MAY 26, 1861
THE DAILY TRUE DELTA
FIRST FIGHT IN VIRGINIA
Full Account of the Engagement at Sewell's
Norfolk, May 20--We
stop the press to announce that a skirmish took place Saturday, below.
We learn the steamer J. M. Smith
was below at about 12 or 1 o'clock, attending to some errands at Boush's
Bluff, when she was fired at by the steamer Monticello of the
The Monticello fired a blank
cartridge across the bow of the Smith to warn her to lay to, but
as the Smith disregarded the warning, the Monticello then fired a
shot which missed its mark. Captain Young, at Boush's Bluff
battery, then fired one or two shots at the Monticello, one of
which, it is believed, struck her. She then backed out and opened her
fire on the earth works now erecting at Sewell's Point, which, it is
believed, she destroyed. So far, "nobody hurt."
Repeated firing has been heard from below
since the above took place.
We gave in our Saturday afternoon's second
edition the above outline of the first battle in this section, which we
find, in the main, correct; since which time we have gathered the
following particulars from an eye-witness:
The steam-tug Kahukee, Capt. Baylor
(not the J. M. Smith, as reported,) started down on Saturday,
about half past 12 o'clock, to carry one hundred negro laborers to the
battery now in course of erection at Sewell's point. When she arrived in
that vicinity she saw the steamer Monticello laying well over in
the mouth of James river. The Kahukee took her position as near
the earth-works as prudent, lowered her yawl and sent it ashore with as
many of the laborers as it would carry; these were landed, and the boat
was about returning for another load, when the steamer Monticello,
which had steamed away from the mouth of James river, and gone in the
direction of Old Point, as those on board the tug thought, came round
the point of woods at the extreme end of Sewell's point, in chase of the
Kahukee. The latter was now about three miles below Boush's
Bluff, the only place where there were any guns mounted in that
immediate vicinity, and seeing the Monticello about coming after
her, steamed up the river to escape.
The Monticello then fired a shot after
her, which not answering the purpose of stopping her, she repeated The
Monticello then fired a shot after her, which not answering the
purpose of stopping her, she repeated by firing a shell, which we
understand exploded about 50 yards in advance of her. Meantime, the
chase had become so exciting to those in command of them Monticello
that she was about getting into a good position to be cracked at by
Captain Young’s at Boush’s Bluff. Captain Young having now one gun to
bear on her, though at long range, let fly at her with that, which was
grape shot, and scattered about her like hail stones. The Monticello
immediately backed her engine, and without turning around out of harm’s
way. She then it dropped down opposite the place where we are correcting
a battery Sewell’s Point. She here opened her fire on the unfinished
breastworks, with the intention of demolishing them; this she continued
until, as it was supposed, or ammunition was exhausted; and in the
meantime the little steamer Yankee came up to her aid. The two,
together, kept up the bombardment for about 3 hours, say from 1 to 4
When these steamers were about a quarter mile from the unfinished works,
they were still firing when another little steamer, supposed to be the
Young America, came over from Old Point, when they ceased.
The two small steamers, the Yankee and Young America,
then left for Old point, and the Monticello kept her position in
the neighborhood until our informant left.
These steamers were about a quarter of a mile from the unfinished works,
during the time they were hammering away at them so, but we learn that
have scarcely soiled the works, the only damage being the starting of a
log of one of the embrasures. Out of about fifty shot and shell only one
took effect, as above.
The women and children living in the neighborhood were very much
alarmed, and left their houses and sought safety by flight.
There was no one on the place all armed. A white man had a Sharp’s rifle
loaded, which he stood upon the work, team and fired; though it is not
known with what effect. Another man had one of Allen’s old style pocket
pistols, had left near the beach in the crotch of a tree. He mentioned
the circumstance to a negro, who volunteered to go after it for him. He
told him not to do so. The negro, however, watched his chance between
fires, darted to the tree and got it; thus evincing a remarkable degree
The Kahukee’s boat, then at the
shore, put off for the steamer, and the battery at the bluff, mistaking
her for one of the enemy’s boats, fired a shot after her, which caused
her to put back. This shot, we understand, was a line the shot, but the
distance was too great to do any damage.
The hands at the works were strongly tempted to scamper off, till the
first two shots from the Monticello were fired, but finding their
ability to dodge them so finely, held their places in order to see the
fun. Many of the shots took effect in the trees, limbs from which were
cut off, which was the most dangerous feature of the whole affair. They,
however, kept clear of the trees, and avoided the danger from that
source. The ball and shell mostly fell in the rear of the works in a
bog, the mud from which some of them would scatter like a hail storm.
A ball struck among a flock of crows in the neighborhood who rose en
masse, and ascertaining that it came from the “d----d Yankees,” left in
We have latterly berated omnibus, cab and
drivers of other vehicles, for careless and reckless driving. The police
records have furnished to our hand a rather novel subject of discourse.
A cow driver, with laudable ambition not to be excelled by his more
aristocratic compeers, the knights of the whip, yesterday drove his vehi--no,
we mean cow--over a little girl. Elisa Commons makes the charge
against Paul Vagal. Paul cannot pleas that he was looking another way
and did not see the child.
TELEGRAPHED TO THE TRUE DELTA
Mr. S. D. Morgan, of Nashville, has
presented to the "Lexington Rifles" ten thousand percussion caps, of the
finest manufacture. They are the first caps manufactured south of the
Potomac. This is one of the articles that the war has driven the south
to manufacture for itself.
A GOOD IDEA--Capt. S. McBride, of
Indianola, Texas, proposes to organize a marine corps, to assist in the
defenses of that town. The Courier says:
A body of men skilled in nautical affairs,
inured to the dangers of the sea, and drilled in the use of fire-arms,
would be able to do great service in any emergency requiring movements
on water--and we know not at what moment such a force will be greatly
needed. Let us have a marine corps, as it may prove, here on the coast,
our most efficient arm of defence, in case of blockade or invasion.
THE GERMANS OF WESTERN TEXAS--In reply to
a letter in the New York Times, to the effect that "the Germans
in western Texas, numbering some twenty-five thousand, with fifteen
thousand in other parts of the state, propose to move en masse to
Mexico or Central America" because of their dislike to the political
position of Texas, the San Antonio Herald says:
The Germans in western Texas are as loyal
to the south as other classes of our citizens. Should Lincoln, in
pursuance of his insane determination to subjugate the south, send an
army of hirelings to Texas, he will find the Germans still here, and
ready to give them such a reception as they deserve.
Henry Ward Beecher has no notion of
putting his body in the way of real bullets. He says it is necessary for
some to stay at home to fight the devil, and comfort the women, and his
impression is that this is a work he is peculiarly fitted for.
RECOVERING THE LOST SHIPS OF WAR--Col.
Haupt, a scientific engineer of the north, ahs made proposals to the
government to raise the vessels sunk at Norfolk, in sixty days.
Norfolk Herald, May 20--Drs. T. B.
Ward, A. T. Bell and Mr. Robert S. Bell, of this city, who were out in a
sail boat on Friday afternoon in the lower harbor, thought that as the
wind was fair and the sailing pleasant they would make for Hampton and
take supper before returning home. In this case, however, they reckoned
without their host; for they were soon overhauled by a boat from the
Minnesota, and taken to that steamer, where they were treated as
prisoners as war and sent down into the cock-pit, with the consoling
reflection, induced by a conversation between two of the crew, that they
were either to be shot or hung at the yard arm the next morning.
Saturday morning came, however, without any such unpleasant occurrence,
and they were allowed to return to this city, in their own boat,
arriving here in the afternoon.
MAY 27, 1861
THE HARTFORD DAILY COURANT
THE FIGHT AT SEWELL'S POINT
The steam-tug Yankee arrived at Washington
Saturday, bringing the report that Gen. Butler on Friday captured
Sewell's point, with loss of 84 killed and wounded. The enemy lost
between three and four hundred killed and wounded, and Gen. Butler took
several hundred prisoners.
Thursday evening, the enemy's pickets near
Fortress Monroe were surprised and 300 prisoners were secured and taken
into the fort. The War Department has information to the same effect.
A special dispatch to the Tribune, Sunday
morning, says the Yankee has not arrived, and that there is no truth in
the reported capture of Sewall's point Battery.
[It is shameful for the Associated Press
to send out such dispatches without first learning that there was no
doubt of their truth. In this case there was no excuse for the outrage,
because the Yankee was reported as arrived at Washington, when in fact
it seems she had not arrived at all. The public will soon look upon all
telegraph news as unreliable, unless more care is had in sending news.--Editor,
From Fortress Monroe
Captain Coe, of the steamship John A.
Warner, arrived at Philadelphia on Sunday having left his boat at
Wilmington in order to ascertain the truth of the report about Sewall's
point. He left Monroe, Saturday morning, when no battle had occurred.
Friday evening he was in the fortress and understood that there would be
none until the arrival of reinforcements, when an attack upon Norfolk
was expected. He confirms the truth of the capture of Hampton with 300
rebels. The Yankee was at Monroe when he left and it is a trip of
15 hours to Washington, so he doubts her presence there. Several prizes
are taken daily by the blockade. The Minnesota, when he left, had
steam up, ready to sail with sealed orders. There are about 6000 troops
in Monroe. Gen. Butler returned after the capture of Hampton to the
Capt. Coe saw the action at Sewall's
Point, last Sunday (19th)l five of six guns dismounted, but probably no
one killed. The Star ceased firing from want of ammunition. He
passed Sewall's point on his was up. All was quiet there, but an attack
is expected on the arrival of more troops, and even a speedy attack on
Origin of the report about Sewall's Point.
This report arose from an unqualified statement in an extra of the
National Republican, in Washington, and there was no means at
the time of ascertaining its truth.
THE FINANCE OF THE CONFEDERACY
The general blockade of the Southern
ports, it is now confessed at Montgomery, will utterly blast any chance
of the Montgomery financiers to raise money, either from duties or
imports or exports; if nothing can get out or in, of course nothing will
pay anything to the Custom House. So the present plan is to lay a direct
tax of four per cent on the value of each slave. This tax will yield, if
it could be collected, about 36 millions of dollars. But if the cotton
planters cannot sell their cotton, it is difficult to see where they
will find thirty six millions of dollars to pay with. In view of the
vigorous blockade of the South, it becomes unimportant whether the
Morrill tariff, is precisely what it ought to be, or not. There is tobe
no competition between a Southern tariff, and a Northern tariff. What
commerce there may be, must pass Northern ports, and the tariff of the
United States, whether high or low, right or wrong on economical
grounds, will become by the force of our navy, the tariff that
all nations will have to submit to--our affairs begin to emerge from the
fog, and the world will bye and bye see, that the statesmen at
Washington were not such addle headed fools as some hasty wiseacres have
pronounced them. After the South has come to realize its helplessness,
and the shallowness of its financial plans, and its general inability to
cope with the North, we may expect to have a very hasty prayer from them
"to be let alone."
THE MAILS CUT OFF
Postmaster General Blair has issued an
order cutting off the postal service from all the Southern States except
Kentucky, Tennessee, Missouri, Maryland, and Western Virginia, after the
31st inst. Letters directed to the States deprived of Postal
arrangements will be sent to the dead letter office.
If a statement in the Montgomery Adviser
of the 16th instant is true, there has been terrible lying. It says that
the various accounts about hundreds of letters of marque having been
granted by the War Department of the Southern Confederacy, and that
thousands of applications are already on file, is a gross error.
Applications for that business are made to the Collectors of the
different ports and not to the department at Montgomery, where none
have been received. A number of applications have been made to the
Collectors of New Orleans, Mobile and other southern ports.
GUARD AGAINST VULGAR LANGUAGE
There is as much connection between the
words and the thoughts as there is between the thoughts and the actions.
The latter are not only the expression of the former, but they have a
power to react upon the soul, and leave the stain of their corruption
there. A young man who allows himself to use vulgar or profane word, has
not only shown that there is a foul spot upon his mind, but by the
utterance of that word he extends that spot and inflames it, till, by
indulgence, it will pollute and ruin the whole soul. Be careful of your
words as well as your thoughts. If you can control your tongue that no
improper words are pronounced by it, you will soon be able, also, to
control the mind, and save that from corruption. You extinguish the fire
by smothering it, or by preventing bad thoughts bursting out in
language. Never utter a word anywhere which you would be ashamed to
speak in the presence of the most refined female, or the most religious
man. Try this practice a little while, and you will soon have command of
Bureau of Construction, Equipment and
May 22d, 1861.
The Navy Department hereby invites
proposals for building the Steam Machinery of a number of Screw un
Boats. The machinery of each Gun Boat to consist of two Back Action,
Horizontal Engines with surface condensers, and of two vertical water
tube boilers. The cylinders to be 30 inches in diameter and the stroke
of piston 18 inches. The two boilers to contain 91 square feet of grate
surface and 2,700 square feet of heating surface. No proposals will be
considered except from proprietors of engine building establishments.
Such parties desiring to propose for the
above machinery will apply to the Bureau, which will furnish them with a
complete specification of the same, and cross sections of the vessel,
together with the provisions and conditions of the contract they will be
required to execute.
JOHN LENTHALL, Chief of the Bureau
WANTED--A good American Girl, to do
general housework in a small family. Apply immediately at No. 13 Kennedy
WANTED--A situation by a
respectable Girl, to do general housework; has no objections to either
city or country. Good references given. Please call at 21 Lafayette st.
WANTED--A situation by an
experienced young Woman, to cook and o general housework. Good
references given. Apply at 24 Cedar street, or at ROSE'S Intelligence
Office, 5 Allyn House.
NOTICE--Those three soldiers who
hired our YAWL BOAT called the "Topsy," some five or six days
hence, and have not yet returned her, will oblige us by informing us
where she can be found.
D. CROSBY & CO., 172 Commerce st.
MAY 28, 1861
THE SPRINGFIELD REPUBLICAN
The Movements in Virginia
It is determined to order twenty thousand
more volunteers to Washington.
A general order from Gen. Scott gives
credit to Gen. Mansfield both for originating and carrying out the
movement for the occupation of Arlington Heights and Alexandria, and
compliments the strategical ability displayed. It is stated that no
further advance will be made into Virginia until the fortifications now
going u are completed, and the army of invasion has had the benefit for
some time of the excellent schooling in real campaigning they are now
experiencing. All the encampments are connected by telegraph wires with
Gen. Scott's headquarters. General Sanford makes Arlington House, the
residence of Gen. Lee of the Virginia army, his headquarters. Gen. Lee's
family left a fortnight since, and Gen. Sanford on taking possession
sent word to Gen. Lee that he was obliged to use his house, but would
see that the premises received no damage. Twelve or fifteen servants
were in the house, with a month's provisions. Most of the furniture was
Gen. Scott ordered the return of the New
York Seventh regiment from Arlington Heights to Washington on Sunday.
They had labored with pick and spade in throwing up entrenchments till
their hands were well blistered, and had been for three nights without
tents in a grove on the edge of a swamp. They will get some idea of camp
life even if they return without seeing actual service. Six hundred of
them are ready to remain for the war, but they are not needed, and it is
understood the entire regiment will return home on Tuesday.
A plan of attack on Harper's Ferry is
matured at Washington, by approaching the Maryland Heights in the rear
by the country roads. Three of these roads come from the direction of
Hagerstown, two from Frederick City, and one from Emmitsburgh and
Gettysburgh, the latter the terminus of the railroad from Lancaster and
York, Pa. The country north and back of the Maryland heights is open,
accessible and scarcely defensible. A strong force marching along these
roads might attack the batteries in the rear, the only place where they
When the Massachusetts Fifth was ordered
to march, Friday morning, every man was in motion in five minutes, and
this was the first regiment to enter Virginia. The sick of this
regiment, when they heard of the order to march, arose from their
beds in the hospital and insisted on going along. While the regiment
was crossing the long bridge over the Potomac they were stopped by Gen.
McClelland and Fletcher Jones of Boston, who presented a splendid flag
to them on Virginia soil. The scene, in the bright moonlight, was a
magnificent one. The regiment returned to the city again on Sunday, but
were ordered back to Virginia at once.
have by the Etna the proclamation of the British government in
respect to American affairs. It forbids British subjects taking any part
in the contest, to accept commissions as privateers on either side, or
to enlist in the service of either party. It also forbids any attempt to
break any blockade established by either party. The British government
aims to take a strictly neutral position, and it would be so if the
contest were between two governments, instead of being, as it is,
between a government and rebellious citizens. The southern rebels, who
have expected that England would break the blockade for them, will be
disappointed, while the government will not be satisfied with the
implied recognition of the rebels as an actual power. But this
recognition is only implied, and the British government may yet take an
advance step and consider the rebel privateers in their proper character
of pirates, entitled to no more respect from civilized governments than
any other highwayman of the sea.
A city subscriber, who urges that the
Morning Republican be distributed all over the city by 5 a.m. or soon
after, is kindly informed that the thing can't be done. If he will come
down, and spend the night with us, he will see why a great deal better
than we can tell him. Sometimes, it is impossible to go to press until
that hour; the telegraphic dispatches continuing to be received often
till 2, and 3 and 4 o'clock even. Every means possible to forward the
issue and delivery of The Republican are used; but some mornings our
readers must submit to its being late, as a necessity of having the
HOW TO TAKE CARE OF THE HAIR
Hall's Journal of Health--As to
men, we say, when the hair begins to fall out, the best plan is to have
it cut short, give it a good brushing with a moderately stiff brush,
while the hair is dry; then wash it well with warm soap suds; then rub
into the scalp, about the roots of the hair, a little bay rum, brandy or
camphor water. Do these things twice a month; the brushing of the scalp
may be profitably done twice a week. Damp the hair with water every time
the toilet is made. Nothing ever made is better for the hair than pure
soft water, if the scalp is kept clean in the way we have mentioned. The
use of oil or pomatums, or grease of any kind, is ruinous to the hair of
man or woman. We consider it a filthy practice, almost universal though
it be, for it gathers dust and dirt, and soils whatever it touches.
Nothing but pure soft water should ever be allowed on the heads of
children. It is a different practice that robs our women of their most
beautiful ornament long before their prime; the hair of our daughters
should be kept within two inches of the head until their twelfth year.
MAY 29, 1861
THE SPRINGFIELD REPUBLICAN
"CONTRABAND OF WAR"
That was an excellent practical joke of
our Ben Butler, when he sent word to Col. Mallory, a rebel Virginia
commander, the other day, that he could have his three fugitive negroes
who had been brought into Fortress Monroe, if he would take the oath to
obey the laws of the United States; otherwise the negroes would be held
as "contraband of war." The whole country laughed at the exquisite humor
of the transaction. But it was something better than a good joke. It was
quite as good law, and taken in connection with Gen. Butler's former
offer to help quell a slave insurrection in Maryland, it shows that he
is at home in the legal and military, as well as the political aspects
of the slavery question.
The decision in regard to Col. Mallory's
slaves was a just and proper one, and we see in the light of it some of
the effects the war is to have upon the peculiar institution. Col.
Mallory, in arms against the constitutional government, had the
impudence to claim his slaves under the fugitive slave act, as if he
were still entitled to the benefits of a government he had repudiated.
Let him make good his claim, said Butler, by swearing fidelity to the
constitution and laws of the United States--the government has made no
compact to restore the fugitive negroes of a foreigner or an enemy--let
him establish his citizenship. That is the right talk.
If the slaves are looked at as persons
then they may be held as deserters from the enemy, whom a commander
never gives up. If they are considered "chattels personal," as Virginia
law makes them, then they are manifestly contraband of war. Slaves built
the rebel batteries at Charleston; slaves built and are still building
those by which the rebels expect to demolish Fort Pickens; slaves are
throwing up earthworks to protect the rebel camps in Virginia. They are
doing the hard work of the war for the revolutionary forces, and are
manifestly essential "implements of war" to the chivalry, who consider
their delicate hands polluted by the touch of a spade or pick. While
conducting a campaign on Virginia soil there is no reason why the
government should not appropriate and use the ordinary
"entrenching tools" of the Virginians. If the rebels go a step further,
as they say they will, and put arms into the hands of the negroes and
set them up to shoot and be shot at, the government will be fully
justified in accepting the services of such men as choose to fight on
its side. And, if it will be any satisfaction to the rebels, the
suggestion is a just one that the negroes fighting for the government
will also be fighting on behalf of the fugitive slave law, since there
can be no such law and no further recovery of fugitive slaves if the
Jeff Davis rebellion succeeds. The policy will be of good moral effect
to appropriate and use the slaves of the rebels in the service of the
government, while protecting all loyal citizens of the disturbed
districts in the possession of their negroes, as of all other property.
Slaves in the rebel service are clearly "contraband of war." Let them be
treated so, and if the process inspires them with such notions of their
personal rights as to make it impossible to subject them again to
chattelism, it is the loss of their masters. They must take the risks of
the war they have commenced, one of which is the loss of their fugacious
MISSOURI SECESSIONISTS UGLY
The Missouri troops at Jefferson City,
organized under the requisition of Gov. Jackson, refused to disband,
according to the terms of agreement of General Harney and General Price.
It is alleged that great dissatisfaction is expressed by the
secessionists at the arrangements alluded to. Considerable excitement
prevails at Jefferson City in consequence of the discovery of an
attempt to poison the federal troops by putting arsenic in the flour
from which their bread is made. It appears that a Union man is baker to
the troops, and a secessionist, in order to effect his destruction, had
made an arrangement with a negress to poison the bread. She informed
against him, and spies were placed so as to overhear the conversation
between him and the woman, when he was arrested and placed in jail. A
proposition was made to hang him, but it was overruled.
MISCELLANEOUS WAR NEWS
The government is about ready to make
contracts for 35 gunboats, to be built immediately. Secretary Welles
will recommend . . . the building of from two to five large iron
steamers, which are much needed in the navy, or the purchase of them
from some foreign country. The marine corps will be largely increased
also, as they are deemed by Commodore Paulding and Gen. Scott to be
invaluable to the force.
THE SOUTH OPENING ITS EYES
A gentleman just arrived at Washington
direct from New Orleans says that the people of the South are now for
the first time convinced that the North is in earnest. A batch of New
York papers were sold in New Orleans about ten days ago, and the whole
city fairly rang with the effect produced by the news therein contained.
Up to that time it was generally believed that not only the North en
masse would not respond to the call of the president, but that a
party would be formed whose fundamental basis should be, "Hands off from
the South." Crowds of people gathered about the bulletins, where the
news vendors had posted the papers as signs, and so great became the
tumult that the police authorities were compelled to interfere and order
down the papers. The utter stagnation in business circles causes a deep
gloom to pervade whole streets, and were it not for a continuance of
public meetings, at which bras bands and fiery orations cheer their
spirits, there would, without doubt, be some great popular
demonstrations of dissatisfaction.
THE VIRGINIANS SURRENDER EASILY
The willingness of the Virginians to
surrender is rather remarkable. They rather like to be made prisoners of
war, and instead of resisting the call to surrender, lay down their arms
gladly and are on the best terms at once with their captors. An armed
Virginian rode inside of the Rhode Island pickets, outside of
Washington, Monday, and surrendered, stating that he was disgusted with
the secessionists with whom he had been forced to associate. He
was taken to Gen. Mansfield, who released him on his parole of honor.
The cavalry captured at Alexandria, remain at the Washington navy yard
on board a steamer. They don't talk like enemies. They declare they were
greatly mistaken in the feeling of the North. Had they understood it,
they would never have taken up arms against the government. Some wish to
join the United States service. Several, among them the captain, profess
themselves Union men at heart, but were forced into their unwilling
position. A company of Union soldiers will be immediately organized in
Alexandria, Va., composed entirely of citizens of that place.
THE JOB TO BE DONE
BEFORE THE FOURTH OF JULY
The Washington correspondent of the New
York Times gives the following information, "important if true,"
and a first rate specimen of the bragging by telegraph, which
constitutes so large a portion of the war news: "I am at last enabled to
send you a comprehensive announcement of the government policy
concerning offensive movements. It is the intention of the president to
crush out this rebellion, if possible, before the 4th of July, 1861. He
has determined and ordered that if it be practicable, simultaneous
attacks be made upon Norfolk, Richmond, Harper's ferry and Pensacola,
and that a flotilla be sent down the Mississippi river. There is to be
no trifling. Good citizens will be protected, but traitors will be hung
and their property will be confiscated. This is as it should be, and if
Gen. Scott can get ready there will be no delay."
EAST TENNESSEE THREATENING SECESSION
A letter from Jefferson county, Tenn.,
dated the 21st, and published in the National Intelligencer,
makes some interesting statements of the state of things there: "That
Tennessee will secede I think quite probable, but not by the vote of
East Tennessee, which section of the state I think will give an
overwhelming majority against it. And let me tell you that, in the event
of the state seceding, we seriously contemplate the immediate
secession of East Tennessee from the remainder of the state, and to
occupy a neutral position during the war between the government and the
South. The leading men of East Tennessee favor such a plan, and this, in
my opinion, will be adopted as a dernier resort. I am happy to inform
you that no two men in the state have exhibited more of that courage
which constitutes the true man than have Andrew Johnson and Thomas A. R.
Nelson. Neither the prospect of being left in a hopeless minority nor
threats of personal violence have in the least tended to intimidate them
or awe them into silence. On the contrary, they have jointly met the
people of East Tennessee, and spoken to them in defiance of infuriated
mobs. Gov. Johnson has promised to speak in this place, There is, in all
the little towns upon the immediate line of the railroads, an intense
excitement upon the subject of 'southern rights,' but in the country
reason is not yet quite dethroned, and I believe that there is
patriotism enough in the land to save the country from the ruin and
destruction pending over it. Whether I am mistaken or not time will
MAY 30, 1861
THE NEW HAMPSHIRE SENTINEL
IMPORTANT MILITARY MOVEMENTS
Five transports with 2500 troops from Fortress
Monroe, conveyed by the Harriet Lane, went up the Hampton Roads
towards the James River, took possession of New Point and there entrenched
themselves. This position is highly important, as it commands the mouth of
the James River, about 6 miles from Hampton. The last transport was fired at
by rifled cannon at Sewall's point, but the range was too great for the
shots to be effective.
At Aquia Creek
The steamer Powhatan returned to
Washington, Tuesday, after landing a new York regiment at Aquia Creek
without opposition. Three steamers filled with troops sailed from
Washington down the Potomac Tuesday morning. Their destination was kept
secret, but is supposed to be the Aquia Creek battery.
Movement Toward Harper's Ferry
Over 2000 Ohio troops from Camp Denison,
on Monday took possession of the Northwestern Virginia railroad, from
Parkersburg to Grafton, a distance of 80 miles, and proceeded in the
latter direction. A still larger number crossed the Ohio three miles
from Wheeling, for the same destination. These movements are clearly
indicative of the speedy investment of Harper's Ferry.
The above items are significant, and show
the workings of the military genius of Scott, who has never suffered a
defeat, and who has never taken a backward step. The federal troops are
drawing the lines around the nests of traitors at Harper's Ferry,
Norfolk, and Richmond. Another dispatch informs us that additional
troops are being sent daily across the Potomac at Washington, who are
extending their lines towards the Manassas railroad junction with the
Orange and Alexandria railroad at Strasburg. The occupation of the
Manassas junction would cut off the march of the rebels from Richmond
towards Harper's Ferry, and northward toward Washington.
The U.S. steamship Mississippi,
which has for some time been fitting out at the Charlestown navy yard,
started for Fortress Monroe, last Thursday, and had proceeded but a
little way down the harbor when she was obliged to stop and put back. It
was discovered that in repairing engines, about two inches of the
delivery pipe through which the water from the condensers was forced out
of the side of the ship, had been cut out and in its place a joint of
gum and canvas substituted, when it should have been a slip joint of
iron or other metal. The defective part gave way, pouring a flood of
water into the ship, when the engines were immediately stopped and the
anchor thrown out. The defect is supposed to have been caused by a
secession engineer, a native of Virginia, who formerly had charge of the
navy yard. Although she was enabled to return, she lost a six thousand
pound anchor by the parting of a cable. The steamer again sailed, last
Monday afternoon, destined probably for Fortress Monroe. She went off in
fine style, all her machinery having been carefully scrutinizes, and the
weak parts thoroughly repaired.
The U.S. steamer South Carolina
also sailed from Boston a few days ago, for Fort Pickens, where she will
land several ten-inch mortars, rifle cannon, pistols, and munitions of
war. The officers and men number 237, including one hundred seamen, who
go out to relieve those on board the fleet, whose term of enlistment has
The U.S. steamer Colorado, probably
sailed from Boston Wednesday (yesterday).
The Minnesota was expected to leave
Fortress Monroe last Monday for blockade service off Charleston, to be
immediately followed by several other vessels. Other accounts state that
the Minnesota was bound for the Gulf Squadron.
LOYAL AMERICANS IN EUROPE are not idle
spectators of the struggle going on at home. The N. Y. Tribune says:
"Loyal Americans resident in England are
making important donations to our Government at the present time. A number
of gentlemen in London have notified the Secretary of War that they are
about to ship three batteries of Armstrong rifled cannon, six, twelve, and
twenty-four pounders, with all equipments complete, of which they beg the
acceptance of Government. This princely gift could not have cost the donors
less than $200,000. Other Americans living in Manchester, have forwarded a
battery of Whitworth guns--twelve pounders--each of which bears the
following inscription: 'From loyal Americans in Europe to the United States
"The Whitworth guns have arrived in New York."
Martial law has been proclaimed in Alexandria
by Col. Wilcox, in command there. The citizens will be protected in their
persons, property, and slaves, and all public property respected unless the
United States forces should be attacked, but citizens cannot leave or enter
the city without a written permit. All excesses by the soldiers will be
promptly punished, if reported. Captain Whiteley, of the Michigan Regiment,
is appointed provost marshal.
DESTRUCTIVE FIRE AT WHITE RIVER JUNCTION
A fire caught in a peg factory at White River
Junction, Vt., Friday noon, burning that building, Latham's large machine
shop, the Passumpsic Railroad shed, containing 500 cords of wood the
passenger depot, in which were the telegraph and post offices, the freight
depot and ice house. The fire then crossed White river and burned a wool
store-house on the North side. The Passumpsic bridge was on fire several
times, but was extinguished. The wind blew very hard from the South. The
factories destroyed must have cost some $100,000 but have depreciated in
value to some $30,000. They will not probably be rebuilt. Some eighty hands
have been thrown out of employment. The railroad property is fully insured,
and the depot, freight houses, etc., will be rebuilt on a more commodious
and elegant plan. Cinders from the fire were picked up by the handful at a
distance of over five miles.
A New Hampshire Man Flees from Texas
Dr. H. B. Ayer, a native of Manchester, N. H.,
reports to the Rochester Democrat that he has just escaped from
Houston, Texas, where he was saved from the fury of the mob by a brother of
Col. Anderson. His offence was that he avowed himself a Union man. Dr. Ayer
says that he saw a man named Joseph Bradley, a shoemaker, from Winchester,
Mass., hung at Houston, and several other men were tarred and feathered, and
ridden out of town upon rails.
ZOUAVES PLANTING CORN
The correspondent of the Providence Journal
has an account of the doings of a squad of the Zouaves the other day:
"They are very fond of running into danger.
Sometimes a squad of six or eight cross the bridge and travel miles into the
enemy's country. The latest story about them is this: A few of them the
other day took a ramble into Virginia. During their walk they saw a farmer
planting his corn, and on entering into conversation with him, found that he
was afraid that he couldn't get it in soon enough, as he had to do all the
planting himself. The 'Lambs' immediately took off their jackets, went to
work, and soon planted the whole field, and then returned to the encampment
a little proud of their farming abilities."
MAY 31, 1861
THE LOWELL DAILY CITIZEN & NEWS
THE OTHER SIDE
The central organs of rebellion in
Virginia are far from exhibiting a subdued temper in view of what ahs
been done in the ancient town of Alexandria and along the Virginia
border. We expected the Enquirer and Examiner would roar.
And they have roared . . . the Examiner opens thus:
"This is the first response of the Lincoln
despotism to the shouts for freedom and independence which went up on
Thursday from every portion of Virginia.
"Do these besotted fanatics flatter
themselves that Alexandria is to be kept in chains like those which bind
poor Baltimore to the car of federal despotism? The 'bloody and brutal'
purposes of the abolitionists, to subjugate and exterminate the southern
people, stand confessed by this flagrant outrage upon Virginia soil.
"Virginians, arise in your strength, and
welcome the invader with 'bloody hands to hospitable graves.' The sacred
soil of Virginia, in which repose the ashes of so many of the
illustrious patriots, who gave independence to their country, has been
desecrated by the hostile tread of an armed enemy, who proclaims his
malignant hatred of Virginia because she will not bow her proud neck to
the humiliating yoke of Yankee rule. Meet the invader at the threshold
Welcome him with bayonet and bullet. Swear eternal hatred of a
treacherous foe, whose only hope of safety is in your defeat and
There is more of the same sort. Says the
"Virginia is invaded. That horde of
thieves and assassins in the pay of Abraham Lincoln, commonly known as
the army of the United States, have rushed into the peaceful streets of
a chief city of the state, and stained the hearth of Virginia homes with
the blood of her sons.
"One trait of true heroism has signalized
this unhappy affair. A citizen of Alexandria, named Jackson, lacked the
prudence to haul down the flag of his country, which streamed over his
dwelling. That band of execrable cut-throats and jail-birds, known as
the 'Zouaves' of New York, under the chief [of] all scoundrels, called
Col. Ellsworth, surrounded the house of this Virginian, and broke open
the door to tear down the flag of the south. The courageous owner of
that house neither fled nor submitted. He met the favorite hero of every
Yankee there in his hall, he alone, against thousands, and shot him
through the heart! As a matter of course, the magnanimous soldiery
surrounded him, and hacked him to pieces with sword and bayonets on the
spot, in his own violated home.
"Virginia will be the Moscow of the
abolitionists--our armies are gathering to the prey, and so surely as
the patriotic freemen of the southern army come in conflict with the
mercenary hordes of the north, so surely will they give the world
another example of the invincibility of a free people fighting on their
own soil for all that is dear to man."
We learn that two of our Lowell bakers
have this week received orders for considerable quantities of bread for
our soldiers at Fort Monroe. Messrs. D. & G. J. Bradt will send forward
their first lot to-day. The amount of flour used in its preparation was
two hundred barrels. Messrs. Scripture & Presho will also make a similar
amount, to be forwarded next week. The bread is made up in two pound
loaves; it is to be packed in barrels and shipped to its destination.
One thousand barrels of bread have been ordered, and contracted for by
Capt. Proctor, acting as commissary for Gen. Butler, who is also sending
large quantities of hay and grain for the horses in the army. Our troops
may be assured of two things--that the bread will be sweet and good, and
there will be no danger of arsenic. They will also be likely to get--Scripture
Dr. S. G. Howe, of Boston, who has just
returned from the seat of war, has made an interesting report to the
Governor of the sanitary condition of the Massachusetts troops,
particularly as regards the Fifth, Sixth and Eight regiments. Besides
being a thorough-bred physician, the Doctor has been in some sort, a
campaigner, having seen service of the hardest kind in the Greek
revolution. His observations will be of great service to all concerned,
and should be embodied in a pamphlet for general distribution in camp.
Dr. Howe found only one per cent. on the sick list, and only one or two
cases of dangerous illness. The surgeons and attendants were numerous
for any probable contingency, and on the whole, he states that the
friends and relatives of our troops may feel assured that in case of
sickness and wounds the men will have more care and attendance, and
better chance of cure, than usually falls to the lot of soldiers.
EXPRESS BAG FOR 6TH REGIMENT
The express bag for the Lowell soldiers of
the 6th Regiment, will be sent by the Soldiers' Aid Association, on
MONDAY next, June 3d, at noon, from the Office of the Lowell Gas Light
Co., corner of Shattuck and Middle streets. Letters in U.S. stamped
envelopes, and packages not exceeding one pound in weight will be
received and forwarded.
By order of the Executive Committee
Wm. G. Wise
Chairman, Committee on Forwarding
An Anti-Slavery Parable
Old Gog was a huge giant who lived before
the flood. After the flood got into the full tide of successful
experiment, and every man was drowned except those taken into the ark,
Gog came striding along after Noah with a cane as long as a mast of the
biggest ship burned at Norfolk. The water had only come up to his
girdle. It was then over the hill-tops, and was still rising. The giant
haled the ark. Noah put his head out of the window and said, "Who's
there?" "It is I," said Gog; "take us in, it's moist out here." "No,"
said Noah; "you're a bad character; you would be a very dangerous
passenger, and would make trouble in the ark; I shall not take you in.
You may go on top if you like." And Noah clapped to the window. "Go to
thunder," said Gog; "I will ride after all." And he strode after him,
wading through the waters, and mounting on the top of the ark, with one
leg over the larboard and the other over the starboard side, steered it
just as he pleased, and made it rough weather inside. Now in making the
constitution, we did not take in slavery in express terms; it looked
ugly. We allowed it to get on the top astride, and ever since it has
been steering us just where it pleased. And rough enough weather has the
slavery Gog given us inside.
One thousand Enfield rifles, manufactured
in England for the commonwealth of Massachusetts, but its agent abroad,
have been received at the adjutant general's department. The rifles are
of superior pattern, and cost about $20 each.
The yearly meeting of the Hicksite friends
was held in New York, Sunday, at which Rachel Rogers, one of the
speakers, alluding to the present war, said that "the Friends should now
adhere to their non-resistant principles; though the time might come
when they would feel that they might waive the matter, as Peter did when
he smote off the ear of the high priest's steward."
A motto for a privateer's flag:
"Watch and Prey."
JUNE 1, 1861
THE BOSTON DAILY ADVERTISER
THE EFFECTS OF THE BLOCKADE
The Virginians have not yet learned the
art of keeping secret everything that tells to their disadvantage, and
so the people of Norfolk freely confess that they are already suffering
both the direct and indirect effects of the blockade. Although some work
may be carried on at the navy Yard, the amount must necessarily be very
limited until the yard returns to the custody of the United States, and
a large number of families are therefore thrown out of employment and
support. The heavy exports of cotton and tobacco are of course cut off.
Another very important source of revenue tote people of Norfolk and its
neighborhood, has been the sale of early vegetables, "or garden truck,"
as it is called there, strawberries, peaches, and other fruits, to
supply Northern cities. The crop of last year yielded, for the shipments
of May and June, $400,000, and it was anticipated that this year's crop
would bring 50 per cent. more. The fact is, that the gardeners are
giving away their vegetables to whoever will pick them, and a large
portion of the population find themselves vegetarians from compulsion.
Many of the pea-fields have been ploughed in before the crop was
gathered, to allow corn to be planted. Water has also been scarce in the
city, and the people, driven to drink from the river, have suffered much
sickness from the change.
Time and General Scott will soon bring
these short-sighted people to their senses.
GEN. BUTLER'S COURSE APPROVED
The War Department sent the following
letter of instructions to Gen. Butler:
Sir, Your action in respect to the negroes
who came within your lines from the service of the rebels, is approved.
The department is sensible of embarrassments which must surround
officers conducting military operations in a State by the laws of which
slavery is sanctioned. The government cannot recognize the rejection by
any State of its Federal obligations; nor can it refuse the performance
of the Federal obligations resting upon itself. Among these Federal
obligations, however, no one can be more important than that of
suppressing and dispersing armed combinations formed for the purpose of
overthrowing its whole constitutional authority; while, therefore, you
will permit no interference by the persons under your command with the
relations of persons held to service under the laws of any State, you
will, on the other hand, so long as any State within which your military
operations are conducted, is under the control of such organizations,
refrain from surrendering to alleged masters any persons who may come
within your lines. You will employ such persons in the services to
which they may be best adapted, keeping an account of the labor by them
performed, of the value of it, and of the expenses of their maintenance.
The question of their final disposition will be reserved for future
S. CAMERON, Secretary of War
A late number of the Santa Fé Gazette
defines the position of New Mexico as follows:
"What is the position of New Mexico? The
answer is a short one. She desires to be let alone. No interference from
one side or the other of the sections that are now waging war. She
neither wants abolitionists or secessionists from abroad to mix with her
affairs at present; nor will she tolerate either. In her own good time
she will say her say, and choose for herself the position she wishes
occupy in the new disposition of the now disrupted power of the United
As New Mexico is still a territory, it is
probable that we shall continue to take care of her, as we have done.
If, however, in obedience to "her wish," we should "let her alone" until
the rebellion is suppressed, very possibly she will by that time be
beyond the power of "saying her say" or "choosing for herself." New
Mexico protected by United States troops, and New Mexico "going alone,"
are two very different things, in the eyes of the Indians.
The citadel of Quebec is to be placed in
an efficient condition for defense. During last week 7000 barrels
of gunpowder were landed at the ordnance wharf, a number of furnaces for
heating shot, and furnaces for supplying shells with molten iron. New
works are also in process of construction. It seems as if the Canadians
fear that after Jeff Davis has dined at the White House and raised the
rebel flag over Faneuil Hall, he will take an evening stroll on the
Gibraltar of America. He undoubtedly will, in that contingency.
THE STOPPAGE OF SOUTHERN MAILS
The New Orleans Picayune of the
25th ultimo says:
"One week hence there will not be any
available mode of letter or newspaper, express or telegraphic
communication between the Confederate and the United States. Our
Postmaster-General has announced his determination to assume the
discharge of the duties of his office on the 1st day of June. From that
date all existing United States mail contracts, so far as we are
concerned, will have been annulled.
"Meantime, the Washington administration
adopt the same policy, and to make non-intercourse thoroughly
impossible, prohibit express companies from carrying express matter,
inclusive of letters, across the Potomac river. . .
"Without mail or express communication
with the North, and the carrying of mail matter by individuals being
considered in the light of treasonable 'communication with the enemy,'
in a few days we shall have but scant opportunity of enriching our
columns with interesting intelligence from the other side of the border.
We might get an occasional budget by way of Havana, but we suppose it is
intended by the despotic clique at Washington that the blockade shall
prevent that. Won't it be queer to read, hereafter, the latest news from
'way down east,' via Paris and London?"