U. S. gunboat Lackawanna,
was arrested yesterday and confined in the First District Lockup on a
charge of having killed a Negro named James Johnson, who had been
performing the duties of cook on board of the same vessel. It appears
that Lester had been on shore, enjoying the temporary liberty which is
occasionally granted to those who go down to the sea in ships, and
getting out of money before his hours of absence had expired, he
returned to the ship to get another supply. His application, however,
proved unavailing, and being partially intoxicated, he expressed his
dissatisfaction in words more emphatic than polite. Thereupon the
officers of the ship ordered him to be placed in irons, and the cook
Johnson) being present, seemed pleased at the tar’s misfortune and
tauntingly laughed at his calamity. This aroused still higher the
already excited feelings of the sailor, and seizing a block of wood used
for stopping the bung hole of a water cask, he flung it at Johnson and
struck him in the head. The blow stunned the Negro, but a fatal issue
was by no means anticipated. This occurrence took place on Friday, and
during that night Johnson died. His skull, we believe, was fractured,
and death is supposed to have been caused by compression of the brain.
The Coroner was called upon yesterday to notice the case, and ordered
the arrest of the sailor.
Not Coal?—We hear
that the restrictions upon the loading of steamboats and barges with
provisions and other Western merchandise are removed, and that these may
be expected to come to our market in quantities sufficient to feed the
hungry. Why may we not hope that coal may also be permitted to come free
of obstruction? Coal was included among things prohibited, when there
were hostile gunboats on these rivers which could employ it, when
hostile transports were to be supplied with it. Now, however, it is the
people within the Federal lines who are to shiver or be impoverished by
its scarcity. Will not the benevolent among those in authority use their
influence to remove an obstruction now useless, yet burdensome to the
people? It requires an order from Washington to make the trade in cola
as free on the river as that in flour.
Arrival of Blockade Runners.—The
steamer Venezuelan, which
arrived at this port yesterday, brought considerably later news from
Nassau than was received by the regular mail. From this we learn that
blockade running was again in the ascendancy, and was being prosecuted
with vigor. No less than eight vessels from Confederate ports were
reported arriving at Nassau as follows: Sept. 7, steamer Antonia,
from Charleston, with cotton; steamer Mary
Anne, from Wilmington, with cotton, tobacco, etc.; Sept. 9th,
steamer Don, from Wilmington,
with assorted cargo; and the following, whose dates of arrival are not
given, but are supposed to be between the 9th and 18th: steamers Margaret and Jessie, Gen.
Beauregard, Virginia, Flora,
and Atlantic–all from Wilmington, with cotton. The Alice, steamer, left for Wilmington on the 7th September.–Liverpool
Post, Oct. 13.
CHARLESTON MERCURY (SC)
men and the party in power in the United States can never voluntarily make a peace with the Confederate States. They have not
only foolishly severed a lucrative connection and plunged the Northern
States into a war, but, to carry it on in the way they deem expedient,
they have overturned the Constitution of the United States, with the
liberties it guarantees. They have set up in the United States as
absolute a despotism as exists in Russia or Turkey. Now, for these
enormous injuries and crimes, as well as those against the Confederate
States, they are accountable. The day of peace will be a day of
reckoning with them. Whilst the war lasts, the mighty armies they
control, and the war-spirit they have evoked, tend to keep down all
questioning of the folly of their statesmanship, and of the abuse and
usurpation of power. Nothing can save them from a powerful reaction in
the Northern States, which will sweep them from power, and probably
bring them to the gallows, but success in the war. If they conquer the
South, they may be able to sustain themselves by the prospect of lucre
and dominion which our conquest will afford. But to begin the war, and
to end it with failure, and the debt and ruin which their tyranny and
this failure must bring to the Northern States, is more than they dare
accomplish. Not only the love of power–but respectability–life
itself, compels them to go on, as long as they can. Their destruction is
certain, if the South is not subjugated. Hence, as long as they can
raise troops, and are permitted, they will carry on the war; and they
will carry it on to our utter destruction, rather than face a failure
which must produce their own personal destruction.
far as the men and party in power in Washington, therefore, are
concerned, we may as well make up our minds to the stern fact that no
peace will be voluntarily made by these criminals with the Confederate
neither the elements of peace at the North, nor the commercial and
industrial interests of Europe, are likely to rise to potency or
exercise any commanding influence in this struggle, until the
Confederate States satisfy the world of military power competent to
independence. It can be done only be a vigorous and successful conduct
of the war.
be sure, time is our friend, and circumstances may change to our
advantage. Human obstacles may be removed by the dispensation of
Providence. The death of the Empress of Russia saved Frederick the Great and the Prussian Kingdom. Seward,
et id omne genus, are mortal.
The public good requires that the redundant currency should be speedily
and equitably absorbed.
It is manifestly just that those persons who have made money since the
beginning of the pending war, and especially those who have made it out
of the war, should, even to the extent of every dollar of their gains,
if so much be necessary, maintain the army in the field and the public
That Congress, with the view of absorbing the surplus currency, ought to
pass a law requiring three-fourths of all profit from every source, or
if thought necessary, a greater proportion, to be vested in four per
cent Confederate bonds.->
That such a law is clearly and eminently due to those citizens who have
refrained from entering into the general scramble for money; to those
unfortunate citizens who have been driven from their home and whose
property has been plundered, and preeminently due to the brave men of
the army who have fought so well and who have suffered so much.
That it is plain that the capitalists of this war have made their
fortunes out of the wants of their neighbors and the necessities of
their defenders. It is, therefore, on their part, illiberal and
unpatriotic, if not monstrous, for them now to demand from their victims
unusual and extraordinary securities before they can be induced to vest
in Confederate bonds their very questionable gains. Consequently all
schemes having for their object the absorption of the currency by means
of bonds, the payment of which is to be guaranteed by specific and
extraordinary securities, are obviously unwise and unjust.–Planter.
The Siege–One Hundred and Twenty-Eighth
report this morning of the number of shots fired at Sumter begins with
Thursday. On that day forty-four rifled shots were counted, thirty-four
of which missed, and one hundred and fifty-nine mortar shells, of which
ninety-two missed. The monitors fired twice, and struck the fort with
both shots. A shot from the land batteries went through the flag.
severest night bombardment to which the fort has yet been subjected,
occurred on Thursday night. There were one hundred and eighty rifled
shots, of which fifty-one missed, and two hundred and eighty-two mortar
shells, of which one hundred and ten missed.
casualties on Thursday were Private W. J. Haddin, Company I, 28th Georgia, killed by a
fragment of a Parrott shell; Private A. J. Clinton, Company K, 17th S. C. V., killed by a
mortar shell; Private E. Johnson, Company C, 25th S. C. V., wounded severely in the face
by a fragment of a shell. All these casualties happened while the men
were on post.
monitors have been inactive for the past two or three days. On Friday
seventy-four rifled shots were fired, of which nine missed, and three
hundred and fifteen mortar shells, of which one hundred and twenty-eight
missed. On Friday night there were one hundred and fifteen rifled shots,
of which twenty-six missed. Our report, as far as relates to the number
of shots, closes with Saturday, on which day twenty-one rifled shots
were fired, of which nine missed, and two hundred and twenty-five mortar
shells, of which ninety-six missed. On the same day Private T. G. Pound, Company K, 27th Georgia, was dangerously
wounded by a fragment of a mortar shell.
bombardment of Saturday night and Sunday was characterized, perhaps, by
somewhat less vigor than the enemy has been lately displaying. Still the
difference was not very marked. It will be observed that the principle
fire is from mortars.
batteries have, as usual, not been idle.
NOVEMBER 17, 1863
BOSTON DAILY ADVERTISER
emigration from Ireland is a thing which at present, we fancy, attracts
more attention in England than in this country. Indeed it is quite
possible that an exaggerated notion of it is given by the remarks of the
London press. A shipload of seven hundred emigrants has aroused the
London Times, but still, we believe, the experience of the present year
does not come near that of years past. The English writer goes entirely
beyond the record when he explains the present exodus, such as it is, by
saying that the federal government will have the men at any cost, and it
is just as certain that both he and his fellow journalists of England
are altogether in error as to the number of men whom they suppose to be
brought into our army from Ireland. The voracious Mr. Lindsay sets it
down as a clear case that the government of the United States gets men
from Ireland to fight its battles, adding that “many thousands” of
suspicious looking men are leaving Ireland for New York for this
purpose. But in this Mr. Lindsay is probably as widely distant from the
truth as the Times itself,
when it sets down the majority of the inhabitants of the United States
as of Irish birth.
may concede, however, that the subject in its present proportions is one
that may well engage the attention of English observers. Men have been
drained from Ireland by the million. It has long ceased to be any
question of surplus population and is now a matter of the employment of
labor; and in spite of the fact that the depletion of agricultural
communities and the concentration around manufacturing centers is a
legitimate consequence of the system of free trade on which England now
prides herself,–a result predicted a
priori, and observed upon trial–we suppose that few Englishmen
would call it a healthy sign, that the United Kingdom continues to send
across the ocean a laboring population for whom its own territory might
find both occupation and subsistence. It may not be confessed that this
is a natural result of the English system of political economy, but
looking solely at the fact of emigration, few Englishmen, we suspect,
will fail to echo the thoughts of Goldsmith in his famous lines:
fares the land, to hastening ills a prey,
Where wealth accumulates, and men decay.
Princes and lords may flourish, or may fade;
A breath can make them, as a breath has made
But a bold peasantry, their country’s pride,
When once destroy’d, can never be supplied.
time there was, ere England’s griefs began,
When every rood of ground maintain’d its man.
For him light labor spread her wholesome store,
Just gave what life required, but gave no more.
times are alter’d trade’s unfeeling train
Usurp the land, and dispossess the swain.”
labor, however, like other commodities, will go where it is wanted. It
speedily learns when the prevailing system discourages it, and in these
days of swift and easy communication, it soon learns where it is likely
to be well rewarded, and follows the demand in accordance with a general
law, which, we may remark, is not to be overridden upon such easy terms
as stopping the calls of a few steamers at an Irish port. The great tide
which follows the laws regulating all physical forces is not to be
withstood by artificial dams or by closing a few artificial streams.
labor which England is losing comes to the United States, not by reason
of any special invitation or effort by the government, but for the same
reason that millions of laborers have come in years past–because here
is a good market for labor. The United States feel to a certain extent
the loss of men occasioned by war, and in a natural process of recovery,
are supplying the loss in the quickest way from abroad. But apart from
the want thus felt in accordance with the experience of all nations who
carry on war, the United States also find a necessity for an increase of
their working force. While they have sent an immense force from their
laboring population into the field, the amount of work to be done at
home has increased rather than diminished. The demands upon every branch
of industry are greater than ever before. We seem to have superadded to
the call made upon our population by the war the ordinary demands of
peace in hardly diminished extent. In every section of the country great
industrial interests are asking for more labor, and the call is heard as
plainly in Ireland as here.
is it easy at present to see the mark at which this increased demand is
likely to stop. Peace, instead of a cessation of activity, seems quite
as likely to open new fields for industry. The dread of an influx of
black laborers from among the freedmen of the South has long since
ceased to move any except the most ignorant. The South, upon its return
to the Union, will call for even more than is present supply of labor.
With a large part of its territory thrown open to cultivation by free
labor, it will ask for thousands and perhaps millions of new hands. A
part of those it will have from these States and a part from abroad. As
we have before pointed out, the beginning of a movement of free labor to
what can now scarcely be called slave soil may already be discerned in
Maryland. On a grander scale the same will soon be seen throughout the
South, while Northern industry is taxed to the utmost to supply the
wants of half a continent, depleted of every sort of needful article of
comfort or luxury, and setting out upon a career of renewed prosperity
and growth. If England finds that she is drawn upon to supply wants thus
created in the world’s market of labor, she will do much better to
improve the prospects which she now holds out to her laboring classes,
rather than waste time in vain complaints at the consequences of her own
dealing with British labor.
NOVEMBER 18, 1863
NEW HAMPSHIRE PATRIOT & GAZETTE
New Method of Recruiting.
new plan has been proposed, and is being adopted by some towns, for
raising their quotas of the 300,000 men recently called for. This plan
is for the towns to hire their full numbers of substitutes, paying such
prices as may be necessary, and take from the substitutes an assignment
of their claim upon the State and national Governments for bounties. The
towns will thus be compelled to pay only the difference between these
bounties ($402) and the price of substitutes. The Government has agreed
to pay the bounties to the towns on such assignments. It is believed
that by this plan the towns may raise their quotas without much expense,
as it is supposed that substitutes can be obtained for about the amount
of the bounties. The advantage to the substitute in this method, over
that of enlisting, is that he gets the whole amount of his bounties at
once; while if he enlists, the national bounty ($302) is paid by
installments–$62 on being mustered in, and $40 each in two, six,
twelve, eighteen, twenty-four, and thirty-six months after. Now this
payment of the full amount at once is a very important
consideration–especially if the recruit intends to desert at the first
opportunity! And it is probable that enough substitutes can be obtained
to fill our State’s quota for about $400 each. Some towns have already
filled their quotas in this way, at that price, and some at considerably
less; and we learn that Manchester and Concord have made contracts for
their full quotas at $400 each.
pecuniary disadvantage or risk to the towns of this method of recruiting
arises from the tendency of
substitutes to desert. The national bounty is to be paid to the towns in
the same manner as proposed to volunteers; that is, by installments; and
if the recruit deserts, the payment stops of course. So that, suppose a
recruit deserts in three months, only $102 of his national bounty having
then become due, the town must lose the other $200. But this is offset
to a certain extent by the saving of “State aid” to families, as the
substitute’s family gets none, while the volunteer’s family would
draw it; and it is probable that enough would thus be saved to make up
all the loss by desertions. Therefore, so far as mere expense is
concerned, this method of recruiting is a decided improvement upon all
other plans and ways of raising troops.
the advantages and benefits of it to the State and people, in other and
higher aspects, are far greater, in our view. It saves men as well as
money; it preserves the lives of our people–the very bone and sinew of
the State; and it keeps from our people and our borders an amount of
suffering and misery, present and future, for which no amount of money
can compensate. This is the great and unanswerable argument in favor of
this method of recruiting.
great advantage of this method is that the State’s quota may easily be
filled before the 4th of January, and thus will be avoided the necessity
of raising about 2500 men, being the deficiency in the late draft. For
if this new quota is not filled before that time, a draft is to be made
not only for the present quota, but for that deficiency also. This
consideration alone should prompt the town authorities to take the most
prompt and energetic measures to raise their quotas under the new call.
This they should do, even if they have to pay something for substitutes
beyond the amount of the bounties.
Rebel Army.—The stories about the lack of needful food and
clothing in the rebel armies are being contradicted by army
correspondents. They seem to be better supplied than our own armies are.
A dispatch to the N. Y. Times
soldiers are well fed. Through the winter camps on the south side of the
Rappahannock our advance guard found empty tin cans, once filled with
prepared meats and vegetables, and bearing the stamp of New York and
to the Herald says–
reports concerning the utter destitution in Lee’s army have not been
substantiated by recent developments, it having been found that rations
were liberally distributed, also good winter clothing, including
overcoats and blankets. Each State furnishes clothing for its own troops
in the field, North Carolina having taken the lead in this particular.
Army of the Potomac remains quiet. The rebels have retired to the
Rapidan, where they are strongly fortified, and Gen. Meade does not seem
inclined to attack them. Our forces are in the vicinity of Culpepper. In
the late conflict at Rappahannock Station and subsequent skirmishes, our
forces took about 2500 prisoners and as many muskets. It is supposed
that both armies will go into winter quarters in their present
latest from Tennessee is the following:
Nashville letter of the 11th instant to the World
states that since the partial occupation of Lookout Mountain by the
Union forces under General Hooker, operations have been confined to the
strengthening of the ground gained, and its preparation for further
occupation. Active campaigning may be considered over for the present,
and the two armies will probably occupy their time in reconnoitering and
progress seems to be made in the siege of Charleston. Fort Sumter was a
“heap of ruins” six weeks ago, and was “entirely demolished” ten
days ago; still Gen. Gilmore continues to bombard it, throwing upon it
an immense mass of shot and shell. Nothing else seems to be doing
towards the capture of Charleston.
boasted Texas expedition continues to be a series of blunders and
mishaps. It is reported that the land forces, after going half way to
Texas, are returning. Some say they are being driven back with heavy
loss. One reason for abandoning the land expedition is the difficulty of
supplying the troops on account of the nature of the soil. The
letter-writers say that the soil is more treacherous than the people and
the climate much more rebellious. It took eight horses to draw an
ambulance with a moderate load. It is, therefore, almost impossible to
get supplies forward, and as the Texans have learned to live on nothing,
they have greatly the advantage of our troops.
has been received from the naval expedition under Gens. Banks and Dana,
to the 4th. It landed at or near the mouth of the Rio Grande, the
Western boundary of Texas. The landing was not opposed. . . It was made
a few miles below Brownsville, which is directly opposite the Mexican
city of Matamoras. There was a small rebel force at Fort Brown, near
that place, who evacuated upon the landing of our forces and burnt all
the buildings connected with the fort. The letter also says:
the same source we learn that about this time a squad of sixty rebel
cavalry, which had witnessed the landing of the soldiers under the guns
of the Monongahela, dashed into Brownsville and commenced setting fire
to the buildings. Property holders and Union men resisted them, when the
Secessionists joined the cavalry and a bloody street fight took place
which lasted all afternoon, the buildings burning in every direction
around them. The fight was still going on when the messenger left for
the purpose of communicating the news to the General commanding.
Draft Unconstitutional.—The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania
has decided the conscription act to be unconstitutional. Three Judges,
Woodward, Lowrie and Thompson, gave separate opinions to that effect,
and the other two, Reed and Strong, gave dissenting opinions. Judge
Woodward based his opinion upon the following grounds:
That the power of Congress to raise and support armies does not include
the power to draft the militias of the States.
That the power of Congress to call forth the militia cannot be exercised
in the forms of this enactment.
That a citizen of Pennsylvania cannot be subjected to the rules and
articles of war until he is in actual military service.
That he is not placed in such actual service when his name has been
drawn from a wheel and ten days’ notice thereof has been served upon
SALEM REGISTER (MA)
and Surprises.—The Richmond Enquirer
is in an unhappy mood, having made the discovery that the rebel armies
have made more surrenders than the armies of any other nation in the
world. In an editorial on “Surrenders and Surprises,” it remarks:
people and army of the Confederate States have been so much complimented
upon the prowess and gallantry of their arms, so much flattered upon
what has been accomplished, that they have lost sight of the fact that
more surrenders have been made by their armies than by the armies of any
other nation. What nation in three
years of war ever lowered their flag eleven times in surrender? There
have been eleven Confederate surrenders since this war began.
Rich Mountain, at Hatteras, Island No. 10, at Fort Henry, at Fort
Donelson, at Roanoke Island, at Forts Phillip and Jackson, at Arkansas
Post, At Vicksburg, at Port Hudson and at Cumberland Gap. If the history
of this war will show as much gallantry in the fight as that of any
other war, it will also exhibit more surrenders than ever befell the
arms of any other nation in the same period of time; and we cannot point
to any Saragossa, Ginona, Londonderry or Genoa to offset this long
catalogue of unsuccessful sieges.”
these numerous surrenders it attributes the refusal of foreign nations
to recognize the Confederacy.2
The “surprises” that have befallen the rebel armies re commented
upon with equal severity. Those at Kellysville, Brandy Station,
Williamsport, Bristow Station, and the later affair on the Rappahannock,
are particularly mentioned, and in conclusion the Enquirer
might, by reviewing the history of the war, swell the number of
surprises to the equal of that of the surrenders, but it would be
useless; men, and officers, and people, and the enemy, and the world
know and understand the injury they inflict, and military discipline in
every army has sought to correct such evils by the severest punishment.
We must do as the world does; our officers must be held to the same
accountability that has always been applied to negligence.”
Monroe, Nov. 18.—The steamer Convoy,
which left here Saturday last with provisions and clothing for our
soldiers held prisoners at Richmond, returned to-day, bringing back the
provisions and clothing. Col. Irving, who had charge of the mater, was
refused the privilege of taking the rations to Richmond.
Relic of Fort Sumter.—We have had the pleasure of seeing a
fragment of Fort Sumter, which was forwarded from one of the gallant
officers of the navy, on duty before Charleston, to his wife in this
city. It may be remembered that, two or three weeks ago, the gallant
Capt. Ferris made a night visit to Sumter, mounted the pile of ruins and
looked over into the Fort, but, in consequence of his foot slipping, was
discovered by the rebels, fired upon and compelled to retreat hastily.
Fortunately, he succeeded in extricating himself from his perilous
position and affecting his escape, bringing with him two or three bricks
as mementos of his hazardous exploit. It is a fragment of one of these
that has been received here and will be preserved as a precious
Expedition from Detroit.
Forest City left Detroit on
Thursday afternoon with an armed party, for the purpose of making a search
for the rebel privateers, which rumor had asserted were afloat on Lake Erie.
Free Press, after giving a
detailed account of the cruise of the Forest City, says:
citizens need have but little apprehension of danger from rebel vessels. The
latest accounts from official sources rendered it absolutely certain that
all rumors of privateers being on Lake Erie are entirely without foundation.
To guard against any possible danger in this respect, however, guns of the
most formidable pattern are to be immediately mounted at Fort Wayne, which
will give a warm reception to any hostile force audacious enough to attempt
the passage of Detroit river.
intimations have also been received that the desperate characters who have
for some time past infested the Western portion of Canada, have mysteriously
disappeared from that locality, which has naturally occasioned many surmises
as to their probable intentions. We feel convinced that they are now
perfectly harmless, and as the Governor General of Canada has been requested
by Lord Lyons at Washington to use his utmost endeavors to defeat any
filibustering experiments from Canadian territory, all danger may be
considered as past.
Carolina Revolutionists Joining Gen. Burnside.—A Baltimore
letter to the Philadelphia Inquirer, dated November 15, says:
just received here from the South indicates that a large body of North
Carolina and Georgia Unionists, who have had a habitation only in the
mountain fastnesses of Southwestern North Carolina, have made their escape,
with their arms and much valuable information, into East Tennessee, where
they will swell the ranks of Gen. Foster’s (late Burnside’s) army.
men formed themselves into an army and numbered about five thousand men,
poorly armed and equipped, but with real courage and patriotism they have
dared to give battle with Rebel “regulars” at a place called Warm
Springs, north of Asheville, Buncombe county, North Carolina, and near the
Tennessee line. These brave men were making their way towards Knoxville,
when they were attacked on the 29th of October, by a portion of the 25th
North Carolina regiment, under command of Lieutenant-Colonel Samuel C.
Bryson, who was badly whipped and forced to beat a hasty retreat to
Asheville. The Rebels lost six men killed and thirty wounded in the battle.
the fight the Unionists advanced and took Asheville as a feint, and came
near taking General Vance (son of the Governor) and his staff prisoners.
this the patriot band fell back to the mountains, and a letter from Governor
Vance dated Madison county, N. C., November 3, states that “the enemy have
withdrawn from Western North Carolina to East Tennessee. They carried off
several prominent citizens in chains.”
up a Little.
was never spent more freely than now. For dress, luxury, amusement, all
classes spend with a freedom close akin to recklessness and prodigality.
There seems to be no thought for the future. People of moderate incomes
and no reserved means spend quite as fast or faster than they receive.
Workmen who find it difficult to lay in a winter’s stock of coal send
their children into the street, week days, dressed in a style that would
have been considered extravagant for holiday costume three years ago.
The most expensive fabrics are worn by almost everybody, and there seems
to be little regard paid to the cost of anything. If it is stylish and
attractive it is bought, even if it takes the last dollar, and there is
neither coal nor flour in store for the cold and hungry months coming.
Can we go on in this way for any length of time.
do not spend our money as the Southern people do, because it is too
uncertain to keep. Its ultimate redemption in gold is so well assured
that the few who have it all are hoarding it as if it were specie, and
millions of dollars of it have been sold South to people who foresee the
end of the present contest and want something reliable to fall back upon
when the final crash comes. We squander because it is the fashion. The
shoddy aristocracy begun it, and almost everybody has been swept into
the prevailing current. We had better hold up a little. It is going to
cost something to live through the next six months, and it will be
convenient to have a few greenbacks constantly on hand. Prices are not
going to improve, as the purchaser reckons improvement. In fact the
mercantile classes have got so used to marking up, and the people spend
with so little question or care, that many articles which cost no more
[than] they did formerly are sold at greatly increased prices.
is the virtue just now to be inculcated and practiced–not parsimony,
but wise expenditure, limited by our means and some forethought of the
necessities and possibilities of the future. To spend for mere show and
ostentation is too expensive and too vulgar for any but the shoddy
aristocracy. If the majority of us can get the wherewithal for
substantial comfort in the house and a decent and becoming appearance in
the street, we may consider ourselves fortunate, and we had better stop
short with that for the present. The advice to take no thought for the
morrow was not meant for our cold climate and sterile soil, and it we
use up in summer all the avails of the season, we must expect to starve
and freeze for the other half of the year. Why don’t somebody
reproduce “Poor Richard’s” maxims and start an economical
Among the Miners.—At Maunch Chunk, Pa., Thursday night,
Geo. K. Smith, of the firm of Hull, Carroll & Co., of Philadelphia,
was murdered by enraged miners, because, it is said, he had given the
provost marshal information enabling him to arrest drafted men. It is
supposed Mr. Smith was shot while travelling from the mines to
Jolesville. A force of military has been in the vicinity for some time,
enforcing the draft and arresting deserters. One dispatch says: “No
Union man’s life is safe in Jolesville, Yorktown, Doleraine, Beaver
Meadows, and other mines of the middle coal-fields. Seven or eight
murders were committed there within the last few weeks.”
Rock the Baby.
all the ultimate consequences of one’s acts are to be laid to his
charge, the man who invented rocking cradles for children rests under a
fearful load of responsibility. The down-right murder of tens of
thousands of infants, and the weakened brains of hundreds of thousands
of adults, are undoubted results of his invention. To rock a child in a
cradle, or swing him in a crib, amounts to just this: the
rapid motion disturbs the natural flow of the blood, and produces stupor
or drowsiness. Can any body suppose for a moment that such an
operation is a healthful one? Every one knows the dizzy and often
sickening effect of moving rapidly in a swing; yet wherein does this
differ from the motion a child receives when rocked in a cradle? It is
equivalent to lying in a ship berth during a violent storm, and that
sickens nine people out of ten. A very gentle, slow motion, may
sometimes be soothing though always of doubtful expediency, but to move
a cradle as rapidly as the swing of a pendulum three feet long, that is
once in a second, is positive cruelty. We always feel like grasping and
staying the arm of the mother or nurse who, to secure quietude, swings
the cradle or crib with a rapidity equal to that of a pendulum a foot
long. If any mother is disposed to laugh at our suggestions, or consider
them whimsical, we beg of her to have a bed or cot hung on cords, then
lie down in it herself, and have some one swing it with the same
rapidity that she allows the cradle to be rocked. What she will
experience in both head and stomach is just what the infant experiences.
insist that this rocking of children is a useless habit.
If not accustomed to rocking, they will go to sleep quite as well when
lying quietly, as when shaken in a cradle. If they do not, there is
trouble from sickness or hunger or more likely from an over-loaded
stomach; and though the rocking may produce a temporary stupor, the
trouble is made worse thereafter by the unnatural means taken to produce
quiet for the time being.–American
following from the Richmond Examiner
gives the lie to the assertion that the rebels care for the Union
prisoners. How the savage Sepoys would blush at such refined cruelty:
would assure those Yankee soldiers that death on the field were far
better than captivity here this winter, and would accordingly counsel
them also not to be taken alive.
Yankee Government, under the laws of civilized warfare and the cartel,
are entitled to these men, and if they will not take them, let them be put where the cold weather and scant fare will thin them out
in accordance with the laws of nature.”
Very.—Three of the five judges of the supreme court of
Pennsylvania have declared the act of Congress for calling out the
national forces unconstitutional. Two of the three judges are notorious
copperheads, one of them being judge Woodward, who ran for Governor
against Curtin. Our readers will bear in mind that better judges have
decided directly the reverse.3
NOVEMBER 21, 1863
BOSTON DAILY ADVERTISER
Scenes in East Tennessee.
Brownlow’s Knoxville Whig, Nov. 11.]
the Union army has taken possession of East Tennessee, many very worthy
Union men have been cruelly murdered by the villainous rebels in arms,
assisted by perjured citizens, who had come forward and taken the oath.
Murder, treason, robbery, infamy, and ruin are the order of the day in
the counties above and below Knoxville. In the upper counties they have
shot down and otherwise murdered unoffending men, neither respecting age
nor infirmities, and the soldiers turning out in bands of murderers have
robbed families of all in their houses and on their farms, and where
they were unable to carry off all they found, the thieving villains have
destroyed it, burning private property and destroying all before them.
They have within a few weeks past murdered old men in the presence of
their families, committing awful and infamous atrocities that would
disgrace wandering Arabs.
Washington county, but the other day, they murdered Rev. Mr. Bowman of
the Dutch Church, in cold blood, and upon no other pretext than that he
was a Union man. In the counties of Blount, Monroe, Hamilton and
Bradley, below Knoxville, they have recently committed some of the most
atrocious murders ever known to this hell-born and hell-bound rebellion.
They marched an old man named Smith out from his house in Blount and
shot him down the road, in his 60th year, leaving a poor and helpless
family of nine persons dependent upon his labor for their daily bread.
The only charge was that he was a Lincolnite. They cruelly murdered Rev.
Levi Carter and one of his sons in Bradley, and the charge was that he
was a Lincolnite Methodist preacher. They cut the throat of Rev. Mr.
Blair of Hamilton county, a Baptist preacher, in the presence of his
family, and his offence was that he was a Union man.
murdered F. Carter of Bradley county in like manner, as refugees from
that quarter report to us. They are said to have murdered two of the
Carsons in Monroe county, for no provocation whatever. They murdered
Rev. Hiram Douglas of the Presbyterian church, under circumstances that
would disgrace an Algerine mob. They shot down a man named Coxart for no
other offence than that he was a Union man.
these are only items in the long list of wrongs and cruelties daily
perpetrated by a set of scoundrels, acting under leaders who have been
false to their allegiance to friends, neighbors, States and the nation.
And yet, when these imps of hell are arrested, Union men come forward,
impose on the authorities, and procure their release. God forbid that we
should ever be found indorsing for one of these scoundrels, or those
baser villains on our streets, who exult over their deeds of carnage,
and are daily smuggling letters through our lines to the enemy. They
have had and still have in the hills and mountains of Sevier county 400
Cherokee Indians, under the command of that prince of marauders and
thieves, Col. Thomas of Western Carolina. These savages, less cruel than
their white rebel associates ad companions in arms, are robbing houses
and scalping citizens.
any man in his senses suppose for one moment that the Union men of East
Tennessee, in all time to come, will not shoot down these Indians
wherever they find them, and those also who have had the command of
them? We say, slay them right and left! They take the oath only to give
them facilities in the work of murder and robbery. They are going
through the country notifying their paroled men from Vicksburg that they
have been exchanged, and, under these false pretenses, violating every
principle of honorable warfare!
confess that, with resources which are claimed to be the most remarkable
on earth, they are unable to feed a few thousand prisoners, is an
admission to disagreeable that we do not wonder the rebels try to avoid
it. It sometimes seems that they almost prefer to have the reputation of
starving our men purposely, rather than admit that they do so from the
failure of their supplies, of so little account is a charge against
their morals compared with a point made against their political strength
or prospects. And at any rate, no amount of inconsistency on their part
in relation to this subject can be surprising.
have a curious example of the embarrassment which the case presents, in
some comments made by the Richmond Dispatch
a few days since. “The persistent lies of the Yankee journals about
the starvation and cruel treatment of their prisoners at Richmond”
forms the text upon which the ingenious writer undertook to debate.
These “lies,” he argued, are a mere plan for raising the war spirit,
and for justifying “new cruelties” upon the rebels now in our hands.
At any rate, he was ready to brand them as “lies” and “malignant
falsehoods.” This strain, however, could not be kept up in the face of
facts, and so the Richmond writer easily slid into an explanation of the
starving and suffering. The rebel authorities, he says, are doing all
that they can for their prisoners, but then, “if we are starving
ourselves, how can we keep them from starving?” The people of
Richmond, he tell us, are greatly straightened for the means of life;
people once in affluence would be glad to have even as good a supply of
food as is furnished in the Libby prison, and in the Richmond market
citizens are often denied the opportunity to purchase beef, that it may
be served out to the prisoners. This tells the whole story, the Richmond
writer says; there is little food to be had in Richmond, but the
prisoners have their share. If they suffer, they suffer in common with
the people of the place. And so, too, as to quarters, Richmond is
“deficient in the means of comfortably accommodating” a great number
of persons. There are few large buildings and little building going on,
and therefore, until they can be sent away, the prisoners “must submit
to a disagreeable position with the best philosophy they can, knowing
that it is the result of necessity.”
is very well, but it is not what we were promised at the outset, when
the talk about starving prisoners was said to be a “malignant
falsehood.” We are willing to admit, however, that the final admission
and excuse present the real state of the case. Certainly we would much
rather suppose that the rebels starve their prisoners because their
means of supply fail, than believe that any association of men claiming
the Christian name can be guilty of such an enormity as voluntary and
systematic cruelty of this sort towards their prisoners. Remembering
that we have at least our humanity in common with the rebels, we would
rather not suppose that they can have reached the maximum of deliberate
atrocity implied in such a charge.
if not, if they simply starve their prisoners because they themselves
are starving, what becomes of all their magnificent boasts about the
capacity of the South to wage an eternal war of defence if need be, and
what are their prospects for the future? Upon their own showing, while
we are only half through with the third year of the war, they have come
to actual famine–not universal famine, for if this were so the rebel
power would sink before another rising of the sun–but a famine in
their chief State and in their capital. The fact is one to go upon the
record, as an index of the progress made towards the conclusion of the
war, and of the failing power of the rebellion.
20 November 1863, “Important, Very.”
the connection between lack of recognition and surrendering is . . . ?
18 November 1863, “The Draft Unconstitutional.”
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