DECEMBER 1, 1861
THE DAILY TRUE DELTA (LA)
ANOTHER TRIUMPH IN MISSOURI
OUR SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT.
Nov. 30.--it is reported, on the authority of the St. Louis
Republican, which ought to be pretty good authority for such kind of
news, that Kansas Montgomery and his forces had been captured by the
whole command was released after having taken the usual oath not to
serve against the Confederate States in the present war, in less after
having been duly exchanged. Unfortunately,
the ruffian Lane succeeded in making his escape.
same authority states that Siegel's army was surrounded by the southern
forces of Missouri, and that Generals Price and McCulloch were marching
on St. Louis. We'll send
you further and fuller particulars the moment they are received here.
Intelligence via Arkansas: the Federals Flying.
OUR SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT.
Nov. 30.--we have just received here a telegraphic to dispatch from
Des Arc, Arkansas, which fully confirms the news telegraph to you as
obtained through St. Louis, to the effect that the Federals are flying
everywhere in Missouri before our elated troops, who are sweeping
everything before them, flushed with the prospect of speedily delivering
their gallant state from the heel of an abolition despotism.
gives us the intelligence that Siegel was in full retreat, and that
McCulloch's cavalry was harassing him a dreadfully on their quote
"brilliant retrograde." Our troopers had captured one hundred
of their wagons, with army stores, provisions, &c.
Federals have evacuated Kansas, terrified at the victorious advance of
our troops in that direction. They
have left it to our undisputed sway to be occupied or not, at our
pleasure or convenience.
St. Louis Republican of the 25th, through in regular time by the
submarine express, reports that troops are being hurried back from Cairo
for the defense of St. Louis, which city is considered to be in great
danger from our advancing columns.
If this be true if all interfere with their projected Columbus
expedition to some extent.
OF SLAVES ON THE EASTERN SHORE
Richmond Examiner of the 26th says:
almost general stampede of slaves on the eastern shore is said to have
taken place in consequence of the enemy's invasion into Accomac and
Northampton. It is
estimated that there are about ten thousand slaves in these two
counties, outnumbering as they do the whites in Northampton; and this
large amount of property is, of course, at the entire mercy of the
enemy. The slaves are
escaping from their masters with the permission and connivance of the
enemy, who have made no attempts whatever to arrest or check their
exodus to Delaware and other portions of the hospitable north.
Tatnall's Property.--Ex-Commodore Tatnall, who commanded the pop
gun fleet of the rebels at Port Royal, owns a large amount of property
at Sackett's Harbor, New York. Measures
have been taken for the confiscation of his furniture, which is
estimated to be worth $15,000. A
libel and information were filed by the district Atty., And last week in
motion for condemnation was made in the United States court at Buffalo.
Eli Cook appeared for Tatnall as claimants of the property, and propose
to answer and defend. The
district attorney asked leave to amend the libel, which was granted, and
then three weeks were allowed Mr. Cook to answer the amended libel after
it should be served. The case will probably be tried at the next term in Albany.
a Washington letter to the Chicago Times we extract the annexed
is authority for saying that the president and Mr. Seward are both now
convinced that the south are united as one man in this attempt to
achieve for themselves a separate nationality, and that, to crush the
rebellion and conquer a piece, it will be necessary to call forth the
entire strength of the loyal states, and to put into the field at once,
not half a million, but a million, of troops.
This will be urged in the forthcoming president's message as a sine
qua non for the successful prosecution of the war.
Washington correspondent of the Tribune says it is proposed in
Federal circles to punish Virginia--that Congress will probably be
called on to change the territorial boundaries of Delaware, so as to
give this little state all the land between the Chesapeake Bay and
Delaware River, and to change the boundaries of Maryland, so as to give
her all the eastern counties of Virginia, and to leave to the state of
Virginia, as organized by the convention at Wheeling, the territory
between the Blue Ridge and the Ohio.
the Examiner of the 26th we copy the annexed items:
Seizure of our Commissioners.--It was currently reported yesterday
that information had reached here, through northern papers of a late
date, that Lord Lyons had made a formal demand upon the Lincoln
government for the release and rendition of our commissioners, at
present confined in Fortress Monroe.
As the report obtained yesterday an extensive circulation in
official circles, we mention it, without, however, having been able to
verify it or to trace it up, except to secondary sources of information.
Female Spy Arrested.--Among the prisoners lately captured near
Fairfax was a woman, whose actions strongly lead to the belief that she
was employed by the enemy as a spy.
She came into the Confederate lines pretending to be anxious to
dispose of some garden stuff contained in a cart.
If another female, with her at the time, has been detained near
Fairfax Court house. The
party most strongly suspected was brought to this city on Sunday, along
with three New York military abolitionists, who were sent to prison.
of Prisoners Southward.--Three hundred and fifty more Yankee
prisoners started southward yesterday in charge of seventy men,
(Gardiner, Ga., volunteers,) under command of Capt. Thomas L. Bundley.
The confederate commissary who accompanied them carried with him,
besides other articles for their subsistence, twenty barrels of bread
and sixteen hundred pounds of cooked meat, which was expected to last
four days, or until the party arrived at Montgomery, Ala., en route for
Prisoners.--Two hundred more Yankee prisoners are to be sent to-day
two Tuscaloosa, Alabama. Thirty
arrived here yesterday from the western part of the state.
of British Minors from the Federal Army.--the Washington
correspondent of the Philadelphia Press writes:
arrangement is about to be entered into by which all the British minors
who have enlisted in the American army are to be returned to their
respective homes. Many of
these youngsters have volunteered from Canada; and as Lord Lyons is not
now in the very best of humorous, he has demanded that they shall be
returned. The secretary of
war and the secretary of state have graciously condescended to accede to
DECEMBER 2, 1861
PORTLAND (ME) DAILY ADVERTISER
NEW SCENE OF OPERATIONS--
TYBEE ISLAND, GEORGIA
troops have got a foothold in another rebel state, Georgia, the
"Empire State" of the South.
We have news by the transport Illinois that about a week ago a
small naval detachment left Port Royal, and doubtless, coasting along
the inland water-way, reached and took possession of Tybee Island, off
the coast of Georgia.
Island lies in the mouth of the Savannah River, which is here the
dividing line between South Carolina and Georgia, to the southward of
the bar, and about twenty miles southwest from Port Royal.
It is one of the long chain of sea islands which stretch all
along the coast of this and the adjoining States.
The island is small, not as large as Port Royal Island, and is
chiefly of use to us as a stepping stone to Cockspur Island, lying
immediately to the north of it, on which is situated Fort Pulaski--a
very strong work, that defends the entrance to the Savannah River, and
is the defensive outpost of the city of Savannah itself.
Tybee Island has been notable chiefly with mariners on account of
its light-house, (Tybee Light) one of the most prominent on the Southern
coast. It is the fixed
light, 108 feet above the sea, on the north east end of the island, and
in clear weather it may be seen at the distance of twelve miles.
This beacon was extinguished by the barbarians of Georgia shortly
after they had seceded from the Union, and its absence must have
troubled considerably the immense fleet of vessels which has run the
blockade at this point, and which so troubles the diplomatic soul of
Jeff. Davis. The National
Government will now, of course, have the beacon put in order and
relighted--still further to the grief of Emperor Jeff.
Many vessels are lost on these banks, and the southern breakers
are dangerous. Tybee is a
nice little "bit of ocean," long, narrow, and somewhat marshy,
in the coast county of Chatham, and in climate and scenery is very much
like Port Royal any other Carolina Sea islands.
A small amount of Sea Island content is raised upon it, and its
inhabitants are but few. It has a beautiful creek to the west of it, where the ship of
any burden may lie in safety at anchor.
If any of the vessels of war now cruising on the Carolina coast,
or any of the others now in this vicinity getting ready for a southern
trip, should suddenly make their appearance in that deep creek, Fort
Pulaski had better look out for its we're as well as its front, and the
rebels at Savannah had better be getting ready for their sackcloth and
ashes. Savanna is fourteen
miles above Tybee Island, on the Savannah River.
It has a good harbor. Vessels
requiring fourteen feet of water, up to the wharves of the city, and
larger vessels come up to the Five Fathom Hole, four miles below.
The city is defended by Fort Wayne on the west side, buy Fort
Jackson at Five Found Hole, and by Fort Pulaski on Cockspur Island.
They have also, since secession, erected a small fort, on
Skidaway Island, covering the creek to its west, by which gunboats could
get up towards the rear of Savannah.
The guns on the parapet are mostly field pieces, mounted on a
frame-work of wood, instead of regular
Besides theses, strong earthworks have lately been thrown up on
the main land along the river, and on the islands in the river, to
resist a naval attack, as well as earthworks on the west and south to
resist a land attack. Every
spot of the vantage ground has been seized upon and prepared for
defense. The city, like
every other secession city, considers itself impregnable.
Nevertheless, it seems the people will decamp when they hear of
Port Royal and such things. The
cotton shipped from Savannah amounts to about 400,000 bales of upland,
geographical conformation of Georgia is very analogous to that of South
Carolina, and maybe concisely described thus: From the ocean for a
distance of seven miles there is a chain of islands, intersected by
rivers, creeks and inlets, communicating with each other, and forming an
inland navigation for vessels of 100 tons burden along the whole coast. These islands consist of salt marsh and a land of gray, rich
soil, which produces Sea Island cotton of a superior quality.
The coast on the main land, four or five miles, is a salt marsh.
Back of these is a narrow margin of land, nearly resembling that
of the islands; this is partially or wholly overflowed at the return of
the tide, and constitutes the rice plantations.
Then commence the pine barrens, which were each from sixty to
ninety miles from the coast. Beyond
this is the country of sand-hills, thirty or forty miles wide; and a
part of the State beyond this again is what is called "Upper
Country" of Georgia. Like the southern part of South Carolina, the southern part
of Georgia is thinly populated by whites.
The plantations are large, and the slave element is dense.
The gross population of Georgia, by the census of last year, was
1,057,327, divided into 595,097 free people and 462,230 slaves.
The State claims to have raised fifty regiments for secession
service. The secession disease in the State, however, is not of the
same malignant type which afflicts her wanton Palmetto sister.
The population of Savannah is entered as 22,202, but we know from
the papers of the town, that when the news of the Port Royal affair
reached there, a great part of the population took to its heels and fled
to the interior.
Nov. 29--Com. Dupont reports that Fort Pulaski is at the mercy of
our forces the moment the latter desire to take it; also that reliable
accounts informed him that Savannah was being evacuated by the people as
fast as possible, fearing, probably, that Com. Rogers would attempt to
take it; he further states that Com. Tatnall, of the rebel fleet, had
given it as his opinion, that the entire rebel defenses of the Southern
coast must be abandoned, as they could not stand against the armament of
DECEMBER 3, 1861
BOSTON DAILY ADVERTISER
the New York Journal of Commerce, Dec. 2.--We
understand that the marine underwriters have to do they raise the charge
of insurance against the "war risk" from the nominal rate of
one per cent., Where it has been for some time to five per cent in
addition to the ordinary sea risk.
This is regarded by merchants and shipowners as very exorbitant,
and in our opinion it was uncalled for and impolitic.
The action of the underwriters throughout the year in relation to
this one item of business has not been, in our judgment, as carefully
considered as it should have been; and the fitful and uncertain policy
adopted has been at times very injurious to the interests of American
shippers and ship owners, of whom these companies make the most of their
living. There is nothing in
the recent news from Europe to warrant an advance of 400 per cent.
in the rate of insurance against the risk of capture. The ship
seized and burnt by the Nashville was returning in ballast to the
United States. Had the vessel been loaded with neutral property, no such
result would have occurred, since the Confeds are too smart to provoke a
collision with foreign powers by interfering with their property. When
the rate of insurance was advanced here before, the effect was to give a
decided advantage to the foreign shipping in port, all of which made
large freights at a handsome rate of difference; after the foreigners
were loaded, then the rate was again a reduced, and our shipping took
the second chance. We do
not believe that this advance will be sustained, but its present effect
is to discriminate against our ships, and to create unnecessary alarm
throughout the community.
New View.--the lead article in the Charleston Mercury,
advising the destruction of property that may not fall into the hands of
the "Lincolnites," says--
leave our horses to arm them, our cattle to feed them, our slaves to
strengthen them, and our cotton to enrich them, or to run their
factories, appears to us to be the worst policy possible."
is all very well, except the leaving "our slaves to strengthen
them." We have been told here for years that the slaves are
attached to their masters; we were told so down to the 7th of November.
One would say them that they would not greatly strengthen
"the Lincolnites." In fact, to say that they would, is rather
an important admission for those to make who defend the institution as
resting on divine right. But
the whole argument for slavery is becoming confused in a truly alarming
NEW IRON-PLATED STEAMSHIP.
the Philadelphia Ledger, Nov. 20.--Messrs. Merrick & Sons are
now receiving the iron plates designed for the Government steamer which
they have contacted with the Navy Department to build, and which is to
be completed by the fifteenth of July next.
The plates are fifteen feet long, twenty-eight and a half and
thirty and a half inches wide, and 4 inches thick.
They are made by the Bristol Forge Company, and at the works of
Bailey Brown and Co., Pittsburg. A two and a half ton hammer is required
in their manufacture. Some
doubt has been expressed as to the ability of any iron works in these
parts to turn out such plates; but we understand that there is no
difficulty about it; and that enough plate of the kind could be made in
a short time at Pennsylvania establishments to cover the sides of every
ship in the navy. After
being received at the foundry the plates are placed, the edges and ends
made straight and smooth, and grooved like the flooring board.
The groove is one inch wide by half an inch deep.
Screws are to be used in fastening plates to the planking of the
ship. They are to be put in
from the inside of the vessel and are not to go through the plates.
The vessel is to be covered with the plates four feet under
water, and three feet above it, and they are to extend eighty-five feet
fore and aft of the center-line, which will make 170 feet of planking.
The iron is to come up to the line with this spar-deck, above
which they will be a light rail. The
sides of the ship, with a view to cause the shot to glance, will have an
ankle of thirty degrees from 3 feet above the load lines.
In order to carry this extra weight to ship pass to be large. The tonnage of the ones under contract is to be three
thousand five hundred. She
will be 230 feet long, 80 feet beam, and have a draught of 14 feet. In her construction she will be different from the French
ship La Gloire, about which so much has been written. The French ship is very deep in the water, while the vessel
to be built here will be almost flat bottomed, which, notwithstanding
the additional weight, will make her a little draft.
Her machinery will be much the same as that of a first class
sloop-of-war, except that she will have four boilers and a blower.
The latter is to make the boilers to steam even though the smoke
stack should be shot away. The vessel is to be constructed by Cramp & Son, under the
superintendence of Mr. Henry Hoover, Naval Constructor, and the
machinery under that of Mr. C. E. Wood, Chief Engineer.
Desertion--There is a report that an establishment in Alexandria, at
which soldiers desiring to desert were supplied with citizens' clothes
and passes to Washington, has just been broken up, and the managers of
the concerned arrested.
man who has been induced to desert by those engaged in this business is
to date liable to the penalty of death.
What, then, should be the penalty inflicted upon those who have
brought our men into such disgrace and peril?
Should they be shot, too--or made to take the oath of allegiance?
DECEMBER 4, 1861
HAMPSHIRE PATRIOT & STATE GAZETTE
THE SLAVES, WHOLLY HOSTILE TO THE SPIRIT OF DEMOCRACY.
Post.--Certain eminent men, known for these many years throughout
the country as leading Democrats, have given utterance during the war to
sentiments with reference to the slaves that, in our opinion cannot be
considered as the Democratic. We
allude especially to a speech delivered recently by Col.
John Cochrane to his regiment in New York in which he said,
"I ask you whether you would not use their slaves?
Whether you would not arm the slaves, and carry them in
battalions against their masters?"
is possible that Col. Cochrane
meant nothing more than merely to say, that rather than be killed
himself he would call on a Negro to help him.
If so, then it is a great pity that Col.
Cochrane did not say precisely what he meant; for his language
has given to the enemies of Democracy both ground and occasion for
asserting that Democratic policy counsels the arming of the slaves in
carrying on the war; or in other words that the Democratic party, at
some points of the slavery question, is neck and neck with the most
violent of the abolitionists.
we are inclined to think that Col.
Cochrane did mean all that he said, and that he really believes
that the slaves ought to be armed.
He was one of the four most of the intemperate school of
Democrats, under the leading of that now arch traitor, John C.
Breckenridge; and according to the old rule of extremes of meeting, he
ought to be by this time, in his views about slaves in the war, in
agreement with the ultra rabid abolitionists.
Indeed, all nearly of the old Democrats who sympathize with him
in his present views with reference to the use of the slaves for war
purposes, were also sympathizers with them, and fellow workmen, too, in
advocating in supporting, as the best man for the Presidency, that same
traitor, John C. Breckenridge. It
used to anger of an exceedingly to predict that the day was not far
distant when they and the fiercest and most fanatical of the
abolitionists would be found sleeping together in the same bed, and
plotting together at the same council board.
They themselves will now hardly deny that the prediction was well
founded. In the hearts of
many of them, as we happen to know for a fact, exists and seethes and
rages, as much and as bitter and intense hatred of the South, as exists
and seethes and rages in the hearts of certain abolitionists; and very
naturally, too, four by the unwise obstinacy of the Southern delegates
at Charleston and Baltimore, the Presidency of the nation was lost to
the Democratic party; enhance the eagerness for revenge and themselves
on the South through a means of the slaves.
all this will come up for discussion and decision hereafter.
What we would say this morning is, that we formally and solemnly
protest, as a sound and faithful and consistent Democrat, against making
the Democratic party responsible in any way or shape for the opinions of
any one of its individual members, no matter what may have been his
position in the party, or what his political antecedents.
No one man's opinions constitute the Democratic creed.
And further, we assert, and are prepared to maintain, that the
arming of the slaves and marching them in battalions against their
masters, as Col. Cochrane et id omne genus1 are
advising and urging, is wholly at variance with, and indirect hostility
to the spirit and principles of pure, genuine, old school Democracy.
a single glance at what would be the consequences of a general arming of
the slaves against their masters, will be sufficient to show how totally
undemocratic is the frightful proposition of Col. Cochrane and his
influential sympathizers. If
all of the South would be repeated the bloody deeds of St. Domingo; the
most horrible atrocities that
violence could contrive, and inhuman butchery invent, would be
committed, helpless white women and innocent white children being the
victims; Henry Ward Beecher's hell if would in reality be let loose;
that most cruel, most hideous and most fiendish war that can be fought
on earth would be inaugurated--a war of extermination of a race, ending
perhaps with the extermination of both Southern races, the white and
black; and finally, each southern state would be given over to the fire
to be thoroughly wasted, and to the sword to be entirely depopulated.
Nor would these be all the consequences. The conquering armies would seize and appropriate the
conquered territory, would laugh defiance at our Government in any
attempts it might make to control the division of this boils, would
settle down upon the rich farms and plantations, and would establish
another Southern Confederacy that in all probability would be more
powerful by many odds than would then be in the northern states.
Endless war would be the doom of Ireland; universal slaughter and
an indefinite Lien of anarchy would be are cursed inheritance.
this single glance will of itself show, without resort to argument, that
arming the slaves is wholly hostile to the spirit of Democracy. That spirit, in its essays at firmness, forgets not a
gentleness; in dealing with the erring it ever bears in mind that to err
is human; it seeks not to compel until it has exhausted itself in
efforts to persuade; it permits no wrong to be done to any man, how ever
much of wrong the man himself may have done to others; around the
helpless and the innocent it ever exhorts its disciples to stand
themselves, and be to such a wall of safety and defense; it wars not for
them your sake of gaining battles by bravery, and winning glorious and
victories, but only for the sake of self defense, for guarding the weak,
for punishing evil doers, for a advancing the great interests of
Humanity, and for securing more speedily terms of the honorable peace
that shall establish Peace permanently.
It goes nowhere with the sword without also carrying the olive
branch. Whilst priding
itself upon been just, it prides itself more upon being merciful.
It ever remembers that He who loves man most bore meekly and
patiently the most and the worst indignities from man, and died praying
for man's forgiveness. No Democrat actuated by such a spirit, can sanction the
arming of the slaves.
Batteries for the Mississippi--The floating batteries building at
St. Louis for opening the navigation of the Mississippi, are distinct
affairs from the gunboats, and are to be towed by the latter. The batteries are of solid timber twelve inches square, and
lying in three tiers of this timber deep.
This is strongly bolted together, and forms the hull of the
vessel. Wells are cut
through the two upper chambers about four and a half feet square, and
lined with zinc to keep out the water.
These wells serve for magazines or places for keeping the
ammunition. There are four
of these in each float. This
was solid platform is sixty by twenty-five
feet, being a broader in the middle than at the ends, each end being
sharpened. The whole is
covered with thick plank. Entirely
around the outside of the float is a parapet or bullwark of iron,
three-eighths of an inch in thickness and six and a half feet in height.
This is inclined inward, so as to give a glancing direction to
any shot that may strike it. The armament of these floats is to consist of 64-pound
mortars, three upon one side, and so arranged as to deliver their
charges over the parapet that surrounds them, and which protects those
who serve them. There are
38 of these monstrous batteries to be built, 25 of which are nearly
ready for use, and the remainder are begun.
DECEMBER 5, 1861
NEW HAMPSHIRE SENTINEL
Commissions to Merchant Vessels.
the act of the 5th of August last, Congress authorized the
President to instruct the commanders of suitable vessels to defend
themselves against and to capture pirates.
This authority has been exercised in a single instance only.
For the more effectual protection of our extensive and valuable
commerce in the Eastern seas especially, it seems to me that it would be
advisable to authorize the commanders of sailing vessels to recapture
any prizes, which pirates may make of the United States vessels and
their cargoes, and the Consular Courts established by law in Eastern
countries to adjudicate the cases, in the event that this should not be
objected to by the local authorities.
relations of the government with the Indian tribes have been greatly
disturbed by the insurrection, especially in the southern
superintendency and that of New Mexico.
The Indian country south of Kansas is in possession of the
insurgents from Texas and Arkansas.
The agents of the United States appointed since the 4th of March
for this Superintendency have been unable to reach their posts, while
the most of those who were in office before that time have espoused the
insurrectionary cause, and assumed to exercise the powers of agents by
virtue of commissions from the insurrectionists.
It has been stated in the public press that a portion of these
Indians had been organized as a military force, and are attached to the
army of the insurgents. Although
the Government has no official information upon the subject, letters
have been written to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs by several
prominent chiefs, giving assurance of their loyalty to the United
States, and expressing a wish for the presence of the Federal troops to
protect them. It is
believed that upon the repossession of the country by the Federal
forces, the Indians will readily cease all hostile demonstrations and
resume their former relations to the Government.
the report of the Secretary of the Navy presents in detail the
operations of the branch of the service, the activity and energy which
have characterized its administration, and the results of the majors to
increase its efficiency and power.
Such have been the additions, by construction and purchase, that
it may almost be said that a navy has been created and brought into
service since our difficulties commenced.
Besides blockading our extensive coast, squadrons larger than
ever before assembled under our flag had been put afloat, and performed
deeds which have increased our naval renown.
I would invite special attention to the recommendation of the
Secretary for the more perfect organization of the Navy by the
introduction of additional grades into the service.
The present organization is defective and unsatisfactory, and the
suggestions submitted by the Department will, it is believed, if
adopted, obviate the difficulties alluded to, promote harmony and
increase the efficiency of the Navy.
your late session a joint resolution was adopted authorizing the
President to take measures for facilitating a proper representation of
the industrial interests of the United States at the Exhibition of Industry
of all Nations, to be holden at London in the year 1862.
Oh I regret to say I have been unable to give personal attention
to this subject. A subject
at once so interesting in itself, and so extensively and intricately
connected with the material prosperity of the world.
Through the Secretaries of State and of the Interior, a plan or
system has been devised, and partly matured, which will be laid before
of Contrabands--Colonization Recommended.
and by virtue of the act of Congress entitled " and act to confiscate
property used for insurrectionary purposes," approve August 6, 1861,
the legal claims of certain persons to the labor and service of other
persons have become forfeited, and numbers of the latter list liberated are
already dependent on the United States, and must be provided for in some
way. Besides it is not
impossible that some of the states will pass similar enactments for their
own benefits respectively, and by the operations of which persons of the
same class will be thrown upon them for disposal.
In such case I recommend that Congress provide for accepting such
persons from such States according to some mode of valuation in heu pro
of direct taxes, or a pond some other plan to be agreed on with such States
respectively, that such persons on such acceptance by the General Government
be at once deemed free, and that, in any event, steps be taken for
colonizing both classes, or the one first mentioned, if the other one shall
not be brought into existence, at some place or places in a climate
congenial to them. It might be
well to consider, too, whether the free colored people already in the United
States could not so far as individuals may desire, be included in such
causation. To carry out the
plan of colonization may involve the acquisition of territory, and also the
appropriation of money beyond that to be expended in the territorial
acquisition. Having practiced
the acquisition of territory for nearly sixty years, the question of
Constitutional power to do so is no longer and open one with us.
The power was first questioned by Mr. Jefferson, who, however, in the
purchase of Louisiana, yielded his scruples on the plea of great expediency.
If it be said that the only legitimate object of acquiring territory
is to furnish homes are white men, this measure effects that object, for the
immigration of colored men leaves additional room for the white men remained
or coming here. Mr. Jefferson,
however, placed the importance of procuring Louisiana more on political and
commercial grounds that on providing room for population.
On this whole proposition, including the appropriation of money with
the acquisition of territory, does not be expediency amount to actual
necessity, that without which the government cannot be perpetuated, the war
rebels have been panic stricken since the Port Royal affair, and some of the
Southern papers are advocating the raising of a great army by conscription.
Nearly every able bodied man in and about Charleston has already been
pressed into service. Com. Tatnall is reported as saying recently that the
South will be utterly unable to defend its line of coast from our naval
power--search was his experience at Hilton Head.
DECEMBER 6, 1861
KEEP IT BEFORE THE PEOPLE.
this infernal rebellion is an inevitable and direct result of American
slavery. Let no side issues
for a moment divert us. By
every power within human means that can be brought to bear upon the
people at home, the brave soldiers abroad in the fight, and the
government, through press and pulpit, klaxon broad and high the verdict
of a thirty years' history, that this is A SLAVEHOLDERS' REBELLION,
cruel and relentless.
of its barbarous character, there is crowded into less than a
twelvemonth an amount and strength of evidence never before paralleled. The long catalogue of its crimes is but too familiar to us
all. There is nothing in
the country or in its relations, except slavery, which
could have engendered this mighty strife.
Diversity of interests in the sections, whether a business or
religion, in the short space of eighty years, however sharp there
competitions, furnishes no explanation of the mighty events which now
pass before us.
men may harmlessly shape and force the powers of external nature to do
their bidding. The waves of
the sea and the storm, the cataract and the red lightning, may be
disrobed of their terrors at the touch of genius.
Unconquerable will and the farthest stretch of human power over
nature are productive of incalculable benefit to all; but no man--well
or ill-born--can be vested with the response will power over his
fellow-men without degenerating into a tyrant.
A few years' exercise of such power over the week and friendless
cannot fail to exhibit the evidence of this truth.
Twenty or thirty years' practice though surely confirm it, and
bring to view, in all their disgusting deformity, the wide extremes of
the tyrant and the slave. Tyranny,
ambitious and unjust, low and selfish in its aims, and bending all
things to its relentless sway, it preys alike upon the individual and
society. To compass it
ends, it inflicts its insidious poison into both social and political
life till Institutions of freedom dissolved before it, or in the
whirlwind of passion it sweeps away the choicest fabrics of government
and society. Freeman and
slave alike are but the tools of its cruel ambition.
To rule or ruin is its governing motive.
Peaceably if it can, forcibly if it must.
It is confined to no age or country.
It is visible everywhere and under all conditions, varying only
in degree; and it should be among the highest duties of a good
government, by force, if need be, two arrest it in its earliest
you see unfortunate condition of this country, thus early in its
history, to be cursed by a form of tyranny which has its roots in
slavery. This dreadful conflict is the result of its insolent
machinations throughout the vast departments of our government. Under a professed respect for law and order in the desecrated
nature of "democracy," by secret and damnable plottings, it
had at length all that crushed out the political life of the nation.
With the army and navy crippled and dispersed by a traitorous
administration, the fell doctrine of secession had well-nigh culminated
in the subjugation or dismemberment of the Union; and for the first time
in our history on a scale never before surpassed in wickedness, the
government was to have been prostrated by a slaveholders' conspiracy to
be forever held in subjection to its sway.
people of the North, with your thoughts engrossed by matters that tell
for peace, had been unmindful of the extent or designs of those who had
held the reins for so many years. But
when Sumter fell, the people a book from sleep as by the "crack of
doom." The bearings and magnitude of the conspiracy were soon
known. Resistance in
conflict were inevitable. Thirty-three millions of people, with opportunities
unsurpassed in the tide of time, we're not only forced into this
suicidal war, but by complication of their foreign relations rendered
liable at any moment to be dragged into a war with one or more of the
powerful nations on the opposite side of the sea.
yet we have among us, even while the contest thickens, and at the time
when the best endeavors of the government are put forth to save us,
apologists for American slavery, who cannot or will not see any
necessary connection between it and this foul rebellion.
Instead of loyally seconding the efforts of the patriotic, these
men traitorously labor for a "peace" which, if obtained, would
be but the inauguration of new and interminable ills.
us listen to no peace that is not preceded by the utter destruction of
rebellion; no peace that has not its foundations laid in the highest and
broadest liberty for ALL. Let
no vacillation mark the courage of the people or the policy of the
government. Carry the war,
if need be, to the remotest extreme of "Africa." At every step
of its resistance, let the rebellion feel the dread power of the
insulted and mighty North. On
its head and front the blows fall thick and fast.
Overbearing in her insolence and pride, let South Carolina, the
seat of secession and foremost among her recreant sisters, let this war
which she precipitated upon us press the chalice to her lips.
If she still resists, lay her boasted capital in the dust, and
make its site as wide of discovery to the antiquary in future years as
that of Babylon or Nineveh. And,
finally, let slavery and secession rest for ever in a common grave.
speaking of the wasting [of] the black flag by South Carolina, the
Richmond correspondent of the Petersburg Express says:--
spring of hope must now, with the Yankees, die upon the winter winds.
Already has the black flag been hoisted up on the soil of South
Carolina, and war to the knife, the knife to the hilt, and thence to the
shoulder, been proclaimed by her noble sons as the only booty which
Yankee hireling the invaders shall receive at their hands.
This is right. It is the only way to conquer a piece with a people so lost,
and degraded as those which compose the grand army of the rump
government. We look
anxiously for news from the sunny South; hopefully, prayerfully, with no
misgivings. Now that the rallying cry is "no quarter to the invaders
of our soil," may we not believe that the course inaugurated by
South Carolina will be followed up by our whole army, and thus and this
war? "So mote it
Slavery Progress. The
following unwilling testimony is borne by the editor of the New York
Commercial Advertiser: "It is," he says, "unquestionably
true that a large element of the North would see every trace of slavery
obliterated as our armies move southward.
It is true that this feeling is not confined to what is called
the old abolition party, but is largely shared by those who were
formerly known as are most conservative citizens."
Va., Dec. 2--In the Convention, today, Mr. Hogan, of Barne, offered
Negro slavery is the origin and foundation of our national troubles, and
the cause of the rebellion in our midst that is seeking to overthrow our
slavery is incompatible with the word of God, detrimental to the
interest of a free people, as well as wrong to slaves themselves,
That the Convention inquire into the expediency of making the proposed
new State a free State, and a provision be inserted for the gradual
emancipation of all slaves within the proposed boundaries of the new
State, to be submitted to the people of the same for their approval or
to the Committee on Fundamental and General Provisions.
DECEMBER 7, 1861
SPRINGFIELD (MA) REPUBLICAN
UNION ORGANIZATION IN NEW ORLEANS.
New Orleans Crescent, of November 23, made this statement:
"Yesterday morning, Lieut. Morel, of the third district police,
upon information received, arrested a German named Frenzel, who lives on
Charles street, in the second district, charging him with being an
incendiary and a traitor to the state and southern confederacy.
It appears that Frenzel, who is quite an intelligent man, had
excited lieutenant Morel's suspicions, some time since, by remarks that
he was reported to have made in favor of Lincoln and his dynasty; he was
watched, the result of which was that he was heard to boast that there
was a powerful organization in this city--at least 5,000 strong--which,
the moment that the Lincoln army made its appearance here, or on our
coast, would rise and help them to the best of their ability.
He further is reported to have said that his society which helped
cut all the rebels' throats; if and that, as no one knew or suspected
its existence, it was all the more powerful."
THE GREAT UNION MEASURE.
is no opposition among any portion of the loyal people of the country to
the proposed confiscation of rebel property, slaves included.
The New York Journal of Commerce, the most conservative of
conservative papers says of it:
this ground, whatever differences of opinion that there may be among us
as to the abstract questions connected with slavery, the North can be
united. The slave property
of rebels is unquestionably the subject of confiscation as much as their
horses or their cotton. No
one desires confiscated slaves to be returned to slavery.
The government should make provision for that; and if in the end
it shall be that every slave in the rebellious states has acquired
freedom in this manner, no reasonable man, North or South, can object to
the effects of the administration of constitutional law.
This is the course of law and order.
It is the course provided in the constitution, and pursuing it,
the government will carry the terrors of the law with them into the
heart of the rebellion. We
suggested some weeks ago the organization of a court of confiscation.
We do not approve of the plan, which has been proposed, of
appointing commissioners of confiscation.
This is an innovation on our simple style of law.
It would be sufficient to organize the court of inferior
jurisdiction to the Supreme Court of the United States, having roving
powers in the South, and let judges hold courts were ever the Union
forces are in possession. Let the due forms of law be thoroughly administered, and
every case subjected to trial as the constitution provides. Let titles to property be thus given which will stand the
test of future insemination, and let slaves be confiscated to the
government uses, and taken care of by government provision, in colonies
or otherwise. Proclaim that
this plan as the adopted plan of government, and let it, if possible, be
circulated among the rebels, and every slaveholder now in all arms will
see offered him at once the choice of peace and prosperity, or war and
ultimate poverty. Against a proclamation of absolute emancipation he would feel
the necessity of fighting to the last.
Against the terrors of law thus threatened, if he has not gone
mad, he will not long hold out, but will accept the mercy which is
always be extended to penitents."
MASSACRE OF THE NEGROES BY THEIR MASTERS.
letter from Port Royal, published in the New York Tribune,
confirms the statement that slaves were shot down who refuse to fly into
the interior with their masters, on the approach of the Yankee invaders,
and adds reports of other outrages too shocking for belief:
slave named Priscilla, formerly owned by Mr. Graham of Grahamville, now
a servant of Capt. Charles
E Fuller, one of the brigade quartermasters, relates that before she
left the plantation, the slaves were ordered into a barn to shell corn;
that when all were in, the doors were locked, the barn was fired, and
men, women and children were burned alive.
But the Capt. Fuller assures me that he has no doubt of the fact.
When, after such a horror as that, I add that two slaves captured
at the Beaufort a few days ago are known to have been taken to the
mainland and hanged, I seem to record only a common-place barbarity, the
truth of which needs now affirmation.
It is not merely men who are trying to escape that are murdered.
The families of those who have escaped are treated with the
utmost cruelty, and some of them have actually been massacred.
other fact of a different nature, and I turn from this frightful picture
of the amenities of the social institution, whose rights and amenities
are so carefully acknowledged and protected.
I am indebted for the account to General Viele.
If there is a slave girl in camp who left her master under the
following circumstances: She had been compelled to share her master's
bed, and the tearful reluctance with which the story was gradually drawn
from her showed how bitterly she felt the disgrace to which she had been
compelled to submit. Her
master's wife discovered the fact, remove her from the house, and
inflicted upon the innocent victim of her husband's brutality the
severest punishment--repeated floggings.
She escaped at the first opportunity, and came to the camp.
Is this tragedy horrible enough?
The girl was the personal attendant of her master's daughter, 18
SOLDIER LIFE IN MISSOURI
and Irregular and Defective."
are learning the duties of red tapeism.
The bills for lumber to make bunks for the poor and sick men, and
the charges of the physician who was called in before the army doctors
arrive, are rejected as "irregular." We can buy feed here for
stock any less expense than the mere transportation from headquarters,
that the quartermaster throws out the bills as "irregular,"
and says that requisition should be made upon him.
So, instead of buying corn on the spot at ten cents a bushel.
We must pay twenty-five at St. Louis and twelve cents a bushel
for transportation. Any
other course would be "irregular," an expose our officers to
one place we found a hundred thousand dollars worth of provisions
exposed to the weather. But
there was no quartermaster to remove them, and it would have been
"irregular" for any one else to interfere and put them in a
place of safety, so they were left out, and perished.
I have been in trouble so many times for trying to do my whole
duty, instead of being "regular," that I have given it up
entirely and learned to look only at one thing: What is best for our own
evening officers' school is beginning to show its effects.
Some who at first were unable to comprehend or recollect, now
begin to answer questions readily. Than most of the officers of the regiment take a great
interest in it, and improve rapidly.
that whole type.”
so great a,” meaning, “in lieu of” a direct tax.
Having trouble with a word or phrase?
Email the USNLP . . .