SEPTEMBER 1, 1861
THE DAILY PICAYUNE (LA)
THE TIMES PICAYUNE
MISSOURI UNDER MARTIAL LAW
Proclamation of Gen. Fremont
St. Louis, Aug.
Fremont has proclaimed that circumstances render it necessary that the
commanding general of the department should assume administrative power
of Missouri, and declares the States under martial law.
In accordance with
this proclamation, persons found with arms in hand shall be court
martialed and shot. Property, real and personal, of persons who shall
take up arms against the Federal Government will be confiscated to the
public use; and their slaves, if they have any, are hereby declared
freemen. Railroad tearers, telegraph interceptors, false report
circulators, and aiders of the enemy, from this day subject themselves
to the severest penalties. People are warned to return to their homes,
and any absence without sufficient cause will be considered presumptive
evidence against absentees.
McKinstry forbids persons from passing out of the country without a pass
from his office. He orders ferries, railroads and steamboats to sell
tickets unless the applicants hold a pass.
New York Times advocates a combined effort to get rid of the
unemployed and starving population of that city by sending them to the
West. It owns up to the condition of affairs thus:
“Our citizens may
as well now take into serious consideration the social burdens they will
be obliged to carry during the approaching winter. The unemployed poor
are increasing upon our hands at an alarming rate. Already we are
informed that thousands of able-bodied women are under charge of the
Commissioners of Charity, and supported at public expense—women who ask
for no charity, but only work. Many families of volunteers have not been
relieved by the liberal sums expended, and will be forced soon to become
burdens on the city. The swarm of unfortunate children—the offspring of
people impoverished by the business prostration, or of fathers who have
abandoned everything for the war—increases in the streets. The agents of
such societies as the Children's Aid Society report that numbers of
destitute and orphan little ones best their office or their schools and
seek shelter and employment. All signs foreboden severe and gloomy
autumn and winter for the poor.”
St. Louis Democrat has a letter dated Cairo, Aug. 24th, from
which the following are extracts:
No fighting has
taken place within the last two days around Bird's Point. A scouting
party of cavalry, under Capt. Ewell, was sent out on Friday night to
eight miles beyond Charleston, but returned and reported all quiet.
Since the surprise of Col. Dougherty, they have evidently become more
It is confidently
reported that several 64-pound siege guns are being brought from
Columbus, Ky., by the rebels, to Paducah, and that it is their intention
to seize the place, plant a battery which will blockade the Ohio river,
and also command the entrance to the Tennessee. It is a grand strategic
point with the rebels, and should be closely watched by the Federal
The gunboats are
doing all in their power, but they cannot be every where at the same
time. Since their arrival, except the Conestoga, which is being
repaired, they have been in constant service.
is still at Commerce, where the rebels are daily gaining strength and
boldness. On Friday they crept up to an eminence above Commerce, known
as Grave Yard Hill, planted a 6-pounder, and let fly a couple of shots
at the Tyler, which, however, fell short. She immediately opened
upon them with 64-pound shell, and sent them flying back to their lair.
The rebels, 4,000
strong, are represented to be fortifying Benton, the county seat, some
eight miles back of Commerce. They are Jeff Thompson's forces.
reached Cairo that Gen. Polk is sending large reinforcements to Pillow
at New Madrid, and that the latter will make a forward movement in full
force in a day or two. Many here think that Bird's Point will be his
best, first object of attack—others, that he will form a junction with
Hardee and move on Ironton. Indications go to show, however, that an
attack on Bird's Point is premeditated by him.
THIS VILE WAR
We give the
following from the Concord (N.H.) Standard, of the 3d, as the
article which caused that paper to be mobbed:
“Men of New
England! It is a war waged against your interests, your pockets, your
future prosperity, the welfare of your families, the future of your
wives and little children. The sad loss of life at Bull Run—nay, the
thousands of brave hearts which are yet to be sacrificed, if Black
Republican demagogues and treasury plunderers are permitted to carry out
their programme of blood—are but as a feather in the balance when
weighed against the demoralization, the prostration, the crushing
destruction which this infernal war will surely bring upon every New
England home. Fathers! God protect your dear wives and helpless
children, who will have to suffer most from this infamous, fratricidal
who are reputed to be such—where is your fancied wealth? What is your
real estate worth to-day? Where can you find a purchaser for it at
anything like its cost? Where can you find one at any price? Will your
incomes pay insurance and taxes, if this miserable war continues until
“Men of moderate
means! Where is your income today? What storekeeper in Concord has made
enough for the past fortnight to pay his business expenses, to say
nothing of those of his family? Have your profits paid the grocer, the
baker, the butcher? If they have, the deserted streets of this city for
the past fourteen days have lied, and yet you have only begun to get a
peep at the beginning of the end. If this cursed war continues another
twelve month, grass will grow in Main street. Even the Government tax
gatherers will not be able to tread it down, for by that time, may be,
you will have ceased to be able to pay their demands, and their
occupation will be gone.
“You must then
repudiate, willing or unwilling. Mechanics! You like to read about the
war, perhaps, in the unreliable sensation city press. You would have
rejoiced over a different result at Bull Run—exulted at a successful
forward Northern march to Richmond. But reflect a moment
seriously—reflect! Would that have done more than gratify your national
pride, or political animosity? Would it have tended to revive your
crippled business? Would it have ensured to you better wages for the
coming fall and winter, fuel for your firesides, food and raiment for
your loved ones? Think seriously about this. Look at the taxes which
this damnable war is daily piling upon your shoulders—count the
figures—mark the plunderers who have plunged their arms to their pits in
the public treasury, while our soldiers starve and go almost naked—count
the cost, if you know how to do sums in simple addition—and then answer,
how long do you expect to stand it? Will it pay?
“Poor men—you who
depend on your daily labor for your support, God help you! We feel for
you, because we are one of you. Where do we find our dollar a day now,
unless we enlist as officers for this plundering war? Where shall we
find our shilling a day if it continues six months longer, when the
frosts and snows of another winter fall around us and our families?
“In this city, not
a day has passed for the last week but what the family of the writer of
this article has been called on to give bread to famishing children—on
two occasions to honest appearing, grown men, out of work and without a
cent. They would be glad to labor, but they cannot find a chance in the
present general stagnation. Where are our charitable associations? Let
them arouse themselves—nay, even now at midsummer, when poverty never
before asked alms in Concord. This crying shame—one of the results of
this Devil war—has got to be met. The money which has been contributed
for tracts which they will never read—the liberal contributions which
have been made for under-clothing, for havelocks, for lint which
cowardly, run away surgeons didn't stop to use at Centreville—all these
contributions must soon be made over and over again, ten times and ten
times ten times, for the benefit of our own suffering poor. Again we
say, God help them, for our city and town authorities don't do it.
Already the almshouses are not large enough.”
SEPTEMBER 2, 1861
THE BOSTON DAILY ADVERTISER
SINEWS OF WAR
TO THE EDITORS OF THE BOSTON DAILY ADVERTISER
August 27, 1861--According
to the views entertained in Germany, of the relative means of the
government of this country, and of her rebellious subjects in the
prosecution of the war in which they are engaged, “the North has
money, men, a righteous cause, and the sympathy of humanity,” while
“the Rebels lack men, money, and the favor of God.”
In respect to the
first assertion, the truth of it has been proved by reference to the
official and authentic documents, wherein it appears that the rebels
have only 5,072,192 persons on whom they can rely for a supply of
recruits for their armies, and to prevent or subdue any insurrectionary
movements of their slaves, of which, in some quarters of the country
apprehensions seemed to have been entertained.
States have 19,225,001 persons for the supply of the government forces,
to which some additions may be expected from the slave States, which are
not in rebellion against the government.
We proceed to
institute a comparison of the relative amount of money at the command of
the two contending parties, a commodity often referred to as the “sinews
of war,” a term which appears to us to be descriptive of the
things as appropriated to the support of a war.
It will, it is
conceived, be generally admitted, that the success of a nation, at war
with another nation, other things being equal, depends in a great
degree, on the superior amount of money, or the credit to command it,
which one party possesses over the other.
of that assumption was strongly manifested in the long and expensive war
between Great Britain and France, supported at some periods of it, by
five-fold the population of the former nation.
Such were the
increased expenditures, beyond the requirements of peace, that loans
were made which, when funded, amounted in round numbers to
$1,600,000,000, thus adding largely to the previous amount of the
National debt. . .
At the close of
this long war which terminated so honorably to Great Britain, and so
favorably to the cause of civilization, the national debt amounted to
$3,000,000,000 or more, and yet so unaffected was the credit of that
nation that she could borrow, on any Exchange in Europe, on lower terms
than were demanded of any foreign nation, but her wants were eagerly
supplied by her own citizens and on more favorable terms than could
elsewhere have been allowed.
expenditures of Great Britain and her taxes have gradually increased
since the termination of the war in 1817. The former from £54,500,000 to
£63,250,000. On the other hand, the property of the country and its
revenue have been augmented in the same time, in a much greater ratio
than could have been anticipated by the most sanguine and hopeful
expectants of an increasing and increased national property. Here is a
statement of facts in proof of what has been asserted.
Property Real and Personal Revenue
1814 2,850,000,000 71,000,000
1845 4,500,000,000 53,000,000
1858 5,975,000,000 61,800,000
Exports from Great Britain
Here are the
evidences of that wealth from which these “Sinews of War” were derived
that enabled the possessors of them to defend their country against the
efforts of five times their numbers and without being crippled in the
means of successfully prosecuting all those branches of industry which
had previously been inactive.
These remarks as
applicable to that portion of this country which has not been
impoverished and demoralized by slavery, as to Great Britain. In extent
of territory we have advantages over those possessed by any other
civilized nation, but we have less floating capital especially in the
newly settled States. It is nearly certain, however, we believe that in
no part of the world, save Great Britain, is there a population
(19,618,182) whose annual productions from its numerous branches of
industry on the ocean and the land, are of so great a value as those of
the 16 Free States, some of which are in their infancy and with few
resources but in the cultivation of their lands.
On the other hand,
it is, we think, quite certain that in no other part of the civilized
portion of the world is there a population of 12,447,981, possessed of
so many advantages in climate, soil and variety of useful staples as are
possessed by the slave States, and yet so destitute of wealth, and many
other advantages of civilization usually accompanying that blessing.
Take one example
of the progressive movements on the two leading States in the Union. In
1790 Virginia contained a population of 748,308, and New York 340,120.
Now the former has 1,421,661, of which 472,528 are slaves, and the
latter 3,048,325 freemen. The real and personal property of New York by
the census of 1850—the last return—was $1,080,309,216, that of Virginia
by the census of 1840 $202,634,638. The products of Virginia by the
census of 1840 amounted to $76,769,053, and those of New York
$193,806,433. By the census of 1850 Virginia had only on hand a few
millions, while New York increased to more than double the previous
return. In the face of these authentic statements the slave States boast
of their superior means of prosecuting the war till we are conquered.
POLAND HELD BY
RIGHT OF CONQUEST
correspondent of the London Times in a recent letter writes as
“In the Kremlin at
Moscow, among other curiosities and antiquities, and by the side of such
warlike spoils as the crowns of Kazan and Astrakhas, may be seen the
roll of parchment which contains the Constitution of Poland. It is
surrounded with other trophies taken by the army of the Emperor Nicholas
from his own subjects, whom he seems to have been delighted to look upon
in “the enemy;” and we may be sure that this Constitution will not be
given back until the throne of the Georgian and Tartar
Princes are restored. If Russia had ever held out the slightest hope of
its reestablishment, the case would be different; but she has proclaimed
candidly—or cynically, if you will—in her official journals (I can point
to the exact number of the Northern Bee in which the assertion is
made), that she holds Poland simply by right of conquest. It is on this
plea that, with a barbarism worthy of the French under Napoleon, she has
plundered the libraries and museums of Warsaw to enrich those of St.
Petersburg; and she has done this in the face of all Europe, and the
ukase1 has even been published in which the Emperor
Nicholas, with an air of wonderful magnimity, “deigns to order” that a
portion of the books and of the numismatic collection shall be allowed
to remain in the Polish capital.
“Is it, then, not
mere waste of time to talk to Russia about the treaties of 1815, and
about the Polish constitution which many persons imagine—most
erroneously, it must be admitted—is therein guaranteed? All this, in the
opinion of Russia, is ancient history; we might as well speak to her
about the treaties signed between Peter the Great’s father and John
English antiquarians have lately been delighted by the announcement that
a facsimile of the original Domesday Book of William the
Conqueror is likely soon to be published. The discoveries of Sir Henry
James and others in photography have made this possible, and a beginning
of the work has been made for the county of Cornwall.
The publication of
such a facsimile edition will settle many points of antiquarian
research and dispute, by giving to all the real orthography of the
record in the names of persons and places, and by showing whether
discrepancies are to be ascribed to errors in the transcription or to
is reported that later-copied letters still show that New York papers
are received in the Gulf States within ten days after publication, and
that rebel movements in that quarter are based upon the inferences drawn
from published statements as to the designs of the military authorities.
In short, the rebels know just as well as our own people what the
government meditates—a very strong proof of the wisdom of not letting
its meditations become known to all.
In this connection
we may add that nothing has lately occurred which ought to encourage the
public more, than the secrecy with which the naval expedition which left
Fortress Monroe last week was planned, prepared and sent out. We may
hope that at last the secrets of the government can be kept.
SEPTEMBER 3, 1861
THE BOSTON DAILY ADVERTISER
The steam frigate
Minnesota arrived at New York yesterday, bringing the 620 rebel
prisoners captured at the North Carolina forts. She reports that all the
privateer steamers had left Hatteras prior to the attack.
of the New York Times gives the following graphic account of the
action at the forts:
It is near 9
o’clock on Wednesday morning. The fleet continues to advance in battle
array, The most perfect silence prevails. Everything is done by signals
from the flag-ship. The entire squadron is in the field. Each ship is in
her place—slowly, steadily, calmly advancing. The morning continues
beautiful, and the usually rough sea of Cape Hatteras is perfectly calm.
It is wonderful to see such weather her at such an hour. It looks as if
the finger of the Almighty was laid directly on the billows, and had
bound them into quiet. The flag, embankment, barracks and tents of the
fort are now merging into view each moment, and the silence is
perfectly awful. 2
Ten o’clock A.M.—The
following signal appears on the flag-ship. “Prepare to disembark the
Ten and a
first gun has just boomed from the Susquehanna. It passes
directly over the fort, but elicits no reply. A gun follows from the
Wabash. The sand flies all over the beach in all directions where
the shot strikes. The firing now commences from all the ships in regular
order. The Harriet Lane has led the way ahead of all the rest,
her drums beating to quarters, the Adelaide, with the troops,
following closely at hand. The firing has now become rapid, and
continues for some moments, the thunder and boom of cannon, and the
bursting of shells in the air over the forts presenting a startling
scene to the thousands looking on.
Ten and a
half—Gen. Butler now appears on the wheel-house of the Harriet Lane,
close by the Adelaide, and pointing to the selected spot, shouts
the command, “Land the troops!” The preparations are now going forward
with great rapidity. The men and arms are made ready, and the tows swing
for the shore. There are no signs of movement in the fort, though it has
replied with a few guns, all the shots from which fall short. Not a
vessel is hit. The sound of the guns alarms the cattle in the woods, who
rush down to and along the beach, in large droves—a kind of “powder-horn
artillery” that will meet a hearty welcome.
firing of the fleet has increased with terrible rapidity, and the forts
reply with great spirit. Their gunnery is remarkably good. The troops
are now landing with artillery, in the order proposed.
twenty—The Susquehanna now changes her place in the line
of battle, and fires a gun that makes a terrible echo. Her aim is
direct, and the result is at once seen at the parapets.
Minnesota opens her ports from the centre. Her firing is most
powerful and effective. The wind has now increased in a singular manner,
so as to keep us clear from smoke, and show the fortifications to
advantage, while the men on the parapets are enveloped in clouds. The
men in the fleet are thus unobstructed.
Pawnee commences firing into the woods, where it is supposed the
Secessionists may be lying in ambush to interfere with the landing of
our forces. The Harriet Lane and all the remainder of the fleet
are now firing on the forts. The sound of the guns and appearance of the
smoke are sublime at times. A score of cloud balloons, formed in wreaths
by the explosion of the shells, are seen in the air at the same moment,
floating in the sky over the trembling land.
troops are now on the shore forming into line, bearing the beautiful
banner of our glorious Union. It is a pleasant sight in the old North
Three to Five
bombardment continues at intervals. Not one of the vessels has yet been
hit, though the forts have fired with the utmost animation.
sky for the first time grows lowering towards the sea. It is evident
that the secessionists are disappointed as to their fire, and their only
hope now is that a gale may speedily arise and scatter the fleet, but
there is a mutual disappointment—with us in the ship a very agreeable
one, with those in the forts very disagreeable.
Nine o’clock at
sky is all clearing off. The sea continues wonderfully calm to the
astonishment of all old sailors in the fleet. The moon again appears in
all her silvery beauty, and smiles down on the scene.
splendid day before us. It is the day that decides the battle and gives us
the victory. Precisely at the hour appointed, the firing again commenced.
Secession troops had been landed at the forts during the night, brought down
the Sound, and the guns were worked with new ardor and skill. The firing on
the part of the fleet was now at still better range, and the first morning
gun of the Susquehanna told with a fearful effect. The shells
continued exploding over, around and directly in the forts, with a fearful
havoc. The inner fort—fort Clark—appeared to have been silenced, as the flag
had disappeared. Our troops on shore were again moving toward it at
double-quick. The guns from the outer Fort Hatteras grew faint and fewer.
The whole squadron were now firing at once. The Monticello, with
great courage, advanced far beyond any other ship, and poured her fire
directly into the battery. One of her boats was knocked from the davits, and
the ship was hit in two places. She reports the results of her observations
to the flag ship, and the shells now exploded more rapidly than ever
directly within Fort Hatteras. Fort Clark was silenced. Our troops continued
to advance along the shore, and the American flag was soon waving from the
parapets of Fort Clark. Fort Hatteras continued to reply to our fire, but at
slow intervals, and without effect. The Harriet Lane approached still
nearer, and discharged one of her large guns, with destructive results. The
Susquehanna then plunged a large shell directly into the spot where
the disunion magazine was found to be, and in a few moments a white flag
appeared on Fort Hatteras, and it was surrendered.
The Union men were now
seen advancing along from Fort Clark, and forming into line, with the old
Stars and Stripes just in front of the fallen “secession flag.” The victory
SEPTEMBER 4, 1861
THE NORWICH (CT) MORNING BULLETIN
New York, Sept.
following has been addressed by the Secretary of the Navy to Commodore
The Department congratulates you and those of your command, and also the
officers and soldiers of the army who cooperated with you, on the
reduction of Forts Hatteras and Clark and the capture of the forces
employed in their defence
result thus far of an expedition projected with the utmost care, and the
occupation of positions commanding the most important inlet on the coast
of North Carolina, will be attended with consequences that can scarcely
be over-estimated. This brilliant achievement, accomplished without the
loss of a single man on your part, or injury to any one in the federal
service, has carried joy and gladness to the bosom of every friend of
the Union. It is but the beginning of results, that will soon be
effectual in suppressing the insurrection; and confirm more strongly
than ever the integrity of the Union.
Convey to the
officers and men of the expedition the thanks of this Department for
their gallant conduct, and the assurance that is afforded, that in the
great emergency now upon us, that the country may rely, as of old, upon
the vigor, courage and enthusiasm of its brave officers and sailors.
I am your obedient
Flag officer S. H.
Stringham, commanding Atlantic blockading squadron 4
OF JEFF. DAVIS
New York, Sept.
Herald’s Washington correspondent says that a dispatch from
Richmond, via Louisville, announces the death of Jeff. Davis.
are prevalent here of the death of Jeff. Davis, but the reporter of the
Associated Press is unable to obtain any reliable confirmation.
rumored death of Jeff. Davis is generally discredited here.
The Army of the
correspondent of the Missouri Democrat, who seems well posted in the
affairs of the camp and field, in a letter from Ironton, dated on the 26th
are seldom made known, but the fact can now be no longer smothered, that
the grand army of the Mississippi is soon to move forward. A
simultaneous movement by Generals Prentiss, Sigel and Grant is about to
be made. The grand army that has been pouring into the Mississippi
Valley for weeks past is soon to show the rebels for what purpose they
come. Under such leaders as they now have, the troops of the West will
allow no historian the privilege of recording another disgraceful
defeat. The above named Generals all expressed themselves eager to go to
Washington at the time the city was so strongly menaced. They have not
changed their mind in regard to going to Washington, but they now
propose to go via New Orleans.”
Emperor Napoleon having determined to capture Sebastopol, 3
sent thither, within two years, 309,286 French soldiers, with 41,974
horses; 1676 guns of all calibres; 8,800,000 pounds of powder; 14,000
tons of engineer materials; 500,000 tons measurement of subsistence,
fuel and forage; with ample supplies of clothing, &c. If France could
make these gigantic preparations for her quota of the besieging forces
for the conquest of a fortress, what should our government do when the
existence of the Union is at stake?
THE WAR FOR THE
correspondent says: “The brilliant affair at Cape Hatteras is but the
forerunner of good things. It will be followed up by another of greater
importance in the progress of the war. I am not permitted to give
details, but many say that a blow is to be struck at a quarter where the
rebels are even more sensitive. Indeed, numerous actions will follow,
and you need not be surprised some fine morning to hear that Pensacola
has been retaken by the United States forces.”
Washington dispatch says: “Major Minturn, of the New York 37th,
while doing a little amateur scouting Sunday, saw a General Officer,
surrounded by a large staff, reconnoitering from Munson’s Hill. Driven
by an unamiable firing of bullets, from the road into a cornfield, Major
Minturn retaliated by a rifle shot aiming at the wearer of the cocked
hat, who instantly fell from his saddle. He was immediately picked up
and carried into a school-house. Fifteen minutes afterwards some of the
party struck the secession flag, as a token of grief—Major Minturn had
killed their general.”
A correspondent of
the N.Y. Times writes from Missouri: “It cannot be denied that
the result of the battle at Springfield, and the withdrawal of our
forces from the Southwest, have had a blighting effect upon the Union
cause in Missouri. It will now require twenty-five thousand more men to
redeem the State than it would have done three weeks ago. I speak that
which I know when I say that hundreds, not to say thousands, are now
flocking around the rebel standard, and will fight with all the zeal of
religious fanatics, and that, too, without asking or expecting a dollar
of remuneration. The rebels now subsist chiefly on green corn, but they
will tell that Marion lived on potatoes and roots. Of course I have an
abiding faith in the ultimate success of the Union cause; but Gen.
Fremont, especially, has just now a larger contract in hand than is
generally supposed. The government cannot afford to lose or even draw
another battle in Missouri.”
Several of the
Cape Ann fishing vessels are armed with rifled cannon. Privateers will
meet with a warm reception if they venture to attack them.
Refused to Take
of the inspectors, recently removed by Collector Barney, applied for
their pay yesterday, and refused to take the oath of allegiance.
Removed, of course. –N.Y. Sun, 3d.
SEPTEMBER 5, 1861
THE NEW HAMPSHIRE SENTINEL
ARMORY—NEW SHOPS TO BE BUILT
Republican, Aug. 12--The
production of rifles at the United States Armory in this city continues
to rapidly increase under the zealous efforts of the new Superintendent,
Mr. Dwight; and it has become the chief reliance of the Government for
small arms in the present emergency. About 700 workmen are now employed
in the establishment, and about 200 arms are made each day. At the
“Water Shops” building, the work continues night and day, and gas is
soon to be introduced into that shop through pipes now being laid
through Central street. Upon the Hill, a steam engine and shafting are
to be placed in the large middle arsenal building on State street, and
the old arsenal building next west is also being prepared for workmen,
with the purpose of transferring to these two buildings the whole
stocking department of the Armory. Night work is also to be immediately
commenced in the shops here on all the important departments and within
a month the number of workmen will probably be increased to over 1,000,
and the production of arms to 300 per day, or 7,500 per month. If it is
possible to procure additional machinery for the stocking of guns, this
production can and will be still further increased by November to 500 a
day, or 15,500 a month. If this can be done, the independence of the
Government, alike of additional public armories and of private
contractors, will be largely illustrated. The rifles, or rifle muskets,
more properly, are dispatched to the seat of war as fast as produced.
All the accumulated production of the Armory, amounting last April to
140,000 muskets, including old and new models, has for some time been
exhausted by the great demand for the armies of the Republic.
The New Armory
Shops will probably consist of a series of four brick buildings, each
500 fee long, running north and south, fifty feet apart, upon the
eastern square named, and connected at right angles through he centre
with a fifth building, 150 feet long. The main or front shop will be
three stories high, and possess, probably, some worthy architectural
character. The three parallel buildings will be each one story, the
first of them being occupied for the steam engines and boilers and for
storing coal, the second as a forging shop, and the third for proving
and other special purposes. The buildings connecting the series at right
angles will be of three stories, and with the front building will be
occupied for the various lighter details of the business. The plan also
contemplates a new office building and store house, to be located north
of the work shops, on a range with the superintendent's house and the
present residence of the clerks.
TREASON AT THE NORTH
Treason at the
North has already felt the hand of government in the suppressing of
newspapers that were aiding and comforting the enemy, and in the arrest
of noisy secession brawlers, some of whom are now in Fort Lafayette. As
Mr. Holt says in his Boston speech, the greatest obstacle to a
successful prosecution of the war, is the disloyalty in our midst, and
well does he liken them to men, who, on board a sinking ship, which a
gallant crew are endeavoring to save, are constantly boring holes in her
bottom. Since the Battle of Bull
Run, these Northern
traitors have been noisy and bold; but since the government has exhibited a
disposition to squelch them, they are more quiet. Secession
newspapers are more cautious since their New York allies have felt loyal
power. In New York the feeling against Ben Wood’s Daily News has been
so great, that his brother, the infamous Fernando, has been compelled to
come out with a card, denying that he has any connection with it, and
declaring that he is in favor of vigorously and uncompromisingly prosecuting
evidence that business is not all dead in Keene, these hard times, that this
proverbially quiet village is actually alive and moving, we might mention
that while the machinery run by water power here still keeps up its clatter,
the steam whistles continue to announce the hours of labor and refreshment.
The steam mill of Messrs. Chase & Fairbanks is nearly filled with machinery,
and their sixty horsepower engine will soon be taxed to its full capacity.
These enterprising gentlemen have added to their sawing of lumber, &c., the
manufacturing of pails, some four hundred of which whey are turning ff
daily, to be increased by additional help to 500 daily. Mr. Chadbourne, who
occupies a part of the mill, keeps the business of making saw-frames fully
up to the gauge of prosperous times. Perhaps the most noticeable feature in
this steam mill, is the shoe-peg factory of L. Nims & Co. They are now
turning off about 100 bushels a day, ad will soon be able to increase this
daily amount to 150, or to 900 bushels a week. They will soon have in
operation seven pointing ad four splitting machines. These pegs are put up
in barrels, made in then mill, each holding about four bushels. In this form
they are shipped to New York and other cities, whence they find their way to
various parts of Europe. One hand, constantly employed, makes all the
barrels, twenty-five or thirty a day.
Messrs. Chase &
Fairbanks are erecting a new building of brick, one hundred by fifty feet,
which they have rented to some of our enterprising mechanics in advance.
Thus manufacturing here progresses amid the din of war and the lull in many
branches of industry.
U.S. Regular troops, 750 in number, have surrendered to 3000 Texan Rangers,
18 miles from Fort Fillmore. They were soon after released on parole, the
Texans retaining their arms and the horses belonging to the companies of
mounted rifles. Gen. Wm. Pelham, formerly surveyor general of New Mexico,
and Col. Clements were arrested at Santa Fe and confined in the guard house
by order of Col. Canby, federal commander of the department of New Mexico.
They were suspected of giving improper information to the Texan troops below
El Paso. Clements took the oath of allegiance and was discharged. Pelham
refused to take the oath and is still in the guard house. The delegate to
Congress, Mr. Otero, has been appointed Colonel of a regiment of New Mexican
volunteers. Col. Canby has, by proclamation, suspended the writ of habeas
corpus in New Mexico. Fort Stanton has been abandoned by the U.S. Forces,
and fired by order of Col. Canby.
SEPTEMBER 6, 1861
THE NEW HAMPSHIRE SENTINEL
RECOGNITION OF THE SOUTHERN CONFEDERACY BY ENGLAND DENIED!
statement that news had been received here indicating the speedy and
certain recognition of the Confederates by England is unfounded. On the
contrary, the indications are that all the European Governments intend
to continue to respect the blockade and await the result of the contest.
letter from Port of Spain, Trinidad, dated on the 31st July,
states that the Sumter had been there the day previously, and had
come to anchor and taken a supply of coal on board—the law
officers of the country having declared that the neutral position of
England between the belligerents did not include the Sumter,
or vessels of her character belonging the Confederate States in the
prohibitory list. On July 31st, Capt. Semmes called the
prisoners he had on board, and set them on shore, saying he had brought
them there for the reason that, it being a mail station, he could easier
leave them there; and moreover he could learn at Port of Spain whether
any severities had been practiced against prisoners taken by the United
States forces, in which case it would have been his painful duty to
retaliate by hanging every one of his prisoners to the yard-arm. He
further cautioned them against telling “any Black Republican lies” when
they get ashore.
Rebel Loss at
Sergeant Jencks of the second Rhode Island regiment, who was a prisoner
at Richmond, and made his escape, as before mentioned, states that he
saw the official reports of thirty-six regiments, (which was less than
one-half of the entire force engaged at the Bull Run battle,) in which
the killed and missing were announced to be FIVE THOUSAND.
This does not include the wounded.
seventh and the Georgia fourth regiments, which opposed Col. Hunter’s
division, in which were our Rhode Island regiments, brought away 780 men
only out of 2300, with which they commenced the battle.
Mr. Jencks says
there was much inquiry among the rebel troops in relation to the
blue-shirt boys who served the second battery that caused so much
carnage in the Alabama and Georgia regiments.
incident is related by Mr. Jencks. Considerable dispute had arisen
between the rebel officers as to which regiment captured Sherman’s
battery. Two duels were fought to settle the point while he was at
Richmond, and when he arrived at Washington he learned the fact that
Sherman’s Battery was not captured at all.–Providence Press,
The statue of
Ethan Allen, by Mead, the young Vermont sculptor, has been finished at
his studio in Brattleboro, and is ready to be forwarded to Montpelier,
where it will be placed in the portico of the State House. It will be
inaugurated on the 8th of October, at the opening of the next
session of the Legislature, Hon. Fred Woodbridge of Vergennes,
delivering the oration. The marble for the statue weighed in the rough
state fourteen tons. The statue completed is eight and one half feet in
height, and weighs about four tons.
Rifled cannon of
steel are now manufactured in England at the following rates: A
200-pounder, $2000; as 12-pounder, $150.
Sumter, 381 tons, and barque Moneynick, 308 tons, were seized
in Boston, Monday, under the confiscation act, by the United States
authorities. Both vessels are partly owned in Charleston, S. C. The
Sumter cleared at the Custom House on Saturday for Valparaiso.
New York, Sep.
Surveyor Andrews seized twenty-five vessels, owned wholly or in part by
rebels, including eight ships and seven barques. The value of the
vessels seized is over two millions.
How to Choose a
Branson, in the Ohio Cultivator, gives the following rules
to be observed in the purchase of a horse:
requires a horse that can take him to market and around his farm, on
which he can occasionally ride for pleasure and which he must sometimes
use for the plow and harrow.
First to notice is
the eyes, which should be well examined. Clearness of the eyes is a sure
indication of goodness; but this is not all—the eyelids, eyebrows, and
all other appendages must also be considered—for many horses whose eyes
appear clear and brilliant, go blind at an early age; therefore be
careful to observe whether the part between the eyelids and eyebrows are
swollen, for this indicates that the eyes will not last. When the eyes
are remarkably flat, sunk within their orbits, it is a bad sign. The
iris or circle that surrounds the sight of the eye should be distinct,
and of a pale, variegated, cinnamon color, for this is a sure sign of a
good eye. The eyes of a horse are never too large.
The head should be
of good size, broad between the eyes, large nostrils, red within, for
large nostrils betoken good wind.
The feet and legs
should be regarded, for a horse with bad feet is like a house with a
weak foundation, and will do little service. The feet should be of
middle size and smooth; the heels should be firm, and not spongy and
The limbs should
be free from blemishes of all kinds, the knees straight, the back sinews
strong and well braced, the pastern joints should be clean and clear of
swellings of all kinds, and come near the ground, for such never have
the ring-bone. Fleshy-legged horses are generally subject to the grease
and other infirmities of that kind, and therefore should not be chosen.
The body should be
of good size, the back straight or nearly so, and have only a small
sinking below the withers; the barrel round and the ribs coming close to
the hip joints. Shoulders should run back but not to heavy, for a horse
with heavy shoulders seldom moves well; chest and arms large.
A horse weighing
from 1,300 to 1,400 is large enough for a cart horse; from 1,100 to
1,200 is large enough for a farmer’s horse; from 1,000 to 1,100 is heavy
enough for a carriage horse.
I should advise
every one to get some experimental knowledge of a horse before
SEPTEMBER 7, 1861
THE PORTLAND (ME) DAILY ADVERTISER
LOSS OF THE
PRIVATEER JEFF. DAVIS
Our merchants and
shipowners need have no more anxiety as respects this depredator upon
our commerce. She is lost, and will never more do mischief. We find in
the Louisville Courier the following account of her wreck, copied
from the Charleston Mercury of the 20th ult.
made sail from the Florida Coast. On Friday evening, the 15th
inst., he was off St. Augustine, but the wind having increased to hail a
gale, he could not venture in. He remained outside the bar the whole of
Saturday without observing any of Lincoln’s fleet. On Sunday morning, at
half-past six, while trying to cross the bar, the Jeff Davis
struck, 5 and though every possible exertion was made to
relieve her by throwing the heavy guns overboard, yet the noble vessel,
after her perilous voyage, and the running of innumerable blockades,
became a total wreck. All the small arms and clothing of the crew, with
many valuable sundries, were, however, saved.
“On the arrival of
the brave but unfortunate crew in St. Augustine, they were received with
a kindness they can never forget. The town bells rang out am joyous peal
of welcome, and the people vied with each other in their courtesies to
the ship-wrecked ones. Thanks to the noble hospitality of the
Floridians, the men soon recovered from their fatigue. They were
expected to arrive in Charleston on Wednesday next. The name of the
privateer Jeff Davis had become a terror to the Yankees.
The number of her prizes and the amount of merchandise which she
captured, have no parallel since the days of the Saucy Jack.”
Monroe, Sept. 5th—The
Monticello and Harriet Lane arrived from Hatteras
Inlet this morning, and reported most satisfying intelligence. The
rebels have abandoned their strongly fortified forts at Ocracoke Inlet.
North Carolinians have demonstrated their loyalty to the government by
coming to Hatteras Inlet and taking the oath of allegiance.
Col. Hawkins sends
word that he had administered to oath to between two and three hundred
persons in a single day.
still lies in the Inlet, and the Susquehanna outside. The
Susquehanna ran down to Ocracoke Inlet and found the fortifications
there completely deserted. The rebels had carried away the guns, and a
white flag was everywhere exhibited.
Elliott, of Freedom, was arrested by U.S. Marshal Clark on Thursday, by
orders from Secretary Cameron. He was brought to this city yesterday
noon on the Kennebec train, and immediately handed over to Mr. John S.
Heald, one of our City Deputy Marshals, who went with him by the Boston
train, and by the time this paragraph is made public, Mr. Elliott will
be furnished with quarters at Fort Lafayette, New York. “Bob Elliott,”
as he us called in his own locality, was instrumental in raising and
arming a company of men, with the intention of resisting the war taxes
and draft, on account of which we have before published. Bob was also
the Copperhead candidate for Senator in Waldo County, and formerly a
Enquirer has a special dispatch stating that reliable information
of the death of Jeff. Davis by the Government has been received. He dies
New York, Aug.
the trot, yesterday, Ethan Allen beat Flora Temple in 4 straight heats.
Subsequently Flora Temple was seized as property of a Baltimore
Since the capture
of Hatteras, regiments from North and South Carolina, Georgia, and
Alabama, have been stopped on their way to Virginia, and sent to
Mr. Hamilton, a
Canadian, some time ago proffered to the Government a brigade of 5000
colored persons from Canada.
The British consul
at Charleston writes to friends in Washington that the effect of the
blockade increases in severity every week and that the Southern people
bitterly lament their destitute condition.
Attorney yesterday sent notices to prominent houses engaged in the
Southern trade, to furnish him a statement of all the balances due
secessionists, that the same may be proceeded against by the Government.
A Rio letter of
July 25th, states that the ship Maid of the Sea,
of Boston, Capt. Stanwood, was in port with the rebel flag flying. The
letter asks, “Has Boston seceded?”
show that our naval forces have capture 80 vessels, while attempting to
run the blockade.
vessel, which has been absent for the past two months, returned to our
harbor on Thursday afternoon. Since her absence, the vessel has been
thoroughly overhauled, altered and repaired, and now carries, for a
vessel of her class, a most formidable armament. Her crew has also been
increased to fifty men. Capt. John A. Webster, her commander, is well
known to our people, having some years ago been connected with the
Caleb Cushing as 1st Lieut. His many friends in Portland
will be glad to greet him again. We are glad to notice, too, that Lieut.
C. A. Richardson is still attached to the vessel.
proclamation by a Russian emperor or government having the force of law.
is the original sense of the word, meaning “awe-full;” today we would
say “awe inspiring.”
Again, not Napoleon Bonaparte, but the later French Emperor who, with
the British and Turks, fought the Russians in the Crimean War, 1853-56.
The siege of Sebastopol began in September of 1854 and ended in the same
month in 1855.
Letter writing protocol of the time places the senders signature
immediately after the closing salutation, just as we do today; however,
the name and title of the addressee appears after that (where we would
place “P.S.” or “cc/.” This letter is therefore from Secretary of the
Navy Welles to Flag Officer Stringham.
5 Meaning the Jeff Davis struck the
sand bar at the mouth of the harbor, not that she attacked Coxetter’s
6 The Revenue Service is the original name
for the modern U.S. Coast Guard. Use of the term “coast guard” in period
reports does not refer to the USCG, but simply to vessels guarding the
coast. The Caleb Cushing, as a number of other vessels,
however, are part of the Revenue Service.
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