JUNE 28, 1863
THE DAILY CHRONICLE & SENTINEL
The Confederate Navy.
two years ago a small steamer suddenly appeared upon the main, flying a
strange flag which the nations had never seen before. She was ‘long,
low, black and rakish,” and had, we believe, all those peculiarities
requisite for the hero ship of a nautical romance. Presently, mysterious
fires begin to gleam out through the darkness of night upon the waste of
waters, and anon the winds bore to Yankeedom strange tales of
freebooters afloat upon the high seas; of a pirate craft that appeared
and vanished as mysteriously as a Will-‘o-the-Wisp; of burnt and
plundered ships, and of a handsome buccaneer who was more gentlemanly in
his rapine, and who cut throats with the artistic grace of a Captain
Kidd. At once the Land of Nutmegs was in a ferment, and a navy was
improvised to go in pursuit of this audacious craft. But they sought for
her in vain; neither were they able to check her depredations. She
always managed to be just in the right place when there was a goodly
merchantman to be plundered, and when they thought they had her in their
clutch, like the Frenchman’s flea “she wasn’t there.” A year
elapsed and during that period this single ship had exclusive privilege
among the fat pickings of the Federal commercial marine. At the
beginning of each month the Yankee papers made up their statements of
marine disasters, and through all the lists the inevitable “b”
(“burned by the pirate Sumter,”)
bore a conspicuous place. At length the vessel passed from the arena,
and made a berth in the Strait of Gibraltar. The Sumter had fulfilled
her mission, and Yankeedom for a while breathed freer.
long. That vessel was the nucleus of the Confederate Navy--and soon
another craft, swifter and more formidable, made her appearance, whose
exploits far outrivaled those of her predecessor. She counted her list
of prizes by the score, and tallied her achievements by the chronometers
taken from captured vessels, just as the wild Indian counts his victims
by the number of scalps at his belt. His boldness had no limit. She ran
in under the lad, and snatched her prizes from beneath the very noses of
the Yankee convoys. She showed herself freely at all times to the
Federal cruisers, provoking them to a chase, and then easily skipped
away from them, at the moment when they thought they had her caught. She
coaled, ad libitum, at neutral
ports, and landed her captured crews without hesitation where
opportunity offered. Officers of Yankee war steamers retired at night in
solitary possession of some secluded harbor, and awoke in the morning to
find a long black hull moored quietly alongside, with the hated
Confederate flag flying defiantly from her main. She seemed to turn up
at a dozen different points at the same time–off the coast of Brazil,
in the Mediterranean, in the Caribbean sea, in the Gulf of Mexico, on
the track of the California treasure ships, and off the coast of New
England. And wherever she went, the glare of burning ships lighted her
path, and charred wrecks of vessels strewed the sea. The marine police
of the Yankees was doubled in vain. In vain they sent their swiftest and
most formidable vessels after the Alabama;
and in vain they breathed out threats and proclamations. The rates of
insurance went up to five per cent, and the “stars and stripes”
rapidly disappeared from sea-going craft.
Confederacy was elated, Europe looked on in amazement, and Jonathan
swore in impotent rage. He was “a heap mad.”
nondescript monsters, whose existence had not been dreamed of, stole out
betimes from blockaded ports and shallow rivers, and wreaked swift
vengeance upon the vessels of the Federal navy. We have evidence of
their prowess in the Chesapeake Bay, and in the harbors of Charleston,
New Orleans and Galveston, and upon the Mississippi river. But of these
we did not propose to speak. They belong to the coast guard, rather than
to the Confederate navy proper. Neither can we claim much credit for
their actual achievements, nor for the manner in which this department
has been generally managed. We return with pride and satisfaction to our
public attention has been so completely engrossed with the important
movements of our armies, hardly a thought has been bestowed upon our
naval operations. Recently, however, a fresh cry of alarm from the North
has awakened us to a sense of their magnitude and importance, and we
doubt not that the people of the Confederacy have been as much surprised
as the Yankees themselves, to see what proportions our navy has suddenly
assumed, to witness the boldness of our cruisers, and to learn the
extent of their depredations. Through this branch of the service we have
been enabled to assail the enemy at his only really vulnerable point,
and our success thus far has been truly marvellous, considering the
paucity of our vessels. But for the difficulties that have everywhere
attended our efforts to create a navy, much greater progress would have
been made in sweeping Yankee commerce from the ocean.
have been compelled to build all our vessels abroad and to manage in
such a way as to evade the provisions of the neutrality laws, and not
compromise our friends who are assisting us in the good work. They have
been built at one place, armed and manned in another, and coaled at
another. The lack of available funds has been a drawback, too, upon our
enterprise, and the vigilance and espionage of the Lincoln
representatives, consular and diplomatic, have placed every possible
obstacle in our way. Nevertheless, we are satisfied, perfectly
satisfied–for the present. Our two gallant craft, the Sumter
and the Alabama, have
multiplied into a numerous fleet. Already the Northern press parade the
names of the Alabama, Florida, Virginia, Georgia,
Southerner, Clarence, Falconer,
Tacony, &c. Occasionally, from the dockyards of Hartlepool,
Liverpool, the Clyde and the Thames, a swift clipper slips out to
sea–a beautiful but harmless merchant craft designed for the Emperor
of China, (bless his Celestial Highness!) She undergoes a speedy
metamorphosis, and the Wang Chang,
Kwang Tung, Tion Tisin, or whatever her name may be, at once assumes a more
euphonious name and an armament of bristling guns. A few weeks elapse,
and some ill-starred vessel bears to Yankeedom the story of another
strange pirate afloat, and the crews of sundry captured vessels who have
been mercifully put aboard, en
route for home. The ship Mary
Garland, recently arrived at New York, brought representatives of
the crews of seventeen vessels that had fallen before our cruisers.
Moreover, these new steamers are no longer insignificant prototypes of
the Sumter, but strong,
formidable craft of two thousand tons and many guns.
mode recently adopted for recruiting our naval lists is the conversion
of prizes into cruisers. This is well. It involves less delay and
expense than building abroad. To obtain crews for them is the chief
difficulty. We observe that one of these converted vessels took no less
than six prizes in a single day off the Chesapeake Bay, and she it was
that called out the whole available Yankee navy in pursuit.
navy is already formidable, sufficiently so at least to engage the
attention of the entire naval force of our enemy. Soon it will be far
more so, and then we can’t imagine what Yankee Doodle will do. He will
have to treble his navy, or his entire commerce will be swept from the
ocean. It is a remarkable fact that, with all his boasted resources, his
long list of war vessels which he has paraded before the world, and the
employment of so many of them against us, not a single one of our war
steamers has yet been captured, Meanwhile hundreds of his merchant
vessels, and hundreds of millions of dollars find an ignoble end in
BOSTON TRAVELLER (MA)
General Hooker Relieved of his Command.
His Successor General Meade.
York, June 28, 8 a.m.–The
Herald’s Washington dispatch
is as follows:
June 28, 2 p.m.–The
following is from the Herald’s
special correspondent at Frederick to-day:
Hooker, this morning, was relieved of his command. Gen. Meade succeeds
him. Gen. Hooker was relieved at his own request, and leaves this
afternoon for Baltimore. Everything is working well.
Herald’s Headquarters Army of the Potomac dispatch, dated 28th,
says this morning Col. Hardie arrived by special train from Washington,
as bearer of dispatches relieving Gen. Hooker from the command and
appointing Major Gen. Meade his successor. Soon after Gen. Hooker issued
the following farewell address:
conformity with order from the War Department, dated June 27th, I
relinquish the command of the Army of the Potomac. It is transferred to
Major Gen. Geo. G. Meade, a brave and accomplished officer, who has
nobly earned the confidence and esteem of the army in many fought
with the belief that my usefulness as commander of the army of the
Potomac is impaired, I part from it, not without the deepest emotion of
sorrow at parting with comrades of so many battles; I am relieved by the
conviction that the courage and devotion of this army will never cease
or fail; that it will yield to my successor, as it has done to me, a
hearty and willing support. With earnest prayer that the triumph of its
arms may bring successes worthy of it and the nation, I bid it
was followed by an address from Gen. Meade, dated
Army of the Potomac,
June 28, 1863.
direction of the President of the United States, I hereby assume command
of the Army of the Potomac; as a soldier in obeying this order, an order
totally unexpected and unsolicited, I have no promises or pledges to
make. The country looks to this army to relieve it from devastation and
disgrace of a hostile invasion. Whatever fatigues and sacrifices we may
be called upon to undergo, let us have in view constantly the magnitude
of interests involved and let each man determine to do his duty, leaving
to an all controlling providence the decision of the contest.
is with just diffidence that I relieve in command of this army an
eminent and accomplished soldier, whose name must ever appear
conspicuous in the history of its achievements; but I rely upon the
hearty support of my companions in arms to assist me in the discharge of
the duties of the important trust which has been confided in me.”
Major General Commanding.
report of the change soon extended to the several corps, and the
officers bade farewell to Gen. Hooker. He leaves for Baltimore, where he
has been ordered to report.
appointment of Gen. Meade gives universal satisfaction, and all express
their determination to extend to him the heartiest co-operation.
The Whole Rebel Army Moving into Pennsylvania.
York, June 29.–The Herald’s Headquarters Army of the Potomac dispatch, dated 28th,
says affairs on the Upper Potomac are quiet. The rebels have a small
force south of Hagerstown and our forces remain in possession of South
cavalry are reported to have crossed the Potomac below Edward’s Ferry
and captured a train of 150 wagons.
has been appointed a Major General and commands the cavalry forces. Gen.
Stahl has been ordered to report for duty with another command in
Herald’s Harrisburg dispatch of the 28th says we want men on our
fortifications. We only need good, able and experienced soldiers. Will
they come forward?
is now responding largely. Citizens generally are recruiting. Gen. Smith
is in command west of the Susquehanna. Gen. Knipe will aid him.
rebel Gen. Johnson’s division followed Rhodes into Chambersburg on
Wednesday, and moved on Shippensburg Friday. Their numbers are estimated
at from 8000 to 10,000 men each.
rebels near Gettysburg say they are going to Baltimore and Harrisburg.
Line of Gen. Lee’s March.
Fredericksburg to Harrisburg is not less than 150 miles. The route by
which Gen. Lee marched, exposed his flank at a dozen different points,
yet he has reached the upper valley, not only without serious loss,
which he could not reasonably have expected, but even without an effort
at interruption by Gen. Hooker. The most perilous of military movements
has been so successfully made it seems not to have been suspected until
it was nearly completed.
Gen. Lee is aiming at one point or another, it is evident enough that he
means to strike somewhere quickly, and that his columns are now so far
advanced, that their direction and object must speedily be disclosed. He
occupies a line which enables him to threaten many points
simultaneously. Whichever he selects, it will need all the military
resources of the Government and the country to repel his attack.–N.
Pirate Tacony.–This vessel was spoke on the 25th inst., in
the bay of Fundy, by the British schooner Arabella,
Capt. Llechure. Capt. L. dined aboard the barque, and from what he could
learn, he thinks the Tacony is
the only pirate which has been seen among our fishermen. It will be seen
that the Tacony was burned the next day, and that the Archer, in which her crew took up their quarters, was captured near
Portland. We are also inclined to believe that the stories about a fleet
of rebels on our coast is incorrect; yet it is well to be prepared for
such an event, because it is probable.
Purchased at Montreal.–A Montreal business man writes to
his correspondent in this city, under date of June 19th, as follows:
“There is a man her buying steamers, as he says for the United States
Government; but I should not be surprised if the vessels were designed
for the service of the Confederate States. He has purchased three. He
appears to be plentifully supplied with funds.”
JUNE 30, 1863
DAILY PALLADIUM (CT)
Affairs at Carlisle.
Monday, June 29.
citizen of Carlisle, who left that place at eleven o’clock last night,
arrived here to-day. He states that the barracks are occupied by seven
thousand men; besides a brigade is encamped at the east end of the town.
He left there on Saturday for Gettysburg, where Longstreet’s
headquarters are now established. Hill’s corps was between Carlisle
and Chambersburg, while Anderson’s corps division was at Chambersburg
on Friday. This is the latest information received here in regard to the
position of the main body of Lee’s army.
city was considerably excited late this afternoon by artillery firing in
front. When the truth was ascertained it was found that our men were
shelling the woods where a rebel picket had been established. The enemy
have shown no disposition to advance to-day.
Couch to-day received the following information from York, from a source
which he considers perfectly reliable. The rebel forces at York are
15,000 strong, under General Early, who has issued an order levying a
contribution of $150,000, one hundred and fifty barrels of flour, 40,000
pounds of beef, fifty bags of coffee, and a large quantity of sugar and
groceries. He has given them twenty-four hours to comply with his
rebel troops which were at Wrightsville opposite Columbia fell back to
York to-day. Imboden with 6,000 troops of all arms is believed to be
twelve miles from Bloody Run, and advancing.
The Rebel Forces.
General Lee and Staff at
Monday, June 29.
was received by the authorities this morning that they consider
perfectly reliable that 37,000 rebel troops had passed through
Chambersburg up to Saturday, together with 104 pieces of artillery.
Lee was at Chambersburg with his staff on Saturday.
indications are that a strong effort will be made to obtain a foothold
on this side of the river. The rebels have remained apparently inactive
on our front up to the present time.
A Dispatch from Columbia, Pa.
Pa., Monday, June 29.–two o’clock p.m.
citizens who went out under a flag of truce have just returned across
the river from Wrightsville. The rebels evacuated Wrightsville at ten
o’clock this morning, and commenced moving towards York. The rebels
respected all private property and did not interfere with the canal.1
rebel troops arrived at the bridge yesterday, with artillery, a few
minutes after our troops crossed over.
Colonel Sykes and twenty of the 20th Pennsylvania regiment were captured
in the town.
rebels say they fired forty rounds with artillery and moved one column
above and one below the town.
rebels stated that they had buried two Union soldiers yesterday.
rebels poured into town from all directions. They belonged to General
Gordon’s division, which is attached to the army corps of General
The Latest Pennsylvania Dispatches.
Monday, June 29.
special dispatch to the Press
is as follows:
Pa., June 29.–The enemy has retreated to the line of the
Northern Central Railroad. The bridge over the Susquehanna at this point
was totally destroyed; it was valued at over one hundred and fifty
thousand dollars. All is quiet now and the excitement is subsiding.
There is no enemy opposite Peach Bottom, a place below here on the
the Northern Central Railroad, six bridges have been burned between
Goldsboro and York, a distance of sixteen miles. Great anxiety is felt
for the safety of the Pennsylvania Railroad. The enemy’s movements
show that they are endeavoring to reach it some thirty or forty miles
west of here. Everything is quiet. Troops are rapidly arriving for the
defence of the capital.
numbers of Pennsylvanians are flocking into New York. The Railroad
trains and Steamboats come into the city crowded with them. A New York
paper sharply asks what they are there for? If they have come to take
the places of the New York men who have gone to defend Pennsylvania? The
Keystone State is gaining no glory from the conduct of its people in
Indiana Enrollment Troubles.
Monday, June 29, 1863.
one thousand troops are in Sullivan and Green counties, enforcing the
enrollment and arresting deserters.
Richmond correspondent of the London Times,
under date of May 17, predicts that the Northerners will be astonished
and confounded at the movements of Gen. Lee’s army during the summer.
He says Lee’s army is in fine condition, has been reinforced, and
10,000 added to the cavalry and artillery, the horses for them having
been wintered in South Carolina and Georgia. Hooker’s army has been
much depressed by the defeat at Chancellorsville, where they lost many
by desertion. The spoils taken from that field he represents as very
great, no less than 50,000 muskets, among other things, being picked up
on the field. The writer says President Davis expresses himself
thoroughly confident about the issue of the struggle in his own State.
Escape of a Pirate vessel from Boston.–It is reported by
the Boston papers that a fast sailing schooner which was sold at auction
at East Boston, three weeks ago, took on board last week a lot of
groceries and liquors, and cleared at the Custom House for an Eastern
port, was intended for a privateer, and was armed when she sailed with
two brass swivel six-pounders. She carried a crew of twenty men. She is
about 80 tons burthen, and was built at Essex five years ago. She sailed
under British colors, and the officers and men were from Maine and the
JULY 1, 1863
PORTLAND ADVERTISER (ME)
The Rebel Invasion.
Lee at Carlisle.
June 30, 2 p.m.–Intelligence
has been received here that Gen. Lee and staff were at Carlisle last
night. A rebel infantry force was seen this morning about 15 miles from
Harrisburg, marching towards that city. They may come up to our forts
sometime this afternoon. An engagement is expected to then take place,
although it may be postponed until morning. The telegraph wires were all
uninterrupted along the whole line of the Pennsylvania Railroad. The
trains are running, also, but slowly and cautiously, so as to avoid
Rebel Retreat from York.
Pa., June 30.–S. S. Blair, train master on the Northern Central
Railroad, left York at 8 a.m.,
when the rebels had all left except their rear guard, which was
beginning to move off when he left. They are supposed to be moving
towards Harrisburg. They left unexpectedly, and in a hurry. It was
reported that Gen. Pleasanton’s outer pickets had been seen within
four miles of York. The total demand on York by the rebels amounted to
$300,000. The citizens raised $30,000 in cash and subsistence, and the
rebels allowed them twenty days to raise the balance. The citizens were
all treated with respect. The railroad property was but little
disturbed. The rebel force at York was not over 8000, with 18 pieces of
artillery. The rebel force at Wrightsville was 3000, with 4 pieces of
The Danger Imminent–A Terrific
June 30.–A citizen of Carlisle, who left there at 11 o’clock to-day,
arrived this afternoon. He states that all the rebels, 9000 strong, left
there this forenoon for Gettysburg. On his way he met nothing but
cavalry pickets. The citizens of Carlisle were compelled to furnish
rations to the rebels so far as their means would admit.
there arrived at Carlisle 100 prisoners, which the rebels captured at
Gettysburg. They were robbed of their boots, shoes, and all valuables.
rebel officers say they would not burn the barracks, as they expected to
return, but at 3 o’clock this p.m.,
a loud explosion was heard in that direction, and it is supposed they
were burned up. Private property was respected, but the shoe and drug
stores were cleaned out; some paid for goods in greenbacks, and some in
gold and silver. It is believed the main body of the rebels is in the
neighborhood of Shippensburg.
rebels stated their destination was Harrisburg, but thought it probable
they might be compelled to fight the Army of the Potomac before
accomplishing their object. The danger to Pennsylvania and the North is
imminent, everything depending on the encounter between Lee and Meade.
If our army should be defeated, we have no hope, except in large armies
to be raised in the North. No effort should be spared to forward large
military organizations everywhere.
June 30.–A skirmish took place at 6 this afternoon, near
Mechanicsburg, between our advance and some rebel cavalry who had two
pieces of artillery. We had four guns. The firing was kept up quite
briskly for some time, when the rebels were forced to retreat. The
rebels had 10 killed. Our loss was a Lieut. and one man wounded. The new
troops behaved well. Troops are pouring in by the thousands. Every thing
York, June 30.–A Harrisburg dispatch to the Herald
says a portion of Lee’s army advanced down the valley towards
Ewen has moved to Troy, and is on the flank of the rebel advance before
Harrisburg. The enemy have been driven back 9 miles from Mechanicsburg.
is reported that Gen. Pleasanton and our forces are in the vicinity of
Gettysburg, and have captured a rebel train four miles long.
rebel spies were taken at Spottsville and sent in irons to Philadelphia.
train of contrabands from Harrisonburg, Va., had arrived at Reading.
man from Chambersburg, who passed through the rebel forces says
Longstreet’s and Ewell’s corps are retreating.
Ewen is advancing west to ascertain the enemy’s whereabouts.
The Rebels within 30 Miles of
Baltimore and Washington.
June 30.–The American
says: “We are not at liberty to give the precise position of the Army
of the Potomac. Suffice it to say, both railroad and telegraph
communication was resumed with the Frederick and Harper’s Ferry this a.m.,
and that the rebel raiders who occupied Montgomery Co. yesterday and
Sunday found it necessary to make a rapid retreat from these localities.
They also disappeared from Marriottsville and Sykesville, on the
Baltimore and Ohio railroad yesterday p.m.,
and there was no enemy last night between Frederick road and the
Potomac. Gen. Meade, as soon as he took command of the army, issued
orders for a general movement, and in a few hours relieved both
Baltimore and Washington of all present fear of rebel invasion.
apprehend there is not a rebel in arms within thirty miles of Baltimore,
and none on this side of the Potomac within a similar distance of
Brilliant Success of Gen. Logan.
June 30.–A special Memphis dispatch of the 29th, says the steamer New
Kentucky brings news from Gen. Logan’s division at Vicksburg,
which had taken an important fort from the enemy. He mined and blew up
one corner on Saturday. This produced a breach in the walls, through
which our troops entered. The rebels fought with reckless courage, but
were forced to yield. Gen. Logan has already mounted two heavy guns.
Grant continues to contract his lines, and is daily making near
approaches to the enemy’s works.
of Merchant Vessels.–In consequence of the state of affairs
on our coast, and in accordance with the vote of the Board of Trade, the
steamers of the International Line and those of the Portland Steam
Packet Company, are now armed sufficiently to repel any of the marauding
privateers that may attack them. We hope that this example may be
followed by all our steamers.
Crisis of the War.–At no time since the war began has work
been put in more vigorously by both sides than during the
past two weeks. Everywhere the utmost activity prevails, the
greatest enterprises are planned, and the most determined efforts to
achieve grand results are making. Grant is pounding Vicksburg into
submission. Banks is doing a like work for Port Hudson. Bragg is feeling
his week to the flanks of Rosecrans. And Lee is bursting his way into
Maryland and Pennsylvania. Gen. Carter is spreading terror among rebels
by another highly successful raid in East Tennessee. The rebels return
the compliment by sending Morgan towards Kentucky, and pushing 1,000
rebels into Indiana. Gens. Marmaduke and Price are drawing their forces
closely around Helena. And our icon-clads are shutting up, effectually
at last, the harbors of Charleston and Savannah. Wherever we look on all
the fields of war there are visible signs that each side is straining
every nerve for decisive action. We can hardly resist the conclusion
that the next two weeks will prove the most thrilling [and] eventful of
the whole war, and go far towards furnishing the solution of a strife,
the most gigantic that ever shook the world.–N.
reports that come to us as we are about going to press, it seems
probable that a battle has commenced between Gen. Meade and the rebel
Lee, somewhere in the southern part of Pennsylvania; and in the course
of a day or two we shall have important intelligence from the scene of
action. Our cavalry under Gens. Gregg and Kilpatrick have already had
successful encounters with the cavalry of the enemy at and near Hanover,
Penn. Our army are reported to be in good condition and spirits, and now
is the time for them to win a victory.
of Admiral Foote.–The country loses heavily by the death of
Rear Admiral Foote, which occurred in New York Friday evening. He was
wounded by a fragment of a 64 pound shot at the capture of Fort
Donelson. He was brave, active, efficient; a good hater of the rebels
and of their rebellion; a christian man of devout feelings and purposes;
and would, if his life had been spared, have rendered still more good
service to the country, in the position to which he had been assigned,
that of commander of the squadron on our southern coast. He was a native
of New Haven, Conn., and was 56 years old.
it Strategy?–George Brinsmaid of Burlington, who is now in
the regulars before Vicksburg, tells the following incident of the
played the rebels a good game night before last. During the day we
placed a small battery of three small guns near their works and then
placed about one hundred guns of artillery bearing on the first. About
midnight we opened fire on the rebel works from the small guns, when
they sent out two regiments to take the battery. They came on in gallant
style, and charged clear up to the breastwork, when we opened fire upon
them, and not more than one-third of the ever reached their works again.
Most all were killed. We make progress nearer and nearer every day.
Spies and deserters are taken almost every day.”
Remarkable Party of Grandmothers.–The following is in the
Dubuque (Iowa) Times of the 24th
Wednesday last there were assembled at the house of a gentleman in this city
ten grandmothers and three great grandmothers. The oldest lady present was
eighty-three years of age, and the youngest sixty-three. The party was in
honor of the seventy-third anniversary who gave it. The gathering was a very
interesting one. The ladies were all in the enjoyment of excellent health,
though with some of them the eyesight was dim, and the sense of hearing
impaired; but, as one of them remarked, there was not one present who could
not do more hard work in a day than any of her daughters or granddaughters.
They all retained a vivid remembrance of the last war with England. Some of
them had brothers killed in that struggle, and every one still cherishes the
feeling of hatred towards Great Britain which was so universal in the United
States in the early days of the government. All of them were loyal, too; and
southern traitors and northern copperheads received blessings during the
conversations of these old ladies, which ‘will hang them if they ever jet
their just deserts.’ ”
in Rifle Pits.–A letter from Vicksburg says that many men stay
in the rifle pits day and night. There is one that extends nearly half a
mile, which is only three feet wide and about ten feet deep. In the side of
this they have cut bunks like those upon a ship. A man measures himself and
cuts a recess about his size, spreads his India rubber blanket in it, and
sleeps as quietly as at home. In the forts where the artillerists are at
work, I have seen men sleep beside the guns that fairly shook the hills, and
sleep as soundly and sweetly as though peace still spread her kindly mantle
over us and silence reigned supreme.
from the Rebellion.–The present irruption of the rebels into
Pennsylvania ought to teach us a lesson. That State has nearly as many
inhabitants as the whole number of rebel states east of the Mississippi, and
with a proper military organization ought, by her own efforts, to prevent
the rebels from entering her borders. But as it is, she seems to stand in
almost helpless consternation and sees her cities and fields wasted by the
invader. Under the long sway of corruptive political ideas, she has not only
beaten her swords into pruning hooks, but she has wholly substituted the
ballot for the bullet. There are not a few of her citizens to-day, who have
become so utterly prostrate in reason by their indulgence in politics that
they fancy that they can vote the
muskets out of the hands of their invaders.
of the Governor of Western Virginia.–A dispatch, dated
Wheeling, Va., June 20, says: “The State of Western Virginia is now a
fixed fact. Hon. A. G. Bowman was to-day inaugurated as the first Governor
of the State. Business was universally suspended, and the citizens turned
out en masse to usher in the new State. Business houses and private
residences were decorated with flags. The day closed with a brilliant
display of fireworks.
DAILY PALLADIUM (CT)
BATTLE OF GETTYSBURG.
Fighting on Wednesday for Six Hours with Indecisive Results.
Anticipated Renewal of
Hostilities on Thursday.
The Whole Army of the Potomac on
Thursday, July 2.
Baltimore American has the
following in regard to the battle of Gettysburg:
learn from the officers of Major-General Reynolds’ staff that our
forces passing through Gettysburg at 10 o’clock yesterday morning,
when a quarter of a mile west of the town, encountered Generals
Longstreet and Hill, who attacked the corps of Gen. Reynolds, which was
in the advance. This corps stood the force of the attack until it was
relieved by the Third corps and a commanding position secured. The
rebels made a strong attempt to flank the position we had gained but
were repulsed in the attempt. Gen. Reynolds and Gen. Paul fell under a
volley from the rebel infantry. Both officers were wounded and at the
head of their troops. In the course of the conflict we fell back before
superior numbers to a stronger position, and the fight ceased for the
day at 4 o’clock. At the close of the evening the whole army of the
Potomac had reached the field and Major-General Meade had all the corps
strongly posted for a renewal of the battle this morning. The loss of
the enemy was considered fully equal to ours. The Army of the Potomac is
in fine condition and very enthusiastic. Our loss of officers is severe.
Colonels Wistar and Stone were wounded when they fell into the hands of
the rebels. Our army is regarded as better concentrated than that of the
rebels for the events of to-day.
Thursday, July 2–11 p.m.
soon send you an account from the battle-field near Gettysburg, of
yesterday’s battle, which is very favorable. Meanwhile the cheering
announcement has been made of the capture of a large number of
prisoners, some of whom have arrived here and others are on the way. The
number is stated at 6,000, but this may be an exaggeration. Gen. Schenck
has just announced at Eutaw House that 2,400 of them have already
Thursday, July 2.
800 rebel prisoners have just passed down Pratt street under guard. More
are expected to-night.
Friday, July 3–1 a.m.
American learns from parties who left Gettysburg at noon to-day,
that everything was progressing favorably for the ultimate success of
to that time they assert that 6,000 prisoners had been captured and sent
to the railroad terminus at Union Bridge for transportation to
Baltimore. The 7th regiment have just gone to the Boston depot to take
charge of 800 already arrived and Gen. Schenck has just announced from
Eutaw House that he had then in Baltimore and at the Relay House 2,400
in his possession. We learn that nearly 1,000 of these prisoners were
captured on Wednesday by the 11th corps in their gallant charge on
are said to have at first faltered, but when Gen. Howard cried to them
to remember Chancellorsville, they rushed into the fight like infuriated
demons, and the whole line of the enemy gave way before them. During the
early part of the day up to noon, when our informant left, there had
been no general battle, though heavy skirmishing had been going on all
the morning, resulting in heavy loss to the enemy and capture of 5,000
all these skirmishes which were conducted under the direction of Gen.
Meade, our arms were entirely successful, but the enemy studiously
avoided any general engagement, and it was thought there would be none
before to-day, when it was said to be the intention of General Meade to
press the enemy along the whole line. The prudence and skill displayed
by General Meade in the management of his army and the strategy evinced
by him in coping with Lee, had already won the confidence of his troops,
and his presence drew forth the strongest demonstration of attachment.
army evinced determination to win at all hazards and had been strongly
impressed by officers with dreadful consequences that would ensue to
them and the country if disaster should occur to our arms in the coming
enemy was rapidly concentrating troops yesterday, and General Meade’s
whole army had reached the field of battle.
Couch was expected to pass down through Cumberland Valley on the enemy.
Particulars of the Battle.
Friday, July 3.–2 a.m.
American has also the following account from Gettysburg:
Bumgarten and another officer of the staff of Maj.-Gen. Reynolds arrived
here yesterday from Gettysburg with the body of Maj.-Gen. Reynolds. From
Major Bumgarten we learn some interesting particulars of the battle, and
are happy to be able to say it closed for the day with the army of
General Meade in the most advantageous position, either for attack of
defence. Nearly all the remaining divisions of our army reached the
field shortly after the firing ceased for the day. At 9 o’clock on
Wednesday morning the first and eleventh army corps reached Gettysburg,
entering from the east side of the town, and marching directly through
to the west side. The cavalry force of the enemy in the town galloped
back as we advanced. On passing out of the west end of the town, the
Eleventh army corps under General Howard was also soon in position. For
a time, quite a heavy battle raged. Several charges were made by the
enemy to dislodge our forces, which were unsuccessful. At 3 o’clock
the enemy massed their entire force, and endeavored to turn our right
wing. General Reynolds advanced to meet them when a heavy infantry fight
ensued, in which both suffered severely, volley after volley of musketry
being poured into the opposing column. In this charge Maj.-Gen. Reynolds
was killed at the head of his corps.
enemy was observed advancing rapidly from the Chambersburg turnpike in
line of battle towards the town, evidently endeavoring to hold an
advantageous position commanding the town.
first corps under Gen. Reynolds which was in the advance, pushed forward
at [the] double quick to secure an advantageous position. The enemy
under Longstreet and Hill advanced steadily, and in a few minutes a
heavy battle of artillery and musketry was opened along the whole
federal and rebel lines.
field between the contending armies was strewn with dead, wounded and it
is said the enemy suffered hardly as severely though it is not known
what was their loss in officers. The effort to flank our right wing
entirely failed and we held the prominent and commanding position for
which the struggle was made at the close of the fight which ceased for
the day about four o’clock in the afternoon. At this time, two more
corps of General Meade’s army reached the field and during the night
the main body of our army was in position to meet any demonstration that
the enemy might make in the morning or to advance on him as the
Commanding General might decide. The first army corps nobly maintained
its position against the effort to flank its right, scarcely faltered
for a moment when its gallant commander fell under a murderous fire of
the army. A great and decisive battle was considered imminent,
notwithstanding our severe loss in officers; the advantages of the day
were regarded as decidedly with our forces.
Meade had also, it was thought, concentrated his forces to a greater
extent than the enemy, and a large portion of whose army was still
scattered up through the Cumberland Valley.
in the afternoon, Howard’s 11th army corps repulsed with great
slaughter the united forces of Longstreet and Hill.
Meade arrived Thursday morning, and the main body of his army is in
position to push the enemy, who are endeavoring to retreat.
York, Thursday, July 2.
Herald’s special from Harrisburg says:
battle at Gettysburg to-day was fierce and bloody. The rebellion has
received a terrible blow. There are immense trophies.”
Herald dispatch says 25,000
rebels passed Dillsburg yesterday in the direction of Gettysburg.
JULY 4, 1863
SPRINGFIELD REPUBLICAN (MA)
Movement Towards Richmond.
fugitive who left Richmond on the 25th repeats the previous report that
one division of Bragg’s army is there, and that all the government
employees were under arms. They are barricading the streets, and
building additional fortifications on all the principal roads leading
into the city. The panic is intense there.
of Gen. Dix’s forces went up the Pamunkey river and landed at White
House on the 25th. Col. Spear with his regiment (the 11th Pennsylvania
cavalry) and other mounted troops placed in his command was the first to
appear at that place. Here he found two companies of rebel cavalry doing
picket duty, and very soon dispersed them. Two of the number were made
prisoners. The railroad bridge over the Pamunkey river was saved, and
also a schooner left by the rebels, which is now in the hands of the
quartermaster. Gen. Dix and staff have gone to White House. A fleet of
gunboats is patrolling the Pamunkey river to keep the water
communication open. Commander Pierce Crosby, fleet captain of the North
Atlantic blockading squadron, is in command of the fleet, and besides
the regular naval gunboats, the army gunboats General
Jesup and Smith Briggs
have been placed under his command by Gen. Dix. Gen. Keyes with the 4th
army corps had also marched up to White House from the peninsula.
Pirates of the Tacony Captured.
Revenue Cutter Seized and Destroyed by them at Portland.
crew of the rebel pirate craft Tacony
have been captured, and are held as prisoners in Fort Preble, Portland
harbor. Learning that they were pursued, they removed their armament to
the captured schooner Archer
on the 24th, and entered Portland harbor, where they secretly took
possession of the revenue cutter Caleb
Cushing, and were taking her down the harbor Friday night when the
steamers Forest City and Chesapeake
pursued her. Her crew took to the boats and were pursued and captured.
and Laborers in the Valley.–Everywhere through the
Connecticut valley, in Massachusetts, has the land devoted to tobacco
largely increased this year. The farmers are few who have escaped the
infection of its profits. The transplanting of the young plants is now
finished, and has been, on the whole, very successful; though, through
lack of rain, much watering by hand and covering with grass has been
necessary, and, in some cases also, replanting. The culture of tobacco
is teaching our farmers new lessons in patience, care and intelligence.
It is more like farming in Europe than anything we have before been
accustomed to in America. There is a great scarcity of labor in some
towns; in Amherst, for instance, good tobacco and haying hands are
receiving $2 and even $2.50 a day and board; in Shutesbury, from 1.25 to
1.75 is the reported rate of wages for day laborers; and in Deerfield,
owing to a recent large emigration of laborers from Vermont, the supply
was abundant at from $1.50 to $1.75. These we presume may be taken as
the range of prices throughout the valley.
Repulse at Port Hudson.
Fighting and Terrible Losses.
and fuller accounts show that in the assault on Port Hudson on the 14th,
although something was gained in position, the affair was on the whole a
disastrous repulse, in which we lost about a thousand men. The loss of
field officers was very large in killed and wounded, amounting to no
less than five colonels. Our troops, though repulsed, fought bravely. It
seems evident that Gen. Banks has not force enough to accomplish what he
so daringly attempts. It was expected that another assault would be made
on the 19th. Col. Dudley had volunteered, and was to lead a “forlorn
hope: or storming column of four thousand men, all picked volunteers.
Your Nonsense.”–A joke is a joke, but in times like these
some people are not in a mood for joking about public affairs. If the
gatherers of news to be telegraphed to the papers would just bear this
in mind, they might greatly abridge their dispatches, and much to the
satisfaction of the public. Of course they cannot avoid sending a great
many false and absurd rumors, because they have no time or opportunity
to verify what they hear; but they might at least spare us the nonsense
of hopeful predictions and assurances of future success. Nobody is so
weak as to be in the slightest degree encourage by such stuff, and that
we presume is its object. A Philadelphia dispatch of Tuesday gave us
this piece of news: “It is hoped that the rebels will either be
captured or made to beat an inglorious retreat.” Of course it is, but
there is no occasion to to burthen the wires with the fact. Nor does any
body care to hear that no alarm is felt in Washington, that it is not
believed the rebels will be able to destroy the railroad between the
capital and Baltimore, that Secretary Stanton is calm, that Gen. Halleck
is glum, or that the president is in good spirits and has told another
little anecdote in his best vein. Let the news reporters give us the
facts, as near as they can get at them, and such rumors as are not too
preposterous, and let them forbear comment; above all, let them not
attempt prophecy, for they have no gift, and they make melancholy work
provost marshal of Alexandria, Va., has issued an order granting all
persons in that city until Tuesday next to prove their loyalty, or
provide themselves with a certain quantity of baggage in order to be
sent to City Point.
the rebellion broke out, nearly 140 vessels have been constructed
expressly as men-of-war, and of these nearly fifty are iron clads. There
are, all told, about 530 vessels now registered on the books of the
Boston Commonwealth finds that the Negro forces in the service have been
exaggerated, and cannot make out more than eleven regiments, if all were
full. Gen. Rosecrans employs 5,000 Negroes, but in digging and other
work, not in fighting.
is the Susquehanna and Tidewater Canal, and not doing it as much damage
as possible was a blunder on the part of the rebel army, as much of the
coal for the Union fleet travelled along it. Its destruction would have
required coal barges to be towed on the Susquehanna itself, which was a
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