THE DAILY CONSTITUTIONALIST (GA)
the time is at hand when families are making their plans and preparation
for the ensuing year, we deem it appropriate to offer a suggestion. Much
more than heretofore, should house keepers and farmers make their
arrangements for meeting all their wants by home industry and
will not do to rely on importations. Already the blockade has closed all
our Atlantic ports, except Wilmington; and twenty grim steamers lie like
watchers off the mouth of the Cape Fear, like so many grimalkins at a
We shall have no reason to be disappointed or surprised if the port of
Wilmington should be closed ere many months. Nor must we rely on our
factories. Look how the prices of their products have already ascended,
until they have become unpurchasable by the multitude. This is all
according to “the laws of trade” we are told, and therefore to be
approved and applauded; but a protection must be found, and it is to be
found in home production. Besides, the number of these mills have been
reduced by fire, and the machinery of those that remain will not last
hundred reasons combine to urge upon ever family to look to its own
resources. The hand car and the hand-loom and the spinning wheel, whose
music is sweeter far than that of the piano, should be found everywhere.
All who can should grow their patches of flax and cotton. All should
have sheep, if but a few. Our forests furnish dyes as various and as
bright as the tints that make their foliage so glorious at “the turn
of the leaf.” With these materials, there is no reason why our ladies
should not be clad in beautiful apparel, the product of their own
industry and taste; while they may clothe their husbands and sons fine
enough as kings. There is not a farmer’s wife who may not easily
provide clothing for all her servants, and make some to sell besides.
how much more independent and happy should we all be, if thus providing
for ourselves. A pig for blockades, we might well exclaim; nor would be
be any longer exposed to the extortioner’s grip. And those
eventualities of the future to which we have alluded would bring no
terror to us. Eminently, therefore, do we advise every one to use every
means and make every arrangement in his power to provide for the
clothing of his family from his own resources, and thus make himself
independent of manufacturers and blockaders.–Richmond Sentinel.
of Charleston.—The enemy commenced some experimental firing
Thursday morning, with the one hundred pounder Parrott shells, fixed
with time fuses, so as to explode at some height in the air over the
city. It was continued for about two hours, after which they again
renewed their usual fire of the Wiard and percussion cap shells. One
hundred and three shells in all were fired at the city from half-past
five o’clock Wednesday evening to half-past five Thursday afternoon.
We have heard of no casualties. The reported killing of a private of
Capt. Chichester’s company, published in Thursday morning’s issue,
has since been authoritatively contradicted. The private mentioned was
only slightly wounded and knocked down insensible, but quickly
was no other news of interest. The fleet remained at the usual
anchorage. All was quiet at Sumter.–Courier,
The Coming Storm.
[From the London Times, Dec.
no time since the Italian war have vague anticipations of coming change
been more general than during the past fortnight. Since the refusal of
England to join the Congress, the disquiet has increased. The refusal is
in itself a rebuff, and Lord Russell has now the art to make
disagreeable communications less unpleasing by any sweetness of diction.
People have, therefore, been ready to see in all that takes place the
first gusts and drops of the coming storm. It is presumed that the
Emperor is offended; that he must turn from England to some more
accommodating ally. Hints of reconciliation with Russia are given. Baron
Budberg is said to have been invited to Compiegne in terms of especial
distinction, and Gen. Fleury is to pay a mysterious visit to St.
Petersburg. What is to be done, no one pretends to know; but every one
fancies that the present state of affairs cannot last. There is
oppression in the silence: a sense of pain in the uneasy peacefulness of
the hour. Such is the state of nervousness and tremor into which the
French people have brought themselves by unmerited draughts of glory.
Without a single real cause of quarrel in Europe, except with
Russia–and with her they talk of an alliance–the French, whether
patriots and politicians, or mere father of families, whether ready for
new wars or deprecating in secret the restlessness of the Imperial
temper, all agree in a vague foreboding that something is to occur. If
they analyze the causes of these anticipations, they can only say that
the Emperor must have designs, or he would not have gone so far; that
having gone so far, he must go further; that France is dissatisfied,
that the equilibrium of Europe is unstable; that the treaties of 1815
are antiquated; that humanity wants regeneration; that the nations want
restoration–and so forth through all the political commonplaces of the
London Times on the War.
London Times reminds those who
anticipate an early break-down of the Confederate cause, that conquest
in the field must be succeeded by military occupation. President Lincoln
proposes on Republican principles to vest the Government of each seceded
State in one-tenth of the population, who will swear allegiance to him
and obedience to his acts of Congress and proclamation. These men will
be no more able to maintain themselves than were the thirty tyrants of
Athens without the aid of the Lacedamonian garrison. They will form a
detested oligarchy like the Mormons in Saxon England–only they will
rule over men more brave and warlike than themselves. Even when the
North has surrendered her liberty and beggared her finances, she will
not be able permanently to hold her immense countries and keep their
hostile populations on these terms. The Times adds that, “though we conceive it to be quite possible that,
overborne by constantly recruited numbers and immense resources, the
South may become unable to retain large armies in the field, yet between
that and subjugation there is an interval which we do not expect to see
EASTERN ARGUS (ME)
From Rebel Sources.
York, Jan. 24.
Times contains a translation
of a letter from a Frenchman, formerly in the rebel army, dated Richmond
11th inst., to a friend here. He reports the arrival of another agent
from the French Emperor named Mantigny via Nassau, and his mysterious
conferences with Jeff Davis. It is known, he says, that Jeff has
promised to recognize the Empire in Mexico, and promised France all the
advantages of the Southern Confederacy if Napoleon would recognize and
support the Southern cause. All our principal men, he says, think
therefore that war between France and the United States is near at hand.
writer has no doubt that the plan of making Gen. Lee dictator will be
adopted, as the only means to counteract the strength of the north. Lee
has expressed his willingness to accept it.
news from Charleston, the writer says, is discouraging. Beauregard has
expressed the opinion that he would not hold Charleston much longer, as
Gen. Gilmore’s guns were in a position to reduce it to ashes in a few
riots occur almost daily in the South, and the people are disgusted with
Morgan has been given command of Magruder’s army.
writer concludes by saying that the days of the Southern Confederacy are
numbered, and the back-bone broken.
Herald’s special dispatch,
dated headquarters Western Virginia, Jan. 24, has the following:
have captured a rebel mail bag. The secrets of the mail bag are curious
and interesting, and in one or two instances highly important. Almost
all of the letters contain remarks on the President’s proclamation of
amnesty. The sufferings anticipated in rebeldom, the dissatisfaction of
the citizens of the South, complaints of the soldiers, the manner in
which rebel officers high in position are spoken of, etc., all serve in
very many respects to confirm the reports in circulation in the northern
papers regarding the condition of the Confederacy. One lady in replying
to another says: ‘Your description of the present pains me; I had
hoped for better things! It is true we are despondent, but our hope for
the future is still strong.’ ”
the Money Goes.—It is known that certain steamers used by
the government for transportation purposes have been paid for as many a
ten or fifteen times over, and are still being paid for at the same or
hardly less exorbitant rate. There is now a claim before the authorities
for paying for one of these steamers, lost through the carelessness or
deign of her captain; and it can be proved in this case that, while
$11,000 would have been an ample price for the boat, over $200,000 have
actually been paid for her. This vessel was run ashore and lost, and the
owners are now trying to recover $12,000, her alleged value.
are running regularly between Nashville and this place.
McCallem has arrived here with 1000 mechanics and laborers, and the work
of rebuilding the railroad to Knoxville will be commenced at once.
are accumulating, and quartermasters commenced issuing full rations
large number of veteran volunteers have left the army, but the balance
of power is maintained by raw recruits from the North and deserters from
the South. Seven hundred recruits came down this morning. On Monday last
150 rebel deserters, and to-day a squad of 14 rebels, came in.
rebel army which holds the post at Dalton is believed to number 30,000
men. The Tennessee and Kentucky troops are camped in the centre under
guard. It is positively known that the rebel soldiers are killing their
best mules for subsistence.
Grant came to the front this morning. No demonstrations have recently
been made by the rebels.
Plain Talk in North Carolina.
Raleigh, N. C., Standard,
commenting upon the speech of Mr. Brown in the rebel Senate favoring a
sweeping conscription law and the imposition of burdensome taxes, uses
the following plain language:
tell Mr. brown and those who think with him once for all that if the
desperate revolutionary measures which he advocates shall be attempted
to be carried out; if the civil law is to be trampled under foot by the
suspension of the writ of habeas corpus, and every able-bodied man
placed in the army from sixteen to sixty-five; if no man is to have a
hearing before a State judge as to the right of the enrolling officer to
seize him, and if the rights of the States are to be ignored and swept
away by the mere creatures of the States, the common government, the
people of North Carolina will
take their own affairs into their own hands, and will proceed in
convention assembled to vindicate their liberties and their privileges.
They will not submit to a military despotism. They will not submit to
the destruction of their rights, personal and civil, in this or any
other war. We say what we know to be so. A vast majority of our people are restless and
excited on account of the threatened encroachments upon their liberties
by the Congress at Richmond; and we must respectfully and earnestly warn
the members of that body not to kindle a flame which no effort can
extinguish. Pass these measures; suspend the habeas corpus, in order to
silence our courts and force our whole population into the army; break
faith with the principles of substitutes, repudiate the currency of the
country; levy a tax in specie to pay the interest of the funded debt;
continue in full operation the tithing and impressment laws at the same
time, do these things, Mr. Brown, and the people of North Carolina will
rise in their majesty and assert their sovereignty. There
is no power to prevent them from doing this; and woe to the official
character who shall attempt to turn the arms of Confederate soldiers
against the people of this State. North Carolina will not be the
slave of either the Congress at Richmond or Washington. She is this day,
as she had been from the first, the keystone of the Confederate arch. If
that stone should fall the arch would tumble.”
above, from so influential a paper in the old North State is very
significant. It betokens that the people of that State have not lost
their ideas of liberty and love of it and that if the rebel leaders
attempt to enforce the measures which they propose and which seem
indispensable to keep the bogus confederacy on its legs for another
year, the people there will resist, and will in convention cut
themselves adrift from the confederacy and enforce the separation at the
point of the bayonet if need be. In parts of the State the people are
already very much aroused. They hold meetings in which the rebel leaders
are boldly denounced and a return to the old Union openly advocated.
plain policy of our federal authorities is to encourage this movement
and to assure the masses of the people of that and other revolted States
that on returning to their allegiance to the Constitution and Union they
shall be protected in their freedom and their rights as in days gone by.
The condition of public sentiment in North Carolina is evidently ripe
for it and a wise policy would now break the unity of the rebellion,
destroy its power and speedily restore peace and Union.
notice an unusual number of vehicles slipping around town without bells.
Everything on runners should make a jingle.2
JANUARY 26, 1864
it is to be on Short Rations and Scant Clothing.
Graphic Sketch of Hungry Men and Hungry Mules.
Chicago Tribune publishes a
graphic letter from East Tennessee, written by a soldier. It combines,
to a remarkable extent, features serious and comic, all too faithfully
representing the hardship of our brave boys in that region. The letter,
which bears the date of the 2d inst., is as follows:
take this opportunity of writing a few lines to you informing you of my
perfect state of health.
am bully,’ thank God. I wish I could say as much of our poor men, many
of whom have not enough to cover their nakedness, and some without
may judge of their condition when I tell you: for their New Year’s
feast for twenty-four hours they had 2½ ounces of corn meal per man,
and the day before a little fresh meat and one cracker to the man. The
weather for the last three days has been so cold that it was almost
impossible for them to sleep at all. You can get up at any time in the
night and see the poor fellows crowded around the little bivouac fires
while two or three comrades lie as near to the fire as possible, wrapped
in the blankets of the whole party (probably three in all.) It puts one
more in mind of Napoleon’s retreat from Moscow than anything that I
can think of.
fact is, you cannot imagine the distress of the men until a person has
seen for himself. But all praise to the men themselves! They bear their
misfortunes like veterans and true soldiers, ready to sacrifice
themselves on the altar of their country. But pass around among the men,
as I often do, and they will say, in a very pitiful tone–such as you
can imagine a hungry man will use–‘I am hungry’–no other
complaint from their lips. What can I do? Poor boys! I have no means of
helping them. All I can do is pull my hat over my eyes, to keep them
from seeing the tears that start from them, and pass on, wishing Jeff
Davis and his crew in hell
and I in command. I would put him through a system of tactics that the
chivalry have been unaccustomed to up to the present day.
for myself personally, I have a d---l of an appetite, and can eat
anything which comes my way. The variety is now reduced to ‘corn
flapjacks,’ hard tack, and fresh meat about the consistency of
twenty-shilling cowhide boots. I give the ‘hard tack’ the go-by
entirely, as I have split a tooth on each side, trying to grind the
stuff down. But take it all in all, I am entirely satisfied, and my
friends say that I am getting fat. They are welcome to their opinions,
but ‘I don’t see it in that light.’
Burnside has been relieved by Gen. Foster, lately commanding in North
Carolina. I wish ‘Burny’ back to us again; we would not be starving to-day if he were–he is the man who has the right ring
about him. This army would go into the very jaws of death for him
to-day, if he declared it–they adore him that
much. The enemy are in worse condition than we are, judging from the
appearance and tales of the numerous deserters that come into our lines.
box of clothes which you sent is still in Lexington, Ky; they were in so
large a package that the officer could not bring them across the
mountains. I am just as glad of it now. The clothes which he did bring
were all ate up by the mules on the mountains. Forage gave out with
them, and they eat the tongues out of the wagons, spokes out of the
wheels, and last but not least, every cussed thing that was in the wagon
box–pleasant reflection for a man to see the tail of his $45 overcoat
disappearing down a mule’s maw, and then see the bugger keel over and
die on account of his gormandizing propensities for rich
shall answer father’s letter soon, when I get something to write about
other than starvation and human misery generally.”
Rebel Deserters are Branded.—Branding deserters, writes one
who has seen the thing done at Richmond, is a beautiful operation, as
humane as beautiful. The culprit is fastened to a large table, with his
face downwards, and a large “D” is scarred upon his posteriors. In
other countries where this punishment is inflicted, a bar of iron with a
type or letter on one end of it is used, which, being heated, is applied
to the spot to be branded, but a more cruel process and instrument is
employed by the chivalry. A plain bar of iron, about an inch in
diameter, narrowed down a little at the point, is heated to
incandescence, and used as a sign painter would use a brush in
lettering, only in a very slow and bungling manner. A greasy smoke with
a sickly stench arises, accompanied with crackling sounds and the groans
of the victim as the hot iron sinks deep into the flesh. On pretense of
rendering the mark of disgrace plain and indelible, but in reality to
torture the unfortunate culprit, the hot iron is drawn many times
through the wound, making it larger and deeper, until the victim, unable
to endure the excruciation longer, faints, and is carried away. The
operation is always performed by old Keppard, the executioner of
Kellogg, the greatest demon in human form of Pluto’s realms.
Rebel Troops and Their Desire to Desert.—A correspondent of
the New York Herald who has
travelled extensively in the South, narrates a visit to the camp of the
1st Virginia regiment, which was stationed at the time within ten miles
of Richmond, and commanded by Col. Williams. He says:
1st Virginia entered the service nearly 900 strong, and now number only
162 men. 276 had been lost by disease and casualties in the field, and
364 had deserted. This information I received from Col. Williams’ own
lips. The regiment has been doing a great deal of picket deal in Lee’s
army, and, the chances for desertion being good, the boys made the best
of them. To use the Colonel’s own expression, “His boys carried on
desertion by wholesale, and yet,” he added, “I cannot blame them
much; men can’t live on air and fight day after day on empty stomachs.
Very few of my men have any Negroes; so they have nothing to gain by our
triumph, and take no interest in the war. If brought in the face of the
enemy they will fight; pride will drive them to this; and, besides, it
is safer to fight than to stand still and be fired at. But we cannot
expect our men to be satisfied until we can put them on full rations and
make our money good for something.” Still the Colonel is a strong
rebel, and is for fighting to the last.
JANUARY 27, 1864
PROVIDENCE EVENING PRESS (RI)
from the South.
of The St. Louis Republican.]
January 17, 1864.
have had a conversation with some refugees (civilians), just arrived
here from Dixie. They report the northern part of Mississippi filled
with bands of confederate troops and guerrillas, who are busy collecting
forage and conscripting. They are preparing for a final struggle in the
spring, and that struggle will be in Northern Georgia Vast quantities of
corn are scattered along the line of railroad in Mississippi, which is
intended for the use of the confederate army.
confederates, to the number of four thousand, under Ross, are scattered
along the Mississippi, from Bolivar to Greenville. They have six pieces
of artillery, and it appears to be their intention to fire into
steamers, and prevent trade with the people on both sides of the river.
There are also two thousand on the Arkansas side, who act in concert
with Ross. On the 7th inst., they fired three shots into the steamer Delta,
near Greenville, two shots taking effect. One shot carried away her
rudder, and one shell exploded in her cabin, wounding a Negro. The boat
managed to escape out of range. The ram Horner
was fired into near the same place. She was hit several times, but
escaped with slight injury. The Emma
and Belle Creole were also fired into, but fortunately no one was hurt.
papers speak in glowing terms of the success of Forrest in getting
conscripts and volunteers in West Tennessee. They put the number at
10,000, and one even goes as high as 25,000.
of the refugees says he left the capital of the Confederate States on
Monday morning, the 28th of December, en route to cross the rebel lines
by way of Wilmington, Mobile, and thence up the Mobile and Ohio Railroad
to Okalona, Miss. He reached Atlanta, Ga., in time to witness the
reception of Gen. Johnston by the citizens of that place. Be assured
that great demonstrations were made in behalf of this notorious
gentleman, in bitter denunciations of his unworthy and incapable
predecessor, Gen. Braxton Bragg, by this blind and deluded populace.
rebels throng the city in large crowds, at least the gold-lace portion
of them, paying their rebellious respects to Mr. J. Davis and others of
the grave functionaries of the so-called Confederate States.
from this, on the other hand, will be witnessed the most solemn scenes.
Every house is a hospital, whose inmates are suffering most intensely
under treatment of inefficient boy surgeons, from disgraceful diseases,
a large majority of whom will scarcely be fit for service within the
next twelve months, if then.
demoralization of the women is a marked characteristic in Richmond under
the present condition of affairs. The absence of those who should
protect and support them, and the presence of licentious men who are
themselves removed from the restraints of good society and family
influences, has caused the fall of multitudes of those who would have
been amiable and virtuous ornaments of society. The consequences of this
state of things are most frightful.
then passed on to North Carolina, to the City of Wilmington. Perfect
confidence in the wonted success and independence of their rebellious
government is unanimously entertained among those who are expecting
favor from Jeff Davis.
he came on to Augusta, Ga., where he found Bragg’s army completely
demoralized and scattered throughout the entire country. Some of them
could be seen with their empty knapsacks and ragged garments, all along
the line of railroad, and upon inquiry they will tell you that they are
taking “French furlough,” and were going home, regardless of
this point it is the intention of the government to concentrate all
forces possible to wipe out Grant’s army. Those forces who can be
spared from Charleston, Wilmington, Mobile, Montgomery and other places,
will probably be sent there, including the prisoners who were taken and
paroled at Vicksburg and Port Hudson. At this point he states that there
is very little confidence in the currency of the country, board being
worth only $20 per day in the cities, and, of course, the proprietors of
these boarding-house dens are amassing enormous fortunes of this
passed through Mobile, Ala. Here he met heartless speculators, and
brawling, shameless women innumerable.
he embarked for Okalona, stopping for a day at Meriden, which is a
military post commanded by Brig. Gen. Cockril, of the First Missouri
brigade, which is there encamped. He was informed by an unsuspecting
gentleman that there were perhaps 5,000 troops there. On the Southern
Railroad at Brandon, Jackson and Canton, there were reported to be
between 7,000 and 8,000 infantry and cavalry. At Grenada, Oxford and
Panola, there were also reported to be 8,000 cavalry, under command of
Richardson and Forrest, respectively–the whole commanded by Stephen B.
Okalona he found Gen. Ferguson encamped with a reported force of 5,000
cavalry, and perhaps two regiments of paroled prisoners from Port
Hudson, who are declared by the rebel authorities to have been
exchanged, and have already been supplied with arms.
all there are somewhere in the neighborhood of 80,000 troops in West
Mississippi. But it is evidently the intention of the rebels to
concentrate as large a force as possible in this section of the country,
in order to invade West Tennessee the coming Spring, for the purpose of
drawing as much as possible Grant’s attention from the movements of
Johnston at Dalton.
the railroad from the Alabama line, he noticed an enormous amount of
corn in rail pens, completely exposed to the weather, being without
One of Morgan’s Men Released by Rebel
of Morgan’s men, who escaped about three months ago from the Ohio
Penitentiary, worked his way down to Kentucky, where he was arrested and
imprisoned by a deputy of the U. S. Marshal. Learning of the fact,
several secession sympathizers banded together a few nights since, broke
open the jail and carried him off amid the wildest shouts of triumph. He
has not yet been retaken.
Prices are Raised.—Congress proposes a duty on cotton of
two cents a pound, whereupon all the small dealers in spool cotton
propose to advance the price one cent upon each spool. Now as a pound of
cotton will make one hundred spools of sewing cotton, it is not easy to
appreciate the justice of this large advance in the price of a very
necessary and important article in daily use. But, while it is not easy
to appreciate this fact, it is but characteristic of eh advance in
prices upon two-thirds of the articles in daily use. Just hint at a tax
of any kind, and forthwith the price is put up 10, 20, 30, 50 and 100
per cent. The rule is to put up the price once the tax is proposed, and
once more when it is raised. And if the duty fails, the price is kept
SALEM REGISTER (MA)
Items and Incidents.
59th Massachusetts regiment, (4th Veterans, Col. J. P. Gould) is now
rapidly filling up. It offers the highest authorized bounties–$725 to
veterans and $625 to new recruits. They are located at Camp Meigs,
Readville, in new barracks, with two large stoves in each; the rations
are abundant and of the best quality; and a full supply of warm clothing
is issued immediately to the recruits. The men receive furloughs in
turn, and the camp is always accessible to the friends of the soldiers.
The regiment is composed of first class men, and in no respect is
excelled by any infantry organization now forming in the State. An
excellent military band of twenty-two pieces has been for some time
attached to the 59th.
letter from the 13th regiment, dated on the 20th instant, states that
during the previous week seventy-nine rebel deserters came into our
lines where that regiment was on picket duty, and about as many
contrabands. The deserters say that many more men would leave the
confederate armies and come over, were it not that the impression is
sedulously cultivated by their officers that as soon as they do so they
will be impressed into the Union army, after which, if caught by the
Confederates, their death is certain.
Gettysburg 27,000 muskets were taken. Of these, 24,000 were found to be
loaded, 12,000 containing two loads, and 6000 from three to ten loads
each. In numerous instances half a dozen balls were driven in on a
single charge of powder. In some cases the former possessor had reversed
the usual order, placing the ball at the bottom of the barrel and the
powder on top.
Ezra Cornell of Ithaca, N. Y., thought the ladies of the Soldiers’ Aid
Society could work more if they talked less. He accordingly proposed to
give fifty dollars to the Society if twelve of the ladies would sew all
day without speaking. Fifteen tried it, and only one proved a defaulter
under continued trial.
Herald dispatch, dated
Headquarters, Department, West Virginia, Jan. 26, says that Gen.
Sullivan has just informed Gen. Kelly from Harper’s Ferry, that his
scouts have returned with Richmond papers of the 22d inst. These papers
say that Jeff. Davis’ house was robbed and fired. This is very
significant. The fire was discovered in time to save the building.
Thoburn reports having information of a highly important and
satisfactory character. It relates to the good workings of the
president’s amnesty proclamation among the rebels in arms and those
who have heretofore been rebel sympathizers, but who are not now in the
army. Jeff. Davis’ sweeping conscription law has given rise to this
new state of feeling. Everything looks cheering in this department.
Quinlan of the 1st New York cavalry, who commands the scouts, reports
that bands of men are forming to resist the rebel conscription.
Coal Supply.—The Philadelphia papers represent that the
coal companies are busily enlarging their facilities in every direction,
sinking new shafts, building new cars, and opening new roads, and the
product of coal in 1864 will be largely increased. Not only Pennsylvania
capitalists, but those of New England and New York are actively engaged
in mining enterprises. It is also stated that some of the coal companies
have secured a number of operatives from the British Provinces, and have
dismissed the more unruly and rapacious workmen, whose inordinate
demands went so far beyond what was reasonable or equitable. The price
of coal must fall.
for Freedmen.—The following, from the Washington Chronicle, may not be generally understood:
the auspices of the Secretary of the Treasury and by the authority of the
President of the United States, the lands purchased by the Government at the
tax sale of last February, in the Department of the South, have been survey
and divided into tracts of 320 acres. Every alternate tract has been
subdivided into lots of twenty acres, and reserved for the occupancy of
colored men. Here they are entitled to settle and acquire a pre-emption
claim, which they can easily make a fee simple title to part of the soil on
which they once worked as a class.”
Great Hog Raid.—A private letter from Chaplain S. S. Hunting,
dated Loudon, Kentucky, Dec. 6, gives a ludicrous description of a hog
expedition to East Tennessee.
thousand hogs were driven from Lexington towards Knoxville (distance two
hundred miles). They were fat hogs, driven over this terrible mud road. It
was expected that salt could be got at Knoxville, so the hogs could be
killed and packed there.
the advance of this swinish multitude had reached a point within 15 miles of
Knoxville, it was discovered that Longstreet had invested Knoxville, and the
scouts of his army made a cavalry charge and captured forty hog, which the
drivers, however, recaptured by their well-known call. The order came to
turn the hogs back. “Right about, wheel!” The words passed along the
immense lines; they grunted “aye” but being fat they were only able to
turn at an angle, and retreat to another gap in the mountains. But back they
came, one hundred and eighty miles, over rocks and mud, squealing, grunting,
wallowing back, back even to Lexington, where the advance now is, and where
the porcine travellers are soon to be slaughtered and packed.
principal evil arising from this great movement of pigs is not the $100,000
expense to the Government, but the literal eating up of all the corn of the
country. Only think of 20,000 grunters foraging forty days in this almost
wilderness! For thirty miles around Loudon only a few farmers have an ear of
corn to give a horse, and it is still worse on towards Cumberland Gap. The
hog drivers had scoured the country for a distance of ten miles on each side
of the road in order to obtain forage, and when they could not buy corn for
money, they would pay in hogs.
the Union and rebel armies have pretty nearly cleaned out the swine by their
impressment from friend and foe, the mountaineers willingly traded with the
pig-drivers, giving “hominy” for “hog!” These poor people, who have
heretofore always raised enough to eat of their simple far, (hoe cake and
ham,) find themselves now obliged to pay $2.25 a bushel for corn, or move
England and the Privateers.
Letter from Prof. H. W.
We are already engaged in two formidable wars–in New Zealand and in
Japan. We are not clear of a third in China. We look on with alarm at
the violent proceedings in Germany, against Denmark, not knowing how we
may be implicated in that quarter. Apparently through fear, and nothing
else, we allow Russia to violate the treaty of 1856, and to set up a war
fleet in the Black Sea, capturing our merchant ships if they attempt to
trade with the Circassians. I say it is apparently through fear, for no
one considers our recent Asiatic wars, or the zeal with which the
Ministry sprang to arms in the matter of the Trent
will easily impute it to humanity that Lords Palmerston and Russell wink
at the breach of treaty involved in the Russian blockade.
such an atmosphere of war around us I cannot believe that this or any
English Minister would covet American enmity, not to say American war.
It is true at the crisis of Northern weakness they breathed flames and
scoffed at arbitration, even after learning officially that President
Lincoln had not authorized the act of Capt. Wilkes, and was open to
friendly representations. Yet, before the disunion, no English Ministry
was ever so brave in a matter for which bravery was far more urgently
needed. I refer to the systematic outrages committed at Charleston,
Mobile, and all the principal ports of the Southern States, against our
colored seamen; outrages which if committed in Burma or Japan, would
have been promptly replied to by a high-handed war.
do I recall this? Partly in order to show that the charge of being for
“peace at any price” rests rather on others than on those who say,
“Let us do justice and claim justice firmly, but let us as little as
possible, and as late as possible, make justice by violence.” Still
more, I refer to the past as a clue to the future. When the intestine
war shall be closed no English Ministry will regard the enmity of the
United States as anything but a formidable calamity. If in the past we
did not dare, for the defence of colored seamen, to encounter a war in
which the conscience of the whole North would have been
with us, much less in the future will any Ministry rush into war
in vindication of our pirate ships, when England will have a bad
conscience and be divided against itself, while the whole Union will be
of one heart and mind.
is not a day too early to take this to heart. While I write, the cry of
one more English meeting for justice to Poland rises in my ears. Russia
is made obstinate by a belief that she can use the “neutral” ground
of the United States as a “naval base” against us by our own recent
and fatal precedent. The newspapers of St. Petersburg avow what is clear
of itself. The Russian fleet is gone to America, in order to sail from
American ports against our merchant ships, if we dare to take up arms
for Poland. If President Lincoln be but coldly neutral and allows to
Russian ships just as much favor as English ports have shown to
Confederate cruisers, in case of an Anglo-Russian war, the Russian fleet
will not want for water and provisions, nor their stammers want coal.
a distant sea they will not to cripple their force by sending back
prizes to Admiralty Courts; they may (it seems) burn our merchant ships
without award of court. Such are the new precedents established by
English Ministry who had it in their power to gain for traders on [the]
sea the same immunities during war as are enjoyed by traders on land.
Evidently a new dread of the Russian fleet is mischievously superadded
to the former difficulties of Europe. ->
President Lincoln’s Government we committed (as I believe) a sin of
principle when the Queen was advised to recognize as belligerents on the
ocean those who were not
belligerents on the ocean; those whose war was wholly land war, not
touching us; whom, moreover, we knew to be no insurgents in a good
cause, but traitors in the worst of causes.
England declared herself neutral between a righteous Government and a
power seeking to exist for the sole sake of propagating Slavery, and
thereby gave to the latter gratuitously an enormous advantage and great
moral encouragement, our very best friends at the North became violently
indignant. But badly as they regard us to have behaved in this matter,
they forget our first offenses in comparison with the second–that our
neutrality had been unfaithful, and is unfaithful to this day. Only
yesterday I read in the columns of The
Star of two more American ships burnt by the “English” pirate Alabama.
Why is it not seized in the first English port which it dares enter? By
all these events we are laying up evil and quarrel for the future.
is astonishing how few Englishmen are aware that England is liable to
repay every shilling of damage done to American commerce by these
violences. We ourselves first advanced the law and practically applied
it against America. In 1793 President Washington, on the representation
of the English Ambassador, did what he could to prevent the fitting out
of privateers to aid France; and not only restored British vessels which
had been captured, but proclaimed that “the Government of the United
States held itself responsible to indemnify British owners for such
captures.” This stood upon the general moral rights of nations, there
being then no Foreign Enlistment Act in the United States.
in 1794, immediately after the application of the British Government,
Congress passed such a law as satisfied us; and the President, with the
concurrence of the Senate, made a treaty with England, of which one
clause secured indemnity to British owners for vessels captured by ships
fitted out in the United States. And all damages were faithfully repaid
to us. With such a precedent, it is morally impossible for any American
Government to fail to exact repayment for all the violences committed by
the ships fitted out in England, even if some of them have since
contrived to steal into a Confederate port. A sore point of quarrel must
remain, which, even if it does not end in war, will visit us with
weakness and an enormous expense.
Newman goes on to show that it would be better to pay the bill of damage
caused by these cruisers at once, and put a stop to the business, than
allow an account (which he thinks must ultimately be paid), to go on
doubling. We print this important article to show the view taken of this
unfortunate question by at least one Englishman of intelligence.]3
JANUARY 30, 1864
NEWPORT MERCURY (RI)
An Affecting Incident.
would that I were a boy again,”
not a Newport boy of the present day and generation, for we saw
yesterday a worthy citizen of that ancient seaport, who wears and graces
the prefix of “Hon.” with a bundle of one dozen “cowhides;” not
tanned for the reparation of juvenile Newporters’ soles, but carefully
cured and tightly twisted for the “tanning” of their bodies/ What
doleful memories of youthful days, (when neither the rod nor out tender
cuticle was spared,) revived at the sight of that bundle of horrors! Our
flesh quivers at the recollection of that old brick school house, where
the stalwart arm of the school master graced one end of a similar
weapon, and our trembling for the other. But that was many years ago,
and with the light of modern civilization shining full upon us, we
supposed all such relics of the dark ages as obsolete as the whipping
post, the stocks and the branding iron. But alas! barbarism still
lingers on our sea coast. “And cow hides still wave / O’er the backs
of the free, and the bones of the brave.” Twelve raw-hides! expressly
ordered by the School Committee for the flagellation of their youthful
charges. What briny tears, what quivering nerves, what discolored flesh
shall be evoked by the touch of those twelve magic wands! How deftly are
they constructed: thick and hard at the butt, to give the firmer grasp;
slim and tapering at the point to give the sharper tingle. And then with
what diabolical malice are they gaily painted in red and green, blue and
yellow. As though vermilion could heal the bruised flesh, gamboge dry up
the falling tear, or chrome green calm the trembling nerve!
the name of common humanity and the rising generation, we protest
against these relics of barbarism. We invoke the interposition of the
School Commissioner. Is moral suasion dead? Are the youthful successors
of Coddington and his associates so hardened by salt air, and so
infected with disobedience, that they must be inoculated with such
vaccine virus? Did the peaceful cows, which yielded up their coverings
for this fell purpose, yield at the same time no milk of human kindness?
appeal to the worthy School Committee of Newport. Revoke your direful
order or sell those cowhides to some cattle-drover. Stripe not the back
of young Newport, or ye may see stars.
them not fish for eels on Long Wharf, nor play hockey on Trouro Park,
nor bathe their young limbs in ocean’s brine, nor fleece reluctant
shillings from unwary visitors. Do any or all of these things, but for
mercy’s sake don’t cowhide the boys!
above is from the Providence Journal
of Wednesday, and it does not require much of a Yankee to guess who the
author is, for friend Rodman
will have his say when Newport or its “boys” are in danger of being
ill-used. We do not believe that our boys are more rude than those of
other cities, but one school seems to possess an uncommon share of
stubbornness and the right man has not been found to master it. When
under the charge of Mr. Marsh
the boys were obedient, but recently his school has been divided and new
teachers employed. ->
first teacher was roughly handled and the second one finds some thorns
in his path, and the Committee think that the boys should be made to
learn that obedience is as necessary as a perfect recitation, and adopt
the cowhide as a prompter. We have no recollection of receiving
punishment in our youthful days from either Misses Williams
or Stratton, or Messrs. Rodman,
Nichols, Tower, Trevett or Briggs,
as we had art enough to keep their good will, but there were punishments
inflicted, which in these days would not be tolerated. The position of
the teacher is not easy, and but few are possessed of the right
qualities to enable them to at once govern and instruct the youth, but
we trust the cowhides referred to may be used to embellish the walls of
the school room rather than the backs of the pupils.
Making by Common Seamen.—It
has been frequently stated since the war began that many sailors of the
navy have succeeded in making their fortunes by prizes. Within the last
six weeks the following enormous sums have been paid over by different
lawyers and paymasters to sailors. One foretopmen got $6,784; a
maintopman got $7,644; two able seamen belonging to the forecastle got
nearly $20,000, one receiving $9000 and the other $11,000. Marines have
received as high as four thousand dollars, and landsmen have got as
estimate that not less than One Thousand persons were either killed or
maimed for life on the several rail roads of the loyal States during the
last year. Of these, some hundreds were soldiers who had offered their
lives for their country’s salvation, but who did not anticipate such a
waste of them. And the year 1864 opened with a prospect of large doings
in the way of railroad butchery. Two wholesale disasters and at least a
dozen smaller accidents have broken the monotony of the first three
weeks. At this rate, our too sparse population will have been diminished
by the railroads during the coming year to the extent of at least double
the loss last year.–N. Y.
Multum in Parvo.4
will not strike thee,” said a Quaker one day, “but I will let this
billet of wood fall on thee.” And
at that precise moment the “bad man” was floored by the weight of a
walking stick that the Quaker was known to carry.
wag says of a woman: To her virtue, we give love; to her beauty,
admiration; to her hoops, the whole pavement.
man who had been fined several weeks in succession for getting drunk,
coolly proposed to the judge that he should take him by the year at a
grimalkin is defined as a cat, an old female cat, or an ill-tempered
is not so that the carriages will make a pretty sound as they pass–it
is a safety feature. Unlike today, when we spend millions to clear the
snow from our roads, people in a pre-automotive age simply switched from
wheeled carriages to sleighs with runners. Snow was actually shovelled onto
covered bridges to facilitate their passage. Unfortunately, without the
sound of the horses’ hooves striking the ground, such a conveyance was
all but silent and gave no warning of its approach. Hence the need to
attach sleigh bells.
the war, United States did, in fact, sue Great Britain for damages
caused by the fleet of “Anglo-rebel pirates.” The “violences”
caused by the various raiders were subsumed under the name “The Alabama
Claims.” British citizens paid taxes to recoup what was awarded the
U.S. until 1965–one hundred years after the end of the Slaveholders’
for “much in little.”
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