SEPTEMBER 27, 1863
Peace Society’s occupation is gone. It is evidently as much a thing of
the past as the Saxon Heptarchy, or the Order of the Rosicrucians. The
nations will [have] none of their indefatigable babble about the
“barbarism of war,” the subordination of physical force to the moral
law, “man’s inhumanity to man,” and the like Shibboleth of these
ill-appreciated philanthropics. War has become our normal condition.
There is not a nation in Christendom that is not engaged in hostilities,
or liable to be dragged into them any day. All Europe is in unrest, and
though actual hostilities prevail but in a small portion of the
continent, the Polish question may yet force some of the principal
States into a war of vast proportions.
savages of New Zealand are raising their puny arms against the
“Mistress of the Seas,” and the Japanese have fired upon “the flag
that braved a thousand years, the battle and the breeze.” The standard
of revolt still flies in the Flowery Kingdom, though with varying
fortune. Central and South America are in the throes of chronic
revolution, and the so-called Republic of Mexico is now the conquered
province of a foreign power. Turn whither we will, we hear the clash of
arms, or the dread [clatter] of hostile preparations. But it is in our
own beloved land that the horrors of war are realized to an extent never
before experienced in any country. It is already an old sad story with
us; its tragedies are household themes in every city and hamlet from the
Atlantic to the Pacific, from the Gulf to the Lakes, and we would but
awake slumbering sorrows, or excite harrowing anxieties, in dwelling
upon its features. How the conflict is regarded abroad, apart from its
political bearings, may be judged from the following extract from the
is not even war in modern civilized dimensions; it is war on a barbaric
scale. It is ancient war revived. Its carnage, its devastations, its
famine, its pestilences, are barbaric. Its battle fields are upon an old
plan, in which the slaughter is out of all proportion with the strategy.
The engines of war are modern, but the angel of destruction which fires
them is the same destroying angel which laid low Assyrian, Chaldean and
Persian armies. Milton has given us a picture of ancient war conducted
with modern instruments, and has boldly introduced the thunders of field
guns into the very earliest fight on record. This war combines the
newest military inventions with the oldest type of horror and
of a Second Iron Ram at Birkenhead.
the Manchester Examiner, August 31.]
of the two iron steam rams built by Messrs. Laird, at Birkenhead, was
launched at their works on Saturday, August 29, in the presence of a
large crowd of spectators, who were freely admitted into the yard.
vessel launch on Saturday was christened the El
Monassir, or Victory, her
consort, launched a few weeks ago, being named the Toussoun. When launched, both vessels bore the English flag astern
and the French flag amidships.
are two hundred and thirty feet long, forty-two feet beam and nineteen
feet deep. Their measurement is one thousand eight hundred and fifty
tons, and their engines are of three hundred and fifty horse power. They
are plated with four and a half inch iron on a teak backing of great
thickness, bolted on to the frame of the ship, which supports the inner
decks are also iron plated, and the iron bulwarks are hinged at the
lower edge, so as to be thrown down in action. Each “ram” is pierced
for six guns on each side, and they are fitted on the deck with large
cupola towers on Captain Cole’s plan, with two guns to each cupola.
The bows project under the water, so as to form a ram. The iron plates
are so beautifully planed and fitted that it is almost impossible to
tell whether the vessels are plated or not. The cupolas are forward and
aft the engine house, and have an extreme range nearly fore and aft of
the vessel. Each ram is bark rigged, having the lower masts and yards of
iron. The officers and men have accommodation above deck, in the poop
and forecastle at each end, and below the deck. When launched, the El
Monassir was taken into the four hundred and fifty feet graving
dock, alongside of her consort, the El
Toussoun, which is expected to be ready for sea in about a month.
secrecy has been exercised during the building of the rams; but in spite
of this they have long excited the suspicions of the federal officials
and sympathizers in this country, and the article in the Times, of Friday last, apropos of the memorial of the Emancipation
Society to Lord John Russell, has more recently excited the public
curiosity respecting them. It was stated at the launch, on Saturday,
that, in spite of all their precautions, the Federals have managed to
get spies into Messrs. Laird’s yard, and we shall doubtless soon hear
their opinions of these formidable rams.1
London Herald, of August 31,
thinks that the Emperor Napoleon will cause Mexico to acknowledge the
Southern Confederacy, and maintain unaltered his ostensible position of
a neutral, but states that he will not avoid responsibility by this
course. He will increase the debt of resentment America owes him for his
persistent efforts to insure the co-operation of the European powers in
the Manchester Guardian, August 31.]
to La France, an aid-de-camp
of the Archduke Maximilian will embark for Mexico on Wednesday, and the
same authority says that President Davis has promised to recognize the
the Dublin Freeman, September 4.]
Paris letter of Saturday evening, August 29, says the town is pretty
much occupied with the Franco-American difficulty, for, notwithstanding
certain assertions to the contrary, it is pretty sure that animated
conversations have taken place on the subject of the Monroe doctrine,
both between Mercier and Seward and Drouyn de Lhuys and Dayton, and, as
if to render still more grave the character of the dispute, to lessen
the chance of its entering a pacific channel, come the Mexican
proposition that the provisional government of that country should
recognize the Southern Confederacy. In fact, there would seem to have
become some preconcerted action agreed upon between the governments of
Davis and Almonte and his colleagues.
DAILY RICHMOND EXAMINER (VA)
The Yankees on the Pamunkey.
Yankee hog and Negro stealers made another water raid up the Pamunkey
river on Friday morning last, and captured a small pleasure steamer and
two pontoons. The steamer is about four tons burthen, and anchored at
General Lee’s farm, about ten miles by water above West point, at 9
o’clock on Thursday night, and remained until next morning, when she
commenced getting up steam about seven o’clock. Before she got ready
to start, two Yankee gunboats turned the point at short distance below,
and in less than ten minutes were up with the little steamer, which is
called the Ellen Johnson. The
owner of the boat attempted to sink her by having the plug taken out,
but did not succeed, and the Yankees soon got alongside, coming very
rapidly with the flood tide.
owner, Mr. Dickins, and Captain Dick Brook, made their escape, but the
engineer, Captain Smack, of Richmond, remained, strange to say, though
urged by the owner to leave, and was soon captured.
soon landed a vulgar, low-bred, Negro-associating lieutenant and six
marines, who sought in vain to find the remainder of the crew, firing
shot and shell at random. They sent two Negro sailors ashore to persuade
General Lee’s servants to leave with them, but they refused to go and
associate with a Yankee race so much their inferior in social position.
They told them if they would go, they would make officers, drummers,
fifers, &c., of them, but the servants had seen Yankees before, and
knew well their base characteristics. They took Mr. Collins, General
Lee’s overseer, and for what cause no one can tell, as he had nothing
to do with the expedition of the steamer.
lieutenant was in a bad humor, having heard of General Bragg’s,
Magruder’s and Dick Taylor’s late victories. He shot all the geese,
ducks, and a large sty hog, and took them on board. They then took their
departure, shelling right and left; set fire to a house in New Kent;
stopped at West point; arrested James F. New and carried him on board.
They next went up the Mattaponi river about ten miles; stopped at Mr.
Robinson’s; searched his house; stole a small boat; shelled the
country, and returned at night to West Point.
may look out for the Northern papers to contain General Dix’s official
report of a grand naval expedition an the capture of a large Confederate
steamer, as he made a flourishing report when they burnt, in January
last, one of the same size.
and Commercial–Review of the Richmond Market, Saturday, September 26th, 1863.–The market is dull without change
have some changes to make to-day in our quotations of merchandise.
Speculation continues active, and retailers as well as wholesale dealers
employ their talents in putting up prices. In the course of a fortnight
the produce tax will be payable to the Confederate collectors, and as a
large amount of Treasury notes will then be withdrawn from circulation
it is believed that the upward tendency of prices will be temporarily
of the wheat brought to this city are sent to the Government mills to be
converted into flour for the army. The remaining tenth is barely
sufficient to keep the Gallego Mills in partial operation. It is claimed
that the agents of the Commissary Department are bringing wheat from
remote and exposed sections of the State. We hope that this may be so,
but it is important that the farmers should know how much each one is
expected to furnish to the Government, and the remainder he should be
allowed to send to market with a guarantee that it will not be impressed
on the way or when it arrives.
Until some policy like this adopted, the receipts of wheat here will be
from the United States.
papers of Saturday have been received. They contain only meagre accounts
of the battle of Chickamauga, the substance of which we subjoin:
September 23.–Special dispatches from Chattanooga today fail to get
through. Though the news is far from encouraging, people here have
confidence that Rosecranz will maintain himself till reinforcements
reach him, and that he will then turn the tables on Johnston.
September 24.–A dispatch from General Rosecranz, dated at his
headquarters last night, says: “I cannot be dislodged from my present
September 23.–Very little news of an official character is received
here, we obtaining all our news from officers directly from the front.
It is rumored that we have lost four generals in killed and wounded, and
two as prisoners.
September 24.–Mr. Shanks, correspondent of the New York Herald, has arrived from the battle-field. He says that the official
reports of the battle from Washington are in the main totally incorrect;
that really the army of the Cumberland has met a defeat which must put
it on the defensive for some time to come.
Rosecranz was falling back on Chattanooga, where he was perfectly safe
from all that Bragg could do. His lines of communication were perfectly
secure, and he had plenty of ammunition and provisions in Chattanooga to
stand a month’s siege.
result is virtually a defeat, as we have lost tremendously in
material–not less than fifty pieces of artillery falling into the
enemy’s hands, whilst they lost twenty taken by us.
Rosecranz is in no danger, but at the time Mr. Shanks left Chattanooga
the danger to Burnside was very imminent.
Washington papers of Friday evening say that dispatches from General
Rosecranz to 2 p.m.,
Thursday, show that he is in an impregnable position; feels entirely
safe, and has no doubt about holding out. Rosecranz invites battle in
his present position.
appearances, Bragg’s army is massed in Chattanooga valley before the
Washington telegram, dated the 24th, says that General Meade’s army is
undoubtedly advancing towards Gordonsville, and a battle is daily looked
for. General Lee’s force is estimated at forty thousand.
has removed the blockade of the port of Alexandria, Virginia.
Russian frigate had arrived at New York. Five more were expected in the
course of a few days. The Baltimore Gazette
says, whether they come by accident or for some ulterior purpose, are
questions it cannot satisfactorily answer.
information has been received at Washington of the detention of the rams
at Birkenhead by order of the British Government.
official paper at St. Petersburg says that the Czar will adhere to his
policy in regard to Poland.
SEPTEMBER 29, 1863
BOSTON DAILY ADVERTISER
Steam Rams in the Mersey.
the London Times, Sept. 16.]
public will certainly have learnt with some satisfaction that the two
iron-clad steamers now approaching completion in the Mersey will not be
allowed to leave that river until something more is known of their
ownership and destination. As Lord Russell acknowledged a sort time ago
the inability of government, in default of evidence, to venture upon
this step, we may presume that the grounds for interference have since
acquired strength, and, indeed, although notoriety is no warrant for
conviction, it was hardly possible to overlook the universal impression,
whether justifiable or otherwise, in the case before us. Whatever might
be the complicity or the innocence of this party or that, it was
everywhere accepted as beyond reasonable doubt that these two vessels
were ultimately destined for the service of the Confederate States, and
the precedents of the Alabama
and the Florida enabled us to conjecture the future stages of their
equipment and the uses to which they would be turned. The law of the
case is certainly obscure, and its application is perhaps not likely to
be facilitated by much clearness in the facts, but the reason of the
question can be readily apprehended.
is not denied that a neutral may sell munitions of war, ships included,
to a belligerent. International law deals considerably with neutrals,
and limits the extent to which their customary trade may be curtailed in
and of belligerents and their operations. It is not our fault that the
Americans are fighting each other, and our share in the suffering
produced by the war ought to be as light as possible. We, therefore, or
any other neutrals, are entitled to pursue our ordinary business in all
its branches, provided only that we do not violate the principles of
neutrality by refusing to one belligerent what we grant to the other. If
the goods in which we deal are contraband of war, they are liable to
confiscation, but even that trade, subject to the risk, is perfectly
lawful. According to these doctrines, it is undoubtedly competent to any
British shipbuilder to build a ship and sell it, as another merchant
might sell a battery of field-pieces or a cargo of gunpowder. Even if
the ship be manifestly and exclusively designed for purposes of war the
transaction is not necessarily unlawful, for the construction of ships
of war for foreign States is notoriously a branch of our customary
trade. We can thus, without much difficulty, see our way to both the
construction and sale of such vessels; but then comes another point of
the greatest importance–their delivery.
a ship of war thus built and disposed of were delivered at the
belligerent port, as other munitions of war might be delivered, we do
not see that the transaction could be impeached. Supposing, for the sake
of argument, that these steam rams in the Mersey were avowedly destined
for delivery at Charleston, there to be equipped
and received into the service of the Confederate Government, the
obligation of stopping them would then lie with the Federals, who would
be entitled to capture a siege train on its way to New York. Under such
conditions, there would certainly be no difference between the sale of a
steam frigate and the sale of a park of artillery; but such are not the
conditions to be assumed. The Alabama
was not delivered at a Southern port, nor are we sure, indeed, that she
has ever entered one. The Florida
has run in and out of Charleston, but she only entered those waters as a
ship already in commission, fully manned and fully equipped. Where and
how was this equipment effected?
If it was not effected–as it
certainly was not–in a Confederate port, it must apparently have been
effected in or from some neutral port, and that deprives the adventure
of its lawfulness. ->
shipbuilder may not sell a ship ready armed, for that is not a customary
trade, and no such sales are effected. But if the purchaser, after
receiving the empty hull, goes elsewhere to purchase guns and elsewhere
to obtain men and stores, then the transaction in the aggregate amounts
to the equipment and dispatch of a hostile expedition from a neutral
territory. To put the case clearly, let it be supposed that we ourselves
were at war with the Federals, and that our Government, being pressed
for ships, ordered the construction of vessels in private yards, as was
actually done during the war with Russia. Suppose, also, that in the
urgency of our needs guns were purchased from private manufacturers, and
stores of all description obtained in like manner. All this would be
perfectly natural, but all this, and nothing less, is what probably
happened in the case of the Confederate cruisers, though we are not at
war, but suppose, with the Federal States. The Confederate Government,
or its representatives, did not simply buy ships in this country for
transport to a Confederate port. These agents bought ships and guns and
stores, and having thus got all the elements of a man-of-war together,
sent the vessel to sea on her business fully equipped. But we ourselves
could have done no more than this if we had been the belligerents, and
consequently our ports or our territory would have been used by a
belligerent for purposes of war. When the Alabama commenced her attacks on the enemy’s shipping, from what
port had she sailed? That is the important question. It has been
answered by the assertion that she never sailed as a fully equipped
man-of-war from any port at all; that when she left the Mersey she was
unequipped, and therefore innocent; that she borrowed her guns and her
men from a Confederate consort at sea, and supplied herself afterwards
with stores in a justifiable manner. But would an adventure so planned
be lawful in its inception? Would it, for instance, be allowable for a
British merchant to build a ship of war for delivery, with all but her
guns and stores, to the Alabama or Florida, lying
conveniently off to receive her, and ready to put men and guns on board
directly? . . .
is an Abolitionist?—We find the following definition of the
term “abolitionist” quoted from the Southern Literary Messenger,
a Richmond publication:
abolitionist is any man who does not love slavery for its own sake as a
Divine institution, who does not worship it as a corner stone of civil
liberty, who does not adore it as the only possible social condition on
which a permanent Republican Government can be created, and who does not
in his inmost soul desire to see it extended and perpetuated over the
whole earth as a means of human reformation second in dignity,
importance and sacredness to the Christian religion. He who does not
love African slavery with this love is an abolitionist.”
of our contemporaries in the loyal States, as for instance the Courier,
have adopted this definition for some time past with such marked care
and precision, that we might almost suspect them of having been
furnished with slips in advance from the Messenger
SEPTEMBER 30, 1863
HAMPSHIRE PATRIOT & STATE GAZETTE
What Will Posterity Think of Us?—It cannot be possible that the governing men of the
country realize the nature and the magnitude of current events. The do
not measure the history they are making. Every American is familiar with
the military chronicles of his own country. He has read of Lexington,
Bunker Hill, Monmouth, Germantown, Guilford; of Bridgewater, Niagara,
and New Orleans; and of Palo Alto, Monterey, Buena Vista and Chapultepec;
all these and many more are invested with historic renown as the scenes
of the great battles of the country. Yet, what were they? Skirmishes
all, which in this war would hardly make a newspaper paragraph.
are making history by the Napoleonic model now. We are killing men by
the thousands and tens of thousands; yet nobody seems to be conscious
that anybody is hurt. Mr. Lincoln retells his vulgar jokes and writes
Shakespearian criticisms, just as though the whole land were not
drenched with the blood and tears of its people on account of his folly
and wickedness. The mass of his followers seem to be as insensible to
this suffering as he is; and, strangest of all, and most to be deplored,
the ministers of the Prince of Peace are most ravenous for human blood!
do not know that any class of men could stop this war with honor in a
day, a week or a month. But the people who are expected to do the
fighting have a right to complain that the administration have placed it
upon such a basis that it can never end. Just so long as Negro
emancipation is made the issue, this war will go on. We can conceive of
no stronger impulse to rouse the Southerners to perpetual resistance
than Mr. Lincoln has given them. He does not propose to take away their
property merely, but he intends to turn loose among them an equal number
of barbarians, and compel them to recognize their political and social
equality. We do not believe the comparatively cool blood of New England
would submit to such degradation.
think an honorable peace has recently been within our reach; and we are
amazed that there is not humility enough in the administration or
amongst its friends to resecure such a modification of its policy as to
make peace practicable and hopeful. And we are amazed, too, that men of
position and influence outside of administration circles, do not at
least protest against a policy so disastrous and disgraceful.
millions of men in arms; ten thousand slaughtered in single
conflict–and conflicts often! Still larger numbers wasting by disease!
And all about a few Negroes! And scarce a man on either side prays for
peace! What will posterity say of us?–Manchester
Washington correspondent of the N. Y. Herald
last week wrote that the Washington authorities had “come to the
conclusion that the draft will not pay.” They were told so before they
tried the experiment; but instead of listening to reason, they preferred
to sacrifice thousands of lives and spend millions of money in the
effort to make it pay. They have miserably failed, and in so doing have
verified the old saying–“experience is a dear school, but fools will
learn in no other.”
The draft in Vermont.—The Burlington Free Press says
that less than 1000 men will be got by the draft in Vermont. About 6500
were drafted. While the draft has been in progress in Vermont, with this
result, more than 5000 men have been raised in New Jersey by
Russian steam ships of war, of from 17 to 52 guns each, were in New York
harbor last week, and more were looked for. “What’s up?” is the
question of the curious. No one knows; but some think the Emperor or
Russian anticipates war with France and England, and don’t intend to
have his navy shut up and destroyed in his own waters, while others
think he is going in to help put down our little rebellion!
substitutes sent off from here last week proved themselves rather a
troublesome set of fellows. On the way to Boston they did considerable
damage to the cars, smashing windows, &c., and we learn that three
jumped out and escaped. One, James Smith, jumped out in Reading, Mass.,
and was killed. On the way from Boston to Long Island, an attempt was
made to fire the steamer, and several attempted escape.
Providence Post notices that in the town of Bristol, in Rhode Island, 109 men
were drafted; only one of whom
enters the ranks and he is a Negro. In Little Compton, where
three-fourths of the voters are Republicans, not one of the drafted men
enters the service!
Meade had had the 40,000 men employed in New York and New England in
“enforcing the draft,” he could have taken Richmond before this
time. All accounts agree that a large portion of Lee’s army was sent
to aid Bragg, and that there were left but few troops to defend
Richmond. If Meade had had the troops scattered over New York and New
England, his army would have been more than twice as large as
Lee’s–yes, more than three times as large, and nothing could have
prevented his capture of Richmond. But
the “Government” preferred to employ its troops in political
partisan work–maintaining its party rather than in maintaining the
Statesman welcomes the tyrant’s yoke. It says, “peaceable,
well-disposed people can get along under arbitrary power and hardly feel
its arm.” Yes, in Russia, Austria and Turkey, “peaceable” people
“get along” nicely–all they have to do is submit body, soul and
estate to the demands of the Government and its menials. The
proclamation “will not touch people who mind their own business” and
the Government will not harm you. The people must not meddle with
affairs of Government–must not claim the protection of the laws–must
not assume to have any rights.
All they have and are, belongs to the Government, and whatever of
freedom they exercise is a boon graciously granted by the Government!
This is the Statesman’s
idea, evidently. Shame on such cowardly apologists for tyranny! They are
fit subjects for Eastern despots, but unworthy of the freedom which our
fathers bequeathed to us.
SALEM REGISTER (MA)
A Russian War Fleet in New York.
Tribune says that the Russian
steam-frigate Alexander Nevsky,
from Cronstadt, via Long Island Sound, fifty days, arrived above Hurl
Gate on Thursday morning. She is the flagship of Rear-Admiral Lisovski,
is of 800 horse power, and mounts 51 guns. The Russian steam-frigate Presviet, from Cronstadt, via Long Island Sound, fifty-five days,
also arrived. The Presviet is
of 450 horse power, and mounts 46 guns. The corvette Variag mounting 16 guns, with engines of 360 horse power; the
clipper Almas, 9 guns and 300
horse power; the clipper Isoumvoud,
of 9 guns and 360 horse power, are expected. The frigate Osliaba, Capt. Boutakoff, is now in port.
Committee of the New York City Council have decided upon a public
reception at the Governor’s room, a visit to the public institutions,
and a grand banquet for the entertainment of the Russian naval officers.
presence of this large fleet excites much comment but the real object of
the visit is not yet explained. It is most generally interpreted to be a
gentle intimation to the meddlesome European powers who are inclined to
put their fingers into Brother Jonathan’s pie, that Russia means at
least to see fair play and give a helping hand to an old friend if
British and French men of war have since arrived at New York, so that
one of the largest and most varied naval forces ever seen there is now
in the harbor.
A Battle Song.—The
effect of a stirring song or tune is often electrical. The western
armies have one of this character called “The Battle Cry of
Freedom,” which is described in one of our exchanges as of most potent
either Grant’s or Rosecrans’ army it only needs to be started to be
caught up from camp to camp, till it spreads for miles over the whole
army. By order of a general commanding one division of the army of the
Cumberland, the colonel of each regiment is directed to start the
“Battle Cry” whenever the army goes into action, and the effect of
thousands of voices united upon the chorus:
Union forever, hurrah! Boys, hurrah!
Down with the traitors, up with the star,
While we rally round the flag, boys, rally once again,
Shouting the Battle Cry of Freedom!”
described as awakening a frenzied enthusiasm perfectly indescribable.
is evident from its effect that this is one of the few songs not written
“to order,” but written because the author could not help it. The
great number of thrilling circumstances under which this song has been
sung in the army, added to its popularity. When Gen. Blair’s brigade,
that led the assault upon Vicksburg last fall, after being hurled again
and again upon the enemy’s fortifications only to see each time a
ghastly proportion of their numbers go down in death, were at last
ordered to retire, the brave fellows closed up their shattered
battalions, and came out of the some of that terrible carnage singing:
we’ll rally round the flag, boys, rally once again,
Shouting the Battle Cry of Freedom!”
are not surprised that the remembrance of that scene drew tears from the
officer who described it to us. And when, after months of hardship,
assault and battle, these same troops ran up the Stars and Stripes over
this same rebel stronghold, Gen. McPherson and staff, on the cupola of
the Court-house, fittingly started the same song, and we can imagine
with what a will it was sung by Grant’s entire army.
The Battle of Chickamauga.—Some journalists are very busy now in seeking a victim who
shall be chargeable with the check of the Union forces in North Georgia. One
critic imputes the blame to this General and another to that; one to the
Secretary of War and another to the General in Chief–and each, it may be
observed, to that individual against whom his own preconceived opinions were
most adverse. This is all wrong, and the contrariety of argument proves that
there are no sufficient facts known on which to form a proper judgment.
Would it not be better to apply all one’s energies towards repairing
damages and strengthening the weak points, than to perplex and dishearten
the public mind by such mischievous discussions.
all that appears, the check to Rosecran’s advance was no such disastrous
repulse as has been represented in some quarters. That it was a misfortune,
and a disappointment to excited and extravagant hopes, may be admitted,
without the doleful croakings and gloomy forebodings in which the very
sensitive indulge who believe in the infallibility of army correspondents,
and all the more strongly the more their romantic accounts are tinged with
exaggerated stories of disaster and repulse. That the rebels were bitterly
disappointed in the result is evident from the tone of the Richmond papers,
which looked for nothing less than the utter rout and dispersion of
Rosecrans’s army, and will regard the field as lost unless the Union
forces are riven from Chattanooga and East Tennessee.
Nashville Journal, which is published many of hundreds of miles nearer the
scene of operations than we are, takes this view of the situation. On Friday
last, when it expected the battle to be still in progress, this paper said:
“Should the contest even now cease, it will rank among the greatest
battles yet fought in this rebellion. Time alone can develop its results. To
the advantage of numbers, the rebels added that of a perfect knowledge of
the country, Chattanooga having been to them a centre for nearly two years.
These considerations show that the rebel advantages were those of numbers,
position, and knowledge of the country. With equal numbers on such a field,
the latter advantages would ordinarily give even inferior fighting skill and
endurance the victory. We are not of the school to shout ‘A Great
Victory!’ will we know all the facts. But, if General Rosecrans has maintained his
ground–even with greater loss than the enemy–against the combined genius
of half a dozen rebel Generals, and the combination of at least three
veteran armies, he has justly earned the reputation of one of the greatest
Generals of the age.”
hopeful spirit should be cherished and the bright side regarded in these
troublesome times. There is full enough of gloom and disaster under the best
of circumstances, but it is inexcusable to add to the necessary fluctuations
of war the imaginary and exaggerated evils of feverish dreams. The cause
moves grandly onwards despite all temporary checks.
From the Conscript Camp.
Vermont, Long Island.2
September 21, 1863.
the Editor of the Caledonian:
my last letter spoke of two deserters being drowned and their bodies
brought to their island. They were buried the same day without ceremony,
and the next morning the other two were taken by the police on Jeffries
point, East Boston. The authorities were informed of the fact and a
strong guard was dispatched to escort them to the Island. They were
safely secured, and brought to camp and placed in the guard house, where
they remained till the next morning, when they were taken to Fort Warren
to await a trial by court-martial. They will probably be shot. On Friday
last, about 700 conscripts were placed on board the steamer Forest
City and started for Portsmouth, Va., where they will remain till
they go to regiments to which they are assigned, (the 4th and 5th).
Since they left it has been pretty peaceable times, but before there was
scarcely a day that there was not some disgraceful affray, originating
generally from gambling and drinking, the two scourges of the army. You
may calculate the extent to which these vices run when I say that I have
known whisky to be sold for $10 per quart a number of times. On Thursday
morning a drunken stabbing affair came off among the New Hampshire men.
One man won some $36 from the other at a game called poker, and because
h would not give up the money he had won, he stabbed the other in the
face and abdomen, inflicting severe if not fatal injuries. They were
both sent to the lock-up to await trial.
largest portion of men on the Island are substitutes, mostly foreigners
who have come for the bounty, and the result is that a strong picket
guard is posted around the Island to keep them within bounds, a regiment
from Fort Warren being stationed here for that purpose; and the
consequence is that no man can get a pass to leave the Island. Thus
honest men have to suffer with the rogues. At Brattleboro the conscripts
are all kept in one of the most disgusting places that can be imagined,
and a guard stationed at the outside, and every precaution is taken to
prevent them from taking “leg bail;” but once in a while one gets
the better of them and makes himself scarce. If the Government would
promptly punish the deserters when caught there would be less of the
business done I think. The crime of desertion is one that should be
punished and that to the extent of the law. A man that will willfully
desert his country’s flag in this her hour of peril deserves death as
much as the felon, for in many instances the presence of those that have
deserted on the battle field would have turned the tide of battle in our
incident occurred the other day that created no little excitement in
camp, A gentlemanly appearing man came to the camp holding a large book
headed in large capitals “Adams Express Company,” saying he was an
agent for that company. He managed to get into his possession a couple
thousand dollars, promising to send it to the friends of the soldiers,
and was about to leave when
a word happened to drop a headquarters that caused the matter to be
investigated, and the man proved to be an arrant humbug. The chap was
obliged to disgorge his ill-gotten gains and compelled to quit the
Island, which he was probably very glad to do. And such is life.->
prevailing opinion seems to be that we shall stay here till the next
draft is finished and all go out at once. That there will be another
draft ere long is evident, as preparations are being made as fast as
they can and those men that have displayed their patriotism by paying
$300 will have the privilege of trying their luck again.
Barbarism of Slavery.
following incident is one worth noting by the collector of facts for
future histories of the Great Rebellion: The rebels, on the 30th of June
last, passed through Wellsville, York county, Pa., and were greeted with
tumultuous sympathy by the copperhead men and women of the town. Three
days afterwards, an unarmed Negro was quietly passing along the street,
when these same sympathizers raised the cry of “horse thief,” and
one of them pursued him with a gun.
Negro quietly submitted, and was walking along with his captor, when
five more men, armed to the teeth, came up, and one of them, named
Jeremiah Sphor, deliberately and without a word, shot him. The Negro
fell, when Sphor shot him a second time as he lay upon the ground. The
party then dragged the still living victim by the heels with a strap
into a field, where they proceeded to bury him. Observing that he still
lived, one of the tried to cut his throat, but the knife used was too
blunt; whereupon a rifle was discharged into his head, and the poor
wretch at length ceased to breathe. The body was left upon the ground. A
week afterward a coroner’s jury caused the arrest of the murderers,
who frankly acknowledged their guilt; but the grand jury ignored the
bill against them. The correspondent who sends these particulars states
that the prosecutors are Republicans, and the defendants Copperheads.
York rejoices in a Democratic majority of 3,000.–Tribune.
The Eagle and the Bear.—The New Yorkers were to give our Russian neighbors a very flattering
reception to-day (Thursday). AN item elsewhere gives the information
that a fleet of nine Russian vessels are in n. Y. harbor; and from the
friendly conduct of the Czar for the past two years we have no reason to
think this fleet is on an unfriendly mission. It is fitting that our
people should exhibit their gratitude, and show the subjects of
Alexander that the conduct of the government and the people, in strong
contrast with that of England and France, is appreciated by the loyal
people of America.
teacher of contrabands at Newbern declares the following to be the creed
of the Negroes in that vicinity: 1st. They believe in the good Lord who
has heard their prayers; 2d, in Abraham Lincoln, who has broken their
chains; 3d, In Massachusetts and everything that comes from it.
OCTOBER 3, 1863
SPRINGFIELD REPUBLICAN (MA)
is curious to observe how in all our campaigns the same movements are
repeated. The rebels adhere to their policy of concentration both as to
the whole scope of the war and the handling of their troops in each
battle; and we still repeat the same mistake of scattering our armies at
distant points around the borders of the rebellion, and in each battle
offer to the rebels extended and easily penetrated lines, as if to
ensure success to their favorite tactics. In the late battles, however,
the nature of the country and the lack of time for concentration before
the attack was made, compelled Rosecrans to fight at this disadvantage.
It was a matter of necessity, not choice; and it enabled the enemy to
throw his whole army into confusion, with the exception of the single
corps of Gen. Thomas. It is also noticeable that the rebels have been
following the strategy marked out for them by Schalk, the German
military essayist, not because of his suggestion, probably, but because
they saw it to be their true policy. Yet neither in Maryland and
Pennsylvania, nor in Georgia, has the policy of concentration vindicated
itself by entire success; but it has failed by lack of men and means,
and by the indomitable fighting of our inferior forces. The lesson yet
to be learned, after all our mistakes of the same sort, is
concentration; or if the policy of scattering our forces and conducting
important enterprises at so many widely scattered points is to be
persisted in, then we want several hundred thousand more men.
Treatment of Our Prisoners by the Rebels.—Surgeon
Stone of the Massachusetts 54th writes that he has reliable information
that Col. Shaw was not buried in the trenches with the Negro
soldiers–which spoils some poetry and considerable indignation. He
also says that our wounded and prisoners are well treated at Charleston.
He thinks the probability is that Capts. Russell and Simpkins of the
54th were killed at the first assault on Fort Wagner, as they have not
been heard from. The president has directed Gen. Gilmore to demand from
Gen. Beauregard a list of the officers and men of the 54th colored
regiment who were taken prisoners on Morris Island, and a statement of
their present status. If the list be furnished, an equal number of
rebels of the same rank or higher, who are now in our hands, will be set
apart for such treatment as our men receive. It is understood that if
Beauregard refuses to furnish the list or pleads ignorance, as he is
reported to have done in answer to inquiries on this subject from
Commissioner Oudt, our government will presume that the rebels have
carried out their threats, and will act accordingly.
Baton Rouge Yankeeized.—A correspondent of the St. Louis Republican, of evident rebel sympathies,
writes from Baton Rouge, La.:
Rouge has degenerated, and is now nothing more than a Yankee village.
The greater part of the male population have gone into the rebel ranks,
and the females have either departed for the heart of Dixie, or else
take their snuff in the seclusion of back parlors where the Yankee
entereth not. Yankee cavalry kick up the dust; Yankee idiom is the
medium for the interchange of ideas on the street; the roll of Yankee
drums has superseded the tinkle of the ubiquitous piano; and the
‘Bonnie Blue Flag,’ which bears but one single star, has given place
to ‘John Brown’s Body.’ In walking the streets, you can almost
fancy that you hear the sound of the hammers of the shoemakers of Lynn;
and the other day, in the course of a prospecting tour to see if there
was anything left that I had seen before, I was electrified by coming
suddenly upon a sign of ‘Fresh doughnuts for sale.’ Shades of the
cavalier and Huguenot! Fresh doughnuts!”
The President’s Salary.—Somebody is trying to manufacture public opinion for an increase of the
president’s salary, by means of an article sent to the newspapers on
the subject. We are unwilling to believe that it is inspired at the
White House, and coming from any other quarter it is a piece of
gratuitous impertinence. The salary of $25,000 must be sufficient for
the housekeeping at the White House, and for all the hospitality that
can be properly demanded of the chief magistrate and his amiable wife,
as well as for an ample supply of fresh millinery, and thus far the
president has been too constantly engrossed with his public duties and
cares to waste time or money in expensive entertainments. Some of our
presidents have saved snug little fortunes out of their salaries, to
which there is no objection; but the place should not be made
specifically desirable for the salary attached, and if the present
salary, with the liberal appropriations made frequently for new
furniture and other matters, is enough to support the establishment
respectably, it is better to leave the salary as it is. As a matter of
curiosity we should like to know the origin of the effort for an
increase of the president’s salary, and the motives for it.
The Enlistment of Negroes in Maryland.—The
enlistment of slaves in Maryland is being pushed by the war department,
and is causing much excitement among the slave-owners. The measure is
interpreted as a confession that the confederacy is a success, and that
the government is determined to make the border states free states as
the only means of holding them in the Union. The slaveholders on the
Patuxent and lower Potomac are smuggling their slaves into Virginia in
order to avoid the conscription. There begins to be some uneasiness in
Kentucky lest the same policy shall be tried there, and there will be
more apprehension now that Judge Advocate General Holt has issued an
opinion fully sustaining the legality of this conscription. The opinion
is dated August 20th, but is just promulgated.
image of El Monassir as HMS Wyvern (she would have become CSS Mississippi) are available from the Navy
History and Heritage Command.
Long Island is one of the Boston Harbor islands, not the Long Island
south of the state of Connecticut.
the South did rise
again–with the advent of Krispy Kreme doughnuts in 1937, which opened
in North Carolina with a recipe from a New Orleans chef. (Ref.)
Was the “electrifying” advent of Yankee doughnuts in nearby Baton
Rouge in 1863 a subtle and long-term influence? One of the great
unanswered cultural questions of the Civil War . . .
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