DECEMBER 22, 1861
THE DAILY TRUE DELTA (LA)
Battle near Dranesville.
Dec. 21.--A portion of our Potomac army suffered defeat yesterday.
At 4 o'clock on yesterday morning Gen. Stewart, with 150 cavalry,
the Jeff Davis Artillery, the 1st Kentucky regiment, 10th Alabama, 11th
Virginia, and 6th South Carolina regiments--this force being a portion
of General Longstreet's brigade--left Centreville to attempt the capture
of a Federal foraging party at Dranesville, sixteen miles from
Centreville. As they neared
the place the Federals were discovered to be 15,000 strong. Gen. Stewart
with his 3000 men, attacked them, and the fight lasted the greater
portion of the day, when the Confederates retired.
Our loss was about thirty killed and an equal number wounded. Among the killed are Col. Taylor, of the 1st Kentucky, and
the major of the same regiment..
Eleventh Virginia, from Lynchburg, had 7 killed and 12 wounded.
The third field officer was killed and another had his arm shot
off. Four of the Jeff.
Davis Artillery were killed at their guns and several wounded.
Gen. Stewart sent to headquarters for reinforcements, and last
night the balance of Gen. Longstreet's brigade, comprising fourteen
regiments, went down to give the Yankees another fight.
Nothing heard of their operations to-day.
Federals 60,000 Strong Moving on Bowling Green.
Dec. 21.--reliable intelligence received here reports the Hessians,
9000 strong, as having crossed Green river and are marching on
Hopkinsville, Kentucky. Our
forces there is only 3500, under Gen. Clark, of Mississippi, but
reinforcements have been ordered from Clarksville to his support.
from Bowling Green report that 17,000 of the enemy crossed Green river
Bowling Green correspondent of the Union and American, in his letter
dated 20th inst., says it is reported that place will be advanced upon
from three sides simultaneously by a combined force of 60,000 men.
the work of repairing the railroad bridge commenced, several pontoon
bridges have been thrown across the river, upon which wagons and cannon
can be easily crossed.
Hindman, ten miles south of Green river, has been strongly reinforced,
but it is surmised that no general engagement will take place beyond
Bowling Green, where the stand will be made, and a decisive battle
from Eastern Kentucky reports the people rise and in overwhelming
numbers to join the standard of Gen. Humphrey Marshall, as he approaches
the blue grass region.
Dec. 21.-- The Rome (Ga.) Southerner of the 19th says there was an
attempt to burn the state road bridge over Pettel's creek, on Monday
night last, and the incendiary was caught and hung at Cartersville on
Dec. 21.--The News of this morning says, seven whaling vessels were
sunk in one of the Charleston channels yesterday.
New York Herald of the 19th says the Lincoln cabinet has not
determined what course to pursue in the Mason and Slidell affair, as the
English messenger has not arrived.
Norfolk, via Richmond.
Dec. 21.--Advices received by the steamer Jura say that
England continued excited on the Mason and Slidell affair. Active preparations are making and England for war with the
United States should it become necessary.
Scott, in a letter to the Paris press, denies that the Washington
Cabinet had predetermined the capture of Mason and Slidell, in hopes
that amicable relations with England may be preserved.
Demonstrations hostile to the United States have been made in
some of the English ports.
is reported to administer Adams regarded his recall as inevitable.
press of a Brussels and a Paris are unanimously sustaining England in
condemning the capture of Mason and Slidell.
letter received in Washington says all the arms destined to the United
States have been removed from the vessels, and no more will be shipped.
hopes diplomatically to deal affairs with England until England will
select France to mediate. If
so, the United States will choose Russia.
No result will follow, and Lincoln will continue the war
unmolested with the Confederacy.
Richmond Examiner says the conflagration at Charleston suggests
the danger that many of our southern communities may be momentarily in,
from the spies and traitors lurking in their midst, and adds"
are large numbers of true and brave men in every one of these
communities, who, from various reasons, are constrained from going to
war against the public enemy, and it might well be made an appropriate
duty for them to organize for home protection against spy, the
incendiary, and all kinds of lurking foes, and to establish systems of
vigilance that would leave no room for danger from the sudden outrages
of such enemies in our midst."
at Headquarters.--A New York paper off the 7th inst., which we have
before us, contains a list of the regiments, battalions and companies in
the Confederate service, with the names of officers and places of
encampment or duty. There
are in accuracies, we admit; but it is a far better list than any
journalist of Richmond could prepare from data to which he is allowed to
access. We have suspected that they were persons in official position
who would not scruple to betray the country into the hands of the enemy
if opportunity offered; and this remarkable publication goes very far
towards confirming the theory. Of
what use is it to hold secret sessions of Congress, and place
injunctions upon the southern press, if the abolition papers of the
north are to have their agents installed in convenient positions in the
Mode of Capturing an Enemy.--A Washington letter-writer gives an
account of the novel mode adopted by the Federals, a few nights since,
for the capture of a company of Confederate cavalry.
tied a piece of telegraph wire across the road, just high enough to trip
the horses and throw them with their riders, and then placed themselves
in ambush beside the road. About half past 11 forty or fifty of
the Confederate cavalry approached, galloping down the road. The
head horseman tripped and fell, and the others rushing on, several
tumbled over in the confusion, in the meantime swearing and shouting.
Our men poured a volley into them, unhorsing several, killing six or
seven and capturing three, one of whom is a lieutenant."
DECEMBER 23, 1861
HARTFORD (CT) DAILY COURANT
New Annie Hutchinson.--Mrs. Beecher's Congregation at Pittsburg.
Pa., Chronicle, Dec. 13.--The great mass of our people are innocent
of the knowledge that a woman is now pastor of a small but growing
congregation in Pittsburg, and is discharging the duties of the sacred
office with a zeal and faithfulness worthy of imitation.
We refer to Mrs. Beecher, of the Winebrenarian Church. Two months since this lady and a few of her followers rented
the old Ashbury Chapel, on Townsend street, near Colwell street, Sixth
ward, for the purpose of establishing a congregation of their peculiar
faith in this city. Meetings
have been held every evening for preaching, prayer and praise, and large
audiences have generally attended, moved more by curiosity, however,
than by any other feeling.
leaders of the pastor have not been without their reward, for we are
informed that she has now between thirty and forty communicants.
A gentleman from the eastern part of this state,, named
Hickerwell, assists Mrs. Beecher in her arduous labors.
The Winebrenarians are little known; but, though small in
numbers, they are still entitled, we suppose, to recognition as one of
the division's into which the Christian Church is unhappily sundered.
Their doctrines do not differ materially from other evangelical
demonstrations. In worship they resemble the Methodists, but in the church
governments and discipline the Winebrenarians are different from all
others, in their leaving members generally to be governed by their own
consciences in judging what is right and wrong.
The prime distinction of this denomination is their practice of
"washing the feet" before the pulpit, in presence of the whole
peculiarity they find ample warning to for in the Holy Scriptures, and
it is administered at the set times appointed for the Lord's Supper, the
women bathing the feet of their own sex, and the men doing the same.
Winebrenarians have two other small congregations in their immediate
vicinity, one in Birmingham and another in Temperanceville. There are also two more, we believe, not far distant, at
Bethany and West Newton; at least we know that revivals have been held
at those places. Mrs.
Beecher is well known to a great number of our citizens, and is highly
respected. She was born in
this region, married here, and is now a middle-aged widow, with a
grown-up son and daughter. Her
style of speaking is very vehement, and both hand and foot are liberally
used to enforce and impress the lessons uttered.
The matter of her sermons and exportation is is plain, and the
hearer leaves the church more impressed with her apparent sincerity and
earnestness than with anything else.
Mrs. Beecher has, however, an extraordinarily powerful voice,
which, when raised to a high pitch, tills the "Old Ashbury" to
a sense of painfulness, and she is said to possess in a large degrees
the power of persuasion. She
has been preaching at different towns for a period extending over five
years. Protracted meetings
are held every night by the Winebrenarians in their new house of
worship, and in a few months, apparently Mrs. Beecher will have quite a
respectable congregation in Pittsburg.
Rogue's Gallery has been commenced by the police, and now numbers
about a dozen pictures of intelligent faces.
Among them are the faces both of males and females, of those who
have been sent to state prison and those who are going. The collection, one a little larger, will be of great
interest as a steady of the human face, even though they may not be of
the handsomest description in the world.
and Arms.--Some uneasiness has been created here by the announcement
in recent English papers that large quantities of saltpetre bought in
England for account of our government had been stopped.
We are able to say on the highest authority, that this step
cannot in the least embarrass us. The
government has on hand now an immense supply of this necessary article,
most of which has been in store since the war of 1812.
The amount of saltpetre now in government stores is, we are
assured, sufficient for all emergencies; and we suppose the recent
purchases in Europe, if any were really made, were intended only to add
to the present store in proportion as it was diminished in the course of
the war, in accordance with that policy which induces every great
government to keep on hand of this article at all times sufficient for a
war of twenty or thirty years' duration.
to arms, we are able to help ourselves.
We have not only arms manufactories, but we have the means and
knowledge to construct new machinery whenever it may be needed. The machinery by which the best service muskets and rifles
used for the British army are made, at Woolrich, in England, was
constructed in this for the British government, and an American mechanic
set it up in its place, and taught the British to work it.
It is evident that what our workmen have done for others they can
do for themselves, and for their government.
lead and iron we have inexhaustible quantities at home; and of sulfur,
if the supply should run low, of which there is at present no danger, we
can get as much as we need from the volcanic districts of Mexico.--Evening
learn that among the papers on Thursday transmitted to the Senate
concerning Mexican affairs, was the project of a treaty with Mexico, the
provisions of which are of such importance that it is even thought it
would, if confirmed, lead to the withdrawal of England and France from
the Spanish alliance. It
provides that our Government shall pay $11,000,000 to Mexico, to be
applied to the satisfaction of English and French creditors, and for a
grant to the United States of commercial privileges, the adjustment of
our outstanding debts, and the right of transit across Mexican territory
for troops and munitions of war. It
is thought the treaty will be speedily confirmed, and send that wants to
weeks ago potatoes were selling in Canada for 25 cents; the price is now
75 cents. The rot has
already destroyed half the crop.
on the Pennsylvania canals has closed for the season, and the water will
be drawn off in a few days.
or four "munition trains" leave Watertown, Mass., every week,
loaded with shot, shell, cartridges, baggage trains, etc., for the seat
fishermen of New England are responding to the call of the government
for seamen for the Navy with a readiness hardly anticipated.
Hundreds are entering into service every day.
diplomatic relations growing out of the complications arising from the
European expedition to Mexico are regarded as in a more critical
condition then even our relations with England.
"secesh" woman, calling herself Mrs. Mayer, was arrested at
St. Albans, Vt., on Wednesday, and her baggage being searched, much
important treasonable correspondence was found, which she was carrying
to rebels, temporarily concealed in Canada.
Her frequent journeys to and from Canada had excited to be
suspicion of the federal officers and caused her arrest.
The correspondence was forwarded to Secretary Seward at
Washington, and is said to implicate parties in New York.
DECEMBER 24, 1861
DAILY CITIZEN & NEWS (MA)
a Yankee City.--In the spring, it will be remembered, when the
capital was considered in danger from the rebels, real estate was
woefully depreciated and business was almost annihilated.
The change now is thus noted by the Washington Republican:
is essentially a Yankee city at the present time. In every department business is thriving to a degree
unparalleled in its history. Real estate has advanced to unexpected
figures, and it is a matter of impossibility to find suitable
accommodations for the influx of business pouring in upon us.
Enterprise is now the watchword, where a short year ago
inactivity and decay prevailed. Vigorous
competition has reduced the price of many of the necessaries of life.
Old monopolies have been scattered to the winds, and the consumer
is generally benefitted by the change.
The Washington of today is different from the Washington of 1860.
Many are unacquainted with the cause of transformation, and look
with wondering eyes at what is only a legitimate consequence."
Trent Affair.—Yesterday’s report from Washington to the Tribune
is that Lord Lyons made his first official communication to Mr. Seward,
on the Trent affair, on Saturday, and that the Secretary of State
was preparing his reply. The Tribune’s correspondent says the
prevailing belief is that Great Britain does not present an ultimatum
but leaves the way open for negotiation. The Philadelphia Bulletin
has another version, to the effect that Lord Lyons will not present his
dispatch until Admiral Milne acts upon his instructions to proceed to
machinery for rifling cannon, recently received at the government
foundry, is now in successful operation at Fortress Monroe. One hundred
marine guns, of large caliber, have been successfully rifled, and it is
not believed that their strength has been materially diminished by the
process. Fortress Monroe will soon have her four hundred and fifteen
rifled cannon in place.
Items.--The system of drafting begun in Richmond is exceedingly
unpopular. It calls into
active service the entire militia.
Boys of 15 years are often enrolled.
Those who desire to remain at home have to provide substitutes,
who can only be had with great difficulty.
deserter from the Confederate navy, an intelligent man, says there is
universal depression through the South, who and that the whole game is
up. New Orleans is
particularly despondent. The
sugar planters are Union at heart, and if we take New Orleans or Mobile,
the cotton planters would all bring their cotton in for sale.
There is great destitution, and planters have nothing to feed
their Negroes on.
bad financial condition of the rebels is illustrated by the fact that
one of the regiments at Manassas has begun to issue a currency of its
own, in the form of shinplasters.
the other things the Louisianians are much in want of are barrels and
hogsheads for their sugar and molasses.
They were dependent on the Yankees for these, and do not know how
to make them. Sugar is
selling as low as 1½ to 2 cents in New Orleans.
Memphis Appeal reports the impressment of free Negroes in the
letter from Richmond says: "There has been a good deal of sickness
and several deaths of late among the Union prisoners, resulting in many
cases from wounds. Several
hundred were sent to Tuscaloosa, Ala., last week.
Many of them were really objects of pity.
It was a painful site to see the poor fellows marched off to
their southern prison. Some
of them were coatless and without shoes, and all very poorly clad."
There is a good supply of poultry for Christmas, and the market today,
and prices have advanced since yesterday on account of the cold weather.
Good fresh-killed turkeys can be bought for fifteen cents per
pound and poorer ones for twelve cents; geess and chickens are selling
for from ten to twelve cents per pound.
Raines & Co.'s can be found a large assortment of useful as well
as fancy articles. They
have just returned from New York and Boston, where they have purchased
for cash a large block of goods for Christmas and New Year's presents.
They are really worth examining, and can be purchased at
Contraband Bundles.--Among the large number of packages received at
the city governments building to be sent today to our soldiers at
Fortress Monroe, four bottles of liquor were discovered and confiscated.
Items.--One George Lee, whose property in New Orleans, has just been
confiscated by the rebels, committed suicide at Ballston Spa, New York,
a day or two since. The
loss of a hundred thousand dollars caused him to become insane.
to fishermen will be payable the first of January. The Yarmouth Register says the amount due in the
Barnstable district is $45,000. In
Gloucester the sum is $125,000. In
the middle of hard winter the bounty will bring relief to many a poor
Bavaria, Clermont county, Ohio, the boys who are too young to go to the
war, have formed a company which they call the "Sawbuck
Rangers," the members of which agreed to saw the wood of women
whose husbands are at the war.
Mann, a colored man, recently arrived from Fort Pickens, and formerly
employed on board the steamship Star of the South, and for some time a
prisoner in the interior of Alabama, informs the Herald that there are
upwards of 8000 runaway Negroes in that state hiding in the woods.
They have vague ideas of the war.
Washington Republican says: "The imbroglio over the
affairs of Mason and Slidell is only a symptom of a disease, not the
disease itself. The
hostility of the British government existed before their capture, and
would have been manifested effective and had not happened."
Boston Post, in an article upon this difficulty, remarks:
"The latest intelligence from England and the war tempest in Canada
give new and even painful interest to the affair of the Trent. It is singular, at least, that, when there is among our
northern neighbors every note of preparation, the people of the states
along the whole line should be called as a summer's morning."
recruiting officer as Rochester, New York, detected a young female
adventurer, last week, who applied to him, dressed in bifurcated
apparel, for a situation as drummer boy.
Her favorite masculine alias was Charlie Miller, and she had been
a hack driver, a circus rider, a bar tender, a whip pedlar's clerk, and
a drummer boy in the 18th New York and 46th Pennsylvania regiments.
rebel army is composed almost entirely of twelve months' men, whose term
of service expires in February, the Richmond papers, in anticipation of
the return of these men to their homes, and the difficulty of supplying
their places, recommends conscription.
boys in Gloucester, on Wednesday last, ate some hemlock roots, supposing
them to be parsnips. One of
them named Knowles died in great agony, but the rest are expected to
DECEMBER 25, 1861
NEW HAMPSHIRE PATRIOT & STATE GAZETTE
EMANCIPATION QUESTION IN CONGRESS.
waiting to receive the Message of the President or the reports of the
Secretaries, without knowing what policy had already been adopted by the
Government, and was now in operation, the Radicals of the two Houses of
Congress, on the first day of the session, precipitated before both
Chambers the question of Emancipation.
The process was as logical as the attempt itself was reasonable!
"Whereas," the resolution that generally ran, "Congress
has no power to emancipate sleeves, resolved that our Generals shall
recruit them into the army and declare them free." The non
sequiturs is as apparent as it would be in fact if the proclamation for
the Negroes allies were sounded. They
would not follow to the call.
are wearied by the pertinacity of folly with which the factious leaders
of a minority attempt to force the delusive and fatal policy upon the
country. We shot argue the
question of right, for they heed not right; nor of the Constitution, for
they mock it; nor of expediency, for they are incapable of understanding
if Congress distrusts the power of the 600,000 white soldiers in arms,
in defense of the Constitution, and of the vast Navy of the Federal
Government, and must needs recruit from the black population, why not
commence at the North? If
blacks are needed for soldiers, why not marshal the free blacks to the
reserve, instead of attempting this tardy and circuitous method of
rallying slaves to our standard? There are 200,000 free blacks in the loyal States, and an
army of 25,000 might easily be supplied from their numbers. To get the same force of able bodied men from the slave
population, we would have to take within our lines, and support till the
close of the war, eight times the number, counting women, children, the
decrepit and incapable. The
burden of such a population would be immensely greater than that of any
similar number of the most expensive troops we now have, even on the
most extravagant estimate.
will it cost to sustain a population of 200,000 slaves during the war,
fed with daily rations as the "contrabands" at Fortress Monroe
now are? The elements of
the calculation are to be found in that experiment, and it is in the
power of the Government to give the results also.
We venture to say that there never was a body of man, outside of
the established Alms Houses, so unproductive and wasteful and useless,
as the laborers at Fortress Monroe, and their large dependent families.
do not believe the people are rich enough to support such a body of
pensioners; or that the suffering citizens of the North will patiently
abide the idea that while government leaves them to their bitter fate of
hunger and cold, it is manifesting paternal indulgence and bestowing
it's a liberal bounties upon the vagrant population of the South, whom
it has invited into idleness. And
then, when the Negroes class has sucked its millions from the Treasury,
the master class is to have its turn!
How many millions will the state, and who but the Northern
laborer will have to pay them?
the northern soldiers stand, side by side, in their ranks with the black
freed men? Try it! Let the experiment be made with the soldiers recruited from
the black population of the North, before we rush into the experiment of
a general levy of troops at the South.
If the northern me grow, if freedom is an advantage, is the
better man of the two, and is certainly better educated, and
disciplined, and a self reliant. What
would be the fate of a brigade of blacks, officered by their own class,
or even by whites, and marching to battle?
What would be their discipline, their tone, their courage, and to
what extent would they elevate or depress the war like sentiment, and esprit
de corps of the Army?
ask these questions, but we seek no answer.
Every man can answer them. The
country has already answered them.
Not a State has sent a single black man to the defense of the
country. The Government has
asked for none, and will accept none.
It is a mere trick of words, a delusion and falsehood, to talk
about recruiting our armies from such a source.
Reduced to its real meaning, the action of Congress comes to
this--an invitation to the slaves to desert their masters, with a
promise that Government will support and free them if they do.
Behind this invitation is the hidden incitement to servile
insurrection; but the fanatics of Congress have not yet resolved that
supernal folly and climbed into words.
They hope that the quick year of the Negro will catch the thought
ere it is expressed in words, and that he will hasten to the lines of
our army and seek his promised reward, with the blood of his master and
mistress and children dripping from his knife; and those who have not
toned up their minds to this expectation, hope at least that the fear of
such an impending horror may drive the South into submission.
is but a new delusion, another sequence in that long line of fallacies,
which underrating the energies and the power of our adversaries, has let
us from one error to another, in a long career of disappointments and
Union Not to be Restored.--The Boston correspondent of the
Springfield Republican scouts the idea that the Union is to be
restored, and mocks at the President for appearing to believe it.
restoration of the old Union is impossible, and admitted to be so
practically, by everybody, including Mr. Lincoln himself.
Mr. Cameron proposes great changes in the boundaries of states,
and I do not understand that Mr. Lincoln objects to this part of his
report. Virginia is already
dismembered; Tennessee is liable to be cut in pieces at any time;
Delaware is to be enlarged, and so on. The exigencies of the war may
make the absolute extinguishment of half a dozen rebel states, as
political organizations, as necessary.
Florida may yet be ceded back to Spain, and Texas to Mexico.
The old Union! It is
a thing of the past. To
call a man a disunionist who is not in favor of allowing things to be
restored to the condition they were in before the election of 1860, is
very poor and cheap and harmless nonsense."
DECEMBER 26, 1861
FARMERS’ CABINET (NH)
OF THE WEEK.
last foreign dispatches comprising six days' intelligence, and down to
the 12th inst., record nothing of striking importance in connection with
a great international topic. From
a comparison of the statements made, the real character of the
communication prepared by the British Cabinet had not probably been
divulged to the press. It
is noticeable that the latest London Times omits to say anything
about the return of the commissioners.
The Cabinet is in a difficult political situation, and naturally
prefers secrecy in the midst of the present popular excitement.
The further postponement of the meeting of Parliament seems to
strengthen this view of the matter.
The warlike preparations continue. . .
from Fortress Monroe state that Gen. Burnside's expedition is about
ready for departure, which will probably take place within the week.
Its strength of force, and destination are wisely concealed from
the public. Of one thing,
however, we may be sure--the expedition means hot work somewhere.
the coast of the rat-hole fleet our sealing up Charleston and Savannah,
Pickens is again battering Fort McRae, with what effect, not known, and
Butler's forces are concentrating at Ship Island to pay their respects
to New Orleans. The
Constitution will probably leave Boston this week with several regiments
to reinforce them.
Halleck's Cairo fleet of a dozen iron-plated river gun-boats are fitting
up for their voyage down the Mississippi.
The General is pushing on his other preparations with great
vigor, and will be ready to take the field in a week or two. Halleck and
the victorious Pope did fair to clear Missouri of her domestic foes in a
report of the committee appointed at the extra session of Congress, to
investigate Government contracts, was presented in the House, Wednesday,
b y Mr. Van Wyck of New York, the chairman.
The committee have held settings in all the principle cities, and
traveled 6700 miles. Many
extortions and abuses in the purchase of arms and vessels have been
exposed. The investigation
into the chartering of the steamer Cataline discloses the fact that she
was chartered for $10,000 a month, for not less than 3 months, and it
lost $50,000 was to be paid for her, although she cost only $18,000.
The subject of the purchase of arms developed the fact that the
Government and the States were in direct competition, leading to
extraordinary cupidity on the part of those having such a for sale, both
in Europe and America, and to combinations to rob the treasury.
Immense supplies both in the Navy and War departments, have been
purchased privately and without any competition.
In the purchase of cattle there has been gross mismanagement, and
great irregularities have been practiced in New York in the purchase of
horses and wagons. The
circumstances of the erection of the fortifications at St. Louis were
marked by extravagance, recklessness, insubordination and fraud, and the
committee hope some means may be found to make the parties to these
atrocious frauds disgorge the sums of which the government has been so
enormously swindled, and that laborers be no longer delayed from their
pay. The abuses in the
Western Military Department are prominently [delineated], including
those relating to the shipment of ice, the diversions of monies from the
Paymaster's department, for which they were appropriated, rotten and
condemned blankets, the roofing of the Benton barracks, transportation,
&c. . . .
The Committee report that in numerous cases which have come under
their observation, the price paid for arms is inexcusably exorbitant.
In some instances the arms were worthless, and in others an
exorbitant price was coupled with other evidence of a purpose to defraud
Royal.--The cotton crop of this year is a fair one. The Negroes are
formed into gangs and are picking it under superintendents. The Atlantic brought $50,000 worth, and other vessels
were loading on Government account. The
soldiers were delighted with Beaufort Common for a campaign ground.
An expedition inland to secure the control of the railroad from
Charleston to Savannah, so 1500 rebels, who retreated if.
The health of the troops is suffering for want of sufficient
hospitals and medical supplies. The
burning of Tybee light-house is confirmed.
Mittens.—Cloth mittens may be made of any stout, warm, woolen cloth.
They can be lined with flannel if the outside material is not warm enough.
They should be basted nicely together, and then stitched by a machine or
hand on the right side, leaving only a narrow edge round the side after the
fashion of buckskin gloves. If the seams are turned inside they will be
clumsy. Round the wrist they should be turned down, and stitched round also.
If they are lined with colored flannel they can be turned down on the right
side, and the contrast is quite ornamental, corresponding to the edge of the
flannel lining which is at the seams. Every housekeeper has pieces of
broadcloth, water proof, or ladies’ cloth, and every one can lend a
helping hand.—Correspondent, Boston Journal.
and Shaving Brushes.—The Philadelphia Gazette says that the
changes in fashion operate oddly on business. Since the beard and moustache
followed the wake of lager and meerschaum, and become Americanized, the
number of barber shops in this city has fallen off from above two hundred to
about eighty. A leading brushmaker informs us that five years age he
constantly kept three journeymen the year round for the sole purpose of
making shaving brushes. At the present moment a single journeyman can supply
the entire demand, without occupying much more than half his time. While
this is true of shaving brushes, it is equally true of razors also.
that used to import fifty to a hundred gross for a season’s sales, are now
unable to dispose of one-fourth that number, while many of them still retain
stock lying upon their shelves for many season’s past, an excess of
importation predicated upon the continuance of smooth jowls and shaven lips.
Things hang queerly together. It is in the power of fashion to ruin any
business in a single season. The class of manufacturers who have had the
best and longest run of luck are the makers of hoop skirts and adjustable
bustles. Since Eugene first experienced the delights of maternity, hoop
skirt makers have had their own time of it. At one time quill pens sold so
high that geese took on more airs than any fowl in existence. In these days
of improved gold and steel pens goose-quills are hardly worth the task of
preparing them for the market.
DECEMBER 27, 1861
BRITISH EMBARGO ON ARMS AND AMMUNITION.
prohibition of the export of arms and saltpetre by Great Britain causes
an uneasiness in this country. We
can now make our own arms as fast as we shall need them, and they are
vastly superior to any we get from abroad.
Indeed England is indebted for her best muskets to the machinery
with which we generously furnished her, and to our workmen who
instructed her own in making them.
The markets of the rest of Europe are still open to us if we
should need more than we can manufacture, which is not likely.
In a matter of heavy ordnance we are equally independent, for our
Parrott guns are unquestionably superior to the Armstrong and Whitworth
guns. As to saltpetre, it
is stated that our government has on hand and immense supply off,
sufficient for any possible emergency.
Some of it has been in store since the war of 1812.
Indeed it is intimated that the stir in England as to saltpetre
was made by agents of our government, who were purchasing largely, with
the desire to call forth a prohibition of the exportations, and thus
keep the secessionists from obtaining a supply, as they have hitherto
done by vessels running the blockade. . .
own government should now prohibit the exportation of ship timber, for
which the British government is largely dependent on us, and has now
great quantities stored here which it has recently purchased.
The blockade of the Virginia ports has cut off our supply from
that quarter, and ship-builders find it difficult to obtain suitable
material for their work. Under
these circumstances it is highly important to forbid all further
exportation of the article.
gentleman occupying a high position in Paris, writing to a friend in
Washington, says that the impression was very general in the best
informed circles in France and England, that a rupture between England
and the United States is inevitable.
efforts being made to abolish sutlerships in the army are bringing to
light many abuses. If in
some instances the appointment of a sutler has been given to whoever
would agree to contribute the largest bonus to the regimental fund,
which is under the control of the regimental officers.
Out of it is paid a portion of the expenses of the band; the
remainder is disposed of by the officers, who also appoint the sutler.
That this course results in injury to the interest of both
sutlers and soldiers, who are, in many cases, thus indirectly taxed to
pay for wines, liquors and cigars for the regimental mess.
Ely is expected to arrive from Richmond early this week. The exchange of prisoners is proceeding systematically, and
to the entire satisfaction of the government.
I am very sorry for this rebellion; it prevents my going South,” said
an Englishman the other day, dining at a
club in Philadelphia by invitation. “They tell me,” he
continued, “that the American gentleman is only to be found at the
South. How is that, pray? Can you explain it?” “I can’t,”
replied his host; “it is no more to be explained than the sentiment so
often made here that there are gentlemen in England, but that none of
them ever come to this country!”
Fat Home Guard.
Cleveland Plaindealer's "Fat Contributor" (Griswold)
has joined the valiant "Home Guards." He tells his experience
moment the flag was threatened, large bodies of men were called upon to
rally to its defense. Being
a large bodied man, I rallied and enrolled myself in the Home Guards. The drill is very severe on me.
I am a living paradox, for well getting Hardee, I am daily
growing weak.1 Talk about "the times that tried men's
souls," these are the times that try men's fat, if they have got
any. The captain takes
pleasure in putting me through at a double quick step.
When I go off, I think it will be with a "double quick"
am constantly reminded that one of the first acquirements of a soldier
is to throw out his chest and a draw in his stomach.
Having been turned out several times while occupying rooms in the
attic, I have had considerable practice in "throwing out my
chest," but by what system of practice could I ever hope to draw
and my stomach? I can't
"dress up," it's no use trying.
If my vest buttons are in line, I am far in the rear, and if I
toe the mark, a fearful bulge indicates my position.
There is no room for argument in regard to my sentiments;
everybody can see at a glance just where I stand.
evening we had a drill-sergeant who was near-sighted. Running his eyes down the line, he exclaimed sharply:
"What is that man doing in their ranks with a bass drum?" He
pointed at me, but I hadn't any drum.
overheard a spectator inquire of the drill-sergeant one day:
you drill the whole of him at once?"
he returned in an awful whisper, "I drill him by squads!"
would have drilled him if I had had a bayonet.
drill last night, and old farmer who dropped in to see us drill, took me
a side and said he wanted to sell me a yoke of powerful oxen.
ancient agriculturist," said I, smiling at his simplicity, "I
have no use for oxen."
not at present," quoth he, "but if you go to war you will need
what?" said I, considerably annoyed.
to draw your rations!"
guards paid me a delicate complement at their last meeting. They elected the "Child of the Regiment," with the
rank of "1st Corpulent."
Battle Near Leesburg.
Dec. 20.--This morning, at 6 o'clock, a portion of Gen. McCall's
division proceeded in the direction of Drainesville on a foraging
expedition, and for the purpose of making a reconnaissance in that
locality. Drainesville is about midway between Gen. McCall's
headquarters and Leesburgh. On
arriving in that vicinity they encountered the enemy, who had four
regiments of infantry--South Carolinians, Alabamians and Kentuckians,
with a battery of six pieces and a regiment of cavalry, under command of
only troops on our side that engaged in the affair were Gen. Ord's
brigade, the 1st Rifles, and Easton's battery of four guns. At 4
o'clock, after the action, Gen. McCall sent two officers to count the
rebels killed and wounded, when it was ascertained that they left on the
field 57 killed and 22 wounded. Three
of the latter died on being removed, making their loss 60 killed and 19
wounded, and they, no doubt, carried off many more.
DECEMBER 28, 1861
SPRINGFIELD REPUBLICAN (MA)
British Navy and Our Own.--Donald McKay, the American ship-builder,
who is now in England, furnishes to the Boston Commercial Bulletin
an account of the British navy, which has at this time a peculiar
interest. He says the
British government is now directing its attention almost wholly to the
immediate erection of a fleet of iron-cased frigates and ships.
There are now a float five iron-cased ships, ranging from 22 to
40 guns, and from 600 to 1250 horse power each.
Their names are the Warrior, Black Prince, Defense,
Resistance and Hector.
Of these, only the Warrior and the Black Prince
have had their trial trips, on which the first named vessel realized,
with all her armament, stores and provisions on board, the high speed of
14 1-8 knots. The Black
Prince had obtained even a higher speed than the Warrior.
The experiments on the Warrior, have plainly shown the her
sides are practically impenetrable to the heaviest shot, which settles
the question of the superiority of iron-cased ships. The Warrior
is soon expected in our waters. Whether
these vessels have been built with strength proportionate to their
immense weight, and great length (over four hundred feet), or whether
their massive plating in a heavy sea will strain the vessels, become
loose, and produce leaks of a dangerous character--as in the case of the
La Gloire (French)--a few weeks may determine.
A gale such as that which disabled the Great Eastern
might settle the question.
addition to these, two other iron-cased ships are building, and six
others are to be built, three of them having been ordered already.
Besides these thirteen iron ships, five wooden ships are building
in the navy yards, expressly designed for being armor plated.
All of these iron-cased men-of-war are to be ready for sea by the
end of next year. Their
cost will be about thirty-nine millions of dollars.
In the French government's we'll also have by the same time,
afloat, twenty iron-cased ships, and all the principle and even minor
powers of Europe, are constructing a large number of these powerful
we are to have war with England or not, we must compete to some extent
with these great naval preparations. And Mr. McKay says we can readily
do it. He says:--
is true on a very urgent occasion, in a great emergency, our country
could largely increase her navy in a very few months, with very powerful
descriptions of vessels, if they would proceed as follows: cut down all
our line-of-battle ships one or two decks, case them with five-inch iron
a battery of thirty or forty guns of the heaviest caliber on board of
them, and moor them across the entrance of our harbors. Plate our heavy frigates with shell-proof iron plates, and to
make up for the additional weight put into them, do away with their
armament on the upper deck. Transform
one hundred of our best sea-going merchant steamers into so many
frigates, sloops, dispatch and gunboats of a speed superior to any
men-of-war ships yet produced. Among
our large clipper ships and traders, more than five hundred may be found
that are capable to be transformed into so many efficient ceiling sloops
and frigates. Their length
varies from 220 to 300 feet, their breadth from 40 to 52 feet, and
whenever they are cut down one deck, or their decks are lowered, will be
found capable of carrying and armament varying from twenty to fifty
guns, according to their respective capacities. Twenty or thirty of our
best and largest clipper ships might very well be transformed into
powerful screw frigates--as for instance the Great Republic,
which exceeds in her dimensions the largest English fifty-gun frigates,
while her shape for speed is incomparably superior.
The scantling2 of all these ships is well known to be
larger than that of the best and strongest men-of-war ships of our navy.
the barks and brigs there are certainly 400 to 500 capable of receiving
an armament over from8 to 20 guns, and more than a thousand of our
large coasting schooners that have a breadth of 28 to 30 feet and over,
and a form never surpassed for speed, can in a few weeks be transformed
into men-of-war schooners, armed with one pivot gun of the heaviest
description in the middle, and two to four 32 pounders at the
ends. These vessels have a very large stability, and the scantling
of their timbers, etc., is by 20 per cent heavier than that of the
common men-of-war schooners. This fleet of about 2000 vessels of
war, canned, (working with all the natural energy of our nation) can be
turned out in less time than four to six months, and it would be
sufficient to protect our coast and meet the first storm. Time
would be so gained to build a fleet fit to represent our great nation,
and to make our flag once more respected in all the seas of the
play on words. Hardee’s Infantry Tactics was a standard drill manual
of the time. The writer is punning on the homophone, “hardy.”
refers to the wooden frame of a ship.
Having trouble with a word or phrase?
Email the USNLP . . .