THE DAILY PICAYUNE
in New York: Its
New York correspondent of the Newark Daily
city is full to overflowing. Hotels are crowded and they refuse to
accept any more families or guests for the winter. Three dollars and a
half per day is the maximum price for transient people. Private boarding
houses have every apartment filled to the attics. Lodgings can hardly be
had for “love or money.” Many persons who close their country houses
in winter and sojourn in New York have been compelled to go to
Philadelphia. Others have returned to their comfortable rural homes, and
there stay, waiting the coming of spring time and the birds.
is it that, with such extravagant rates of board in New York and such
vast accommodations, people are rushing there in such unprecedented
numbers? The custom, or rather the fashion, of passing the winter in the
city by people of means from the rural districts, is on the increase.
Many gentlemen, with country residences on the Hudson, and only small
families, close their residences, and pass the winter in private
boarding houses or in the great hotels. This fashion is largely on the
is the same with business. Nearly every department of trade this autumn
has been unusually prosperous. A lady friend tried to get an order
executed at a large mantilla establishment on Broadway not many months
ago. It was positively declined, the proprietor saying his engagements
already made utterly prohibited new contracts. He said he was
overwhelmed with orders, especially from the Southwest. The heaviest, he
said, were from Memphis, Tenn.
hotel of mammoth, even colossal dimensions, opposite Central Park, is in
agitation. An aged friend, a venerable retired merchant, owns the entire
block opposite the corner end of the Park, between Sixth and Seventh
avenues. It is now covered with an enormous crop of rocks, but the
location is unsurpassed, and a hotel, occupying the entire block, is in
agitation! An offer of $750,000 has been made, but declined! My esteemed
and venerable friend says he has no use for the money, and so he refuses
the cash. As his bank account often shows a surplus of sixty or seventy
thousand in his favor, he has no immediate need of their funds. So he
of magnificent dimensions, of great cost, are in progress on Murray
Hill. One for Rev. Mr. Hastings, Presbyterian, on 42d street, opposite
the reservoir, will be a commodious and beautiful structure. Another for
the Episcopal parish of Rev. Mr. Montgomery has just been begun on
Madison avenue and 34th street. This will also be an expensive and noble
church edifice. On Park, or 4th avenue on the corner of the same street,
the Presbyterian Church, under Rev. Dr. Prentiss, are building a stone
house of worship of great magnitude and architectural beauty. Other
parishes have new edifices in progress in different parts of the “up
town” section of the city, while old and costly churches are
constantly being abandoned “down town.” The massive stone edifice
opposite the New York Hotel on Broadway, occupied by the Unitarians,
under Rev. Dr. Osgood, is offered for sale. They are also going up town.
Dr. Chapin, the famous Universalist preacher, whose splendid church is
just above the St. Nicholas Hotel, he and his flock, which fluctuates
with him present or absent, is also on the lookout for up town
was never so crowded as during the beautiful days of last week.
Equipages of every sort and type help “jam” this beautiful
thoroughfare, and they give great life and attractiveness to Central
May Be.—We shall see, some of these days, when the Chinese
find their way out here in Great Eastern emigrant ships, the most
beautiful and remarkable pagodas erected on the handsome and shady
avenues which will then cross Canal street and Bayou Road, far out in
other localities will be seen the temples of Brahma; and though the
funeral pile may not be permitted to consume a living victim, yet the
clay of those who die will be reduced to ashes. Nor are we so sure that
the car of Juggernaut may not roll through our streets, for the benefit
of those suicidally inclined.
may be in progress ere we sleep the sleep of death; for are not Chinese
rites now celebrated in San Francisco, and are not Hindoo laborers
numerous in Demarara and in the West Indies? The Chinese are now nearer
than that, for Cuba has many of them. We shall need the labor of these
children of the sun more than England, or France, or Spain.
they come, if we wish them to work willingly and happily, we must
respect their religion–not merely the principles of it, but their
rites; and we must leave them untrammeled in the exercise of them. If
the English or French should desire to have chapels here, we would not
object to it. Such things are allowed the English and Americans in Rome.
Why should we deny as much liberty of conscience and freedom of worship
to the disciples of Buddha or the votaries of Brahma?
that is not all. It may be the case that many other religious sects may
be introduced among us by immigration and inoculation. As it is true
that when civilization is supposed, among themselves at least, to have
received its highest pitch, that new religions and new codes of morals
as well as social and religious rites, are most frequently invented and
carried into practice, so some may desire to return to those of their
fathers and fetishism will then be honored among us. Sometimes we have
been prone to wonder that gallantry and quixotism did not lead some
distinguished gentleman to defend certain religious rites which have
been disturbed here by inquisitive policemen in times back. The charge
of immorality is easily made, but it is a nice question at times to show
which of the two, the prosecutor or prosecuted, is the most immoral.
all this as it may, we will venture the prediction, that while we
ourselves may not go back to Druidism, there is a fair prospect that
Buddhism, Hindooism and Fetishism may become fashionable creeds in this
region, and we see no reason why they at least should not be permitted
to enjoy entire freedom of worship. Congress, at the least, is enjoined
against “prohibiting the free exercise thereof.”
MACON DAILY TELEGRAPH (GA)
Gen. Lee on the War.
gentleman who has just arrived in Columbia, from Richmond, brings the
cheering intelligence that Gen. Lee, in conversation with a bevy of
friends, recently made the remark that, with 20,000 additional men in
his army, and 40,000 additional troops in the army of Gen. Johnston, we
could whip all the Yankee tribes that may be brought against us. He
further observed that if the contest was prolonged until September next
and we should meet with no grave disasters, (which Gen. Lee does not
anticipate,) the greatest crisis of the war would be successfully
these opinions of the great captain of the age be faithfully reported,
they are worthy to be written in gold. We hold them up before the eyes
of every man, woman and child in the Confederacy, and point to them as a
day star. Sixty thousand men more, and our struggle is over! The very
thought makes the heart leap for joy. And now, men, to the work of
strengthening the army. Gather up the absentees, officers as well as
privates; cultivate your fields and prepare for heavy crops; bring down
the price of the extortioners; cease for once the giddy race for wealth;
stand by the Government in its effort to reduce the currency; let us
once more have spontaneity of action–strong, determined, fervent
action–and the next spring will, in all probability, see the beginning
of our glorious end.
the busy note of preparation is sounding. Ring it across the land! Rally
in heart and rally in person. Our armies, though small, are in splendid
health and spirits, full of life and hope. The enemy are massing all
their gigantic powers for a final throw of the dice. Millions are
pouring out in bounties, and hirelings, such as they are, will confront
with their superior numbers our brave boys on the field. But Providence
has been with us in the past, and Heaven will not desert our cause if we
but deserve its blessings, while we struggle for the right. The North
chafes under its already immense burden; the approaching national
election there is destined both to weaken and revolutionize, and chaos
promises to come again. Let us hope, then, for success. United we can
never be overwhelmed. Let our people prove true to themselves and their
post, man the ramparts for a final struggle, and we shall make good the
prediction of Gen. Lee–that before the dawn of another year, the flag
of victory will wave over a free and independent Confederacy.–Columbia
Situation in Europe.—The London Index
pictures the “situation” in Europe at the present moment:
this time every member of the European family stands armed to the teeth,
and each for the last few years has spent a greater proportion of its
resources than at any previous epoch in preparing itself for deadly
armed strife against the others. To meet in family council at such a
time could at worst precipitate by a very brief period what must
inevitably come otherwise; it is far more likely that it would avert the
of the Steamer Vesta.—We have the particulars of another
disaster off the Carolina coast–the wreck of the Vesta,
one of the finest steamers in the blockade running line. The incidents
are obtained from a Confederate officer, who was a passenger from
was the first trip of the Vesta from England. She was a double screw
steamer, perfect in all appointments, and commanded by Capt. R. H.
Eustace, an Englishman.
Vesta left Bermuda on the 3d
inst. For seven days she was chased by a number of Yankee cruisers, but
succeeded in eluding them, and on the 10th inst., made the coast in the
vicinity of Wilmington. Being compelled to lay to, she was descried by a
Yankee cruiser, which gave chase, and in half an hour seven more Yankee
vessels were pouncing down upon the suddenly discovered prey. The Vesta,
although apparently surrounded, ran the gauntlet in splendid style,
through one of the most stirring scenes that the war has yet witnessed
on the water. Some of the cruisers attempted to cross her bows and cut
her off, [but] she was too rapid for this manœuvres, and at about half
a mile distance some of the cruisers opened their broadsides upon her,
while five others in chase were constantly using their bow guns,
exploding shells right over the deck of the devoted vessel. Fortunately,
no one was hurt, and the vessel ran the gauntlet, raising her flag in
defiance, suffering only from a single shot, which, which, though it
passed amidships above the waterline, happily escaped the machinery.
the trouble seems to have commenced with what the passengers anticipated
to be the triumphant escape from their captors; for the Captain and the
first officer, Tickler, are reported to have become outrageously drunk
after the affair was over and the night had fallen. It was said that the
Captain was asleep on the quarterdeck, stupefied with drink, when he
should have put the ship on land; and at two o’clock in the morning he
directed the pilot to take the ship ashore, telling him that the ship
was ten miles above Fort Fisher, when the fact was that she was about
forty miles to the southward of Frying Pan Shoals.
minutes afterwards the Vesta
made land, the pilot having run her so hard ashore that it was
impossible to get her off. She was run aground at Little River Inlet;
the passengers landed in boats, minus their baggage; and although there
were no cruisers in sight, and not the least occasion for precipitation,
the vessel, with all her valuable cargo, was fired before daylight by
order of Captain Eustace, and burned to the water’s edge. The cruisers
did not get up to the wreck until two o’clock on the afternoon of the
next day, and then they were attracted to it by the smoke from the
cargo of the Vesta was one of the most valuable description; three-fourths of it
on Government account, consisting of army supplies, and including a very
expensive lot of English shoes. There was also lost by the wreck a
splendid uniform, intended as a present to General Lee from some of his
admirers in London. Nothing of any account was saved.
FEBRUARY 2, 1864
DAILY EVENING TRAVELLER (MA)
Our Relations with France.
Rumor that a War with that
Power is not Improbable.
York, Feb. 2.–The Herald’s
Washington dispatch pronounces the report of the rebel authorities being
desirous to propose terms of peace a canard.
caucus of the Republican members of Congress will be held Wednesday
night to agree upon a policy with regard to future legislation.
gunboat Eutaw leaves this week
for the fleet off Wilmington.
Semmes, of Stuart’s cavalry, cousin of the pirate Semmes, was captured
yesterday in Maryland, near Fort Washington.
World’s Washington dispatch
says it is rumored in high official circles that we are upon the eve of
a war with France.
Seward is said to have pursued such a course towards the French
government concerning the Florida, Rappahannock and
the other rams known to be building in France for the rebels, as to
elicit a response from the French Foreign Minister, in accordance with
which the United States must either abandon its pretensions or go to war
to maintain them.
Ewarts was, it is said, instructed to demand of France the surrender of
the belligerent rights accorded to the rebels, and it is certain that
there is some serious difficulty with the French cabinet, which alarms
all but Mr. Seward. He, in view of the almost certainty of a war in
Europe, takes the highest possible ground toward France.
may be taken for what it is worth.
Appeal of General Lee to the Rebel Army.
Why They Have Short Rations.
York, Feb. 2.–The Richmond papers contain the following order
of Gen. Lee’s to his army:
Army of Northern Virginia,
Jan. 22, 1864.
General Orders, No. 7.
commanding general considers it due to the army to state that the
temporary reduction of rations has been caused by circumstances beyond
the control of those charged with its support.
welfare and comfort are the objects of his constant and earnest
solicitude, and no effort has been spared to provide for its wants. It
is hoped that the exertions now being made will render the necessity but
of short duration. But the history of the army has shown that the
country can require no sacrifice too great for its patriotic devotion.
you tread with no unequal steps the road by which your fathers marched
through, suffering privation and blood, to independence. Continue to
emulate in the future as you have in the past their valor in arms, their
patient endurance of hardships, their high resolve to be free, which no
trial could shake, no bribe seduce, no danger appall, and be assured
that the just God, who crowned their efforts with success, will in His
own good time send down His blessings upon you.
E. Lee, General.
Examiner has the following
time has passed for offensive military operations on the part of the
Southern army. Beyond recovering lost portions of territory, the true
policy is now to risk nothing. Our means of subsistence have been too
far exhausted to admit any other than defensive tactics. It has become
with us a simple question of endurance with the South.
duration of the war is simply a question of a continued supply of food
for the people and the army. The South can hold out indefinitely if at
the eleventh hour she does not go mad. The Richmond Congress can bring
her to subjugation in six months more by conscripting her present
producing classes, and thrusting them into an unclad and untried army.
The first duty of the government is to provide these supplies, and they
cannot be provided except by weakening the army.
alternative must be adopted of resisting with small armies, using the
tactics of Fabius, and the strategy of defence.
SCARE AT HARRISBURG.
Great Rebel Raid Reported.
Probability of a Visit to
York, Feb. 2.–The Tribune’s
dispatch dated Harrisburg, Feb. 1st, says a report prevails here tonight
that Imboden crossed the Potomac near Sir John’s Run, 3 miles below
Hancock. He will aim at Chambersburg and the Cumberland Valley ad will
reach Harrisburg if possible.
is daring and persevering. He has no artillery or infantry with him,
except two sections of a six pound battery. There is no adequate force
to pursue or interrupt. The 20th and 21st Pa. cavalry have just been
discharged from the service. General Sullivan’s force is inadequate to
pursue him successfully.
Letter from Ireland.
following is an extract from a letter written by a young Boston artist,
now visiting Europe, (having gone out in the Canada on her last trip,)
to his mother in this city; it is dated at Dublin:
will be surprised when you see where this letter is dated, but you will
be more surprised when you learn that I have visited all the largest
cities in Ireland at a cost of only $15. Upon my arrival at Queenstown I
heard that there was to be a large fair at Dublin, and that excursion
tickets had been issued, so my friend and I determined to go to London
bought an excursion ticket, and it will cost us only $10 or $15 more
than to have gone the other way, and we can travel two or three hundred
miles in Ireland. We have already visited Queenstown, Youngall, Cork,
and Limerick, and are now at Dublin.
we landed at Queenstown we were completely beset with beggars; some
pulled our coats and some grabbed us by the shoulders, while about 20 or
30 women with babies crowded around us, poking the children at us, and
at the same time asking for coppers. I should think there were 150 of
I put my hand in my pocket and threw them some Yankee coppers, and you
never saw such a squalling and tumbling in your life; it was as good as
going to a theater. They struggled and squealed for about five minutes,
when the discovery was made that we were Americans, and then they
swarmed around us more than before, crying out “God bless the
Yankees,” “We love the Yankees,” &c., &c.
stood it as long as we could, but at last got mad, and I pitched into
the crowd, right and left–my friend with his carpet bag, and I with my
shawl done up as a bundle. We soon cleared a way to the hotel, but the
crowd stood outside two or three hours waiting for us to come out;
finally, the police drove them off. I don’t suppose you ever thought
that a son of yours would be welcomed with a procession on his first
night in a foreign land! What a big show they will have for us in London
have seen a great many interesting things in Ireland, including castles
and ancient buildings, and to-day have been tramping about in Dublin. It
is a large city, nearly twice as large as Boston, and has a population
of nearly 400,000. Assure the girls that I have seen “swate ould
Ireland” and Tipperary, too, and have seen and talked with all
classes. The Irish aristocracy are unkind to the tenants, and always
were, and the laboring classes need some one to look after them, not
being capable of caring for themselves. There are many splendid looking
men among them, but the “confoundedest” homeliest women I ever saw,
both in the upper and lower classes.
have been at a first class ball in Dublin, and have walked through the
streets of all the large cities and towns, and have seen only two
passably pretty women, though I have seen large numbers of splendid
looking men, and some god fellows, too, I assure you. From the earliest
ages the lower classes of Irish have always been noted for their joyous
and carousing times, and the nobility for getting up rows and fights. It
is because of these characteristics that the nation is what it is
seem to be great men in the country, but they are Irish in name just as
any horse is a horse; but our best horses are carefully bred, and are
called Morgans and Black Hawks, and there is the same difference between
the Irish nobility and the lower classes. If ever any people had reason
to love America, it is the latter, because they will be made men of
the objects of interest which I have seen in Dublin are the old House of
Parliament, the old House of Lords, just as it was left years ago, the
tables and chairs and books in the Lords’ Chamber and in the Lords’
rooms, and the castles where the Irish Kings resided.
FEBRUARY 3, 1864
NEW HAMPSHIRE PATRIOT & GAZETTE
Executive Mansion, Washington, Feb. 1, 1864.
that a draft of 500,000 more men to serve for three years, or during the
war, be made on the 10th day of March next, for the military service of
the United States, crediting and deducting therefrom so many as may have
been enlisted or drafted into the service prior to the 1st day of March
and not heretofore credited.
order will be read by the people of this State with surprise. The
Republican papers have been constantly assuring them that the war was
near its close by the decisive triumph of our arms. They have said, on
the one hand, that the rebellion was on its last legs, its treasury
bankrupt, and its armies thinned by desertions, and demoralized by loss
of all hope; and, on the other hand, that our armies were being rapidly
filled up and increased by re-enlistments of veterans, and by accessions
of new volunteers, all flushed with confidence of victory. But this
order now suddenly exposes the falsity of these representations. It
shows that a far more severe and desperate struggle than has yet tried
our powers, is before us; and that victory still hangs in doubtful
order will be read with painful surprise on another account. The people
of this State have exerted themselves to the utmost to meet the repeated
requirements for more men, which have already been made upon them. New
Hampshire has been behind very few, if any, States in prompt compliance
with those requirements. At the commencement of the war, she gave freely
of her own sons; and since, when she could not spare more, she has
poured out money like water to procure others in their stead. Nearly
every town in the State has exhausted all its means and credit for that
purpose. And they have been encouraged to do so by the assurances, from
Republican sources, that the war was nearly over and the homes of their
citizens would be saved from the afflictions of an unsparing and
merciless conscription. But scarcely have they done so, when now comes
this order to make a greater call than before!
were there more gross and wicked deceptions than are practiced upon the
people by the Republican leaders in this matter. Why not let the whole
truth be known? Why make repeated calls for men, and encourage
compliance with each, in the hope that it will be the last, when they
know that others, and greater, must follow? It is simply because they
know that the people would not endure the continuance of Republican rule
and policy, if they foresaw all the consequences. And millions after
millions of money are borrowed, to weigh us, and generations after us,
down with a most oppressive taxation, so that we may not now feel the
consequences which, if felt, would lead us to demand a change.
new call for more men, so soon, does not surprise us. It is the
inevitable consequence of the Republican policy, and must be repeated,
again and again, so long as that policy is continued. Republicanism says
to seceding States that so long as the Republican party is in power, no
propositions for peace will be listened to, and no terms will be allowed
to end the war except unconditional submission. Hence our enemies find
new energy and resources in desperation, and fight as for life itself.
our last State election, the people were deceived by the Republican
assurances that there would not be any draft. But the repeated calls
since, and this order, will prevent any such deception in this election.
And let every voter remember that a vote for the Republican candidates
is a vote for a policy to continue this war, without any compromise, to
the bitter end, for the Abolition of Slavery–and for such a war, not
this order only, but many more such, must be obeyed.
End of the War.
Seward predicts that the war will be over in less than three months, and
all the radical papers tell us that the rebellion is about
suppressed–that the Southern Confederacy is tumbling to pieces. They
daily represent, as they have done for two years past, that the people are starving,
sick of war, disgusted with their rulers and ripe for revolt against
them; that the army is suffering for all the necessaries of life,
deficient in arms and munitions of war, and so “demoralized” and
disaffected that it requires about one-half of the men to guard the rest
and keep them from deserting; and that the spring campaign is sure to
result in “cleaning out” the rebels and putting an end to the war.
This has been the tenor of Republican representations for two years, and
never have they talked more confidently in this strain than they do now.
We wish it was true; we wish we could see the least ground for hope of
peace at an early day. But we cannot, and the reason we cannot is
because our rulers will not make peace upon any terms upon which it can
be made. If the present dynasty is continued in power, the war will go
on. The only chance for
peace–the only means by which the people can relieve themselves from
further sufferings and burthens consequent upon war, is by a change of
rulers. To vote for the Republican party is to vote for perpetual
war–for their policy can result in nothing else.
Troy Whig, a radical
Republican paper, is more honest than its contemporaries in this State,
for it tells the truth, while they suppress it. In a recent issue that
are not lacking in faith that this rebellion is to perish, thoroughly,
certainly; but we see no evidence, as yet, that it is to go by the board
soon. In the Southwest daylight has been knocked through it, but only
there. After all our efforts ad expenditures, the blockade is far from
being perfect, rebel vessels notoriously entering with supplies from
Europe, and going out again with cotton.1
The army of the Potomac is yet to win a great, decisive victory on rebel
soil, and Lee’s forces are a great deal nearer Washington than ours
are to Richmond. Though it has been frequently announced that ‘the
backbone of the rebellion is broken,’ the public ‘don’t see it.’
at facts as they are–and it is only folly to blind ourselves to
them–it is easy to foresee that the present call for men is
not the least urgent one, by three or four, which may be made. The
number of able bodied Northern men between the ages of 18 and 45, who
can certainly promise themselves that they will not be actively engaged
in the war before it is over, is not large. And the causes of exemption,
reduced to a very few now, are likely to grow less. If we are wise, we
shall endeavor to comprehend and act upon these facts, and put
ourselves, in mind as well as substance, on a ‘war footing.’ ”
HARTFORD DAILY COURANT (CT)
southern papers show that the question of supplies for the rebel army
and people, is becoming a very grave one. While it is unsafe for the
North to rely on the hope of starving out the rebellion, the extremities
of our enemies should encourage us to redoubled exertions, from the
well-grounded assurance that a proper use of our power will suffice to
the speedy re-establishment of federal supremacy throughout all the
states of the Union. The finances of the enemy are in such deplorable
condition that they are compelled to rely entirely on paper money, of
which the material and the expense of printing cost more than the lower
denominations bring in the market. The Richmond Whig
of Jan. 28th thus satirizes the attempts to keep the bubble afloat:
the interesting proceedings of the Senate of Lilliput in secret session, we find the following:
That the Committee of Finance be instructed to report the profit of the
operation of issuing ---’s countenances, costing for printing 7 cents per
capita; selling at 5 cents, and redeemable at 100 cents.”
Richmond Examiner of the same
date has an editorial urging that the time for offensive
operations on the part of the southern armies is past. It trusts the
hopes of the confederacy to a rigid adherence to the Fabian policy. It
admits that the means of subsistence at the South have become too
exhausted to justify any other than defensive tactics. The following
from the article in question, is one of the most lamentable confessions
of weakness we have yet seen:
our strength will consist in our very poverty. Our country is too
sparsely inhabited, too scarcely supplied with food and forage, to be
successfully invaded for an indefinite period. The war will last as long
as the North can maintain a muster-roll strength of three-quarters of a
million, and support an army of four hundred thousand men at a distance
of several hundred miles from its basis of subsistence. It has become
with us now a simple question of endurance. We can husband our
resources; we can maintain our armies at a standard of strength
apportioned to the productive capacities of the country; when
outnumbered, we can weary the enemy and waste his strength by artful
maneuvers, attacking him in detail and destroying him by piecemeals; but
if we undertake more, we risk all.”
the wail of the Richmond editor with the promises held out, after the
election of Mr. Lincoln, to tempt the slave states to secede. Instead of
the wealth and prosperity which were to flow in upon them from all
quarters, they are compelled to rely on poverty and the desolation of
their country as the chief means of defense. Our armies have already
recovered the principal grain and meat-growing regions from the
confederacy. There is not fertile enough soil left, when cultivated by
the disordered industry of the South, to subsist, except on the coarsest
and scantiest rations, the white and black populations that now throng
the the Gulf States. In the spring our mounted troops will penetrate
these regions, and by autumn our armies will be ready to harvest the
returns show that the quantity of coal mined in this country last year
was greater by more than 2,300,000 tons than it was year before last. As
the government steamers consumed only 400,000 tons, the theory of some
of the coal dealers and miners that the high prices were due to a short
supply, falls to the ground.
is an interesting fact that the sale of confiscated estates now being
mad at Beaufort, S. C., is carried on from the verandah of the Edmund
Rhett House, where more than ten years ago the rebellion was brooded
over by the very men whose estates now pass under the hammer. It is
singular, too, that the chairman of the tax commission, Dr. Wm. Henry
Brisbane, is the man who more than twenty years ago was driven from the
State because he would liberate his slaves.->
surprise has been manifested in military circles by the news that the most
successful fire at long range upon Charleston was maintained by Norman
Wiard’s twelve-pounder light battery steel guns. Since the failure of the
large rifled Parrott guns, Gilmore has been using these overlooked pieces of
Wiard, that drifted down to Hilton Head from the waste of the Burnside
expedition. Accident and insolence combined to show their extraordinary
value. A rebel cannoneer, making a beastly exposure of his person a mile and
a half off, was made a target of by a gunner familiar with these steel
cannon. The wretch went fifty feet in the air in pieces. Practice from day
to day revealed the truth that Wiard’s small steel guns, with the
Hotchkiss shell, have the longest range with the greatest accuracy and least
expenditure of ammunition of any gun now in use in our army.
Correspondence.—Lieut. W. K. Mayo, U. S. N., has placed in our
possession two letters taken from captured rebel mails near Mobile. One of
them is written from Havana to Thomas H. Jones, Mobile, and is from his wife
evidently. She says, among other things:
spend hours thinking of the rich blessings that once were mine, and I cannot
banish the thought, ‘Why am I deprived of all that made life so happy?’
woman; she doesn’t see that the rebellion has done it all. That she is an
ardent rebel appears by the following:
don’t feel one hundredth part of the hatred for the privates (Union
soldiers) that I do for their thieving officers. May every Southern heart
and hand be fortified with superhuman strength, until we are free, or all
annihilated! Conquered, never!”
signs herself “Adois,” and winds up as follows:
now, good-bye. No name is best; then there is no fear of reading them in
Yankee prints. Your name and address won’t harm us, as you are a rebel
without disguise–I, a loyal citizen!
But human nature will out in spite of the oath.”
other letter is written by “Ever your faithful and affectionate
Adeline,” from Algiers, La., to “My dear Thomas,” husband of the
writer. He has been in Bragg’s army, and hasn’t written to his family
since he left home, and his wife, in complaining of it, shows herself to be
altogether too good a woman for him. But we have room only to quote what she
says about other matters, which show that the rebellion has done toward
“developing” the resources of the South:
suffered very much last winter, and my prospects for the present are no
brighter. But for the assistance of a few kind neighbors, I should at times
have been in a state of starvation. I have been compelled to sew until
twelve and one o’clock at night for people, for whatever provision they
might give me–money being out of the question. Working for cold victuals
and old clothes is a grade of poverty that I never descended to before.
Orange leaves boiled as a substitute for tea, and hard crackers, is very
poor fare for two and three days at a time, with a baby to nurse,” &c.
a word is said in the letter about the war. Hundreds of similar letters,
showing the great destitution which prevails in the confederacy, are
intercepted by our forces.
PROVIDENCE EVENING PRESS (RI)
LARGE FIRE IN HARTFORD.
Colt’s Pistol Factory in Flames.
Several Lives Lost by Falling
of the Roofs.
fire broke out about 8 ¼ o’clock this a.m. in Colt’s Pistol Factory. It is an awful fire and burning
furiously. The chances of extinguishing it are small. It is certain that
the loss will be immense.
fire is said to have broken out in the polishing room in the old
building. Up to this time (9 ¼ a.m.)
the old buildings are entirely destroyed, and the fire is
crossing on the buildings connecting the old with the new factory. It is
said there is considerable powder stored in this connecting building,
and an explosion is feared.
9:45 a.m.–The oldest and largest building facing the Connecticut river
is a mass of ruins. There appears to be but one wall on the north side
standing. The fire has been arrested on the connecting buildings and
hopes are entertained that the new building will be saved. The office, a
large building separate from the others, is now in flames.
10:15 a.m.–Several lives have been lost by falling roofs; names as yet
unknown. The loss it is said will exceed one million dollars. The fire
is still raging with indications that the new factory will also be
the Hartford Times Extra.]
10:30 a.m.–This morning about 8 o’clock, a fire was discovered in the
steam drying room, center wing of Colt’s armory, which quickly spread
to other parts of the building and in a short time was beyond human
control. The floors which were full of oil burned like tinder. The
firemen were promptly on hand, and rendered all possible aid. The loss
cannot be correctly stated, but it will probably be a million dollars
worth of property. The old factory is burnt down. The new one, 800 feet
long, will be saved. It is the most destructive fire that ever took
place in this State, and 1000 poor men with dependent families will be
thrown out of employment.
masses of machinery are strewed about the grounds, guarded by police.
From ten to fifteen thousand people are present.
is reason to fear the loss of the lives of three workmen, killed by
falling walls. Many workmen escaped by leaping from the windows. The two
great engines amounting to 500 horse power, are among the losses.
insurance is nearly $1,000,000; about $200,000 in Hartford, the balance
in New York.
the American Line.]
original building of Colt’s pistol factory was destroyed by fire this
morning between eight and nine o’clock, with all the machinery and a
large amount of property.
building was 500 by 60 feet, with ell 100 by 60. The office, a large
three-story building, was also destroyed. A new building, in which Minié
rifles were made, is saved.
hundred workmen in all were employed, half of whom are thrown out of
at least half a million dollars; indeed, the machinery alone was valued
at that sum.
on the War Path.—The fierce conflict of arms which has
recently raged around Knoxville has infused the spirit of war into the
boys living in that city and those resident in Shieldstown, a small
place divided from Knoxville by a narrow creek. A fight raged fiercely
between the Shieldtowners and Knoxvillers. They used slings and minié
balls, which they handle with great dexterity. They had camp fires built
along in a line. Each morning each party appeared on its own side of the
stream, drawn up in array; ammunition was distributed out of a bag,
fifteen rounds to the man, and they commenced. Our soldiers of the Ninth
Corps, who have been through many a storm of shot and shell, kept at a
respectful distance as they hurled their missiles with vigor. One day
the Shieldtowners made a charge at the single plank that crossed the
stream, the Knoxvillers ran, all except one little fellow about eight
years old, who stood at the end of the plank, swearing oaths like
Parrott shells, calling them cowards, and, by a vigorous discharge of
miniés, repulsed the assault. The casualties amounted to bruises and
cuts in all parts of the body, rather serious to look at, or to think
what they might have been; but every little fellow was proud of his
wound. So it went on for several days, when one bright morning, as they
were drawn up in full fighting array, and only waited signal to
commence, suddenly appeared some women in rear of each; a half-dozen
were caught up, severely spanked, and let off. The rest were
disconcerted and dispersed.
Newsboys’ Lodging Room.—The New York correspondent of the
Boston Journal thus speaks of this benevolent institution:
of the institutions of New York that deserves public notice is the
Lodging Room of the Newsboys, as it is called. But it is a home not only
for newsboys, but shoe-blacks and homeless boys of all trades and
callings. In the upper story of the Sun
Building, occupying the whole story, is the home for these wandering
boys. The rooms are handsomely carpeted, warmed and well ventilated. The
lodging rooms, where from a hundred to a hundred and fifty sleep, are a
model of cleanliness and comfort. On the payment of five cents a night
the boys can enter this room, have the benefit of a bath, a good supper,
instructions in reading and singing, with a good bed. Entertaining
services are held on Thursday night and on Sunday night, which are
crowded. No boy is turned away who seeks a lodging because he has no
money. A Savings Bank is a part of the institution, and one boy has laid
up $200 of his earnings. A healthier, heartier, happier, shrewder class
of boys can’t be found in New York.”
FEBRUARY 6, 1864
NEWPORT MERCURY (RI)
three hundred rebel prisoners taken to the Charlestown Navy Yard from
Chicago, are men who have taken the oath of allegiance and enlisted in
our navy. The same number were taken to New York. We presume that they
will be distributed in small squads among our vessels. They probably
prefer the navy to the army, because there is less danger there of their
being taken prisoners and shot as deserters.
Newbern we have further particulars of the rapidly increasing
feeling of discontent in North Carolina. The people are urging the
calling of a State Convention, and Dr. Leach, one of the recently
elected members of the Rebel Congress, says, through the Raleigh Standard,
that North Carolina now claims the fulfillment of the compact, or the
right to depart from the Confederacy in peace. Gov. Vance opposes the
taxation of State property by the rebel government. The Raleigh Standard, in an article addressed to slaveholders, says if the war
should continue twelve months longer, the institution of Slavery would
from the front of Gen. Meade’s army represent that some of the rebel
regiments are almost in a state of mutiny. The rations are cut down to
the scantiest allowance, and clothing has not been issued since the
early winter. Of 3000 rebels who accompanied Early’s expedition into
the Shenandoah valley, it is said that only about 500 have returned, the
others being frozen or frost-bitten, and bestowed about in the farm
houses and villages along the route.
will be done to liberate the unfortunate men now held, and who have been
so long suffering, as prisoners in Richmond and elsewhere in the South?
The hope that the “rebel authorities,” if indeed there are any such
authorities, would avail themselves of the opportunity to negotiate with
our Gen. Butler
for an exchange of prisoners, appears to have been disappointed. The
Washington correspondent of the Philadelphia Ledger states, that the
third note, addressed by Gen. Butler
to the “rebel authorities” has been treated in like manner with the
two previous notes, and has been equally unsuccessful. All these notes
are understood to relate to an exchange of prisoners and to have failed
of gaining their object on account of personal objections to the General
in that quarter. But the neglect of the enemy to appreciate the agent
appointed for that purpose may not be a sufficient reason for leaving
the sufferers in rebel prisons to pine away and die without further
service to their country and to their friends. If the rebels are cruel
enough to neglect an opportunity to release their associates held as
prisoners by or authorities on account of their personal objections to
our agent, will it be thought advisable on our part to so far follow
their example of cruelty, as to insist upon their accepting an agent
obnoxious to them, merely because he is acceptable to us, and on that
account to sacrifice the valuable lives of worthy men, whom it is our
duty to protect and save by all honorable means in our power? All
negotiations of the kind suppose an equality between the parties; and
either party is understood to have the right to object to an
unacceptable medium of intercourse, provided such objections can be
easily obviated. The delay in this case is the more to be regretted, as
it is hardly possible, under the present circumstances of the rebellious
States, that our countrymen held as prisoners in that region can fare in
any respect but in the most miserable manner. Without trusting to
starvation stories, the proclamation of Gen. Lee seems to settle the question as to the
destitution of the South.
the recent events connected with the war, about which the public are yet
perhaps uncertain, is the reported suspension of the siege of
Charleston. The journals which have stated that Gen. Gilmore had left,
or was about to leave, for the North–and that not a few of his
regiments had been transferred to another theatre of action–would not
be likely (we suppose) to give currency to such a report unless they
were satisfied of the truth of the statements. Perhaps it is not well
for the public to know too soon what change, if any, has been made in
the conduct of the war in that quarter. But the attack and defense of
Charleston being among the most remarkable events of the war, however
they may end, will form an important chapter in history. Experience will
answer some questions either for or against the superior efficiency of
what have been deemed great improvements lately introduced into modern
warfare. The result must be particularly interesting to military and
naval circles. If the siege of Charleston has been actually, many will
attribute the result to the inefficiency of the Monitors when employed
to reduce batteries of sand or of solid masonry. And the opinion before
ventured upon this subject will be sustained: that land is a better than
water to build fortifications upon–other things being equal. But it
seems, if the siege for the purpose of the immediate capture of
Charleston has been abandoned for the present, all operations directed
to that end have not been suspended. The land batteries are said to keep
up a more or less effective fire upon the city and upon Fort Sumter. The
city by this means is said to be made a very uncomfortable place of
residence, and the Fort a very dangerous place for laborers to be
employed in when making repairs–though it may not be absolutely a mass
of ruins, as we have been so often told it was. By some it is said that
the same old bone of contention still forms the most gigantic obstacle
to the passage of our fleet to the city. And that the navy before
Charleston is now only a blockading and not also a bombarding
fleet. But the question still returns, is the siege of Charleston
is Public Property.–The following very sensible advice from
the Autocrat of the Breakfast Table:
are some very pretty, but, unhappily, very ill-bred women who don’t
understand the law of the road with regard to handsome faces. Nature and
costume would, no doubt, agree in conceding to all males the right to at
least two distinct looks at a very comely female countenance, without
any infraction of the rules of courtesy or the sentiments of respect.
The first look is necessary to define the person of the individual one
meets, so as to avoid it in passing. Any unusual attraction detected in
a first glance is a sufficient apology for a second–not a prolonged,
impertinent stare, but an appreciative homage of the eyes, such as a
stranger may inoffensively yield to a passing image. It is astonishing
how morbidly sensitive some vulgar beauties are to the slightest
demonstrations of this kind. When a lady walks the streets, she leaves her virtuous
indignation countenance at home; she knows well enough that the street
is a picture gallery, where pretty faces, framed in pretty bonnets, are
meant to be seen, and everybody has a right to see them.”
reality, the blockade was working splendidly–just not at the 100%
hermetically sealed level that people (then and now) thought it should.
It did not need to. By merely making the importation of supplies risky,
the blockade caused inflation to skyrocket; as it grew more stringent
through the war, and the amount of incoming foodstuffs declined,
inflation became scarcity. As for cotton being shipped out, the amount
being smuggled through was one-third of the pre-war level.
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